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2,046 Health - General Information Resources

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis - Lou Gehrig's disease (ALS)

Anaesthetic known for surgical procedures may be quick remedy for depression
Vienna and MedUni Vienna are currently the hotspot for brain health: this coming Thursday, the very first "Brain Day" will be held for a lay audience in the Van Swieten Hall of the Medical University of Vienna. the following day will see the start of the largest European specialist congress for neuropsychopharmacology, the ECNP, in which a significant number of MedUni Vienna experts are taking part. One topic on the agenda is the use of ketamine in the treatment of depression.
September 12, 2016
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Bacterial by-product helps correct gut microbiome imbalance in mouse model of ALS
A bacterial by-product known to be important in maintaining gut health may slow the progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS - a progressive, neurodegenerative disease.
January 27, 2017
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Beta-blockers can help treat bone loss caused by antidepressants in mice
The antidepressant fluoxetine causes bone loss by instructing the brain to send out signals that increase bone breakdown, but a beta-blocker can intercept the signals, a new study in mice has found.
September 7, 2016
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Brain Scans Let ALS Patients Communicate
Correct responses were provided to more than 70 percent of yes-or-no questions, researchers say
January 31, 2017
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Brain's immune cells play direct role in development of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Cedars-Sinai research scientists have found that immune cells in the brain play a direct role in the development of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, offering hope for new therapies to target the neurodegenerative disease that gradually leads to paralysis and death.
March 18, 2016
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Children of patients with C9orf72 mutations are at a greater risk of frontotemporal dementia or ALS at a younger age
The most common genetic cause of the brain diseases frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a mutation in the C9orf72 gene. Researchers have demonstrated that if an affected parent passes on this mutation, the children will be affected at a younger age (than the parent). There are no indications that the disease progresses more quickly.
February 14, 2017
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Chip Mimics Nerve-Muscle Junctions to Study Neuromuscular Disorders
MIT scientists have developed a microfluidic chip that mimics the neuromuscular connections that exist at the junction between neurons and the muscles. These junctions are often involved in various debilitating neuromuscular conditions such as myasthenia gravies and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
August 08, 2016
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CRF overexpression increases anxiety in primates
Overexpression of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), a stress-related gene, increases anxious temperament in monkeys, new research indicates. the findings provide a direct link in primates between alterations in stress-related systems in the brain and the development of anxiety disorders. Anxiety disorders often begin early in life and anxious temperament during childhood is considered a risk for later development of anxiety and depression.
September 6, 2016
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FDA Approves 1st new Drug for ALS in Decades
Radicava, given intravenously, slows decline in patients with deadly neurological disease
May 8, 2017
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Flipping a protein switch to illuminate brain functions
Pacman-shaped receptor's 'bite' sheds light on learning, memory processes
June 27, 2016
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Gene silencing shows promise for treating two fatal neurological disorders
NIH-funded preclinical studies suggest designer drug may treat ALS and spinocerebellar ataxia 2.
April 12, 2017
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'Ice Bucket Challenge' Funds Boon to ALS Research
Money raised during the online campaign helped scientists spot gene linked to deadly nerve disease
July 27, 2016
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Locked-In ALS Patient Types via Wireless Brain Implant
Researchers at University Medical Center Utrecht in the Netherlands managed to enable a severely paralyzed ALS patient with locked-in syndrome to type words on a computer screen by thinking what letters her hand wants to touch. Previously, such advanced brain-computer interface systems required wires to power the implants and to read and amplify the signals they're gathering.
November 15, 2016
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Locked-In ALS Patients Speak Thanks to Transcranial Near-Infrared Spectroscopy
At the Wyss Center for Bio and Neuroengineering in Geneva, Switzerland, four completely paralyzed people suffering from advanced ALS were able to communicate thanks to a cap that measures changes in the oxygenation within the brain. These folks are effectively locked-in, not even having the ability to move their arms and relying on a ventilator for breathing. It has been a controversial matter whether patients in such a state are even able to think coherently, but this study seems to indicate that they continue to think and make decisions just fine.
February 1, 2017
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New apps designed to reduce depression, anxiety as easily as checking your phone
Speedy mini-apps are designed to address depression and anxiety
January 5, 2017
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New areas of the brain identified where ALS gene is active
Scientists identify 2 regions of mouse brains where C9orf72 is expressed
August 1, 2016
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New insight into the most common genetic cause of ALS, FTD
Novel function uncovered for the C9orf72 protein that is linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia
June 30, 2016
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New toxic pathway identified for protein aggregates in neurodegenerative disease
Scientists have identified new processes that form protein "clumps" that are characteristic of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD).
March 17, 2017
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Occupational exposure to magnetic fields increases risk of ALS
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a rare neurodegenerative disease of unknown origin that is currently untreatable. new research suggests that workplace exposure to magnetic fields may be responsible for the disease.
March 30, 2017
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Promising new insights into ALS
New research marks new step in understanding neurodegenerative diseases
July 14, 2016
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Risky stem cell procedure for ALS may be done safely, study shows
The procedure was only tried on 15 patients
June 29, 2016
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Scientists discover urinary biomarker that may help track ALS
NIH-funded study suggests opportunity to find insights to neurological disease.
March 22, 2017
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Scientists find way to reverse malfunctioning protein clumps involved in ALS
In the quest to understand the driving forces behind neurodegenerative diseases, researchers in recent years have zeroed in on clumps of malfunctioning proteins thought to kill neurons in the brain and spinal cord by jamming their cellular machinery.
September 22, 2016
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Scientists keep a molecule from moving inside nerve cells to prevent cell death
Findings may have implications for Lou Gehrig's, Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and Huntington's diseases
August 03, 2016
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Stem cell treatment helps improve motor functions, nervous system conditions in mice with ALS
Researchers at the University of South Florida show in a new study that bone marrow stem cell transplants helped improve motor functions and nervous system conditions in mice with the disease Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) by repairing damage to the blood-spinal cord barrier.
May 15, 2017
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Stem Cells Deemed Safe for ALS Patients
But further research needed to see if injections into spine would provide any benefit, researchers say
June 29, 2016
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Depression - A

A new blue gene: NKPD1 variant increases depression risk
A study of people from an isolated village in the Netherlands reveals a link between rare variants in the gene NKPD1 and depressive symptoms. the study helps researchers understand the molecular pathology of the disease, which could eventually improve how depression is diagnosed and treated.
April 4, 2017
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ACMSD enzyme could become key target for new drugs aimed at preventing suicide
An enzyme called ACMSD–part of a chain of biochemical reactions called the kynurenine pathway, activated by inflammation–could become an important target for new drugs aimed at preventing suicide.
October 3, 2016
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Acupuncture boosts effectiveness of standard medical care for chronic pain, depression
Acupuncture treatment can boost the effectiveness of standard medical care, lessening the severity of chronic pain and depression, health specialists have found.
January 30, 2017
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After heart attack, people with depression twice as likely to die
Researchers have known for a while that heart disease and depression influence each other. However, a new study investigates the impact of depression on heart disease over a long period of time, and finds the psychological disorder to increase mortality risk.
March 9, 2017
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After natural disasters, elderly survivors show cognitive decline
Loss of home, resulting depression, less contact with neighbors tied to dementia.
October 30, 2016
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Adolescent depression in girls offset by presence of 'boomerang father'
A study of the impact of 'boomerang fathers' -- those who cycle in and out of their children's lives -- found they provided a type of stability in a daughter's life that staved off her depressive symptoms compared to those adolescent girls whose fathers were completely absent.
August 02, 2016
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African Americans perceive depression as weakness rather than health condition
Depression in African Americans, according to Sirry Alang, assistant professor of sociology and anthropology at Lehigh University, is expressed in ways that are inconsistent with symptoms of depression laid out in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V). the DSM-V is the primary source of diagnostic information, relied upon by not only clinicians and researchers, but also psychiatric drug regulation agencies, health insurance companies, pharmaceutical companies, the legal system, and policy makers.
June 23, 2016
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Alcohol produces same neural and molecular changes as rapid antidepressant drugs
Can having a few drinks help people with clinical depression feel better?
September 28, 2016
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Aligning depression treatment to patient need leads to efficient care
Not all depressed patients need intensive therapy, according to new research. Instead, prognosis can drive treatment.
March 19, 2017
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Alkaloid in ayahuasca beverage triggers neurogenesis in human neural cells
Ayahuasca is a beverage that has been used for centuries by Native South-Americans. Studies suggest that it exhibits anxiolytic and antidepressant effects in humans. One of the main substances present in the beverage is harmine, a beta-carboline which potential therapeutic effects for depression has been recently described in mice.
December 6, 2016
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Antidepressant does not reduce hospitalization, death for HF patients with depression
Investigators have examined whether 24 months of treatment with the antidepressant escitalopram would improve mortality, illness, and mood in patients with chronic heart failure and depression.
June 28, 2016
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Antidepressant use increases hip fracture risk among elderly
Antidepressant use nearly doubles the risk of hip fracture among community-dwelling persons with Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study. the increased risk was highest at the beginning of antidepressant use and remained elevated even 4 years later.
January 11, 2017
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Antidepressants Induce Resilience and Reverse Susceptibility
When they work, antidepressant medications may take weeks or months to alleviate symptoms of depression. Progress in developing new and more effective antidepressant treatments has been limited, though a new study offers new insights into how antidepressants work.
February 2, 2017
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Are some BP Meds Linked to Depression, Bipolar?
Researchers add the effect was small, and study did not prove cause and effect
October 11, 2016
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Arthritis drug increases effectiveness of antidepressants in bipolar patients
Giving severely depressed patients the arthritis drug celecoxib (Celebrex®) dramatically boosted the effectiveness of their antidepressant medication, a Loyola study has found.
November 10, 2016
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Depression - B

Brain architecture alters to compensate for depression
Structural differences in the cerebral cortex have been found in patients with depression. These differences normalize with appropriate medication, report researchers.
March 7, 2017
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Brain science startup NeuroQore hopes its magnets will cure depression
NeuroQore wants to shoot magnetic pulses into your brain to try to treat mental disorders such as anxiety and depression.
February 9, 2017
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Brain structure that tracks negative events backfires in depression
A region of the brain that responds to bad experiences has the opposite reaction to expectations of aversive events in people with depression compared to healthy adults, finds a new study.
May 31, 2016
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Depression - C

Can Depression Up Odds for Psoriatic Arthritis?
Mood disorder may increase inflammation throughout the body, researcher says
February 24, 2017
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Caregivers should be screened early, often to prevent depression, anxiety
Currently, more than 34 million people in the U.S. care for terminally ill love ones, but few resources are available to help them navigate the challenges they encounter. a study has found that nearly one-quarter of caregivers were moderately or severely depressed and nearly one-third had moderate or severe anxiety. the researchers recommend that health providers remember to treat the whole family, providing ongoing screening to family caregivers to identify early signs of depression and anxiety.
February 10, 2017
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Changeover from daylight savings to standard time increases number of depression diagnoses
"The year has 16 months: November, December, January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, November, November, November," writes the Danish poet Henrik Nordbrandt in a disheartening comment on the month we are about to enter.
October 27, 2016
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Clinical interviews effective in predicting postpartum depression
Questions regarding work activities especially revealing
March 21, 2017
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Collaborative care helps improve symptoms in older adults with subthreshold depression
Depression is the second leading cause of disability worldwide, and one in seven older people meet criteria for depression. Effective therapeutic strategies are needed in older people with depressive symptoms. Simon Gilbody, Ph.D., of the University of York, England, and colleagues randomly assigned 705 adults age 65 years or older with subthreshold depression to collaborative care or usual primary care.
February 21, 2017
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Collaborative care provides improvement for older adults with mild depression
Among older adults with subthreshold depression (insufficient levels of depressive symptoms to meet diagnostic criteria), collaborative care compared with usual care resulted in an improvement in depressive symptoms after four months, although it is of uncertain clinical importance, according to a study.
February 21, 2017
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Common sets of genes disrupted in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression
Studying brain tissue from deceased donors, scientists have found common groups of genes disrupted among people with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression. the commonly affected genes sets, identified with RNA sequencing methods, engage in making proteins, controlling brain cell communications and mounting an immune system response, the researchers say.
October 26, 2016
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Consumer genetics company helps spot genes associated with depression
17 new genes associated with a disorder we don't know enough about.
August 09, 2016
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Consuming violent and sexual media before sleep may highly influence dreams at night
The violent and sexual media you consume during the day may infiltrate your dreams at night, new research suggests.
November 15, 2016
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Could eating yogurt help treat depression?
A new study suggests that there may be an effective alternative to medication for the treatment of depression: probiotic bacteria found in yogurt.
March 9, 2017
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Could Heat Make Depression Melt Away?
An Experiment Using "Fever Machines"
July 20, 2016
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Crowdsourced genetics study ferrets out the hereditary roots of depression
Glib catch phrases like "better off together" tend to ring hollow when politicians say them. But in at least one arena, we really are better off together, and that's when it comes to crowdsourced genetics studies. In testimony to this, a new research effort carried out by the drug titan Pfizer was able to successfully locate 15 genetic mutations linked to depression, thanks to the 450,000 individuals who gave the consumer genetics company 23andMe permission to use their genetic data for such research.
August 11, 2016
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Depression - D

