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271 Health - Fertility Resources

Misc. - Numbers

5 menstruation myths you must leave behind
Approximately half of the world's population experiences, will experience, or has experienced menstruation, and yet myths about this biological process still abound. In this Spotlight feature, we debunk some of the most widespread menstruation misconceptions.
February 8, 2019
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73-Year-Old-Woman in India Has Twins
A 73-year-old woman in India who had twin girls is believed to be the oldest person ever to give birth.
September 9, 2019
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Misc. - A

About 1 in 1,000 Babies Born 'Intersex,' Study Finds
Cases in which a newborn's genitals make it unclear whether the child is a boy or girl may be more common than once believed, researchers say.
May 3, 2019
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About vasectomy reversal, infertility, IVF, ICSI
Vasectomy reversal, infertility, IVF, male infertility and in vitro fertilization.
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Active lifestyle influences regenerative capacity of neurons after spinal cord injury
The influence of an active lifestyle on the regenerative capacity of the peripheral nervous system, that is, the set of cranial and spinal nerves that control motor and sensory functions, is described here for the first time, explains Ángel Barco, who has led the participation of the Institute of Neurosciences UMH-CSIC, in Alicante, in this international study.
April 11, 2019
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Acupressure for inducing labor: What to know
Acupressure practitioners say that applying pressure to these specific points on the body can change the body's energy, called qi or chi. Some people believe that acupressure may help induce labor in women who are at the end of their third trimester.
October 22, 2018
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Advantages of universal GBS screening for pregnant women unclear
Serological group B streptococci (GBS) are common bacteria, which usually remain unnoticed. This is also the case for the almost 20% of pregnant women with vaginal or anal colonization of GBS. The bacteria pose a risk for the babies, however: In the worst case, an infection at birth can cause sepsis or meningitis in the newborn.
February 5, 2019
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AEGEA Medical begins PACE II clinical study in women who underwent endometrial ablation
AEGEA Medical, Inc. has announced the commencement of the Post-Ablation Cavity Access (PACE II) clinical study in women who previously underwent endometrial ablation as part of AEGEA's pivotal trial of the company's patented Adaptive Vapor Ablation technology. The multi-center observational study, which is being conducted at seven sites across the U.S. in up to 50 women, is designed to assess uterine cavity access as well as the feasibility of diagnostic and therapeutic interventions three to four years following treatment.
October 30, 2018
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Anterior placenta: Everything you need to know
The placenta is an organ that grows in the uterus during pregnancy to supply the fetus with oxygen and nutrients. An anterior placenta is one that attaches to the front of the uterus.
February 26, 2019
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Antibiotics May Help In Complicated Vaginal Births
Nearly half of infections among women who undergo an assisted vaginal birth could be prevented by giving them a dose of antibiotics soon after delivery, a new study contends.
May 14, 2019
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Are Unisom and vitamin B-6 safe during pregnancy?
Many pregnant women take vitamin B-6 and Unisom to treat morning sickness. In the past, some people had concerns that this combination may harm the fetus.
March 11, 2019
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Artificial intelligence can predict risk of premature death
Artificial intelligence may significantly improve the accuracy of premature death prediction, compared with standard models, report researchers at the University of Nottingham.
March 28, 2019
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Assisted reproduction technology leaves its mark on genes temporarily
Any effect that assisted reproduction technology has on babies' genes is largely corrected by adulthood, new research has found.
September 3, 2019
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Assisted reproductive technology solution from Olympus increases the efficiency of ICSI
The Olympus IX73SC inverted microscope system is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) solution that facilitates and even eliminates steps in the intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) workflow as part of the in vitro fertilization (IVF) process.
April 26, 2019
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Augmentation of labor with higher doses of oxytocin does not reduce rate of cesarean sections
Delayed labor increases the risk of a cesarean section, even among women who receive oxytocin for augmentation of labor. The rate of cesarean section among first-time mothers is not reduced if the administered dose is doubled either, according to a dissertation from Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
January 29, 2019
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Misc. - B

Blastocyst transfer linked to higher risk of preterm birth, large-for-gestational-age rates
The transfer of embryos cultured for five or six days (instead of two or three) after fertilization in IVF and ICSI has become routine in many fertility clinics. Many (but not all) studies show that transferring these longer and better-developed embryos - known as blastocysts - will increase the chance of pregnancy and live birth.
June 24, 2019
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Bone marrow cells contribute to pregnancy success in mouse model
In a startling new finding that may guide new research into preventing pregnancy loss in women, scientists report that stem cells derived from the adult bone marrow can dictate whether a woman becomes pregnant.
September 13, 2019
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Breakthrough research may help women extend their fertility windows
What if women could press pause on their biological clocks? Human eggs begin to mature from the onset of a woman's first period. However, most Western thirteen year olds are not interested in having babies and while they wait, their eggs age and the quality decreases. What if there were a way to delay egg aging without losing egg quality?
September 10, 2019
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Breastfeeding can have protective affect against high blood pressure in women, confirms study
A new systematic review of the literature not only confirmed that breastfeeding for as short as 1-4 months can have a protective affect against high blood pressure in women, but that lactation also can protect women across an extended follow-up of years to decades.
October 23, 2018
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Misc. - C

Can acupuncture improve fertility?
Some people choose to seek traditional and complementary treatments, such as acupuncture, to help treat fertility issues.
November 5, 2018
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Can you get pregnant on your period?
Technically, people can get pregnant at any time during their menstrual cycle, though it is much less likely during their period.
March 29, 2019
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CDC: Many Maternal Deaths Months After Delivery
Too many women still die from pregnancy-related causes, some up to a year after delivery, according to a new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
May 7, 2019
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Chinese Scientist Reportedly Creates Genetically Engineered Babies Immune to HIV
Scientists have been abuzz with excitement ever since it became clear that CRISPR would unlock a new world of powerful gene editing techniques. Teams around the world have experimented with CRISPR-based gene editing techniques in human embryos, but no one has allowed those embryos to become living, breathing people -- until now.
November 26, 2018
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Cocktail of chemicals in the mother inhibits child growth
For the first time, researchers have shown that a combination of perfluorinated substances in the mother significantly inhibits child growth.
February 25, 2019
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Common dietary supplements linked to miscarriages in rodents
Over-the-counter vitamins and other supplements don't go through the same testing as prescription drugs.
June 4, 2019
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Common Yeast Infection Pill Tied to Miscarriage
A new study throws serious doubt on the safety of using a common yeast infection treatment during pregnancy.
February 19, 2019
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Concurrent use of benzodiazepine and opioids complicates neonatal abstinence syndrome
Babies born after being exposed to both opioids and benzodiazepines before birth are more likely to have severe drug withdrawal, requiring medications like morphine for treatment, compared to infants exposed to opioids alone, according to a Vanderbilt University Medical Center study published in Hospital Pediatrics.
July 1, 2019
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Constipation and pregnancy: What to know
Constipation is a very common symptom that many women experience during pregnancy.
February 6, 2019
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Could Fluoride Be Bad for Baby During Pregnancy?
Fluoride exposure from drinking water during pregnancy could be making children less intelligent, a new Canadian study argues.
August 19, 2019
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Could Smoking a Little Pot Raise Sperm Levels?
Forget the mellow slacker image -- pot smoking might actually make men more potent.
February 6, 2019
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Misc. - D