Deep brain stimulation could be effective treatment option for patients with severe depressions
Treatment with deep brain stimulation can provide lasting relief to patients suffering from previously non-treatable, severe forms of depression several years into the therapy or even eliminate symptoms entirely. this is the finding of the first long-term study on this form of therapy, conducted by scientists at the Medical Center - University of Freiburg. Seven of the eight patients receiving continuous stimulation in the study showed lasting improvements in their symptoms up to the last observation point four years into treatment.
March 19, 2017
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Deep brain stimulation provides long-term relief from severe depressions
Doctors have produced the first evidence of deep brain stimulation's lasting effectiveness in a four-year study. the method could serve in the future as an optional therapy for critically ill patients, suggests a new report.
March 19, 2017
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Depression can Strike new Dads, Too
Men who are stressed or in poor health seem to be at special risk, study shows
February 16, 2017
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Depression doubles long-term risk of death after heart disease diagnosis, new study finds new study
Depression is the strongest predictor of death in the first decade following a diagnosis of coronary heart disease, according to a new study.
March 13, 2017
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Depression during pregnancy is associated with abnormal brain structure in children
Depressive symptoms in women during and after pregnancy are associated with reduced thickness of the cortex -- the outer layer of the brain responsible for complex thought and behavior -- in preschool-age kids, according to a new study. the findings suggest that a mother's mood may affect her child's brain development at critical stages in life.
November 15, 2016
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Depression in early pregnancy linked to gestational diabetes
A two-way link between depression and gestational Diabetes has been uncovered by researchers. Women who reported feeling depressed during the first two trimesters of pregnancy were nearly twice as likely to develop gestational diabetes, according to an analysis of pregnancy records.
September 19, 2016
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Depression in pregnancy increases risk of mental health problems in children
Depression in pregnancy increases the risk of behavioral and emotional problems in children, says a new review.
September 28, 2016
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Depression linked to e-cigarette use among college students
The emergence of e-cigarettes as a nicotine product has left scientists with many questions about their impact on health, including how the product interacts with depression. a new study has found a connection between depression and initiation of e-cigarette use among college students.
February 13, 2017
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Depression May Hasten Death After Heart Diagnosis
Mental health screening recommended over the long term, study suggests
March 8, 2017
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Depression rates growing among adolescents, particularly girls
The rate of adolescents reporting a recent bout of clinical depression grew by 37 percent over the decade ending in 2014, with one in six girls reporting an episode in the past year, new research suggests.
November 15, 2016
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Depression Rising Among Teens, Especially Girls
Report authors point to cyberbullying, social media use as possible causes, but say that hasn't been proven
November 14, 2016
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Depression screening tools may lead to misdiagnosis in children and adolescents
In Canada and the U.S., doctors are increasingly being encouraged to try to identify depression in children and adolescents - even if they do not have obvious indications of the disease. In order to do so, the physicians often use short questionnaires that ask about symptoms of depression.
August 02, 2016
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Depression screening tools not accurate for children and adolescents
Researchers advise against routine screening in this age group
August 02, 2016
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Depression Strikes Nearly 3 Million U.S. Teens
Effects can be devastating during adolescence, researchers say
July 7, 2016
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Depression symptoms among men when their partners are pregnant
Men who were stressed or in poor health had elevated depression symptoms when their partners were pregnant and nine months after the birth of their child, according to the results of a study of expectant and new fathers in new Zealand.
February 15, 2017
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Depression: Finger-prick blood test predicts likely effectiveness of medication
For the first time, researchers show that a finger-prick blood test could help doctors to choose which medication is most likely to succeed in treating depression. In the journal Psychoneuroendocrinology, they describe how levels of C-reactive protein in the blood predict which antidepressant treatments are most likely to lead to successful outcomes in patients with depression.
March 30, 2017
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Depression's physical source discovered
Research suggests potential for new treatments
October 18, 2016
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Depression, alcohol, and marijuana linked to later use of synthetic marijuana among teens
In the first prospective study of synthetic cannabinoids or SCs -- the group of chemicals that mimic the effects of marijuana -- researchers have found that symptoms of depression, drinking alcohol, or using marijuana was linked to an increased risk of SC use one year later.
March 13, 2017
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Depression - E

Early predictors of anxiety and depression may be evident in the brain at birth, study suggests
Analyzing brain scans of newborns, the researchers found that the strength and pattern of connections between the amygdala and certain brain regions predicted the likelihood of the babies developing greater internalizing symptoms like sadness, excessive shyness, nervousness, or separation anxiety by age two.
February 1, 2017
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Early signs of anxiety, depression may be evident in the brains of newborns
Brain scans at birth predict later symptoms
February 1, 2017
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Easier to let go: can depression help people deal with life?
Patients with depression find it easier to abandon unattainable goals, a psychological study has concluded.
February 2, 2017
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Effectiveness of yoga in treating major depression evaluated
New research indicates that the benefits of hatha yoga in treating depression are less pronounced in early treatment, but may accumulate over time.
May 8, 2017
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Excess Sweating May Affect your Mental Health
People with hyperhidrosis seem to have higher rates of anxiety and depression, study finds
December 6, 2016
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Depression - F

FDA Fast-Tracks Ketamine for Depression Treatment
The experimental drug esketamine (also known as ketamine) has been placed on the fast track for U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval for treating major depression, according to Janssen Pharmaceutical.
August 18, 2016
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Financial difficulties increase risk of mental health conditions among university students
Experiencing financial difficulties and worrying about debt at university increases the risk of mental health conditions such as depression and alcohol dependency, according to new research from the University of Southampton and Solent NHS Trust.
August 09, 2016
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Depression - G

Gender differences in depression appear at age 12
A new analysis has broken new ground by finding gender differences in both symptoms and diagnoses of depression appearing at age 12.
April 27, 2017
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Groundbreaking fMRI study finds 4 distinct neurological subtypes of depression
New research from Weill Cornell has isolated four distinct neurotypes of depression. But its knock-on effects are much wider in scope. the work establishes biomarkers for depression, and it sheds new light on the physical underpinnings of psychological disease.
December 20, 2016
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Depression - H

Head injuries can alter hundreds of genes and lead to serious brain diseases
Head injuries can adversely affect hundreds of genes in the brain that put people at high risk for diseases including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, post-traumatic stress disorder, stroke, ADHD, autism, depression and schizophrenia, life scientists report. the researchers have identified for the first time potential master genes which they believe control hundreds of other genes that are linked to many neurological and psychiatric disorders.
March 6, 2017
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High occupational levels may be risk factor for poor response to depression treatment
An international study has found that having a high status job means that you are less likely to respond to standard treatment with medications for depression. These results, which may have implications for clinicians and their patients, employers and public policy, are presented at the ECNP Congress in Vienna.
September 20, 2016
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How depression can muddle thinking
Depression is associated with sadness, fatigue and a lack of motivation. But people with depression can also have trouble processing information and solving problems. now scientists studying a rat model for depression are identifying on a molecular level how the condition could affect thinking. the findings could lead to the development of new depression treatments that would address associated cognitive problems.
February 15, 2017
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How do antidepressants trigger fear and anxiety?
Researchers map the anxiety circuit in the brain and use a compound to limit fearful behavior -- an acute side effect of commonly prescribed SSRI antidepressants
August 24, 2016
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How VR Could Change the Way we Treat Depression
Virtual reality meets mental health.
September 29, 2016
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Depression - I

Infections during pregnancy have a negative impact upon maternal care, can trigger depression in child
A viral infection in a pregnant woman not only affects her subsequent ability to provide maternal care but can also trigger depression in her offspring, which can then even extend into the next generation as a result of changes to genetic mechanisms in the brain.
December 14, 2016
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Depression - K

Keep your Lows from Keeping you Down
When she was 19, Laura Riordan was diagnosed with bipolar disorder, a condition characterized by extreme mood swings -- periods of highs (called mania) and lows of depression.
October 28, 2016
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Depression - L

Learning to reduce rumination can help patients with depressive symptoms, research shows
A thought is a thought. It does not reflect reality. new research shows that learning how to ruminate less on thoughts and feelings has a positive effect for individuals with depression.
March 13, 2017
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Less Labor Pain, Lower Postpartum Depression Risk?
Reduced inflammation one possible reason for the association, researcher says
October 26, 2016
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Link between stress hormone, obesity in depressed, bipolar patients
Low levels of the stress hormone cortisol are linked to obesity, high levels of fat in the blood and metabolic syndrome among patients with recurrent depressions or bipolar disorder, according to a new study.
July 5, 2016
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Low levels of 'anti-anxiety' hormone linked to postpartum depression
Effect measured in women already diagnosed with mood disorders
March 14, 2017
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Depression - M

Many adults who screen positive for depression don't receive treatment
A new study suggests gaps exist in the treatment of depression with many individuals who screen positive for the mental health disorder not receiving treatment, according to a new article.
August 29, 2016
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Many Depressed Adults not Getting Treatment: Study
Reasons range from dismissal of symptoms to shame or stigma
August 29, 2016
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Maternal depression across the first years of life impacts children's neural basis of empathy
Exposure to early and chronic maternal depression markedly increases a child's susceptibility to psychopathology and social-emotional problems, including social withdrawal, poor emotion regulation, and reduced empathy to others. Since 15-18% of women in industrial societies and up to 30% in developing countries suffer from maternal depression, it is of clinical and public health concern to understand the effects of maternal depression on children's development.
January 3, 2017
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Mice study explains why antidepressants don't work in some patients
SSRI antidepressants (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, the best known being Prozactm) are amongst the most commonly taken medicines. However, there seems to be no way of knowing in advance whether or not SSRIs will work effectively. now a group of European researchers has developed a new theory of SSRI action, and tested it in stressed mice.
September 20, 2016
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Mindfulness training helps alleviate depressive symptoms in disadvantaged African-American women
African-American women with lower socio-economic status have an increased risk of depressive disorders, yet they rarely seek out antidepressants or psychotherapy because of negative attitudes and stigma associated with conventional mental health treatments.
August 16, 2016
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MOOD-HF supports lack of antidepressant efficacy in HF patients
Escitalopram influences neither depressive symptoms nor medical outcomes when compared with placebo in patients with heart failure (HF) and depression, show the MOOD-HF findings.
June 29, 2016
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More evidence why depressed dads should seek help
A father's depression has a direct effect on both internalized and externalized behavioral problems in adolescents, according to a recent study.
May 3, 2017
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More Than 1 in 10 Pilots Suffer from Depression
Report highlights need for accurate screening
December 14, 2016
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More Than 330M Worldwide Have Depression: WHO
Depression affects more than 300 million people worldwide and is the leading cause of poor health and disability, according to the World Health Organization.
March 31, 2017
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Mouse study identifies new method for treating depression
Inhibiting brain enzyme alleviates depression, and does it much faster than conventional antidepressants
March 21, 2017
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Mouse study paves way for more effective antidepressant
Depression affects the well-being of a significant number of adults in the United States. Although medication is available for treating clinical depression, some of these drugs take a long time to work or may pose health risks because of their side effects. However, a new mouse study paves the way for a more effective treatment of depression in humans.
March 21, 2017
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MRI brain scans may help clinicians decide between CBT and drug treatment for depression
Researchers from Emory University have found that specific patterns of activity on brain scans may help clinicians identify whether psychotherapy or antidepressant medication is more likely to help individual patients recover from depression.
March 24, 2017
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Music therapy reduces depression in children, adolescents, research finds
Music therapy reduces depression in children and adolescents with behavioral and emotional problems, researchers have discovered.
November 3, 2016
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Depression - N

Negative experiences on Facebook linked to increased depression risk in young adults
Negative experiences on Facebook may increase the risk of depressive symptoms, suggesting that online social interactions have important consequences for mental health, a unique new study of young adults finds.
September 8, 2016
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Nerve cell miswiring linked to depression
Mouse study identifies gene needed for proper assembly of serotonin circuitry
April 28, 2017
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New antidepressant target discovered
Manipulating novel target could lead to new treatments
July 12, 2016
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New approach uses ultrasound to measure fluid in the lungs
A team of engineering and medical researchers has found a way to use ultrasound to monitor fluid levels in the lung, offering a noninvasive way to track progress in treating pulmonary edema -- fluid in the lungs -- which often occurs in patients with congestive heart failure. the approach, which has been demonstrated in rats, also holds promise for diagnosing scarring, or fibrosis, in the lung.
March 21, 2017
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New erectile dysfunction treatment uses high-frequency acoustical waves
Statistically speaking, 50% of all men, have experienced erectile dysfunction (ED) at some time or another, and the chance of developing ED increases as you age. the medical management of ED has evolved greatly over the past several decades.
December 16, 2016
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New experimental drug may prevent stress damage in the brain
Chronic stress can make us worn-out, anxious, depressed--in fact, it can change the architecture of the brain. new research at the Rockefeller University shows that when mice experience prolonged stress, structural changes occur within a little-studied region of their amygdala, a part of the brain that regulates basic emotions, such as fear and anxiety. These changes are linked to behaviors associated with anxiety and depressive disorders
May 31, 2016
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New research could lead to improved treatment for depression
SCIENTISTS at the University of Huddersfield led by Dr Patrick McHugh have embarked on a project that could lead to a more effective treatment for depression.
August 10, 2016
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New research offers hope for patients struggling with major depression
A new study reports that approximately two in five adults (39%) who have experienced major depression are able to achieve complete mental health. Researchers consider complete mental health as occurring when people achieve almost daily happiness or life satisfaction, positive social and psychological well-being, and are also free of depression, anxiety, suicidal thoughts and substance abuse for at least one full year.
June 8, 2016
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New study aims to identify ways of helping patients withdraw from long-term antidepressant treatment
One in 10 adults are being given antidepressants each year, but up to 50 per cent of patients could be given an alternative treatment, a University Professor suggests.
July 25, 2016
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New study to look at impact of common antidepressants on pregnant women
Northwestern Medicine Prentice Women's Hospital and the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine Department of Psychiatry is home to a landmark study that will, for the first time, take a close look at the impact of certain common antidepressants on pregnant women.
September 13, 2016
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New therapy proves effective in reducing symptoms of treatment-resistant depression
In the largest study ever conducted with patients experiencing chronic and severe depression, researchers led by Dr. Scott Aaronson, Director of Clinical Research at Sheppard Pratt Health System have found that an implantable vagus nerve stimulation device (VNS Therapy) paired with antidepressant treatment (which could include medications, psychotherapy, or electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)) proves effective in reducing symptoms among patients with treatment-resistant depression.
March 31, 2017
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New understanding of neurotransmitter transporter mechanism gives hope for treating depression, addicition
When nerve cells have to communicate with each other in our brains, it involves release of small signal molecules, the so-called neurotransmitters, which act as chemical messengers in specific points of contact between nerve cells, called synapses. Here the released neurotransmitter is bound and registered by receptors at the surface of the receiving nerve cell.
May 27, 2016
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Depression - O

Off-Label Antidepressants Common; Evidence Lacking
One-third are prescribed for conditions like pain or migraine with little scientific backup, study says
February 22, 2017
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Online training helps prevent depression
Psychologist plays key role in GET.ON intervention project
June 1, 2016
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Oral contraceptive pills have negative impact on women's quality of life, study shows
One of the most common combined oral contraceptive pills has a negative impact on women's quality of life but does not increase depressive symptoms. this is shown by a major randomised, placebo-controlled study conducted by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden in collaboration with the Stockholm School of Economics.
April 18, 2017
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Depression - P

Patients with depression symptoms due to chronic sinus disease are less productive
Depression is the driving factor for missed days of work or school in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis
March 10, 2017
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Pediatrician advises parents to identify depression and suicidal tendencies among teens
The teen years can be a time of stress, confusion and uncertainty. There is pressure to fit in, to stand out and to succeed. So you can hardly blame adolescents for sometimes being moody, down, or wanting to be left alone.
September 22, 2016
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Peer victimization in fifth grade has lasting effects on health and later substance use, study finds
A new study led by the University of Delaware found that kids who are bullied in fifth grade often suffer from depression and begin using alcohol and other substances a few years after the incidents.
May 8, 2017
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Personalized psychiatry matches therapy to specific patients with depression
Selecting the antidepressant that will be most effective for a specific patient suffering from depression can be a 'try and try again' process. Examining new personalized and precision psychiatry approaches, a new study shows that body mass index, sex of the patient, and symptom profile can be used to determine a personalized treatment that guides antidepressant choice and significantly improves patient outcome.
May 1, 2017
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PET imaging of adult neurogenesis may contribute to better diagnosis of depression, evaluation of drug therapy effectiveness
A new non-invasive PET scanning technique has been used by researchers to obtain images of neuron proliferation in the subventricular zone and subgranular zone of the hippocampal dentate gyrus. Neurogenesis in the hippocampal dentate gyrus is known to be particularly affected by depression.
August 03, 2016
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Physically active children are less depressed
Children, like adults, reap physical and mental benefits from being active
January 31, 2017
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Piece of mind: Engineers can take pictures of the brain with surgical needle and laser light
With just an inexpensive micro-thin surgical needle and laser light, engineers have discovered a minimally invasive, inexpensive way to take high-resolution pictures of an animal brain, a process that also could lead to a much less invasive method for humans. the team has now proven the process works on mice for the benefit of medical researchers studying neurological disorders such as depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and aggression.
March 19, 2017
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Playing to beat the blues: Video games viable treatment for depression
People play more often when they receive reminders, study finds
March 27, 2017
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Poor sleep in anxiety, depression may make it harder to see positive
The dorsal anterior cingulate cortex may have to work harder to modify negative emotional responses in people with poor sleep who have depression or anxiety, new research suggests.
April 18, 2017
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Postpartum Depression May Mean Fewer Children
They're unlikely to have more than two kids, researchers say
March 18, 2016
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Prenatal BPA exposure could lead to development of anxiety and depression in boys
Boys exposed prenatally to a common chemical used in plastics may be more likely to develop symptoms of anxiety and depression at age 10-12. the new study by researchers at the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) within the Mailman School of Public Health examined early life exposure to the chemical Bisphenol a (BPA).
August 16, 2016
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Psychiatric diagnostic tools may not be valid for African Americans
African Americans perceive depression as a weakness inconsistent with notions of strength in the community, rather than as a health condition, new research shows. the study results have significant implications for the clinical assessment of depression and for the measurement of depression in community surveys.
June 22, 2016
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Depression - Q

Queen's and AWARE announce new online support service for adults with depression
Queen's University Belfast and AWARE, the national depression charity for Northern Ireland, announce a new online support service for adults with depression to mark World Health day (Friday 7 April).
April 7, 2017
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Depression - R

Research evaluates risk factors for postpartum depression in mothers of preterm infants
Postpartum depression is the most common complication of pregnancy and childbirth, affecting up to 15 percent of all women within the first three months following delivery. Research has shown that mothers of infants born prematurely have almost double the rates of postpartum depression, particularly during their time in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).
September 13, 2016
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Research findings underscore striking heterogeneity of depression
Depression is generally considered to be a specific and consistent disorder characterised by a fixed set of symptoms and often treated with a combination of psychotherapy and medication. However, the standard rating scales used by healthcare professionals and researchers to diagnose this disease often differ in the symptoms they list, perhaps explaining why a one-size-fits-all treatment has to date been so ineffective. this is the finding of research conducted by psychologist Eiko Fried from the University of Amsterdam (UvA). His results are published in the latest edition of the Journal of Affective Disorders.
October 22, 2016
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Researchers examine morbidity linked to depressive disorders
Ross Baldessarini and an international group of investigators have analyzed the morbidity associated with depressive disorders in the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics.
April 27, 2017
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Researchers explore kidney biomarkers to track lupus progression
Lupus, a chronic autoimmune disease, can wreak havoc on an affected individual's body through inflammation, pain and even damage of the skin, joints and organs.
December 16, 2016
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Researchers locate physical roots of depression
Understanding of the physical root of depression has been advanced, thanks to research by the University of Warwick, UK, and Fudan University, China.
October 18, 2016
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Researchers provide new data and prospects for links between gut microbiota and depression
An international group of researchers headed by Andre Carvalho has published in Psychotherapy and Psychosomatic a paper that provides new data and prospects for the links between the intestinal flora and several disorders, notably depression.
February 16, 2017
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Researchers reassess supposed link between depression and all-cause mortality
Over three decades of research suggest that depression increases the odds of death. However, a new research paper throws doubt on this presumed link after finding no evidence of a direct association between depression and all-cause mortality.
May 16, 2017
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Researchers uncover prevalence of anxiety and depression in young people with chronic liver diseases
Researchers have found that many teens and young adults with chronic liver conditions suffer from depression and anxiety, which can have considerable impacts on their emotional and physical health. the findings, which are published in Liver Transplantation, indicate that greater attention should be directed to the mental health of these young patients.
October 27, 2016
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Review highlights importance of population-based alcohol policies in suicide prevention
Suicide was the tenth leading cause of death in the United States in 2013. There is clear evidence that intoxication and chronic, heavy drinking are often associated with suicide. While alcohol policies are known to be effective in reducing excessive drinking, this review undertakes a critical look at the literature on the relationship between alcohol policies and suicide.
September 13, 2016
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Depression - S

Same genes could make us prone to both happiness and depression
Psychology researchers say studies in cognitive bias and genetics must be brought together to better understand how best to tackle mental ill health
July 19, 2016
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Scientists reveal how manipulating novel target in the brain could lead to new therapies for depression
Northwestern Medicine scientists have shown how manipulating a novel target in the brain using gene therapy could lead to new treatments for depression.
July 12, 2016
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Scientists use new non-invasive PET scanning method to monitor hippocampal neurogenesis
Scientists from the RIKEN Center for Life Science Technology (CLST) in Japan have used a new non-invasive PET scanning technique to obtain images of neuron proliferation in the subventricular zone and subgranular zone of the hippocampal dentate gyrus. Neurogenesis in the hippocampal dentate gyrus is known to be particularly affected by depression.
August 03, 2016
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Simple, inexpensive psychotherapy treatment as effective as CBT for treating depression in adults
Behavioural activation treatment could offer cost savings of over 20%
July 25, 2016
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Significant number of airline pilots suffer depression, suicidal thoughts
In an anonymous pilot survey, about 12% were depressed, 4% had suicidal thoughts.
December 14, 2016
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SLU receives HRSA grant for training family physicians and medical family therapists in behavioral health
Saint Louis University has received a $1.87 million grant to strengthen behavioral health training for family physicians, who often are the primary physician seen by many adults and children, and for medical family therapists who practice alongside them.
September 23, 2016
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Study data does not support benefits of testosterone supplementation in men with 'low T'
The prescription of testosterone supplementation for cardiovascular health, sexual function, physical function, mood, or cognitive function in men with "low T" is not supported by clinical trials data, conclude researchers who describe a review of more than 200 clinical trials published Sept. 21 in PLOS One.
September 22, 2016
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Study evaluates effectiveness of psychotherapy in SAD patients who fail to respond to antidepressants
A randomized controlled study has evaluated the role of psychotherapy in patients whose social anxiety did not respond to drug treatment. Although antidepressants are still a commonly used treatment for social anxiety disorder (SAD), a significant proportion of patients fail to remit following antidepressants.
July 27, 2016
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Study evaluates rate of depression in mothers based on different onset times
Postpartum depression--a household term since actress Brooke Shields went public in 2005 about her struggle with it--is indeed serious. But depression that begins before or during pregnancy is often more severe because it lasts longer and usually goes undetected until the doctor screens for it after the birth of the baby, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study.
June 16, 2016
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Study finds decreased habenula activity in people with depression
The study, published in Molecular Psychiatry, found that the habenula, a pea-sized region of the brain, functions abnormally in depression. the same team previously showed that the habenula was activated in healthy volunteers when they expected to receive an electric shock.
May 31, 2016
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Study finds depression to be strongest predictor of death following heart disease diagnosis
Depression is the strongest predictor of death in the first decade following a diagnosis of coronary heart disease, according to a new study by researchers at the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute in Salt Lake City.
March 13, 2017
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Study Finds Genes Linked to Depression
One Study, Over a Dozen Genes that can Affect Risk
August 1, 2016
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Study finds link between cortisol levels and obesity in patients with bipolar disorder or recurrent depressions
Low levels of the stress hormone cortisol are linked to obesity, high levels of fat in the blood and metabolic syndrome among patients with recurrent depressions or bipolar disorder. this according to a study at Umea University in Sweden published in the Journal of Affective Disorders.
July 5, 2016
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Study finds moderate or severe signs of depression and anxiety among hospice caregivers
Currently, more than 34 million people in the U.S. care for terminally ill love ones, but few resources are available to help them navigate the challenges they encounter. a study at the University of Missouri School of Medicine found that nearly one-quarter of caregivers were moderately or severely depressed and nearly one-third had moderate or severe anxiety. the researchers recommend that health providers remember to treat the whole family, providing ongoing screening to family caregivers to identify early signs of depression and anxiety.
February 8, 2017
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Study finds negligible link between excessive screen time and depression, delinquency among teenagers
Chances are that your children will turn out OK even though they spend hours playing video games or watching TV. this is according to Christopher Ferguson of Stetson University in the US, who led a study in Springer's journal Psychiatric Quarterly which found that there is only a negligibly small association between excessive screen time and higher levels of depression and delinquency among teenagers. Ferguson therefore believes the strict attention to limited screen time by policy makers and advocacy groups is uncalled for.
February 7, 2017
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Study finds prior history of suicide attempt could be more lethal than previously thought
While a prior history of suicide attempt is one of the strongest predictors of completed suicide, a Mayo Clinic study finds it is more lethal than previously known.
September 13, 2016
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Study looks at positive link between high-volume transplant centers and improved patient outcomes
How many heart transplant programs do we really need?
September 20, 2016
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Study quantifies benefits of healthy city design
Previous studies have shown a correlation between the design of cities and growing epidemics of injuries and non-communicable diseases such as heart disease, Diabetes and cancer. a three-part series published in the Lancet and released in conjunction with the United Nations quantifies health gains achieved if cities were designed so that shops, facilities, work and public transportation were within walking distance of most residents.
September 23, 2016
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Study reports presence of structural changes in the brain during medication treatment for depression
"Our findings suggest that thickening of the cerebral cortex is a compensatory, neuroplastic response that helps to reduce the severity of depressive symptoms," said Peterson, director of the Institute of the Developing Mind at CHLA and professor of pediatrics and psychiatry at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California.
March 7, 2017
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Study reveals link between rare NKPD1 gene and depressive symptoms
A study of people from an isolated village in the Netherlands reveals a link between rare variants in the gene NKPD1 and depressive symptoms. the findings are published in the current issue of Biological Psychiatry. the study, led by co-first authors Najaf Amin, PhD, of Erasmus University Medical Center in the Netherlands and Nadezhda Belonogova of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Novosibirsk, Russia, helps researchers understand the molecular pathology of the disease, which could eventually improve how depression is diagnosed and treated.
April 4, 2017
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Study reverses thinking on genetic links to stress, depression
For years, scientists have been trying to determine what effect a gene linked to the brain chemical serotonin may have on depression in people exposed to stress. But now, analyzing information from more than 40,000 people who have been studied over more than a decade, researchers have found no evidence that the gene alters the impact stress has on depression.
April 4, 2017
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Study shows adequate sleep may accelerate antidepressant treatment response
Medication is an important part of treatment for many patients with major depressive disorder, but the transition to antidepressants isn't always smooth.
September 7, 2016
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Study shows drugs for hypertension may help treat mood disorders
In the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, the relationship of drugs that are generally used for treating hypertension (angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors) are examined in their effects as to depression.
July 26, 2016
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Study shows work productivity key in evaluating recovery of depressed patients
While medications can quickly reduce depressive symptoms, monitoring work productivity can provide unique insight into whether a patient will require additional treatments to achieve long-term remission, a new study through the Peter O'Donnell Jr. Brain Institute finds.
August 17, 2016
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Study: No Link Between Antidepressants, Autism
After accounting for other factors that raise chances of the disorder, the increased risk disappeared
April 18, 2017
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Depression - T

Tackling depression by changing the way you think
Teaching patients not to ruminate offers important coping skill for depression
March 13, 2017
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This is your brain on (legal) cannabis: Researchers seek answers
For those suffering depression or anxiety, using cannabis for relief may not be the long-term answer
December 16, 2016
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Tiny Babies May Face Mental Health Problems Later
Review found greater likelihood of ADHD, anxiety and depression
February 13, 2017
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Traumatic brain injuries may be helped with drug used to treat bipolar disorder
Rutgers research indicates lithium may prevent brain cell damage
May 8, 2017
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Treating persistent depression in older adults
A $13.9 million grant has been awarded to evaluate treatment strategies for older adults with depression who have not responded to medications.
October 5, 2016
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Two in five formerly depressed adults are happy, flourishing
Approximately two in five adults (39 percent) who have experienced major depression are able to achieve complete mental health. Researchers consider complete mental health as occurring when people achieve almost daily happiness or life satisfaction, positive social and psychological well-being, and are also free of depression, anxiety, suicidal thoughts and substance abuse for at least one full year.
June 7, 2016
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Depression - U

UNC researchers map anxiety circuit in the brain that may explain side effects of antidepressants
More than 100 million people worldwide take selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), such as Prozac and Zoloft, to treat depression, anxiety and related conditions, but these drugs have a common and mysterious side effect: they can worsen anxiety in the first few weeks of use, which leads many patients to stop treatment.
August 25, 2016
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Depression - W

Weighted blankets for anxiety: Uses and benefits
Some people who experience anxiety may not find relief through medication alone, or they might be hesitant to try medication. other methods of managing anxiety, such as the use of a weighted blanket, can help.
April 21, 2017
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What Effect Does Prenatal and Postpartum Maternal Depression Have on Children?
The results of a large study do not support the notion that prenatal and postpartum maternal depression is particularly detrimental to children's psychological development. Instead, the most robust effects were found for maternal depression occurring during children's preschool years.
February 24, 2017
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What Keeps some Youths from Sexual Health Services
Survey reveals reluctance of teens, young adults to talk to their doctor because parents might find out
December 16, 2016
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What People with Depression Wish you Knew
Depression is common: Almost 16 million Americans deal with it every year. But for those who have it, explaining their feelings can be hard.
January 6, 2017
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Why do antidepressants take so long to work?
An episode of major depression can be crippling, impairing the ability to sleep, work, or eat. But the drugs available to treat depression can take weeks or even months to start working. Researchers have discovered one reason the drugs take so long to work, and their finding could help scientists develop faster-acting drugs in the future.
July 28, 2016
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Work productivity is key factor in assessing recovery of depressed patients
While medications can quickly reduce depressive symptoms, monitoring work productivity can provide unique insight into whether a patient will require additional treatments to achieve long-term remission, a new study finds.
August 15, 2016
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Hearing