Depression prevention for pregnant women and new mothers -- new recommendations
At present all new mothers are screened for symptoms of depression and help is provided to those who need care. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force now has urged doctors to screen pregnant women for risks of depression and provide adequate counselling and support to prevent the onset of depression after delivery.
February 14, 2019
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Diabetes drug can halve the risk of late miscarriage, preterm births for women with PCOS
Metformin can halve the risk of late miscarriage and preterm births for women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
June 24, 2019
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Diet and physical exercise do not reduce risk of gestational diabetes
The assumption that minimizing weight gain in obese pregnant women is advantageous for avoiding gestational diabetes has not been borne out. This was shown by a study conducted by MedUni Vienna's Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism. Indeed, it might even be detrimental to the mother and the unborn child to restrict carbohydrate intake during pregnancy.
July 11, 2019
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Different characteristics associated with depression before and after giving birth
Depression during pregnancy and following childbirth (perinatal depression) is a common and potentially severe condition. In a Journal of Neuroscience Research study, researchers examined subgroups of women followed from pregnancy to six months postpartum, for example comparing those with depression only after childbirth with those experiencing depression during pregnancy.
February 6, 2019
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Discrimination, PTSD linked to high preterm-birth rates among African-American women
African-American women are nearly twice as likely to give birth prematurely as white women. Such births often coincide with low birth weight, and together are linked to other developmental delays and health effects believed responsible for almost one-fifth of infant deaths nationwide.
March 26, 2019
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Do You Know Your Long-Term Birth Control Options?
You don't have to take a pill every day. There are birth control methods that last weeks, months, or even years with little effort on your part - and no surgery. They are safe and effective for most healthy women.
November 9, 2018
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Do you really want to know what's in your baby's genome?
It's unclear how much information is helpful, and how much is hurtful.
January 4, 2019
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Doctor-Approved Tips to Fight Pregnancy Back Pain
Your baby bump is growing by the day, but your new body shape often brings new aches and pains -- especially in your back. "A woman's body is in a constant state of change during pregnancy, and the spine is no exception," says Neel Anand, MD, a professor of orthopedic surgery and director of spine trauma surgery at Cedars-Sinai Spine Center in Los Angeles.
June 6, 2019
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Does a missed period and gassy stomach mean I am pregnant?
A missed period is when menstruation does not occur or does not follow its usual pattern. A gassy stomach may occur at any time. However, when gas or pressure appears in the abdomen at the same time as experiencing a late or missed period, many people think they may be pregnant.
January 2, 2019
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Does Clomid work for male infertility?
Clomid is the former brand name of the drug clomiphene citrate, which doctors use to treat infertility in females. Sometimes, however, they may also prescribe it off-label for males with infertility.
February 6, 2019
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Does the birth control pill stop you from recognizing emotions?
New research that features in the journal Frontiers in Neuroscience suggests that women who use oral contraceptives are less able to recognize facial expressions of complex emotions.
February 12, 2019
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Dysfunction of single gene leads to miscarriages
A single gene of the mother plays such a crucial role in the development of the placenta that its dysfunction leads to miscarriages. Researchers from the Medical Faculty of Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) have observed this in so-called knockout mice that were specifically modified for this purpose.
October 19, 2018
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Misc. - E

Earlier puberty linked to mother's smoking during pregnancy
If the mother smokes during pregnancy, there is a risk of her children going into puberty earlier.
October 23, 2018
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Earliest UK estimates of children affected in the womb by alcohol intake during pregnancy
A report published on 30 November 2018 in Preventive Medicine reveals that a stunning 17 percent of children could possibly be affected by alcohol exposure during their intrauterine life. This refers to a group of lifelong conditions caused by prenatal drinking, called fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).
November 30, 2018
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Early molecular signs of high-risk pregnancy revealed
Women who have healthy pregnancies tend to show distinct changes in the activities of immune genes starting early in pregnancy, while women who have complicated pregnancies tend to show clear departures from that pattern, according to a new study from a team led by researchers at Weill Cornell Medicine and Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS).
April 9, 2019
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Employers May Stymie Advancement of Pregnant Women
Many American women feel less welcome at work once they become pregnant, a new study finds.
April 23, 2019
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Endometriosis after a cesarean delivery: What to know
Having a cesarean section is a risk factor for endometriosis. Endometriosis following a cesarean delivery remains relatively rare, but it is a potential complication that women should discuss with their doctors.
December 13, 2018
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Endometriosis.org
is the global platform for the latest news on endometriosis.
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Enhancing HD-MEA Systems with CMOS
Why is it valuable to stimulate electrogenic cells in vitro for neuroscience research?
January 31, 2019
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Exposure to antenatal corticosteroid therapy associated with reduced fetal growth
Infants exposed to antenatal corticosteroid therapy (ACT) to accelerate lung maturation have a clinically significant reduction in birth size, according to a new of study of 278,508 births published this week in PLOS Medicine by Alina Rodriguez of the University of Lincoln and Imperial College London, UK, and colleagues.
February 28, 2019
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Extreme weather can stress pregnant women--and their unborn babies
New research suggests extreme weather can worsen depression in mothers, leaving children more anxious and distressed.
February 19, 2019
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Misc. - F

Father-Son Talks About Condoms Pay Off
Here's some straight talk about the value of "the talk."
December 17, 2018
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Father's age shown to affect health of offspring
A new study conducted at Stanford University in California has shown that infants of older fathers are less likely to be healthy at birth, compared with infants of younger fathers.
November 2, 2018
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Fertility Treatment, Pregnancy Heart Issue Linked?
The risk of a pregnancy-related type of heart failure is five times higher for women who undergo fertility treatment than those who conceive naturally, a new study says.
May 28, 2019
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Fetal Alcohol Costs: $23,000 A Year Per Case
About 630,000 babies worldwide are born with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) each year. They'll need care averaging $23,000 annually, new research suggests.
December 4, 2018
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Fetal exposure to nicotine linked with SIDS and cardiac arrhythmias in newborns
Fetal exposure to tobacco smoke in utero is associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and cardiac arrhythmias in newborns. In a novel study in rabbits, investigators provide the first evidence linking fetal exposure to nicotine to long-term alterations of the cardiac sodium current.
March 29, 2019
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Fetal heart rate monitoring can help health workers to identify at risk fetuses
Worldwide, there are over 3 million stillbirths and approximately 3 million newborn deaths each year, most in low-resource countries. About 2 million of these deaths are due to intrapartum hypoxia. There is a strong association between abnormal fetal heart rate and intrapartum-related deaths, therefore optimal fetal heart rate monitoring can help health workers identify at risk fetuses and take appropriate action to save lives.
April 30, 2019
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Fever and pregnancy: Is there a link?
Feeling warm or flushed can be a symptom of pregnancy. Changes in the body during pregnancy can cause similar symptoms to those that accompany a fever.
October 26, 2018
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Few Pregnant Women Get Right Amount of Nutrients
For pregnant women, good nutrition is essential for their health and the baby's health. But many aren't getting adequate amounts of the vitamins and minerals they need, a new study finds.
June 21, 2019
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Fewer Periods May Mean Higher Dementia Risk
A new study suggests that the fewer menstrual periods a woman has in her lifetime, the higher her risk of dementia -- though the reasons, for now, are unclear.
March 28, 2019
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First baby born after robot-assisted uterine transplantation
A boy 48 centimeters long, weighing 2900 grams, is the first baby born after the technological shift in Gothenburg's world-leading research on uterine transplantation. The birth, with the planned cesarean delivery (C-section), took place on Monday April 8th and the whole family is doing fine.
April 9, 2019
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First-time pregnancy complications linked to increased risk of hypertension later in life
Detailed pregnancy history, prevention strategies may hold a key to improving health outcomes.
September 30, 2019
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Flu Shot Won't Cause Miscarriage, Study Confirms
A flu shot cannot cause a pregnant woman to miscarry, researchers say.
March 1, 2019
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Food insecurity during pregnancy linked to severity of neonatal abstinence syndrome
A new study shows that food insecurity in pregnant women being treated for opioid use disorder may be associated with increased risk for their infants receiving pharmacologic treatment for neonatal abstinence syndrome.
November 13, 2018
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Misc. - G

GC-MS/MS of dried urine is a 'good surrogate' for serum testing of hormones
Researchers have shown that analyzing dried urine extracts with GC-MS/MS to assess levels of reproductive hormones in pre-and post-menopausal women provides similar results to radioimmunoassays using serum samples.
April 5, 2019
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GE Healthcare fetalHQ Automatic Fetal Heart Assessment Tool
About the size of a grape, a baby's heart at five months of gestation is very difficult to image using ultrasound. Moreover, because it beats considerably faster than adult hearts, recognizing its size and shape with one's eyes can be even more of a challenge. GE Healthcare is now addressing this issue with its fetalHQ software on the company's women's health Voluson ultrasound systems.
October 30, 2018
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Gene-Edited Baby Claim Brings Questions, Concerns
A unproven claim about the creation of the world's first genetically edited babies has been met with skepticism and condemnation.
November 26, 2018
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Gestational diabetes during pregnancy may increase risk of type 1 diabetes in children
Children of mothers who had gestational diabetes during pregnancy could be at increased risk of type 1 diabetes themselves, according to a new study led by a team at the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC) that was published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ).
April 16, 2019
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Greater support needed for women seeking abortion
A recent survey of women seeking abortion reveals how many resort to the internet for help with their decision making due to difficulties in discussing their dilemma with the people around them.
March 21, 2019
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Misc. - H

High blood pressure during pregnancy can increase later risk of cardiovascular disorders
Research published today in the journal Circulation has found that women with high blood pressure in pregnancy, including conditions such as preeclampsia, have an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disorders later in life, including stroke and heart failure.
September 23, 2019
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High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy Is on the Rise, Study Says
Monitoring it and managing it carefully can help both mother and baby stay healthy
September 10, 2019
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High lead levels during pregnancy linked to child obesity
Folic acid may lower risk of being obese or overweight
October 3, 2019
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High-fat, high-sugar diet in mouse mothers causes problems in the hearts of offspring
A diet high in fats and sugars is known for its unhealthy effects on the heart. Scientists now have found that a high-fat, high-sugar diet in mouse mothers before and during pregnancy causes problems in the hearts of their offspring, and that such problems are passed down at least three generations, even if the younger generations only eat a standard mouse chow diet.
March 22, 2019
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Home births and hospital births equally safe, says large international study
A new large scale study has confirmed what many midwives and mothers instinctively knew -- it's really not safer giving birth in a hospital than at home if you had a low-risk pregnancy so far. This is bound to reassure the growing number of low-risk pregnant women living in countries with reasonably good access to healthcare who want to deliver their babies at home.
August 8, 2019
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Home remedies for menstrual cramp relief
Many women report having abdominal or pelvic pain at the beginning of their menstrual cycle. This symptom can range in severity from mild discomfort that lasts 1 or 2 days to painful, debilitating cramps. Many home remedies can help a person get relief.
February 18, 2019
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Homenum Revelio! AI will destroy sperm donor anonymity
Maybe you're a full-time student trying to come up with next month's ramen budget. Perhaps you've just lost your job and you're trying to earn a few bucks in between interviews. Or it could be you're just happy to find a career doing something you're really good at. For whatever reason, thousands of men donate sperm every year. Most of them expect a certain level of anonymity that no longer exists.
February 18, 2019
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How can you make your period come faster?
Some people want their period to arrive before an important event, deadline week, or an upcoming camping trip. There are a few things they can try to make their period come faster.
March 29, 2019
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How does asthma affect pregnancy?
Asthma can affect pregnancy when a woman does not receive the right treatment. Most asthma treatments are safe to use during pregnancy.
February 15, 2019
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How does sex drive change during pregnancy?
Pregnancy can have a significant effect on a woman's sex drive. Increases and decreases in libido are both normal, and arousal levels can change at different stages of pregnancy.
February 26, 2019
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How does smoking marijuana affect sperm?
With the increased legalization of cannabis, especially medical marijuana, researchers are interested in finding out more about its effects on health. One area that is currently under exploration is that of marijuana's effect on fertility.
February 7, 2019
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How sleeping mammary stem cells are awakened in puberty
Scientists have discovered how the growth of milk-producing mammary glands is triggered during puberty. Sleeping stem cells in the mammary gland are awoken by a protein dubbed FoxP1, according to the research.
October 25, 2018
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How to find the right condom size
Condoms come in many shapes and sizes. Finding the right fit can be tricky, but doing so will help people to have a better and safer sex life.
November 16, 2018
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How use of digital devices may influence obesity risk
Recent evidence suggests that people who multitask by switching frequently between digital devices may be more at risk of developing unhealthful eating habits and obesity.
April 4, 2019
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Human sperm retains its complete viability within different gravitational conditions
Zillionaires like Amazon founder Jeff Bezos who see the 'colonization' of space as an answer to the Earth's ever threatened resources will be reassured to learn that human sperm retains its complete viability within the different gravitational conditions found in outer space.
June 24, 2019
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Misc. - I

Increasing iron intake does not improve the chances of conception
Researchers studying the relationship between human conception and iron intake from both animal and plant sources have found that women who are trying to conceive do not benefit from increasing iron intake.
June 11, 2019
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Inducing early labor costs the same as waiting for spontaneous labor
Expectant parents wait 40 weeks for the arrival of their new baby, but what if labor was induced one week earlier? Conventional wisdom holds that inducing labor at 39 weeks would be cost-prohibitive to a health care system.
May 3, 2019
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Inexpensive nutritional supplement for women may help improve growth of fetus
Findings from NIH-funded study could combat undernutrition in poor areas of the world
February 11, 2019
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Infant girls fed soy formula more likely to develop severe menstrual pain as adults, suggests research
New research suggests that infant girls fed soy formula are more likely to develop severe menstrual pain as young adults. The finding adds to the growing body of literature that suggests exposure to soy formula during early life may have detrimental effects on the reproductive system.
November 9, 2018
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Infertility and depression: Symptoms and coping
Infertility can be distressing, and many people experience bouts of stress, sadness, or feelings of hopelessness. Some people with infertility become depressed.
November 1, 2018
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Intake of painkillers during pregnancy linked to early puberty in future offspring
The more weeks a women takes pain-reliving medication during pregnancy, the earlier their daughters enter puberty.
October 23, 2018
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iPharmacy Roman fights stigmas with premature ejaculation meds
There's a war brewing to become the cloud pharmacy for men's health. Roman, which launched last year offering erectile dysfunctional medication and recently added a 'quit smoking' kit, is taking on $97 million-funded Hims for the hair loss market.
October 23, 2018
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Is higher fluoride intake in pregnancy affecting kids' IQ?
A new study suggests that fluoride consumption at higher levels in pregnancy could be linked to a decline in IQ by a few points in the children. Experts disagree on the acceptability of this finding, which has stirred up questions about fluoridation of public drinking water supplies.
August 20, 2019
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Is the shot or the pill better for birth control?
The shot and the pill are two effective forms of hormonal birth control, each with their own benefits and risks. Does one work better than the other?
March 15, 2019
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Is There a Right Time for Sex After Childbirth?
Couples are usually told to wait six weeks after the birth of a baby before having sex again. But new research highlights that there's not a specific "right" time for everyone.
February 14, 2019
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IVF May Put Kids at Risk for High Blood Pressure
In vitro fertilization gives couples struggling to conceive the chance to have children, but a new study suggests these kids are at increased risk for high blood pressure.
September 4, 2018
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IVF Tied to Heightened Odds for Pregnancy Complications
Women who've had fertility treatments -- especially in vitro fertilization -- may be at higher risk for serious pregnancy complications, a new study suggests.
February 4, 2019
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Misc. - L

Language barriers can affect participation of parents in neonatal care
A warm smile and a caring hand on the shoulder are not enough to overcome the language barriers that can arise between parents and healthcare professionals in neonatal care when the parents have not mastered the Swedish language.
June 24, 2019
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Largest study of women with hyperemesis gravidarum launches in Europe
Women with severe sickness during pregnancy are being invited to join the largest study of the condition in Europe, led by Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust and King's College London.
May 16, 2019
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Like other animals, humans have a breeding season--and it's right now
'Tis the season for conception.
December 20, 2018
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Long-Term Birth Control Surged After 2016 Vote
Interpret the data whatever way you will, but a new study shows a jump in women getting long-term contraception in the month following the election of President Donald Trump.
February 4, 2019
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Misc. - M