1 in 10 Americans Has Had Ringing in the Ears
Study also found association between prolonged exposure to loud noises and tinnitus
July 21, 2016
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ACCLARENT AERA Treats Eustachian Tube Dysfunction by Gentle Dilation
Acclarent out of Irvine, California is releasing in the U.S. its ACCLARENT AERA eustachian tube balloon dilation system, the first such product for treatment of eustachian tube dysfunction. Eustachian tubes, which link the pharynx to the middle ear and are used to regulate pressure when we yawn, sneeze, and swallow food, can get blocked and result in poor hearing, discomfort, and pain.
October 4, 2016
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Action on Hearing Loss supports launch of Accessible Information Standard for people with hearing deficits
Charity Action on Hearing Loss is welcoming the launch of the Accessible Information Standard, which comes into full force today (August 1).
August 02, 2016
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Action on Hearing Loss urges people with hearing deficits to inform GP about communication needs
The UK's largest hearing loss charity Action on Hearing Loss is urging the 9 million people in England who are deaf or have hearing loss to tell their GP what support they need to help them communicate.
July 12, 2016
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Adding higher frequencies to standard protocol improves detection of hearing loss in adolescents
Adding higher frequencies to the American Academy of Pediatrics hearing test protocol helps detect adolescent hearing loss, according to a team of pediatricians and audiologists.
November 21, 2016
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An Easier Gel Ear Infection Treatment Someday?
One-time application was highly effective in animal trials, but more study needed, researchers say
September 14, 2016
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Bose gets into the hearing aid headphone business
When you've got a punny name as good as "Hearphones" (no Google, I did not mean "headphones") in the chamber, you owe it to the world to deliver product. for Bose, the emerging space of hearing-assisting headphones was the perfect place for that fun bit of word play.
December 12, 2016
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Can My Hearing Loss be Reversed?
Losing your hearing can be an inconvenience -- sometimes a major one that makes you worry.
June 29, 2016
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Cauliflower ear: Causes, symptoms, and treatments
Cauliflower ear, also known as perichondrial hematoma, is a swelling of the ear caused by a blood clot. this blood clot causes tissue damage that leads to a lumpy appearance that is said to resemble a cauliflower.
March 7, 2017
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Doppler Labs is working with Senator Elizabeth Warren to deregulate the hearing aid industry
"Hearing is a right for everybody," Doppler Labs" Noah Kraft told me over the phone last week. it's why his new chief science officer Jim Pitkow is working with a team of U.S. senators and members of Congress to make certain types of hearing aids available over the counter.
March 28, 2017
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Earwax There to Protect your Hearing, Doctors Say
If it builds up, seek medical attention, otherwise leave it alone, guidelines advise
January 3, 2017
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Fewer Americans Under 70 Have Hearing Loss
It's still common, but noise-safety rules and changing smoking patterns may have helped, researcher says
December 14, 2016
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First-ever clinical study shows that older adults benefit from hearing aid use
Led by researchers at Indiana University with funding support (Grant No. R01 DC011771) from the National Institute on Deafness and other Communication Disorders (NIDCD), the study sought to compare patient outcomes when hearing aids are delivered via an audiology "best practices" model compared with an "over-the-counter" (OTC) model.
February 23, 2017
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For Millions, Everyday Life Takes Toll on Hearing
Contrary to popular opinion, work-related noise not the main culprit, CDC reports
February 7, 2017
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Fujitsu's Ontenna could be a big deal for the deaf
The prototype device translates audio waves to vibrations
October 3, 2016
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Fujitsu's Ontenna could be a big deal for the deaf
The prototype device translates audio waves to vibration
October 4, 2016
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Gene associated with age-related hearing loss
A large screening program has identified several genes associated with age-related conditions including hearing loss, retinal degeneration and osteoarthritis. the animal study may lead to studies of the equivalent human gene and help develop screening programs to identify the risk of developing an age-related condition many years before symptoms appear.
August 18, 2016
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Groundbreaking research finds concussion biomarker in auditory system
The secret to reliably diagnosing concussions lies in the brain's ability to process sound, according to a new study by researchers from Northwestern University's Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory.
December 22, 2016
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Hearing Loss May Double in United States by 2060
Those over 70 will be hardest hit, study finds
February 23, 2017
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Hearing loss prevalence declining in U.S. adults aged 20 to 69 years
Hearing loss among U.S. adults aged 20 to 69 has declined over the last decade, even as the number of older Americans continues to grow. These findings, published today in JAMA Otolaryngology--Head & Neck Surgery, also confirm that hearing loss is strongly associated with age and other demographic factors such as sex, race/ethnicity, and education. Noise exposure, which is potentially preventable, was also significant but less strongly associated after adjustment for other factors.
December 14, 2016
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Hearing problems impact life space mobility of older adults
Research has found that hearing loss has wide-ranging impacts not only on older people's ability to communicate, but also on their ability to move about and participate in different hobbies and activities. this has been revealed in studies funded by the Academy of Finland whose results have been published in international scientific journals.
June 7, 2016
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Hormone replacement therapy may increase risk of hearing loss
Hearing loss affects tens of millions of people in the United States. new research examines the link between menopausal age, the use of oral hormonal therapy, and hearing loss in the first large-scale study of its kind.
May 10, 2017
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Hormone Replacement Therapy Tied to Hearing Loss
Older age at menopause also appeared to increase the risk, study found
May 12, 2017
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Human inner ear organs grown: Could lead to new therapies for hearing, balance impairments
Researchers have successfully developed a method to grow inner ear tissue from human stem cells, a finding that could lead to new platforms to model disease and new therapies for the treatment of hearing and balance disorders.
May 2, 2017
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Innovative program shows promise in helping deaf, hard-of-hearing children gain literacy skills
Those can be some of the most powerful words in the development of any child's ability to read and write. for children who are deaf or hard-of-hearing and living in bilingual homes, the "come read with me" invitation becomes even more crucial to their literacy development.
July 27, 2016
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Kanso Off-The-Ear Sound Processor for Cochlear Implants Coming to America
Cochlear, an Australian firm, won FDA regulatory approval to bring to the U.S. its Kanso Sound Processor. the Kanso is the hearing part for interfacing with cochlear implants, capturing sounds using two microphones, converting them into a digital signal, and passing them to an implant under the skin. the implant delivers these signals to the cochlea where hearing nerve fibers absorb them and sends them to the brain.
September 8, 2016
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Knops are adjustable ear plugs that might save your hearing
Kind of pricey, though
April 19, 2017
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MED-EL SYNCHRONY EAS Electric and Acoustic Hearing System for Partial Deafness FDA Cleared
MED-EL, an Austrian firm, received FDA clearance for its SYNCHRONY EAS (Electric Acoustic Stimulation) Hearing Implant System. the product is the first hearing aid system that simultaneously works as both a cochlear implant and a more traditional audio amplifier. a central processor with a microphone splits the signal into high and low frequencies.
September 23, 2016
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MIT unveils Short-Wave Infrared Otoscope for new View of Middle Ear
While we have instruments that can peer deep inside the ear, they typically can't see much below the surface once inside. That's because visible light is absorbed and scattered by soft tissues, providing only a view of their surfaces.
August 26, 2016
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New book provides more insight into diagnosis and research of hereditary hearing loss
Genetics of Deafness offers a journey through areas crucial for understanding the causes and effects of hearing loss. It covers such topics as the latest approaches in diagnostics and deafness research and the current status and future promise of gene therapy for hearing restoration.
July 7, 2016
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New study seeks to understand how deaf infants with cochlear implants learn words
Research has proven the importance of early access to sound and spoken language among newborns and has led to significant advances in hearing screening and early intervention. Despite progress and improvements in educational and language outcomes of deaf children, children with hearing loss are still delayed, on average, when it comes to spoken language acquisition and still achieve lower reading levels and educational outcomes than children with normal hearing.
February 27, 2017
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Now drivers can hear ambulances no matter how loud their music is playing
if you've ever been startled by the sudden appearance of an ambulance while blasting music in your car, then you appreciate the value of a loud siren. Fortunately, your car is probably equipped already to receive warning signals on its audio system, thanks to a new solution developed by students in Sweden.
January 16, 2017
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Oticon's Internet-Connected Smart Hearing Aids
Oticon, one of the most innovative companies in the hearing aid business, has unveiled what it describes as "the world's first internet connected hearing aid." what that means is that smart devices around the house, such as thermometers, electronic locks, and smoke detectors, can be made to talk with the new Oticon OPN hearing aids. a lock opening can trigger a notification just in case you don't hear a family member coming in, for example. what actually happens is really up to the user to program using the IFTTT (If this Then That) online service. you can even have your hearing aids do something as a result of online activity, such as a favorite friend posting a tweet.
June 24, 2016
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Pain Relievers May be Tied to Hearing Loss in Some
But degree of impairment tied to acetaminophen and ibuprofen was modest, researchers say
December 19, 2016
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Post-Op Ear Drops and Kids' Eardrum Perforations
Rate of the injury rises with quinolones, but researchers say alternatives have their own hazards
March 30, 2017
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Research shows role played by brain reorganisation process in success or failure of cochlear implants
A cochlear implant is an electronic device capable of restoring hearing in a profoundly deaf person by directly stimulating the nerve endings in the inner ear. this technology enables people who have become deaf to be able to communicate orally again, even by telephone, and children born deaf to learn to speak and to benefit from normal schooling.
March 28, 2017
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Researchers discover gene linked to age-related hearing loss
A large screening programme has identified several genes associated with age-related conditions including hearing loss, retinal degeneration and osteoarthritis. the animal study, published in Nature Communications, may lead to studies of the equivalent human gene and help develop screening programmes to identify the risk of developing an age-related condition many years before symptoms appear.
August 18, 2016
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Researchers discover gene that may play role in restoring hearing after noise exposure
Researchers have discovered that a protein implicated in human longevity may also play a role in restoring hearing after noise exposure. the findings, where were published in the journal Scientific Reports, could one day provide researchers with new tools to prevent hearing loss.
April 24, 2017
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Researchers discover new biological mechanism involved in progressive hearing loss
New research with funding from UK charity Action on Hearing Loss has led to the discovery of a new biological mechanism involved in the progressive loss of hearing which could lead to new approaches to treating this common form of hearing loss.
August 17, 2016
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Researchers reveal hereditary nature of bilateral tinnitus
Researchers have been able to demonstrate the hereditary nature of certain forms of tinnitus. Bilateral tinnitus - that is, tinnitus in both ears - has been shown to depend on genetic factors, particularly in men. the twin study, which is published in the journal Genetics in Medicine, was conducted by researchers at Karolinska Institutet together with colleagues from the European research network TINNET.
March 9, 2017
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Scientists Want to Grow your Music-Blasted Ears some new Parts
Hearing loss can be inevitable for some older folks, as well as for their music blasting, phone screen-staring grandchildren. Naturally, many of those who've lost their hearing are keen on getting it back, somehow, with things like hearing aids and cochlear implants.
May 2, 2017
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Shortened antimicrobial treatment inferior to standard regimen for middle ear infections, study finds
A five-day antimicrobial treatment regimen for middle ear infections in young children is inferior to the standard 10-day regimen, according to newly published research in the new England Journal of Medicine (NEJM). Middle ear infections (or "acute otitis media") are common childhood illnesses often caused by bacteria and usually treated with antibiotics.
December 22, 2016
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Study finds high prevalence of tinnitus among adolescents
Teenagers are increasingly experiencing tinnitus, often a symptom of hearing loss, as a result of using ear buds to listen to music for long periods every day, as well as frequenting very noisy places like nightclubs, discos and rock concerts, according to a study performed in Brazil.
July 13, 2016
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Study Suggests Genetic Link to Middle Ear Infections
They're the No. 1 reason kids get antibiotics, and finding could point to better treatments, researchers say
October 7, 2016
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These iPhone-connected hearing aids let doctors make adjustments remotely
Connected hearing aids are nothing new, but today a company called ReSound introduced the iPhone-compatible LiNX 3D, which can be adjusted remotely. this means doctors can access their patients' hearing aids and make minor adjustments without the person having to revisit their office.
April 3, 2017
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This fly's incredible hearing is a curiosity to those developing better hearing aids
Ormia ochracea's sense of directional hearing is second to none in the animal kingdom.
May 15, 2017
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Why Certain Noises Really Irritate some People
'Misophonia' is a disorder that can make a person's brain go into overdrive, researchers report
February 3, 2017
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IBS Irritable Bowel Syndrome