Male contraceptive pill shown to be safe and tolerable in phase I trial
A potential new male birth control pill has been declared safe for use after a phase-one trial showed that the once-daily capsule seemed to work without causing any significant side effects.
March 26, 2019
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'Male Pill' Makes Another Advance
A male contraceptive pill, long a goal of men -- and women -- everywhere, may be one step closer to reality, U.S. researchers report.
March 25, 2019
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Males who spend more time taking care of kids have greater reproductive success
Males have greater reproductive success if they spend more time taking care of kids -- and not necessarily only their own, according to new research published by anthropologists at Northwestern University.
October 15, 2018
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Marijuana use during pregnancy may increase psychosis risk in offspring
Pregnant women who use cannabis may slightly increase the risk their unborn child will develop psychosis later in life, suggests new research from Washington University in St. Louis.
March 28, 2019
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Maternal smoking and pre-eclampsia may affect fertility of offspring
Low levels of oxygen in the womb - which can be caused by smoking or conditions such as pre-eclampsia - may cause problems with fertility later in life, a study carried out in rats suggests.
March 29, 2019
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Mechanisms behind neonatal diabetes uncovered
Researchers at the University of Helsinki, Finland, have described mechanisms linking chronic cellular stress to the poor development of the insulin-producing cells.
December 17, 2018
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Mediterranean diet in pregnancy linked to lower risk of having children with accelerated growth
The Mediterranean diet is characterized by a high content of fruits, vegetables, olive oil, legumes and nuts. This healthy diet pattern has been associated with lower obesity and cardiometabolic risk in adults, but few studies have focused on children.
December 3, 2018
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Men often use metaphors to cope with their partner's miscarriage
"Lost gift." "Cataclysm." "Death of a loved one." "Emptiness." "Chaotic movement." "Rock." "Guard." "Repairman. "Secondary character." Researchers at the University of Missouri say men often use descriptions such as these to cope with their partner's miscarriage and to describe their role in the experience.
March 21, 2019
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Menopause: Mindfulness may reduce symptoms
A recent study suggests that mindfulness may be a promising tool to help menopausal women struggling with irritability, anxiety, and depression.
January 29, 2019
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Midwives and nurses may underestimate the risks of alcohol use during pregnancy
Alcohol use during pregnancy can have harmful consequences on the fetus including restricted growth, facial anomalies, and neurobehavioral problems. No amount of alcohol use during pregnancy has been proven safe.
July 30, 2019
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Mode of delivery at birth may play key role in shaping the child's skin microbiome
In a new study, investigators found that bacterial genera in children were more similar to those of their own mothers than to those of unrelated women. Their data suggest that the mode of delivery at birth could be an important factor in shaping the child's microbiome.
August 13, 2019
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Mom Plays Role in Your Age at Menopause, Longevity
For women, predicting when they'll reach menopause is anyone's guess. But if you want to get some foresight, you should ask your mother.
June 18, 2019
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More Pregnant Women Vaping, Study Says
Are many women who smoke switching to e-cigarettes during pregnancy?
April 29, 2019
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Most women glad to do genetic testing before IVF, reports survey
The most effective way to increase the odds that an embryo will successfully implant during in vitro fertilization (IVF) is genetic testing to see if the embryo is normal.
June 21, 2019
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Mother's physical and emotional health during pregnancy has an effect on baby's health
Athletes invest hours practicing before a big game. Runners train for months leading up to a marathon. A mother-to-be should likewise prepare herself for the mental and physical rigor of pregnancy, labor and caring for a newborn.
June 6, 2019
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Mother's smoking during pregnancy associated with early puberty in children
If the mother smokes during pregnancy, there is a risk of her children going into puberty earlier.
October 23, 2018
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Mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus have elevated risk of postpartum depression symptoms
Mothers diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have an elevated risk of developing postpartum depression symptoms, according to a new Finnish study.
September 4, 2018
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Mutations in fetal genome may contribute to premature birth
Mutations in the gene that codes for SLIT2, a protein expressed in fetal cells in placentas and involved in directing the growth of the fetal nervous system, may contribute to premature births, possibly by activating the mother's immune system.
June 14, 2019
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Misc. - N

Natural ways to boost fertility
Many genetic and environmental factors can affect fertility in men and women. However, it is possible to increase the chances of having a successful pregnancy using natural methods.
February 11, 2019
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Nearly 1 in 8 teens experience reproductive coercion, reports survey
Female adolescents are experiencing relationship abuse at alarming rates, according to a new Michigan State University study that specifically researched reproductive coercion - a form of abuse in which a woman is pressured to become pregnant against her wishes.
August 9, 2019
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New 3D model shines light on key aspects of early development
From a biological standpoint, the earliest stages of life are the most mysterious. A developing human embryo undergoes a flurry of rapid changes, and these changes are exceedingly difficult to study because they transpire within the confines of a womb.
July 1, 2019
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New At-Home Fetal Heart Rate Monitor with Clinical Accuracy
These days patients that are still in the womb have their heart rates measured on a regular basis to spot conditions such as fetal bradycardia or tachycardia or decreased variability. This is typically done in a hospital using specialty equipment that is too expensive for use in the home.
October 22, 2018
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New Device Cleans Blood to Treat Preeclampsia
Preeclampsia is one of the most common serious maladies that pregnant women encounter. It is a poorly understood condition with symptoms such as high blood pressure, proteinuria, and headaches, potentially even leading to seizures.
April 23, 2019
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New evidence supports the presence of microbes in the placenta
Researchers report visual evidence supporting the presence of bacteria within the microarchitecture of the placental tissue.
June 18, 2019
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New guidance on use of valproate in women, girls of child bearing age with epilepsy published
New guidance to support regulations around the use of valproate in women and girls of child bearing age with epilepsy has been published by specialists from 13 UK healthcare bodies including seven Royal Colleges.
April 2, 2019
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New imaging technology will improve understanding of embryonic development
Soon after conception, an embryo's circulatory system connects to that of its mother. Complications that occur at this critical time can result in miscarriage or birth defects with long-term chronic conditions. Unfortunately, limitations in imaging technologies prevent researchers from fully understanding the cellular-level events leading up to this crucial point.
April 9, 2019
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New Link Between Mom-to-Be's Diet, Child's ADHD
Eating for two takes on added significance with a new study suggesting that a mother's diet during pregnancy could affect her child's risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
March 29, 2019
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New link found between NAFLD and rare pregnancy complication
A new link has been found between a rare and serious condition that typically presents as itchy palms during pregnancy and the world's most common chronic liver disease, according to research presented at Digestive Disease Week® (DDW) 2019. Researchers found that intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP), a bile acid disorder in adults that affects roughly one of every 300 pregnancies, may be associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
May 9, 2019
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New link found between psychiatric disorders and events during the prenatal stage
Researchers discover a correlation between psychiatric disorders and events during the prenatal stage
January 31, 2019
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New research examines whether effects of alcohol/pregnancy policies vary by race
In the U.S. state policies pertaining to alcohol use during pregnancy have been in effect for more than 40 years.
July 1, 2019
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New research opens possibility of using sperm taken from testicles to overcome infertility
Scientists have found that sperm DNA from the testicles of many infertile men is as good as that of ejaculated sperm of fertile men. This may explain a major cause of male infertility and opens the possibility of using sperm taken directly from the testicles of these men; to overcome their infertility.
March 15, 2019
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New research supports the need for obesity intervention before pregnancy
New research from the University of Adelaide's Robinson Research Institute supports the need for dietary and lifestyle interventions before overweight and obese women become pregnant.
December 6, 2018
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New study challenges claim that exogenous RNA is essential for sperm function
Scientists are challenging the claims of two high profile papers from 2018 which reported that in the mouse, RNA has to be added to sperm for them to be fully fertile. The new findings undermine a proposed mechanism of epigenetic inheritance in which offspring inherit traits acquired by their parents.
July 2, 2019
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New study explores the use of Natural Cycles app in 'Plan a Pregnancy' mode
Natural Cycles today announced that the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) in collaboration with the University of Plymouth, have initiated the Freyja study - an independent study to explore the views and experiences of people who currently use, or have previously used, the Natural Cycles app in 'Plan a Pregnancy' mode.
January 31, 2019
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New study sheds light on how extreme temperature hampers spermatogenesis in insects
The scientific community has long held an understanding about the effect of temperature on sperm production in mammals, but this new study sheds light on how spermatogenesis in insects is hampered at extreme temperatures.
April 15, 2019
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NHS to roll-out new test for potentially lethal pre-eclampsia
NHS England will be rolling out a new blood test for pregnant women to check for pre-eclampsia, a common and potentially life-threatening condition.
April 2, 2019
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No Link In Mom-to-Be's Diet, Baby's Allergy Risk
Avoiding certain foods during pregnancy does not reduce your child's risk of food allergies, a new analysis shows.
January 2, 2019
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Novel approach uses magnetic beads for the treatment of preeclampsia
Preliminary laboratory tests show that functionalized magnetic beads successfully reduced blood levels of a harmful molecule that is elevated during preeclampsia, according to new research in the American Heart Association's journal Hypertension.
May 13, 2019
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Misc. - O