ART trial: Adacolumn shows clinical benefit in refractory ulcerative colitis patients
Data from the 48-week ART trial, presented today at the Digestive Disease Week (DDW) meeting, showed that remission and response rates were 37.2% and 53.2% respectively at week 12, in patients with moderate-to-severe, steroid-dependent active ulcerative colitis (UC) with insufficient response or intolerance to immunosuppressants and / or biologics when treated with between five and eight sessions with Adacolumn®.
May 26, 2016
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Common yeast may worsen IBD symptoms in Crohn's disease
During the past decade, the gut has experienced a renaissance as investigations focus on the role of the microbiome on human health. While most studies have focused on bacteria, the dominant microbial inhabitants in the gut, scientists used mouse studies to show the role of yeast in aggravating the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease. Their work suggests that allopurinol, a generic drug already on the market, could offer some relief.
March 8, 2017
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Crohn's disease appears to have two distinct genetic subtypes, study finds
Crohn's disease, a common inflammatory disorder of the intestinal tract, can have devastating consequences for a patient's quality of life and is notoriously hard to treat successfully, in part because its course and severity vary so much from one case to the next.
October 14, 2016
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Diet and antibiotic use can change gut microbiota contributing to IBS symptoms
A recent review of research suggests that changes to the microorganisms (microbiota) in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract may be a cause of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). the review article is published in the American Journal of Physiology–Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology.
January 27, 2017
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Dietary soy-protein may be effective adjunct therapy for inflammatory bowel diseases
A diet supplemented with soy protein may be an effective adjunct therapy for inflammatory bowel diseases, Penn State researchers reported after completing a study that included mice and cultured human colon cells.
April 26, 2017
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DNA changes in blood samples could pave way for simple tests to diagnose IBD
Scientists have identified chemical changes in the DNA of patients with inflammatory bowel diseases that could improve screening for the conditions.
November 28, 2016
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Gastrointestinal disorders involve both brain-to-gut and gut-to-brain pathways
New research indicates that in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or indigestion, there is a distinct brain-to-gut pathway, where psychological symptoms begin first, and separately a distinct gut-to-brain pathway, where gut symptoms start first. In the study, higher levels of anxiety and depression were significant predictors of developing IBS or indigestion within 1 year.
July 22, 2016
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Gene that protects against inflammatory bowel disease identified
Researchers have identified a gene that protects the gut from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). the mouse study found a mutation in the Gatm gene and used CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing technology to confirm this link. the Gatm gene is required for the rapid replenishment of the intestinal mucosal barrier that guards the intestinal wall against inflammation caused by bacteria in the digestive tract, researchers determined.
February 1, 2017
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Genetic Subtypes of Crohn's Disease Identified
Findings may help explain why the inflammatory bowel condition is so tough to treat, researchers say
October 14, 2016
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Get Relief from IBS
Follow these tips to ease your symptoms.
March 8, 2016
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'Good' bacteria is potential solution to unchecked inflammation seen in bowel diseases
In a new report, researchers describe how inflammation can go unchecked in the absence of a certain inhibitor called NLRP12, adding that beneficial bacteria may be the key to helping to reverse a cycle of gut inflammation seen in certain inflammatory bowel diseases.
March 13, 2017
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Hamilton researchers conduct ground-breaking new trial on pediatric fecal transplant for IBD
Hamilton researchers are conducting a ground-breaking new trial looking at fecal transplants to help treat inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children.
September 15, 2016
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IBD diagnosis in childhood does not affect educational achievements and lifestyle, study finds
Twenty-five percent of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients are diagnosed as children or adolescents -- at the peak of their social and educational development. Parents of newly diagnosed patients often inquire about the long term consequences of IBD on their child's health and lifestyle.
October 19, 2016
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IBD patients with longer duration of disease have higher risk of developing NAFLD
Research led by a Houston Methodist gastroenterologist shows that patients who have inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) for more than two decades have a higher risk of developing nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
April 5, 2017
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IBS scientists develop Nano MRI Lamp for smarter diagnosis of diseases
A research team led by CHEON Jinwoo at the Center for Nanomedicine, within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS), developed the Nano MRI Lamp: a new technology platform that tunes the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signals "ON" only in the presence of the targeted disease. Published in Nature Materials, this study can overcome the limitations of existing MRI contrast agents.
February 6, 2017
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Identifying serious bowel conditions in under-50s
Why can it be difficult, particularly in young people, for GPs to distinguish between patients with non-serious conditions, such as IBS, and serious conditions, like bowel cancer and inflammatory bowel disease?
April 11, 2017
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Impact of IBS on patients
What did the recent IBS Global Impact Report reveal about the personal and economic impact of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)?
January 16, 2017
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Inflammatory bowel disease: Causes, symptoms, and treatments
Inflammatory bowel disease is an umbrella term for a number of long-term conditions that involve inflammation of the digestive tract, or the gut.
March 16, 2017
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Inflammatory bowel disease: Potential new treatment target identified
New research suggests that a small protein involved in inflammation could be an effective target for drugs to treat inflammatory bowel disease, with particular benefit for the millions of patients who do not respond to the current standard therapy.
April 10, 2017
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Key role for microRNA in inflammatory bowel disease
An international team of researchers has discovered that a microRNA produced by certain white blood cells can prevent excessive inflammation in the intestine. the study shows that synthetic versions of this microRNA can reduce intestinal inflammation in mice and suggests a new therapeutic approach to treating patients with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis.
May 9, 2017
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Low-FODMAP rye bread may reduce symptoms of IBS
Patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are often concerned that certain foods may trigger or worsen their symptoms, which can include abdominal pain, diarrhea, or constipation. In a new study, patients who ate rye bread that was low in so-called "FODMAPs" (fermentable oligo- di- and mono-saccharides and polyols) experienced milder IBS symptoms than patients who ate normal rye bread.
July 18, 2016
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Many ulcerative colitis patients with anemia do not receive testing and treatment, study reports
Many patients with ulcerative colitis don't receive recommended testing and treatment for the common problem of iron deficiency anemia, reports a study in the October issue of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, official journal of the Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America (CCFA). the journal is published by Wolters Kluwer.
October 22, 2016
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New project to develop a nanotherapy targeting the molecules involved in inflammatory bowel diseases
Leti, a technology research institute of CEA Tech, today announced a European Union project to develop a nanotherapy targeting the molecules involved in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.
May 11, 2017
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New, low-cost biosimilar for IBD therapy shows efficacy and safety
Treatment of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis has been greatly improved by the introduction of biologic therapies such as infliximab (which targets tumour necrosis factor alpha), but at considerable cost. a recent analysis of results from 11 published studies including 829 patients shows that a new and lower-cost biosimilar for infliximab-called CT-P13 (Remsima/Inflectra)-has excellent clinical efficacy and safety.
March 3, 2017
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Researchers develop first sensor that can identify IBD and distinguish between two subtypes
Researchers have developed the first sensor capable of objectively identifying inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and distinguishing between its two subtypes. the device represents a substantial achievement toward a more personalized approach to diagnosing and treating IBD, a chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract affecting more than 1 million Americans.
January 4, 2017
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Spinning ginger into nanoparticles to heal inflammatory bowel disease
A recent study by researchers at the Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center took them to a not-so-likely destination: local farmers markets. they went in search of fresh ginger root.
August 17, 2016
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Study finds link between vitamin D levels and severity of malabsorption issues
Natural health experts BetterYou have welcomed a recommendation by leading gastroenterology expert Isobel Mason, to take a vitamin D supplement to reduce Crohn's flare-ups.
March 3, 2017
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Study shows safety, efficacy of endoscopic needle knife therapy for intestinal strictures in IBD patients
Cleveland Clinic doctors have published the first study illustrating the safety and efficacy of endoscopic needle knife therapy for intestinal strictures in patients with inflammatory bowel disorder (IBD).
April 28, 2017
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Treatment for IBS proves difficult, survey reveals
A new national survey by Health Union of more than 1,000 individuals with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) reveals that the condition is difficult to diagnose and often even more difficult to treat. Respondents often found healthcare providers and the public in general lacking in empathy and understanding of the full impact of the disease. Self-treatment often becomes the norm and controlling symptoms difficult.
June 29, 2016
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UC Riverside professor receives grant to explore therapeutic target for treating IBD patients
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestine that includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. a protective protein that plays a key role in this disease is "T-cell protein tyrosine phosphatase" or TCPTP.
April 7, 2017
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Women with IBS experience worse quality of life than men, new research shows
Double work and a high embarrassment factor can lead to the quality of life being affected more among women than men by irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a very common gastrointestinal disease. Even with the same level of physical pain and other symptoms, women's perceived quality of life is worse than the mens, according to new research.
January 9, 2017
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Yoga may be valuable adjunct to conventional therapies for ulcerative colitis
Patients with ulcerative colitis, a chronic inflammatory bowel disease, often relapse at times of stress. In a clinical trial of 77 ulcerative colitis patients who were in clinical remission but were experiencing reduced quality of life, those assigned to 12 supervised 90-minute weekly sessions of yoga had a greater increase in quality of life and reduced activity of their colitis compared with those who were given written self-care advice.
April 5, 2017
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Men and Women