OB-GYNs are uncomfortable counseling their patients on fertility, study shows
A new study shows that many OB-GYNs are uncomfortable counseling their patients on fertility at a time when more women are delaying pregnancy and needing their doctors to be more vigilant about this education.
September 5, 2019
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Obese, pregnant women may not require extra calories, shows study
The Institute of Medicine's guidelines currently advise all pregnant women to increase calorie intake by 340-450 calories/day during their second and third trimesters, regardless of their body size at conception.
September 24, 2019
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Opioid overdose found to be most common cause of pregnancy-associated death in new moms
As the opioid epidemic rages on, one vulnerable group--new moms--have often been overlooked. A new study at the University of Utah Health found that drug-induced death is the most common cause of pregnancy-associated death in Utah. Postpartum women who have previously or currently struggle with substance abuse are at greater risk of overdosing.
May 9, 2019
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Opioid Use in Pregnancy Linked to Birth Defects?
More American infants are being born with their intestines outside of their bodies, and the disturbing trend might be linked to the opioid crisis, health officials reported Thursday.
January 17, 2019
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Optimal strategy to manage hypertension and preeclampsia at end of pregnancy
In 2009, the Hypertension and Preeclampsia Intervention Trial At near Term-I (HYPITAT- I) trial showed that inducing labor in women with gestational hypertension or preeclampsia at the end of pregnancy reduces the number of high risk situations for the mother, without compromising the health of newborns.
September 6, 2019
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One twin's difficult birth puts a project designed to reduce C-sections to the test
The tiny hand and forearm slipped out too early. Babies are not delivered shoulder first. Dr. Terri Marino, an obstetrician in the Boston area who specializes in high-risk deliveries, tucked it back inside the boy's mother.
November 27, 2018
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One-third of pregnant women do not believe cannabis is harmful to their fetus
Up to one-third of pregnant women do not believe cannabis is harmful to their fetus, according to a new review by UBC researchers.
January 21, 2019
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Over $1.6 million grants to support research on opioid pain medication use during pregnancy
An interdisciplinary team of experts from Indiana University, along with other researchers across the U.S. and Sweden, have received grants totaling over $1.6 million to study the effects that opioid pain medications prescribed during pregnancy have on children.
August 8, 2019
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Overweight men contribute to increase in fertility problems
About 15% of couples in fertile age have experienced fertility problems. Men contribute to 50% of the cases when a couple cannot achieve the desired pregnancy. The proportion of overweight men has tripled in parallel with the increase in fertility problems worldwide.
June 17, 2019
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Misc. - P

Pain, bleeding, and discharge in the second trimester
Some pain and a small amount of spotting are normal during the second trimester. However, it is essential to know when to see a doctor.
February 4, 2019
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'Panic Parenting' Fear Drives Women to Freeze Eggs
Trying to avoid "panic parenting" is the reason why many single women freeze their eggs for non-medical reasons, a small new study suggests.
November 2, 2018
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Paracetamol use during pregnancy linked to childhood behavioral problems
A new study by researchers at the University of Bristol has found further evidence linking paracetamol intake during pregnancy with potential adverse behavioral and cognitive outcomes during childhood.
September 16, 2019
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Penis enlargement surgery ineffective and potentially dangerous
A new study has shown that penis enlargement surgeries are usually ineffective and can cause substantial psychological and physical damage to men. The study results were published in the latest issue of the journal Sexual Medicine Reviews. The study was titled, "Systematic Review of Surgical and Nonsurgical Interventions in Normal Men Complaining of Small Penis Size".
May 13, 2019
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Period pain impacts young women's academic performance worldwide
Period pain significantly impacts young women's academic performance worldwide, according to new Australian-led research -- and women are 'putting up with it' rather than seeking treatment.
July 1, 2019
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Pot Use During Early Pregnancy on the Rise
Pot use and pregnancy hardly go hand-in-hand for health reasons, but more American women are using marijuana just before and right after they become pregnant, new research warns.
July 19, 2019
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Pre-Pregnancy Weight Matters Most For Complications
Expectant mothers and doctors have focused a lot on how much a woman gains during pregnancy, but new research suggests how much a woman weighs beforegetting pregnant may be far more important.
May 7, 2019
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Pregnancy related widening of abdominal muscles may affect 'tummy tuck' outcomes
Especially in women who have had multiple pregnancies, widening and thinning of the abdominal muscles may contribute to problems with the outcomes of abdominoplasty ("tummy tuck") surgery, reports a study in the August issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).
August 20, 2019
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Pregnancy trimesters: A guide
The typical pregnancy has three trimesters and lasts around 40 weeks from the first day of a woman's last period. In each trimester, the fetus will meet specific developmental milestones.
November 20, 2018
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Pregnancy Week by Week
Pregnancy week by week presents you brief information on physiological changes in your body during the nine months of pregnancy, types of clinical examinations modes of assessments of fetal wellbeing, safe motherhood and diagnosis of pregnancy etc.
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Pregnant women can lower risk of stillbirth by sleeping on their side, shows research
Research spearheaded by a University of Huddersfield lecturer has shown that pregnant women can lower the risk of stillbirth by sleeping on their side and NOT on their back.
April 8, 2019
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Pregnant women face greater risk of having hemorrhagic stroke, reveal studies
Pregnant women face a much greater risk of having a fatal, but less common, type of stroke caused by bleeding into the brain, according to results of two studies presented by The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) at the International Stroke Conference 2019.
February 8, 2019
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Pregnant women with type 1 diabetes are at greater risk of preterm birth
Pregnant women with type 1 diabetes are at increased risk of delivering their baby prematurely. The risk increases as blood sugar levels rise, however women who maintain the recommended levels also risk giving birth prematurely.
April 23, 2019
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Prenatal maternal depression has important consequences for infant temperament, study shows
A new Infant Mental Health Journal study demonstrates that prenatal maternal depression has important consequences for infant temperament. Furthermore, the negative impact of prenatal maternal depression appeared to be magnified when pregnant women lived through Superstorm Sandy.
February 6, 2019
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Prophylactic antibiotics could halve infection rates after childbirth
Thousands of women could have been spared pain and infection if they were given prophylactic antibiotics following assisted childbirth, advise researchers. The researchers are now calling for health authorities to change the advice they provide.
May 14, 2019
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Presence of fungal DNA in the fetal human gut
A recent human study has discovered the presence of fungal communities in the fetal gut. The study marks the first of its kind to observe fungal DNA in this developmental setting.
September 5, 2019
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Misc. - R