A healthy sex life may boost job satisfaction
According to a 2016 survey, around 50 percent of employees in the United States feel unsatisfied with their jobs. However, a new study suggests a surprising way to boost satisfaction in the workplace: maintain a healthy sex life.
March 7, 2017
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A new Treatment for Premature Ejaculation?
Handy anesthetic 'wipes' may help some -- but not all -- guys with premature ejaculation, small study finds
May 15, 2017
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Acupuncture treatment lowers frequency of hotflashes for 50% of women, study finds
Hot flashes - the bane of existence for many women during menopause - can be reduced in frequency by almost half for about 50 percent of women over eight weeks of acupuncture treatment, according to scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.
September 28, 2016
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Anxiety linked to severe quality-of-life impairment in postmenopausal women
Whether anxiety increases common menopause symptoms such as hot flashes and sleep disruption or whether these symptoms cause increased anxiety remains an ongoing debate. Regardless of which comes first, multiple studies confirm that increased anxiety occurring during the menopause transition adversely affects a woman's quality of life.
January 25, 2017
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Aquatic resistance training improves tibiofemoral cartilage quality in postmenopausal women with knee pain
Postmenopausal women with mild knee osteoarthritis, who may avoid strenuous exercise due to pain, can safely promote cartilage health and improve aerobic fitness with intensive aquatic resistance training.
May 31, 2016
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Are Male and Female Brains Different?
Of course, there's isn't a simple answer to that question.
July 11, 2016
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Being female increases stroke hospitalization risk by 23% in atrial fibrillation patients
A 15 year study in 1.1 million patients with atrial fibrillation has found that women are 23% more likely to be hospitalized for acute ischemic stroke than men.
June 9, 2016
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Bone Balance Index may help predict bone loss in women during menopause transition
Researchers have developed an index to better predict which women may experience faster bone loss across the menopause transition, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
June 24, 2016
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Botox Beats Implant for Urinary Incontinence in Women
But both have side effects that may affect your choice, researchers say
October 4, 2016
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Brain differences between men and women affect response to pain relief
Results from a new study may explain why female patients often require higher doses of morphine - one of the primary drugs for the treatment of chronic or severe pain - than male patients to achieve the same level of relief. It appears that a type of immune cell called microglia are more active in the pain-processing regions of the female brain.
March 6, 2017
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Cholesterol-lowering statins linked to increased risk of Diabetes in older women
Older Australian women taking cholesterol-lowering statins face a significantly increased risk of developing diabetes, according to a University of Queensland study.
March 15, 2017
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Choosing between Viagra, Cialis, and Levitra: what to consider
Viagra, Cialis, and Levitra are the three most popular drugs used to help treat the symptoms of erectile dysfunction.
March 14, 2017
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Combat exposure may jeopardize the behavioral health of women in the military
In a recent study, combat exposure among Army enlisted women was associated with an increased likelihood of developing behavioral health problems post-deployment, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and at-risk drinking.
August 02, 2016
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Concussive injury in female athletes elicits long-term changes in the corpus callosum
Female athletes who have suffered at least one concussion showed structural differences in the corpus callosum, the structure that connects the two hemispheres of the brain, compared to unconcussed female athletes and other women.
August 09, 2016
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Cranberry capsules do not help in reducing UTI among older women, study finds
Among older women residing in nursing homes, administration of cranberry capsules compared with placebo resulted in no significant difference in presence of bacteriuria plus pyuria (presence of bacteria and white blood cells in the urine, a sign of urinary tract infection [UTI]), or in the number of episodes of UTIs over l year, according to a study published online by JAMA. the study is being released to coincide with its presentation at IDWeek 2016.
October 27, 2016
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Cranberry Products May not Prevent UTIs: Study
In female nursing home residents, cranberry capsules didn't affect infection rate
October 27, 2016
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Do OTC treatments for erectile dysfunction work?
Erectile dysfunction is a male sexual dysfunction that is more common as men get older. Medications to treat this condition were previously available on prescription only, but options are now available over the counter.
April 24, 2017
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Drug approved for treatment of vulvovaginal atrophy shows no added benefit in post-menopausal women
Ospemifene (tradename: Senshio) is approved for the treatment of moderate to severe symptomatic vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA) in post-menopausal women who are not candidates for local vaginal oestrogen therapy. the drug has been on the market in Germany since May 2016.
August 11, 2016
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Early menopause, never giving birth may raise heart failure risk
Contrary to popular belief, heart disease is not just a "male" problem; the condition is the leading cause of death among both men and women. new research examines the link between a woman's reproductive history and her risk of cardiovascular disease.
May 16, 2017
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Early Menopause? Broken Bone Risk May be Higher
And traditional preventive treatments don't erase added danger, new study suggests
November 11, 2016
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Eating fruits and vegetables may lower women's stress risk
New research provides yet another reason to include fruits and vegetables in the diet, after finding that eating up to seven servings per day can lower the risk of psychological stress for middle-aged women.
March 16, 2017
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Erectile dysfunction: Causes and treatment in young men
Most men will experience problems getting or keeping an erection at some point during adulthood, but this is not always caused by a medical problem. However, some men do develop a medical condition called erectile dysfunction.
March 6, 2017
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Exposure to licorice compound disrupts steroid sex hormone production in ovary
A study of mouse reproductive tissues finds that exposure to isoliquiritigenin, a compound found in licorice, disrupts steroid sex hormone production in the ovary, researchers report. this is the first study to examine the effects of this chemical on the ovary.
November 9, 2016
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Fat Near Heart a Hazard for Postmenopausal Women
Study ties 'paracardial' fat to raised risk of hardening of the arteries
January 31, 2017
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Female migraine patients have increased cardiovascular disease risk
Women who suffer from migraine headaches have a slightly increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease in later life. a team of researchers led by Prof. Tobias Kurth, Head of the Institute of Public Health (IPH) at Charite - Universitatsmedizin Berlin, has now been able to establish the following: female migraine patients have a higher risk of stroke or heart attacks than women without migraine.
June 15, 2016
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Female patients under age 25 have increased risk of ACL re-tear, research shows
Graft size, sex and age have a significant effect on the odds of an ACL re-tear post reconstruction with a hamstring graft, say researchers presenting their work today at the American Orthopaedic Society of Sports Medicine's (AOSSM) Annual Meeting in Colorado Springs, CO.
July 7, 2016
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Females working in forensic science labs report high stress levels than male counterparts
Women may be at the forefront of the fast-growing forensic science field, but they're also more stressed than their male counterparts, indicates new research led by a Michigan State University criminologist.
August 18, 2016
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For Many Women, Sex Gets Better at Midlife
Doctors discuss how you and your partner can achieve greater satisfaction
October 5, 2016
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Frequent urination in women: Causes and treatment
Urination is the body's way of getting rid of excess water as well as wastes. While this is an important function for survival, urinating too frequently can interfere with a woman's quality of life.
March 30, 2017
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Gender Doesn't Dictate Perspiration Rate
Instead, your size and shape influence how the body releases heat and cools down, study finds
February 24, 2017
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Gene variants linked to hot flashes in menopausal women
Most women experience hot flashes and night sweats either before or during menopause, but a significant minority don't have these symptoms. Could our genes be a factor in determining which women get hot flashes?
October 19, 2016
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Hair loss treatments for men: best options
Many men are affected by hair loss. Although male pattern baldness or androgenetic alopecia causes the majority of incidences of male hair loss, there are many reasons a man can lose his hair.
April 21, 2017
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High vitamin D intake could reduce the risk of an early menopause
A new study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition has revealed that women can cut their risk of an early menopause, by having a high vitamin D intake.
May 11, 2017
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Hormone replacement therapy linked to lower risk of atherosclerosis and death in women
Hormone replacement therapy has long been controversial as studies have associated it with health benefits and risks. While some studies suggest that it lowers the risk of osteoporosis and improves some aspects of heart health, others link it to higher risk of cancer and stroke.
March 9, 2017
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Injected Drug May Help Fight Osteoporosis in Women
Abaloparatide appears to reduce fractures better than the current drug Forteo, researchers say.
August 16, 2016
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JMU scientists crystallize new inhibitory antibodies targeting sclerostin
Osteoporosis particularly affects elderly women: the bone's structure weakens and the risk of suffering fractures rises. as prophylaxis patients are advised to have a healthy diet and perform physical exercises; when the risk of bone fractures is high, medicine preventing further bone loss is prescribed in addition.
September 2, 2016
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Long work hours may triple risk of life-threatening illnesses in women
Women who put in long hours for the bulk of their careers may pay a steep price: life-threatening illnesses, including heart disease and cancer.
June 16, 2016
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Male Masturbation: 5 Things you Didn't Know
If there's one thing that almost every guy is an expert at, it's masturbation. After years of extensive, hands-on experience, you think you know everything there is to know. But according to the experts, maybe you don't. Here are some that may surprise you.
January 31, 2017
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Natural remedies for treating erectile dysfunction
Some treatments for erectile dysfunction can include natural herbs and remedies. However, when seeking a natural remedy, a man should be cautious and understand the possible risks associated with certain natural cures.
March 10, 2017
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Maturitas provides new holistic model of care for healthy menopause
A new position statement by the European Menopause and Andropause Society (EMAS) published in the journal Maturitas provides a holistic model of care for healthy menopause.
July 13, 2016
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Men with high 2D: 4D ratios tend to be better educated, say HSE researchers
According to HSE researchers, men with a high 2D:4D ratio (i.e. those whose index finger is longer than their ring finger) tend to be better educated. These findings are presented in the paper "2D: 4D and lifetime educational outcomes: Evidence from the Russian RLMS survey" in Personality and Individual Differences.
April 21, 2017
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Menopause and a Decline in Intimacy
Researchers identify timing, but it can vary by race and ethnicity
November 2, 2016
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Menopause symptoms: can a healthcare professional help? An interview with Dr Heather Currie
What did a recent survey reveal about the number of UK women that consult a healthcare professional about their menopause symptoms?
July 6, 2016
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Mindfulness class provides clear benefit for women, study finds
In a new study of a Brown University scholarly course on mindfulness that also included meditation labs, researchers found that the practice on average significantly helped women overcome "negative affect" -- a downcast mood -- but did not help men. the finding, the authors said, should call more attention to considering gender as a potential factor in assessing mindfulness efficacy.
April 20, 2017
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Mobile app helps reduce symptoms of urinary incontinence in women
Urinary leakage whilst coughing and jumping is common in women. Using a self-administered treatment via a mobile app called Tat® for three months reduced symptoms, led to fewer leakages and improved quality of life.
September 13, 2016
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Nearly Half of U.S. Men Infected with HPV
Although a vaccine is available, too few are getting it when young
January 19, 2017
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New Drug approved for Postmenopause Sexual Pain
A new drug to treat postmenopause-related pain during sexual intercourse has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
November 17, 2016
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New research reveals vanity could play crucial role in protecting young women from harmful UV light
New research published in Cogent Psychology, examines the way sun safe messages are conveyed to young women, and reveals their vanity could play a vital role in protecting them from harmful UV light.
August 18, 2016
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New review questions safety of estrogen replacement therapy
Although individuals often consume natural products because of their potential health benefits, a new review indicates that it is not clear whether the benefits of plant-derived compounds that mimic estrogen outweigh the possible health risks.
October 11, 2016
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New study finds structural differences in the brains of adolescent boys and girls with PTSD
Traumatic stress affects the brains of adolescent boys and girls differently, according to a new brain-scanning study from the Stanford University School of Medicine.
November 11, 2016
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New study shows female urologists perform more surgeries on women than male counterparts
Female urologists perform more surgeries on women than their male colleagues, according to a new study in the Journal of Urology®
August 17, 2016
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NIH-supported trials of testosterone therapy in older men report mixed results
Hormone treatment improved bone strength and hemoglobin levels; may increase cardiovascular risk; had no effect on cognition.
February 21, 2017
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Overactive bladder in men: what causes it and how is it treated?
Overactive bladder is a urinary disorder that affects both men and women, with a range of common symptoms. this article explores how overactive bladder is caused in men and the best ways to treat it.
April 18, 2017
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Parenting stress in women may affect sexual satisfaction of both partners
First-time parents are only somewhat satisfied with their sex lives according to Penn State health researchers who checked in with parents regularly after their baby was born. and one factor that appears to be reducing their sexual satisfaction is mothers' stress as a new parent.
May 27, 2016
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Poor sense of smell may hinder women's social lives
Having a poor sense of smell in later life may have negative implications for a woman's social life, a new study suggests.
March 22, 2017
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Porn-induced erectile dysfunction: how does it happen?
Men who have erectile dysfunction are unable to get or keep an erection long enough to engage in sexual intercourse.
April 25, 2017
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Predominance of testosterone in males may explain disparate ACL injury rate between men and women
In studies on rats, Johns Hopkins Medicine scientists report new evidence that the predominance of the hormone testosterone in males may explain why women are up to 10 times more likely than men to injure the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in their knees.
September 20, 2016
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Primary breadwinner status may affect psychological well-being and health of men
Gendered expectations in marriage are not just bad for women, they are also bad for men, according to a new study by University of Connecticut (UConn) sociologists.
August 19, 2016
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Prolonged exposure to male hormone blockers increases risk of persistent erectile dysfunction
Men with longer exposure to the drugs finasteride and dutasteride had a higher risk of getting persistent erectile dysfunction than men with less exposure, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study. the persistent erectile dysfunction continued despite stopping these drugs, in some cases for months or years.
March 9, 2017
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PTSD May Affect Boys, Girls Differently
Changes in brain regions seemed to differ by gender, researchers say
November 11, 2016
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Repaired ACL May Tear Again in Young Women
Research suggests smaller grafts may be shorter lived
July 7, 2016
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Research sheds new light on development of chronic inflammatory diseases
Research from life scientists at the University of Manchester has shone new light on the way cells tune in to different inflammatory signals to understand what is happening in the body.
July 7, 2016
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Researchers find potential link between pulmonary function and vocal fatigue symptoms in women
Teaching is an occupation with a high risk of developing vocal problems -- teachers have more than twice the voice problems than people in other professions, as the voice is the major tool in classroom instruction and is often used for long periods of time and in noisy environments.
May 26, 2016
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Researchers Identify Genes Linked to Hot Flashes
Mutations found in women of all races, ethnicities
October 19, 2016
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Researchers identify unique bleeding syndrome linked to cirrhosis and portal hypertension
A unique bleeding syndrome associated with cirrhosis and portal hypertension has been identified by researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), Wake Forest University Medical Center, and the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in an article published online on April 21, 2017 by the Journal of Investigative Medicine. the syndrome is characterized by typical presentation with acute bleeding (hematemesis, melena, or hematochezia) and also the presence of chronic gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, documented as iron deficiency anemia
April 21, 2017
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Review provides new insights into diagnosis, treatment for PCOS
Polycystic ovary syndrome afflicts over 14 million women in the United States. the disorder increases the risk of endometrial cancer, heart disease, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, asthma, obesity, depression and anxiety, as well as infertility and a variety of reproductive disorders.
August 04, 2016
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Scientists identify differences in outcomes for women and men with AFF in emergency departments
Atrial fibrillation and flutter (also known as AFF) is associated with serious health problems and is a significant contributor to death rates. Investigators have identified differences in outcomes for male and female patients who presented with AFF to emergency departments in Alberta, Canada and were then discharged.
May 4, 2017
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Sex hormone-sensitive gene complex linked to premenstrual mood disorder
Dysregulated cellular response to estrogen and progesterone suspected.
January 3, 2017
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Sex-related difference could have impact on treatment of metabolic diseases
In health research, most preliminary studies in animals only examine effects of drug treatment in one sex, assuming that males and females will have few differences in how a drug works. But when it comes to diseases closely related to the role of hormones, such as diabetes, should these studies continue to be tied to only one sex?
July 8, 2016
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Sexual activity appears to be on the decline among Americans
Americans are having less sex than they did 25 years ago, with the sharpest decline being seen among married people, according to research published in Archives of Sexual Behavior.
March 9, 2017
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Sexual benefits of zinc: can it help treat erectile dysfunction?
Zinc is a trace mineral that plays a vital role in many aspects of human health. These processes include growth, immunity, and reproduction.
March 8, 2017
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Shift Work May Put Damper on a Man's Sex Life
Disrupted sleep patterns could explain the link, three studies suggest
May 15, 2017
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Simple blood test could help diagnose endometriosis
Endometriosis is a chronic, often painful disease affecting up to 10 percent of women of reproductive age in the U.S. how it develops is not well understood, and detecting it with certainty requires surgery. But now, scientists report in ACS' Journal of Proteome Research new insight gained from their study on mice that could ultimately help diagnose the condition with a blood test.
June 16, 2016
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Single Working Moms Carry a Heart Burden
Stress, finances may boost cardiovascular risks for U.S. mothers, study says
June 16, 2016
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Smartphone application may be feasible, effective sexual health education tool for teenage girls
Across the globe, there is increased focus on developing interventions related to comprehensive sexual health education for adolescents, with the ultimate goal of combatting unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. the challenge has been how best to reach this audience in a way that is meaningful, relevant and easy to understand.
September 8, 2016
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Social media users more likely to feel isolated, study finds
Social isolation is a growing public health concern. In recent years, research has linked social isolation to an increased risk of mortality, and a new study investigates the impact of social media use on perceived social isolation.
March 6, 2017
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Some women with PCOS may have adrenal disorder, NIH researchers suggest
A subgroup of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a leading cause of infertility, may produce excess adrenal hormones, according to an early study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health and other institutions.
June 27, 2016
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Standard test may miss urinary infection in symptomatic women
New research from Belgium suggests that the standard culture test for bacteria may return a negative result even though the patient tested actually has a urinary tract infection. the study compared women with symptoms of urinary infection - such as pain during urination and feeling an urgent or frequent need to urinate - with non-symptomatic women. with the help of a more sensitive test, it found that nearly all the symptomatic women with a negative standard test result actually did have an infection.
April 28, 2017
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Statins linked to higher risk of Diabetes in older women
Statins are often prescribed for older women with high levels of blood cholesterol, yet the effects of the drug have not been as well-studied in this group as in others. Now, a new study from Australia finds that older women taking statins to lower cholesterol may have a significantly higher risk of developing diabetes.
March 16, 2017
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Staying Trim, Strong May Cut Incontinence Risk
But for women in study, these factors only helped with one type of incontinence
December 30, 2016
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Stress of major life events impacts women more than men, shows poll of 2,000 people
Modern life stressors affect heart, brain, and nervous system
March 15, 2017
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Study offers new insights into biological causes of premature baldness in men
Short men may have an increased risk of becoming bald prematurely. An international genetic study under the leadership of the University of Bonn at least points in this direction. During the study, the scientists investigated the genetic material of more than 20,000 men. Their data show that premature hair loss is linked to a range of various physical characteristics and illnesses.
March 8, 2017
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Study shows hysterectomy doubles chances of woman experiencing persistent hot flushes, night sweats
A University of Queensland School of Public Health study has found these hot flushes and sweats -- known as vasomotor symptoms -- can persist for more than a decade, seriously affecting quality of life.
August 03, 2016
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Study shows stress relief after eating highly palatable foods may vary between sexes
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati have found that the brain networks that mediate stress relief after eating highly palatable foods may vary between males and females, and may also depend on the stage of the estrous cycle. the study performed by Ann Egan, a doctoral candidate in the University of Cincinnati Neuroscience Graduate Program in the laboratory of Dr. Yvonne Ulrich-Lai, PhD, used a rodent model of 'comfort food' to investigate the neurocircuitry behind this phenomenon. the research is to be presented this week at the Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior (SSIB), the foremost society for all aspects of eating and drinking behavior.
July 12, 2016
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T-sol can be safe and effective treatment for men with hypogonadism
For men with hypogonadism, a condition in which the body does not produce enough testosterone, low sex drive and fatigue are common symptoms. for these men treatment with a 2% testosterone solution (T-sol) can be effective therapy. In a six-month open-label study of patients receiving T-sol, published in the Journal of Urology®, researchers noted improvement of low sex drive and low energy symptoms, and did not identify new safety concerns.
August 17, 2016
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Testosterone Rx May Boost Older Men's Sex Lives
Gel hormone treatment led to improved libido and sexual function, study finds
June 29, 2016
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Top Sexual Health Symptoms for Women
You just never seem to be in the mood these days. Or the last few times you had sex, it hurt. Maybe you have some discharge that's different from the norm.
February 7, 2017
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Tracking bone changes in women during menopause may help prevent fractures
Bone fragility has long been a worrisome condition affecting women as they age.
January 27, 2017
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Vaginal itching: Common causes, symptoms, and treatments
Vaginal itching is an uncomfortable, yet common occurrence. There are a number of causes, and most require medical treatment.
March 27, 2017
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VMS during menopause transition linked to sociodemographic, psychosocial factors
More data analysis about hot flashes from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation has been published today in Menopause, the journal of the North American Menopause Society. a study by Ping G. Tepper, PhD, and colleagues shows that the progression of vasomotor symptoms across the menopause transition appears to be significantly and independently associated with a number of sociodemographic, reproductive hormone, and psychosocial factors.
July 13, 2016
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Weight-Loss Surgery Brings Bigger Heart Benefits to Women: Study
Researchers suggest their bodies may respond differently than men after procedure
November 4, 2016
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White Wine May Do No Favors for a Woman's Skin
Study suggests the drink, as well as liquor, are both tied to a higher risk for rosacea
April 20, 2017
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White wine, liquor may raise women's risk of rosacea
As the weekend approaches, many of us will be looking forward to a drink or two with friends. According to a new study, however, women who are concerned about their skin health might want to steer clear of white wine and liquor.
April 21, 2017
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Will Testosterone Rev you Up or Stall you Out?
Testosterone replacement therapy may not be the fountain of youth for aging men. a large government-funded study published in the new England Journal of Medicine in February reports that testosterone, touted for its ability to jump-start libido, did little to improve a man's abilities in the bedroom.
July 15, 2016
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Women and Chlamydia
You might not be intimately familiar with the name, but chlamydia is actually the most commonly reported bacterial sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the U.S. Each year, about 1.2 million infections are reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). But because chlamydia often has no symptoms, at least as many people could be living with the disease without even realizing it.
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Women experience higher stress from major life events than men, study reveals
New research has highlighted the potential gender gap in stress, with women reporting higher stress from life events such as death of a loved one, illness, losing their smartphone and Brexit.
March 15, 2017
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Women find men with full beards more attractive when judging long-term relationships, study shows
New research suggests that women tend to find beardedness attractive when judging long-term relationships, perhaps as a signal of formidability among males and the potential to provide direct benefits, such as enhanced fertility and survival, to females.
September 12, 2016
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Women have statistically lower incidence of severe psoriasis compared to men, study reveals
The fact that men are overrepresented in psoriasis registers and consume more psoriasis care have long led researchers to believe that the common skin disease disproportionally affects men. a unique study with 5,438 Swedish psoriasis patients now reveals that women have a statistically significant lower incidence of severe psoriasis compared to men.
March 24, 2017
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Women less likely to receive good anticoagulant therapy for AF-related stroke, say researchers
Female atrial fibrillation patients are less likely than their male counterparts to receive blood thinning therapies to prevent stroke, say University of Cincinnati College of Medicine researchers.
June 1, 2016
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Women More Sensitive to Metal Joint Implants
Researchers don't know if hormones or exposure to metals in makeup or jewelry may play a part
April 26, 2017
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Women's Health Tips for Heart, Mind, and Body
Looking for the path toward a healthier you? it's not hard to find. the journey begins with some simple tweaks to your lifestyle. the right diet, exercise, and stress-relief plan all play a big role.
June 24, 2016
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Women's long work hours linked to alarming increases in cancer, heart disease
Study links overtime to early development of chronic, life-threatening illness
June 16, 2016
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'Yo-Yo Dieting' Hard on Older Women's Hearts
But at least one nutrition expert says it's too soon to draw conclusions
November 17, 2016
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Young adult women support stricter regulations, but against total ban of indoor tanning
Most young adult women who regularly visit indoor tanning salons support the introduction of policies to make it safer, but are against a total ban. this is according to a study led by Darren Mays of Georgetown University Medical Center in the US, in the journal Translational Behavioral Medicine: Practice, Policy, Research, published by Springer. the findings are good news for regulators who are finalizing stricter regulations aimed at highlighting the skin cancer risks associated with artificial tanning.
August 16, 2016
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Misc. - Numbers