Relieving sciatica pain during pregnancy
Sciatica is one cause of back pain during pregnancy. People can relieve the symptoms using stretches, gentle massage, and other remedies.
March 26, 2019
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Reports out of China suggest first human gene-edited babies have been born
CRISPR technology supposedly used to edit gene associated with HIV resistance.
November 26, 2018
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Research reveals surprising relationship between climate change and fertility rate
Climate change will shape every aspect of human life -- often in complex ways. Take the question of deciding how many children to have, for example. A new analysis suggests that climate change could increase fertility rates in tropical countries, in turn magnifying the impacts of climate change on those countries and widening the gap between wealthy and poorer nations.
May 21, 2019
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Research shows how dopamine contributes to sex differences in worms
Dopamine is responsible for sex-specific variations in common behaviors, finds a study of worm movements published in JNeurosci. The research demonstrates how the same neurotransmitter can contribute to sex differences, a finding that could have implications for mental disorders.
April 16, 2019
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Research uncovers how sleeping stem cells in the mammary gland are awakened at puberty
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute researchers have discovered how the growth of milk-producing mammary glands is triggered during puberty. Sleeping stem cells in the mammary gland are awoken by a protein dubbed FoxP1, according to the research that was published today in the journal Developmental Cell.
October 25, 2018
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Researchers attempt to create world's first genetically edited babies
The researchers have used CRISPR to edit the genes of IVF embryos in a controversial attempt to create offspring that are resistant to disease.
November 26, 2018
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Researchers develop blood test to predict spontaneous preterm birth
Study finds proteins found in blood samples at the end of the first trimester may predict preterm births before 35 weeks gestation, including among first-time mothers
March 1, 2019
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Researchers develop simple method for isolating placental cells from cervical swabs
Brown University researchers have developed a simple method for isolating placental cells from cervical swabs. The technique, described in the journal Scientific Reports, could aid in developing less invasive ways of diagnosing genetic disorders in developing fetuses.
August 27, 2019
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Researchers elucidate how embryonic cells and tissues respond to force
Accumulated evidence suggests that physical force plays an important role in various developmental processes of fertilized animal eggs. During embryogenesis, a variety of cell populations actively migrate and change their positions, generating various types of force (e.g., traction force, compression force) that influence the properties of surrounding tissues.
March 8, 2019
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Researchers evaluate usefulness of fertility apps
For many women of reproductive age, the most common way of assessing their menstrual health and fertility means regular visits to a gynecologist or another clinician. When it comes to evaluating changes in fertility, menstrual health, and quality of life, these visits typically rely on remembering, which can lead to significant inaccuracies in evaluation.
July 16, 2019
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Researchers find cognitive changes in offspring of rats exposed to high cannabis concentrations
A study conducted by researchers at Washington State University has found changes in cognitive ability among the offspring of rats exposed to high amounts of cannabis during pregnancy.
November 5, 2018
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Researchers identify brain pathways of aversion
What happens in the brain when we feel discomfort? Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden are now one step closer to finding the answer. In a new study published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry they identify which pathways in the mouse brain control behavior associated with aversion.
February 14, 2019
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Researchers identify gut protein essential for neonatal mice to fight infections
Scientists have identified a protein critical to the immune system development and antibody production in mice, which could contribute to understanding the gut defense mechanism in infants.
April 8, 2019
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Researchers uncover mechanism that initiates sexual organs maturation
Puberty is a period of extensive changes of body morphology and function. As much as we are familiar with these life-altering changes, relatively little is known about what sets the whole process in motion. Thanks to studies in the tiny worm C. elegans, the group of Helge Grosshans is getting closer to understanding how the onset of puberty is genetically controlled. Recently they uncovered a mechanism that initiates sexual organs maturation.
March 26, 2019
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Resilience exerts a protective role against negative effects of stress during pregnancy
Resilience--understood as the set of personal resources that help individuals deal effectively with adversity, protecting them from the negative health effects of stress--is receiving increasing attention from researchers. However, it remains understudied in such a sensitive time of life as pregnancy.
September 6, 2019
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Rogue Scientist Defends Gene-Edited Babies, Announces Possible Second Pregnancy
He Jiankui, a Chinese researcher who claims to have created the world's first genetically edited babies, is defending his actions as "safe and ethical."
November 29, 2018
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Misc. - S