1 in 6 U.S. Adults Takes a Psychiatric Drug
Whether the medicines over-prescribed is up for debate, psychiatrists say
December 12, 2016
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1.2 Million College Students Drink on Average Day
And over 700,000 use marijuana, government report says
May 26, 2016
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1st U.S. Living-Donor Uterine Transplant Performed
Infertility procedure was tried in 4 women but has remained successful in only one, Texas team says
October 5, 2016
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2nd Global Iron Deficiency Day: Vifor Pharma supports global activities to raise awareness of iron deficiency
According to the World Health Organisation, iron deficiency affects up to one-third of the world's population, and is particularly common in elderly individuals and those with certain chronic diseases such as chronic kidney disease, congestive heart failure or inflammatory bowel disease.
November 24, 2016
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3 Questions About Eczema
An interview with expert Asriani M. Chiu, MD, on eczema symptoms, causes, and prevention.
August 15, 2016
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3D Brain-on-a-chip
To study brain cell's operation and test the effect of medication on individual cells, the conventional Petri dish with flat electrodes is not sufficient. for truly realistic studies, cells have to flourish within three-dimensional surroundings.
June 23, 2016
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3D Organoids Mimic Real Lungs to Study Pulmonary Diseases
Lungs are very difficult to study because of their bubbly, fragile alveolar nature. They're challenging to sustain outside the body and difficult to study while inside. Researchers at the UCLA Broad Stem Cell Research Center have developed a technique for growing lung-like tissue that in many ways resembles real lungs.
September 16, 2016
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3D Printed Model Brains Being Studied for Neuro Surgeries
Stratasys, a manufacturing technology company based in Valencia, California, is touting the use of 3D printed brains it helped to create as a tool for planning neuro surgeries. Dr. Saleem Abdulrauf, chairman of the St. Louis University Department of Neurological Surgery and Neurosurgeon-in-Chief at the St. Louis University Hospital, and his team are currently assessing the usefulness of 3D printed models versus more standard tools and techniques for readying approaches to treat aneurysms in the brain.
November 15, 2016
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3D-printed 'bionic skin' could give robots the sense of touch
Engineering researchers at the University of Minnesota have developed a revolutionary process for 3D printing stretchable electronic sensory devices that could give robots the ability to feel their environment. the discovery is also a major step forward in printing electronics on real human skin.
May 10, 2017
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3D-printed 'bionic skin' could give robots the sense of touch
Engineering researchers have developed a revolutionary process for 3D printing stretchable electronic sensory devices that could give robots the ability to feel their environment. the discovery is also a major step forward in printing electronics on real human skin.
May 10, 2017
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6 Symptoms you Shouldn't Ignore
Most aches and pains aren't a sign of something serious, but certain symptoms should be checked out. see a doctor if you feel any of these things:
October 12, 2016
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6 Things People with Psoriasis Wish you Knew
Even if you don't know someone with psoriasis, you may have seen a person with signs of the disease. the red, scaly skin patches, small red dots, or pus-filled blisters can show up where it's hard to hide them -- the elbows, the hands, even the face. it's more than a cosmetic problem. People will stare, or snicker, or worse.
August 15, 2016
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10 Solutions for Sore Knees
If you slip on the sidewalk, wipe out while playing with your kids, or wrench your knee all of a sudden, you know you need rest, ice, and maybe a trip to your doctor. But what should you do about ongoing knee pain that just won't quit?
November 1, 2016
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Misc. - A

A Benefit of back Pain Surgery: Better Sex
Operation often leads to more comfortable lovemaking, study finds
November 22, 2016
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A faster, better way to detect salmonella in meat, chicken
Salmonella is the lauding cause of bacteria-associated foodborne illnesses in the United States, according to a study. Thus, early detection of the pathogen, by a rapid and sensitive test is important to prevent the illness.
September 14, 2016
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A Laser Modified by Blood to Look at Tissues from Inside
Infrared, ultraviolet, and visible light are commonly used to visualize tissues in a variety of ways, but the light is typically not coherent, poorly focused, and not very bright. Researchers at the University of Michigan have been working on a way of getting blood to act like a laser, revealing medically relevant information from within the body.
September 2, 2016
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A new strategic direction for behavioral and social sciences research at NIH
The Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) at the National Institutes of Health has released a new strategic plan for 2017 through 2021. the plan focuses on scientific priorities, which reflect key research challenges that OBSSR is uniquely positioned to address. Developed with considerable input from internal and external NIH stakeholders, the plan ensures OBSSR continues to fulfill its mission.
November 23, 2016
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A new test can detect your blood type with color-changing paper
It could be crucial in emergency situations and remote areas
March 15, 2017
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A novel concept for a synthetic articular-cartilage-like material
Inspired by the structure of cancellous bone and the nutrition metabolism principles of articular cartilage, a research team in China has utilized friction-induced heat and pressure as a trigger to form and repair an analogue of articular cartilage.
May 11, 2017
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A quantitative study of brain activity using light sheet microscopy
LaVison BioTec, developers of advanced microscopy solutions for the life sciences, report on the latest work of Li Ye, a Post-Doc Research Associate in the Deisseroth Laboratory at Stanford University he applies light sheet microscopy in a program to quantitatively study brain activity in order to better understand the processing of information.
October 5, 2016
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A skin graft for bad burns
To get a head start on healing burn wounds, biomedical engineers at Michigan Technological University turn to the body's natural network. they combine engineered stem cell sheets with split thickness skin grafts to do so.
October 28, 2016
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A spoonful of fat makes the medicine go down
For years scientists and dieticians have argued over the health benefits of dietary fat. Research published this week, however, shows that piggybacking onto natural fat absorption pathways can dramatically enhance the utility of some drugs.
August 10, 2016
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AbbVie, Sanofi and Novo Nordisk listed among top 10 companies in 2016 UK Pharma RepTrak rankings
Reputation Institute's RepTrak® identifies the most reputable pharmaceutical companies among the UK general public
June 1, 2016
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Abnormal increase in hippocampal activity impairs memory and attention
Neurons in the brain interact by sending each other chemical messages, so-called neurotransmitters. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the most common inhibitory neurotransmitter, which is important to restrain neural activity, preventing neurons from getting too trigger-happy and from firing too much or responding to irrelevant stimuli.
August 23, 2016
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Acclarent's RELIEVA SCOUT Multi-Sinus Dilation System now Available in U.S.
Acclarent, a J&J firm, is releasing in the U.S. its RELIEVA SCOUT multi-sinus dilation system, a balloon sinuplasty device for widening the sinus openings in people with chronic sinusitis.
July 21, 2016
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Achilles' heel of malaria parasite could be exploited to treat deadly disease
Malaria researchers at the Australian National University have found one of the malaria parasite's best weapons against drug treatments turns out to be an Achilles' heel, which could be exploited to cure the deadly disease.
July 25, 2016
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Acne Gives Up Secret that Points to new Treatments
Bacteria on skin sometimes release fatty acids that trigger inflammation, researchers report
October 28, 2016
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Activation of D2 neurons may help decrease alcohol consumption, research shows
By activating particular neurons, we may be able to influence alcohol drinking behavior, according to new findings published by researchers at the Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine in the journal Biological Psychiatry.
July 7, 2016
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Artificial Hand 'Sees' Objects
Camera allows amputees to reach automatically for objects, as a real hand would, study finds
May 4, 2017
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Added benefit not proven for orphan drug in treatment of adults with stomach cancer
Ramucirumab is a monoclonal antibody, which blocks a receptor, reducing the growth of blood vessels and so reducing blood supply to the tumours. this aims to slow the growth of the tumours. as a so-called orphan drug, i.e. a drug for the treatment of rare diseases, ramucirumab was initially exempt from proof of an added benefit. with several expansions of the therapeutic indication, it has lost this special status.
August 19, 2016
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Addiction silences synapses in reward circuits
In addiction, cues in the environment can form strong associations with the drug of abuse. a new study suggests that alterations in silent synapses, inactive connections between neurons, could be the neural mechanism underlying the formation of these drug-related memories. the alterations were found in the nucleus accumbens, a brain region involved in reward-related learning.
August 02, 2016
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Advanced imaging technique helps predict recovery in concussion patients
Using an advanced imaging technique, researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Health System were able to predict which patients who'd recently suffered concussions were likely to fully recover. the study also sheds light on the brain's mechanisms for repairing or compensating for concussion injuries--information that could speed the development of therapies.
June 10, 2016
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Advanced Instruments launches novel GloCyte System at 68th AACC Annual Scientific Meeting
Advanced Instruments, Inc., a leader in laboratory instrumentation, launches their GloCyte Automated Cell Counter System at the 68th AACC Annual Scientific Meeting & Clinical Lab Expo in Philadelphia, PA July 31-August 4 2016.
July 29, 2016
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Advances in brain research since patient HM: an interview with Dr Jacopo Annese
Jacopo Annese, President and CEO of the Institute for Brain and Society, a non-profit organization dedicated to democratizing neuroscience and making neuroscience tools and knowledge about the brain more available to the public, discusses his work on the Human Brain Library.
August 25, 2016
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Advances in imaging detect blunt cerebrovascular injury more frequently in trauma patients
Study underscores importance of trauma teams reevaluating how they care for patients with head injuries
January 19, 2017
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African ancestry linked to increased kidney disease risk among Hispanic/Latino adults
African ancestry contributes to the risk of chronic kidney disease among some Hispanic/Latino adults, according to a study co-authored by Loyola University Chicago researchers.
October 5, 2016
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After joint replacement surgery, smokers at increased risk of reoperation for infection
For patients undergoing total hip or knee replacement, smoking is associated with an increased risk of infectious (septic) complications requiring repeat surgery, reports a new study.
February 16, 2017
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Air pollution may directly affect biology of upper airways to cause chronic sinus problems
Although human population studies have linked air pollution to chronic inflammation of nasal and sinus tissues, direct biological and molecular evidence for cause and effect has been scant. Now, Johns Hopkins researchers report that experiments in mice continually exposed to dirty air have revealed that direct biological effect.
April 18, 2017
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Alarming levels of industrial pollution particles found in brains of city dwellers
A new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academies of Science claims to have found alarmingly high levels of pollution-derived magnetic nanoparticles in the brains of urban study participants, leading to renewed worry about the effects of smog on billions of people around the world. the study is not the final word on the origin or effects of these particles, and its results probably need to be replicated at a larger scale, but they're serious enough to warrant major attention.
September 7, 2016
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Alcohol consumption at early age linked to increase of psychopathological symptoms
Alcohol consumption onset between eleven and thirteen years old is associated with an increased risk of psychological disorders in the future, according to a study conducted by the Complutense University of Madrid. the most common symptoms of more than 3.000 adolescents who participated in the research were bodily discomfort, hostility and aggression.
October 4, 2016
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Alcohol may change personality less than we think, say researchers
Alcohol consumption may have less effect on personality than people commonly believe, say researchers.
May 16, 2017
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Allergic to Peanuts? Tree Nuts Might Still be Safe
Careful testing can determine whether you need to avoid cashews, walnuts or others, study finds
March 27, 2017
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Altered circadian somatostatin expression linked to bipolar disorder
Results of the first study of its kind to link abnormalities in circadian rhythms to changes in specific neurotransmitters in people with bipolar disorder will be published this week in the journal Biological Psychiatry.
June 1, 2016
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Aluminum cookware made from scrap metal poses serious and unrecognized health risk
Aluminum cookware made from scrap metal in countries around the world poses a serious and previously unrecognized health risk to millions of people according to a new study. the highest levels were found in cookware from Vietnam including one pot that released 2,800 times more lead than California's Maximum Allowable Dose Level (MADL) of 0.5 micrograms per day.
January 23, 2017
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American Nutrition supplements vitamins and herbs
Vitamins herbs and supplements sports and body building
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American Pain Foundation, Inc.
a non-profit consumer information, education, and advocacy organization dedicated to helping people who suffer from pain.
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Americans Are Spending Billions on Plastic Surgery
New report details costs of most popular plastic surgery procedures
April 12, 2017
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Amputee feels texture in real-time with artificial fingertip
An amputee was able to feel smoothness and roughness in real-time with an artificial fingertip that was surgically connected to nerves in his upper arm. Moreover, the nerves of non-amputees can also be stimulated to feel roughness, without the need of surgery, meaning that prosthetic touch for amputees can now be developed and safely tested on intact individuals.
March 8, 2016
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AMSBIO add new range of human endothelial progenitor cells
AMSBIO has expanded its wide and varied catalogue of primary and progenitor cell types and media with a new range of human endothelial progenitor cells (EPC).
October 28, 2016
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AMSBIO offers extensive products to study metabolic pathways in cells
AMSBIO offers an extensive range of proteins, antibodies, assays and kits covering every single target of major cellular metabolic pathways including folate metabolism, pyruvate metabolism (with and without oxygen), citrate metabolism, O2 consumption and toxicity, oxidative stress and fatty acid oxygen measurement.
January 3, 2017
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AMSBIO's immunotherapy range for IDO pathway research
AMSBIO offer a wide range of products for IDO pathway research, including cell lines, assay kits and active proteins to be used in IDO pathway research (IDO1, IDO2 and TDO genes).
May 16, 2017
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Analgesic effects of opioids can be mediated via immune cells
Opioids are the most powerful painkillers. Researchers at the Charite - Universit㳳medizin Berlin have now found that the analgesic effects of opioids are not exclusively mediated by opioid receptors in the brain, but can also be mediated via the activation of receptors in immune cells.
January 17, 2017
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Ancient enzyme protects lungs from common irritant produced by bugs and mold
Chitin-destroying enzymes reduce mortality from inflammatory lung disease in mice, study shows
April 20, 2017
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Animal-assisted therapy can help students combat homesickness, study shows
The expression dog is man's best friend might have more weight in the case of first-year university students suffering from homesickness, according to a new UBC study.
September 8, 2016
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Anthrax capsule vaccine offers protection from deadly anthrax infection in monkeys
Vaccination with the anthrax capsule--a naturally occurring component of the bacterium that causes the disease--completely protected monkeys from lethal anthrax infection, according to a study published online this week in the journal VACCINE. These results indicate that anthrax capsule is a highly effective vaccine component that should be considered for incorporation in future generation anthrax vaccines.
June 27, 2016
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Anti-TNF therapy offers new hope to JDM patients
The results of a UK study presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2016) showed that tumour necrosis factor inhibitor (anti-TNF) treatment is effective at improving both muscle and skin involvement in children with juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). These findings bring new hope to JDM patients who have failed to respond to multiple drug treatments and who, as a result, have a greater risk of painful complications and premature death.
June 13, 2016
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Antibiotic usage, infections may contribute to manic episodes in people with mental disorders
In research using patient medical records, investigators from Johns Hopkins and Sheppard Pratt Health System report that people with serious mental disorders who were hospitalized for mania were more likely to be on antibiotics to treat active infections than a group of people without a mental disorder.
July 20, 2016
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Antidepressant improves drug delivery across the blood-brain barrier, rat study shows
NIH rat study suggests amitriptyline temporarily inhibits the blood-brain barrier, allowing drugs to enter the brain.
April 27, 2017
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Antidepressant may enhance drug delivery to the brain
NIH rat study suggests amitriptyline temporarily inhibits the blood-brain barrier, allowing drugs to enter the brain
April 27, 2017
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Antiepileptic drugs for reducing seizures may induce psychotic disorders, study shows
Today Brain publishes a new study indicating that antiepileptic drugs designed to reduce seizures, may also induce psychotic disorders in some patients.
August 09, 2016
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Antimuscarinic drugs effective in improving OAB symptoms
In a recent study of patients with overactive bladder (OAB), a 30 mg extended release formulation of propiverine hydrochloride was at least as effective and safe as a 4 mg extended release formulation of tolterodine tartrate. Both medications are called antimuscarinic drugs that block certain cell receptors, but propiverine differs from other antimuscarinics because of a dual mode of action.
May 26, 2016
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Anxious? Distressed? You're not Alone
And about 1 in 10 Americans who need mental health care don't have the insurance coverage, study finds
April 17, 2017
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Aphasia may not solely be a language issue as traditionally believed, study shows
Aphasia, a language disorder commonly diagnosed in stroke patients, may not be solely a language issue as traditionally believed, according to a Penn State study.
March 30, 2017
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Apple acquires Beddit, a sleep tracking company, in health pursuit
In its pursuit to accommodate everything health, Apple has decided to acquire the sleep tracking hardware and software company, Beddit. Anyone who currently owns a Beddit product or uses its software needn't worry as the product and services support that are currently provided will be maintained for the foreseeable future.
May 10, 2017
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Apple acquires sleep monitoring company Beddit
Beddit, the company which makes sleep monitoring hardware and an accompanying app, was recently acquired by Apple. While Apple hasn't addressed this acquisition in any way, Beddit's privacy policy, last revised on May 8, 2017, says that Beddit has been acquired by Apple.
May 10, 2017
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Apple buys Beddit, a sleep-tracking company with existing Apple watch app
Could the Apple watch track your Zs soon?
May 10, 2017
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Apple will push for organ donor registration in iOS 10
Users will be able to become donors 'with just a few taps'
July 5, 2016
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Ardelyx initiates two clinical trials to evaluate new treatment for hyperkalemia
Ardelyx, Inc., a clinical-stage company focused on enhancing the treatment of patients with gastrointestinal and cardiorenal diseases, today announced the initiation of a Phase 3 clinical trial and an onset-of-action clinical trial evaluating RDX7675 in patients with hyperkalemia, a potentially life-threatening condition common in patients with cardiorenal disease.
January 3, 2017
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Area of brain linked to bipolar disorder pinpointed
A volume decrease in specific parts of the brain's hippocampus -- long identified as a hub of mood and memory processing -- was linked to bipolar disorder in a new study.
January 24, 2017
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Armpit lumps: Causes, diagnosis, and treatment
Armpit lumps are very common and are normally caused by a swollen lymph node or gland under the armpit. However, there are many other causes for armpit lumps, some of which may require treatment.
April 21, 2017
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Array of nanoscale sensors can sniff and diagnose several types of diseases
Before modern medical lab techniques became available, doctors diagnosed some diseases by smelling a patient's breath. Scientists have been working for years to develop analytical instruments that can mimic this sniff-and-diagnose ability. Now, researchers report in the journal ACS Nano that they have identified a unique "breathprint" for each disease. Using this information, they have designed a device that screens breath samples to classify and diagnose several types of diseases.
December 21, 2016
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Artificial Fingertip Allows Man to Regain Feeling In His Phantom Hand
A man missing an arm has been able to feel the sensation of touch in his phantom hand thanks to a newly developed artificial fingertip from Ecole polytechnique federale de Lausanne, Switzerland and Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Italy. the device interfaces with electrodes implanted into the remaining arm, not far above the stump.
March 8, 2016
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Artificial limbs are becoming more like wearable robots
The carbon fibre legs or "blades" used by lower limb amputee runners have arguably become one of the most iconic symbols of the Paralympic Games. Although different lower-limb sports prostheses are used for running, jumping and other activities, they share a single common aim: they are designed to help Paralympians run faster, jump higher or further than other competitors. Form follows function.
September 12, 2016
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Artificial touch with finger prosthesis reveals how neurons cooperate inside healthy brain
In a collaboration between Swedish and Italian researchers, the aim was to analyse how the brain interprets information from a virtual experience of touch, created by a finger prosthesis with artificial sensation. the result was - completely unexpectedly - a new method for measuring brain health.
April 5, 2017
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Assisted dying for psychiatric conditions could put vulnerable people at risk
Offering medical assistance in dying to people in Canada on the basis of psychiatric illnesses could put vulnerable people at risk, argues a commentary in CMAJ.
June 22, 2016
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ATA releases new guidelines for diagnosis, treatment of thyroid disease during pregnancy and postpartum
New evidence-based recommendations from the American Thyroid Association (ATA) provide guidance to clinicians in diagnosing and managing thyroid disease during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Pregnancy has a profound effect on thyroid gland function, and thyroid disease is common in pregnancy. the 97 recommendations presented in the new Guidelines help define current best practices for thyroid function testing, iodine nutrition, pregnancy complications, and treatment of thyroid disease during pregnancy and lactation.
January 6, 2017
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Athletes' anxiety over illness symptoms could increase injury risk
The anxiety experienced by elite athletes over illness symptoms is linked to the risk of being injured during competition and should be taken seriously, according to a study carried out at the IAAF World Championships in Athletics 2015. the way in which the symptoms progress and the nature of the sporting activity also influence the risk of injury.
March 1, 2017
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Autonomic nervous system plays role in promoting memory consolidation during sleep
A team of sleep researchers at the University of California, Riverside, led by psychology professor Sara C. Mednick, has found that the autonomic nervous system, which is responsible for control of bodily functions not consciously directed (such as breathing, heartbeat, and digestive processes) plays a role in promoting memory consolidation - the process of converting information from short-term to long-term memory - during sleep.
June 15, 2016
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Australian survey reveals cannabis use in people with epilepsy to manage seizures
People with epilepsy resort to cannabis products when antiepileptic drug side-effects are intolerable and epilepsy uncontrolled.
March 9, 2017
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Avoiding spiritual struggles and existential questions is linked with poorer mental health
Fear of confronting the tensions and conflicts brought on by existential concerns–the "big questions" of life–is linked with poorer mental health, including higher levels of depression, anxiety and difficulty regulating emotions, according to a new study.
December 5, 2016
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AXT makes magnetic particle imaging technology available to researchers in Australia
AXT is proud to be able to bring another cutting-edge technology to Australia that will help our medical researchers accelerate the rate at which they bring new cures, remedies and therapies to clinical realities. In this case, AXT have partnered with Magnetic Insight to make
December 21, 2016
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Ayurvedic treatment for psoriasis: Options, remedies, and evidence
Ayurveda is an ancient medical practice that people sometimes use to try to help their psoriasis. It involves incorporating a special diet, herbal compounds, and additional supportive medical practices.
April 14, 2017
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Misc. - B