Scientists create mini-placenta's to study early stages of pregnancy
Researchers at the University of Cambridge have used organoid culture techniques to create a cellular model of the early stages of the placenta. It is hoped that this will further our understanding of the initial stages of pregnancy and the etiology of various reproductive disorders.
November 29, 2018
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Scientists identify three genes responsible for recurrent molar pregnancies
A team of scientists at the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC) and McGill University have identified three genes responsible for recurrent molar pregnancies, a rare complication that occurs when a non-viable pregnancy with no embryo implants in the uterus.
November 20, 2018
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Second trimester pains: What to expect
Although all pregnancies are different, certain symptoms tend to occur in each trimester. For some women, the second trimester means the end of morning sickness and fatigue, but it also means the onset of specific types of pain.
November 26, 2018
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Second-ever case of semi-identical (sesquizygotic) twins
Doctors at the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital in Australia report today in the New England Journal of Medicine that a woman in their care gave birth to semi-identical twins in 2014. This is only the second time this is known to have occurred.
February 28, 2019
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Self-Administered Long-Lasting Contraceptive Patch
Long lasting female contraceptives typically require trained professionals to perform injections and to implant devices, something that's not always available in low-resource settings. Researchers at Georgia Tech and University of Michigan have created a microneedle patch that can deliver a long lasting contraceptive by simply being pressed against the skin.
January 28, 2019
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Shingles on the Rise Among Younger People
In May 2015, Jackie Shelton, a public relations professional and mother of two in Reno, NV, noticed a rash on the back of her leg. She'd been working in her yard and thought nothing of it. Then she awoke in the middle of the night in excruciating pain.
September 4, 2018
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Signs and symptoms of infertility
It is not uncommon for people to experience signs of infertility. This may be stressful, as many people show no direct symptoms of infertility until they try to conceive.
October 22, 2018
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Simple technique to choose the sex of offspring by separating X and Y sperm
A simple, reversible chemical treatment can segregate X-bearing sperm from Y-bearing sperm, allowing dramatic alteration of the normal 50/50 male/female offspring ratio, according to a new study by Masayuki Shimada and colleagues at Hiroshima University, published on August 13 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology. The study was performed in mice, but the technique is likely to be widely applicable to other mammals as well.
August 16, 2019
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Single protein controls thousands of genes essential for sperm development
New regulatory mechanism could underlie male infertility
October 30, 2018
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Single women freeze their eggs to avoid 'panic parenting,' study finds
Most single women who freeze their eggs for non-medical reasons are doing so to avoid 'panic parenting' (entering into unwise relationships to have a genetically related child), a new study finds.
November 1, 2018
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Smoking weed while pregnant: Is it safe?
Some pregnant women use marijuana, and researchers are still unsure how the drug can affect a fetus. As a result, most medical experts recommend refraining from smoking weed during pregnancy.
January 2, 2019
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Some Types of Epilepsy Riskier In Pregnancy
Women with frontal lobe epilepsy are much more likely to have an increase in seizures during pregnancy than those with focal epilepsy or generalized epilepsy, researchers report.
December 3, 2018
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Soy formula feeding during infancy associated with severe menstrual pain in adulthood
New research suggests that infant girls fed soy formula are more likely to develop severe menstrual pain as young adults. The finding adds to the growing body of literature that suggests exposure to soy formula during early life may have detrimental effects on the reproductive system. The study appears online in the journal Human Reproduction.
November 9, 2018
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Specialized lung cells appear in the developing fetus much earlier than previously thought
Specialized lung cells appear in the developing fetus much earlier than scientists previously thought. A new animal study reports how cells that become alveoli, the tiny compartments in which gas exchange occurs in the lung, begin their specialized roles very early in prenatal life.
February 19, 2019
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Sperm health may play a role in recurrent miscarriages
The early-stage study, from scientists at Imperial College London, investigated the sperm quality of 50 men whose partners had suffered three or more consecutive miscarriages.
January 4, 2019
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Sperm storage startups are raising millions
A number of startups are bringing technology and innovation to the fertility industry, with a growing few focused specifically on male fertility.
August 8, 2019
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Sperm with damaged DNA may cause some repeat miscarriages
Semen abnormalities suggest a dad's health needs to be considered in these pregnancy losses
March 26, 2019
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Steady Rise in Pregnant Women's Blood Pressure
Over the past four decades, the U.S. has seen a sharp rise in the number of pregnant women with high blood pressure, new research reveals.
September 9, 2019
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Study charts cesarean delivery trends in India
Had India fallen prey to the epidemic of cesarean currently affecting many countries in the world? Thanks to the data issued from the latest National Family and Health Survey, Christophe Z. Guilmoto and Alexandre Dumont, both IRD researchers, have been able to chart some of the main trends and differentials.
March 25, 2019
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Study examines hospital readmissions for women with postpartum psychiatric diseases
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, approximately 15% of women develop postpartum depression. Postpartum psychiatric diseases occur on a continuum and extreme manifestations are life-threatening and require hospitalization.
February 12, 2019
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Study explores factors that impact fertility preservation decisions in transgender youth
The last thing on most teens' minds is whether or not they want to have kids someday. But transitioning transgender adolescents are forced to consider whether to preserve their sperm or eggs at a young age.
April 16, 2019
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Study finds increased risks to mother and baby when pregnancies are closely spaced
Twelve to 18 months seems to be the ideal length of time between giving birth and getting pregnant again, according to new research from the University of British Columbia and the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
October 29, 2018
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Study finds link between lengthy periods of undisturbed maternal sleep and stillbirths
Researchers explore how maternal sleep habits, including lengthy periods of sleep without waking more than once in the night, may be associated with fetal health
January 18, 2019
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Study finds worrisome increase in medical imaging during pregnancy
Use of medical imaging during pregnancy increased significantly in the United States, a new study has found, with nearly a four-fold rise over the last two decades in the number of women undergoing computed tomography CT scans, which expose mothers and fetuses to radiation. Pregnant women are warned to minimize radiation exposure.
August 1, 2019
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Study of pregnant women with lupus identifies early indicators of pregnancy complications
A study of pregnant women with systemic lupus erythematosus has identified early changes in the RNA molecules present in the blood that could be used to determine the likelihood of them developing preeclampsia. The study, which will be published April 8 in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, may also help researchers develop treatments to prevent other pregnancy complications associated with lupus, including miscarriage and premature birth.
April 8, 2019
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Study provides a new perspective on how a zygote transitions from maternal to zygotic control
Researchers have found in an embryo that activation of its genome does not happen all at once. Instead, it follows a specific pattern controlled primarily by the various sizes of its cells.
June 18, 2019
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Study provides insight into health risks facing new mothers
African-American women undergo more physical "wear-and-tear" during the first year after giving birth than Latina and white women, a consequence that may have long-lasting health effects, according to a study of a diverse group of more than 2,400 low-income women.
December 14, 2018
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Study reveals heart cell defect as possible cause of heart failure in pregnancy
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare form of heart failure that affects women in their last month of pregnancy and up to five months after giving birth. PPCM can be difficult to detect because its symptoms -- swelling in the feet and legs and shortness of breath -- mimic many of those of third trimester pregnancy.
January 2, 2019
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Study reveals possible link between hysterectomy and brain function
A new rat study shows that following hysterectomy, some types of memory are affected in the short term.
December 7, 2018
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Study sheds new light on early development of embryos
By applying gene analysis to individual cells from early mouse embryos, researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have discovered previously unknown cellular stages of fetal development from fertilized egg to living being.
March 5, 2019
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Study shows how 'natural-killer' cells may help women avoid placental accreta
One of the most dangerous risks expectant mothers face as their delivery date approaches is a surprisingly common condition with a little-known name: placental accreta.
August 5, 2019
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Study shows potential positive impact of group prenatal care on birth outcomes
A recent retrospective matched cohort study of more than 9,000 pregnant women found that women who received group prenatal care had a significantly lower risk of having a preterm birth or a low birth weight baby compared with women who received individual care only, after adjusting for number of individual care visits.
October 22, 2018
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Study uncovers concerning knowledge gaps about birth control effectiveness
A new study has uncovered concerning gaps in knowledge about birth control effectiveness.
July 29, 2019
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Study: C-Section Does Carry Added Risks
For pregnant women, a C-section carries a higher risk of severe complications than a vaginal delivery, particularly after age 35, a new study finds.
April 1, 2019
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Study: More Pregnant Women Using Pot, Despite Risks
As laws around marijuana relax nationwide and the drug becomes more popular, American women are increasingly using pot during pregnancy, a new study finds.
June 18, 2019
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Study: Overdoses, Suicide Are Risk for New Moms
Drug overdoses and suicide are common causes of death among women who die within a year of giving birth, a new study finds.
June 18, 2019
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Study: Women experiencing miscarriage should be offered treatment choices
Women experiencing miscarriage should be offered a choice in the treatment they receive, argues a new study from the University of Warwick that compares all treatment options for the first time.
February 15, 2019
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Misc. - T

Testosterone is not the only hormone needed for penis development
A new study has revealed that testosterone, which is produced and released by the testes, is not the only hormone involved in fetal development of the male penis. It is now thought that the masculinization process also involves a hormone called androsterone, which originates in other tissues, including the placenta.
February 15, 2019
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Texas Lesbian Couple First to Both Carry Same Baby
Using a special type of in-vitro fertilization, two women in a same-sex couple became the first to both carry their baby.
October 30, 2018
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The Importance of a Healthy Pregnancy Weight
As your belly expands during pregnancy, your weight is the last thing you want to worry about.
January 28, 2019
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The medical community is finally realizing the uterus is more than a 'baby house'
Rodent studies show a connection to cognitive function.
December 10, 2018
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These Australian twins are the second 'semi-identical' pair ever reported
It all started with two sperm and one egg.
February 28, 2019
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Thoughts on body image during pregnancy could indicate women's emotional wellbeing
Researchers have shown that a new way of assessing women's relationship with their bodies during pregnancy could help predict how well the mother might bond with her unborn baby and her longer-term emotional wellbeing.
May 23, 2019
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Three Clues to Raised Risk of Miscarriage
A woman's age and previous pregnancy complications influence her odds of miscarriage, a new study says.
March 22, 2019
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Three proteins may play key roles in female fertility and cancer biology
Study could lead to treatments for some forms of infertility and fighting aggressive cancers.
October 25, 2018
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Timed vaginal insemination can be safe, effective way to help HIV-affected couples conceive
Women with HIV were once advised against having children for fear that the infection could be passed on to their babies.
April 5, 2019
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Too Many U.S. Women Still Drinking in Pregnancy
Even though the harms to babies are well known, one in nine pregnant women in the United States drinks alcohol, new research shows.
April 25, 2019
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Tracking life's first step: Two molecules 'awaken' brand new genome
Within hours after fertilization, a unique genome forms from chromosomes contributed by the egg and sperm. However, this new genome is initially inactive and must be 'awakened' to begin the transcription of its DNA and start embryonic development. How life's first step happens has long fascinated developmental biologists.
June 17, 2019
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Treatment with antibiotic reduces the size of endometriosis-related lesions in mice
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found, in mice, that treatment with an antibiotic reduces the size of lesions caused by endometriosis.
April 30, 2019
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Trying to Get Pregnant? Stop Smoking Pot
What do tobacco smoke, pesticides, flame retardants, obesity, and marijuana have in common?
December 20, 2018
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Misc. - U

U.S. Birth Rate Lowest in 32 Years
The U.S. birth rate fell for the fourth year in a row last year and was at its lowest since 1986, according to a government report.
May 16, 2019
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U.S. Fertility Rate At All-Time Low
The U.S. fertility rate continued to fall last year and reached an all-time low, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.
July 25, 2019
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U.S. Fertility Rate Drops to 30-Year Low
The United States' fertility rate dropped to a 30-year low in 2017, a federal government report says.
January 11, 2019
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Unhealthy sperm can play a role in lost pregnancies
Bringing a pregnancy to term requires a healthy sperm and egg.
January 10, 2019
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Using light to control crucial step in embryonic development
In optogenetics, researchers use light to control protein activity. This technique allows them to alter the shape of embryonic tissue and to inhibit the development of abnormalities. Now, scientists in EMBL's De Renzis group have enhanced the technique to stop organ-shaping processes in fruit fly embryos.
November 16, 2018
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Using Pre-Ejaculation Sperm May Help Infertile Men
Sperm DNA from the testicles of infertile men is often as good as that of ejaculated sperm from fertile men, according to European researchers -- a finding that could lead to new treatments for male infertility.
March 19, 2019
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UTSA research could help address genetically based challenges with male fertility
Millions of couples who have trouble conceiving may get relief from new research led by scientists at The University of Texas at San Antonio. The researchers have developed a high-resolution genetic map showing how men produce sperm cells.
November 7, 2018
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Misc. - V

Vaginal microbiome composition linked to preterm birth risk in African-American women
A research project funded by the National Institutes of Health has identified differences in the vaginal bacteria that may raise the risk of preterm birth among pregnant African-American women. The findings could be a first step toward the development of a screen for the early identification of preterm birth risk in this population.
May 30, 2019
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Vaping may impair fertility and pregnancy outcomes
Many young and pregnant women are using e-cigarettes as a safer alternative to smoking, but little is known about the effects on fertility and pregnancy outcomes. E-cigarettes are driving increases in tobacco product use among youth.
September 5, 2019
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Vitamin C supplementation for pregnant smokers may reduce harm to infants' lungs
Helping Mothers Quit Smoking Should Still Be Primary Goal
December 11, 2018
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Vitamin D is essential for preventing preeclampsia
A new study suggests vitamin D may reverse impaired cell interactions in the blood vessels that occur in preeclampsia- a pregnancy complication characterized by high blood pressure.
July 9, 2019
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Misc. - W

Waiting to Get Pregnant? Know the Risks
Today, more first-time moms are in their 30s and 40s, compared with the average age decades ago. But with later pregnancies come extra risks. Once you reach your mid-30s, the odds of premature birth, low birth weight, miscarriage, and birth defects rise.
March 22, 2019
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What are the benefits of belly bands and belts?
Several different types of support garment are available for pregnant women and new mothers. It can be confusing to determine which products are most suitable for each pregnancy stage and postpartum phase.
November 5, 2018
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What are the signs of pregnancy in week 2?
Doctors start calculating pregnancy from the first day of the woman's last menstrual period. For this reason, women are not actually pregnant in the first week of pregnancy, and they may not be pregnant during the second week either. Instead, in the first 2 weeks of pregnancy, the body is preparing for possible conception.
February 26, 2019
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What Besides Opioids Can Help Post-C-Section Pain?
Expectant moms often try to plan as many aspects of their upcoming delivery as they can. But one thing they might not consider is what type of pain relief they will choose if they need to have a C-section.
March 22, 2019
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What causes watery semen, and does it affect fertility?
Semen is typically a thick, white fluid, but it can vary in color and consistency. Watery semen can occur due to low sperm count, lifestyle factors, and nutritional deficiencies.
April 29, 2019
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What do different colors of discharge mean in pregnancy?
Pregnancy causes changes in vaginal discharge, which can vary in color, texture, and volume. An increase in vaginal discharge is often one of the earliest signs of pregnancy. Some changes in color are also normal, while others may indicate infection or another problem.
October 23, 2018
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What does the color of period blood mean?
The color of a person's period blood can relay vital health information. For example, orange or grey blood can sometimes indicate a vaginal infection.
April 1, 2019
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What does ovulation pain mean?
A minority of people experience a sudden, sharp pain when they ovulate. Also known as mittelschmerz pain, it does not mean that something is wrong. However, it is easy to mistake other abdominal pain for ovulation pain, so anyone experiencing any pelvic pain symptoms should see a doctor.
November 5, 2018
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What foods are off limits while pregnant?
Pregnancy causes a lot of changes in the body, and pregnant women should consider adjusting their eating habits to adapt to these changes. Diet is one of the most important factors that can affect a pregnant woman's overall health and the health of her child. Important foods to avoid include raw shellfish and undercooked eggs.
February 6, 2019
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What helps with insomnia during early pregnancy?
Insomnia during early pregnancy is usually due to factors such as hormonal changes. Many people experience insomnia at some point, during pregnancy. Better sleep hygiene, relaxation techniques, and cognitive behavioral therapy can help.
October 26, 2018
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What is a chocolate cyst?
A chocolate cyst is an ovarian cyst filled with old blood. These cysts, which doctors call endometriomas, are not cancerous, though they usually mean that a person's endometriosis is severe enough to complicate their fertility.
April 23, 2019
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What is bloody show?
Bloody show is thick vaginal discharge that contains mucus and blood from the cervix. It usually occurs in late pregnancy, as the body prepares for labor.
February 4, 2019
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What to expect during IUD insertion
An intrauterine device or IUD is a small T-shaped device that a doctor or nurse can implant into the uterus to prevent pregnancy.
May 2, 2019
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What to know about cervical mucus and fertile discharge
Throughout the menstrual cycle, cervical mucus changes. This type of discharge is healthy and a sign of regular ovulation.
October 29, 2018
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What to know about dry orgasms
Dry orgasm, or orgasmic anejaculation, means that orgasm occurs without ejaculation, so the penis does not release semen as usual.
July 16, 2019
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What to know about endometriosis and infertility
Endometriosis is a condition in which tissue similar to the uterine lining grows elsewhere in the body. Pelvic pain is the most common symptom of endometriosis, but some women with the condition may also experience infertility.
October 29, 2018
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What to know about fertility supplements
Infertility can be challenging to treat. Modern medical techniques are sometimes effective, but they can be costly, and success rates can vary.
November 5, 2018
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What to know about HPV and fertility
Human papillomavirus or HPV is the name for a group of viruses transmitted by skin-to-skin contact. HPV can affect fertility in both men and women.
October 30, 2018
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What to know about laparoscopy for infertility
Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure that allows a doctor to see inside the body. When the procedure is part of fertility testing, the doctor is evaluating the structures of the reproductive system, including the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus.
October 30, 2018
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What to know about luteinizing hormone tests
A luteinizing hormone test measures how much luteinizing hormone a person has in their blood. This is a hormone with key roles in both male and female reproductive systems.
January 8, 2019
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What to know about rectovaginal endometriosis
Rectovaginal endometriosis occurs when endometrial tissue grows outside of the uterus and into the rectum, vagina, and many structures between them.
December 13, 2018
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What to know about sperm analysis
A sperm analysis involves checking a sample of semen for overall sperm health.
November 19, 2018
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Why are my breasts sore before a period?
The menstrual cycle can cause many symptoms, including sore breasts. Hormone fluctuations before a period can lead to breast tenderness or pain.
December 13, 2018
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Women who give birth to boys much more likely to have postnatal depression
A new study into postnatal depression (PND) found the odds of developing this condition increased by 79 percent when mothers had baby boys compared to baby girls. Overall the researchers identified that women who give birth to males are 71-79% more likely to develop PND
November 6, 2018
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Women's pre-pregnancy obesity changes breast milk contents which can affect infant growth
In the first study of its kind, LSU Health New Orleans researchers report that women's pre-pregnancy overweight or obesity produces changes in breast milk, which can affect infant growth.
June 14, 2019
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World's most comprehensive digital roadmap to unlock male infertility
Millions of couples who have trouble conceiving may get relief from new research. The researchers have developed a high-resolution genetic map showing how men produce sperm cells. Their effort could help address genetically based challenges with male fertility, a major cause of conception problems.
November 7, 2018
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Misc. - Y

Years before CRISPR babies, this man was the first to edit human embryos
In 2015, an unknown Chinese scientist edited the DNA of human embryos. It was a step on an inexorable path to designer babies.
December 11, 2018
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You heard the latest Chinese CRISPRs? They are real: Renegade bio-boffin did genetically modify baby twins
Egghead faces criminal rap after Beijing tells of banned experiment
January 22, 2019
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Your genes might influence how well your birth control works
Birth control pills affect all women differently--including how well they work.
March 14, 2019
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Your period tracking app could tell Facebook when you're pregnant. An 'algorithmic guardian' could stop it
Most of us know tech platforms such as Facebook and Google track, store and make money from our data. But there are constantly new revelations about just how much of our privacy has been chipped away.
February 28, 2019
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