B lymphocytes can influence psoriasis by regulating cytokine IL-10
"A pathological and very complex autoimmune reaction of the skin": this is the definition doctors and scientists use to describe psoriasis, a disease that affects one to three percent of the population. It is characterised by accelerated cell division in the upper dermal layers with proliferated skin cells and an inflammation of the skin beneath. Many different cells are involved in the complex processes: skin cells (keratinocytes) and cells of the immune system, among others T lymphocytes, macrophages, mast cells and others.
June 8, 2016
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Bare bones: Making bones transparent
Ten years ago, the bones currently in your body did not actually exist. Like skin, bone is constantly renewing itself, shedding old tissue and growing it anew from stem cells in the bone marrow. Now, a new technique developed at Caltech can render intact bones transparent, allowing researchers to observe these stem cells within their environment. the method is a breakthrough for testing new drugs to combat diseases like osteoporosis.
April 26, 2017
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Barium swallow: what to expect and side effects
A barium swallow is a type of test used to look inside the esophagus, or food pipe. a doctor might recommend this test if they need to look at the outline of any part of a person's digestive system.
April 27, 2017
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Battery you can swallow could enable future ingestible medical devices (w/video)
Non-toxic, edible batteries could one day power ingestible devices for diagnosing and treating disease. One team reports new progress toward that goal with their batteries made with melanin pigments, naturally found in the skin, hair and eyes.
August 23, 2016
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Bayer unveils Aleve Direct Therapy TENS back Pain Relief System
Bayer is releasing a new consumer TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation) system marketed using a familiar name, Aleve Direct Therapy. Designed specifically to help treat back pain, it sticks to the skin using double-sided gel pads and is operated via an accompanying wireless remote control.
July 18, 2016
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BBI Solutions launches new range of antibodies for Galectin-3 biomarker
BBI Solutions (BBI) has announced the launch of a range of antibodies for the biomarker Galectin-3. the antibodies complement BBI's Galectin-3 antigen, which was also launched earlier this year. Available to sample now, these antibodies are highly sensitive with low cross-reactivity.
October 5, 2016
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Beagle Freedom Project to award $250,000 in grants to replace animals in experiments
Beagle Freedom Project, a national nonprofit based in Los Angeles, is continuing its mission to further reduce and replace animals in cruel experiences, because it believes that medical research can no longer rely on the use of these animals in controversial experiments.
July 12, 2016
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Behavioral activation as effective as CBT? An interview with Professor David Richards
What is behavioral activation (BA) treatment and how does it differ from cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)?
October 10, 2016
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Best medications to treat overactive bladder
Overactive bladder is a condition that relates to storage of urine in the bladder. In this condition the muscle in the bladder wall may be unstable, which can cause urine leakage.
April 10, 2017
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Best treatments for an overactive bladder
Overactive bladder is a disorder that causes a group of symptoms. the most common symptoms include a sudden, uncontrollable urge to urinate, leaks, and having to go to the bathroom many times during both the day and the night.
April 11, 2017
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BET inhibitor treatment decreases lung inflammation in mice
Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) suffer from chronic respiratory infections, primarily caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which lead to airway inflammation and damage.
July 21, 2016
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Better sleep can lead to better sex
Sleep disturbance is common for many women during menopause, creating an array of adverse health outcomes such as heart disease, hypertension, and depression. a new study shows that sleep problems can also interfere with a woman's level of sexual satisfaction.
February 1, 2017
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Better sleep can make us feel like a million bucks
Sleep deprivation and sleep disorders are dangerous, costly, and impact our health and overall well-being. new research puts forth sleep as a major public health concern, and shows that the effects of a good night's sleep are as beneficial for our happiness and well-being as winning the lottery might be.
March 19, 2017
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Better Sleep Could Mean Better Sex for Older Women
Study found links between too little shuteye and less sexual satisfaction, especially around menopause
February 1, 2017
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Bile acid transporter inhibitors can prevent NASH in mice, study shows
Drugs that interfere with bile acid recycling can prevent several aspects of NASH (nonalcoholic steatohepatitis) in mice fed a high-fat diet, scientists from Emory University School of Medicine and Children's Healthcare of Atlanta have shown.
September 21, 2016
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Biofortuna achieves key milestones in development of new blood group genotyping product family
Biofortuna Ltd, a UK-based diagnostics company offering molecular diagnostic products and contract manufacturing services, has successfully achieved key milestones in the development of its new blood group genotyping product family -- ReadyPlex™. this breakthrough has released the second tranche of its 2015 funding -- totalling £1.5m -- which will be used for final development and commercialisation of this innovative product line.
October 5, 2016
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Bioinformatics Consulting
provides scientific consulting, software development, data processing and computing support services for molecular biologists and biotechnology companies.
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Biological basis of 'atypical' chronic fatigue syndrome revealed
Chronic fatigue syndrome is a debilitating disorder characterized by severe fatigue that lasts for more than 6 months. the condition is also accompanied by a range of symptoms, from muscle pain and headaches to cognitive dysfunction. the illness can sometimes be difficult to diagnose, and its cause is not yet known. However, new research finds the biological basis for two subgroups of chronic fatigue syndrome, which may in the future help clinicians to diagnose the disease and treat it more effectively.
April 4, 2017
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Biologists elucidate function of Pentagone protein in fruit fly
How do the cells in a human embryo know where they are located in the body and how they should develop? Why do certain cells form a finger while others do not? Freiburg biologists have explained the mechanisms that control these steps by showing why veins form at particular points in the wing of a fruit fly.
June 29, 2016
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Biologists develop new, faster method to calculate protein interactions
Biologists and mathematicians from MIPT, Stony Brook University and other scientific research centres have taught a computer to predict the structure of protein complexes in a cell 10 times faster than before.
July 19, 2016
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Biomarker in blood may help predict recovery time for sports concussions
Researchers at the National Institutes of Health found that the blood protein tau could be an important new clinical biomarker to better identify athletes who need more recovery time before safely returning to play after a sports-related concussion. the study, supported by the National Institute of Nursing Research with additional funding from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, published online in the Jan. 6, 2017 issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
January 6, 2017
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Biomedical scientist develops new way to create micro muscles for testing muscle efficiency
A biomedical research scientist is taking the lead in the creation of muscle cells and micro muscles to test muscle efficiency in the laboratory - and he is able to carry out this new and innovative work thanks to the support he has received to get him back into science after a career break.
November 30, 2016
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Biomimetic Artificial Skin Layer with Significant Temperature Sensitivity
Researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology have developed a material that can sense changes in temperature with more sensitivity than human skin. the team discovered that flexible films made from pectin demonstrate an electrical response, caused by the release of calcium ions, following very small changes in temperature. Increased temperature causes the pectin molecules to "unzip", allowing the release and movement of calcium ions.
February 3, 2017
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BioTek receives U.S. patent for BioStack 4 Microplate Stacker's unique technology
The BioStack™ 4 Microplate Stacker from BioTek Instruments has been granted U.S. patent 9,366,686 for its unique technology associated with automatic microplate de-lidding and re-lidding, which is especially useful in cell-based assay workflows.
June 16, 2016
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Bipolar Diagnosis May Take Up to 6 Years
Researcher calls delay a 'lost opportunity' for treatment
July 25, 2016
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Bipolar disorder: new method predicts who will respond to lithium therapy
For roughly one-third of people diagnosed with bipolar disorder, lithium is a miracle drug, effectively treating both their mania and depression. now a new develop tool has been developed to gauge success of preferred treatment for bipolar disorder.
March 19, 2017
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Black men with high degree of West African genetic ancestry have less central adiposity
Among black men, those with more genetic variants descended from West Africa may have a relatively lower risk of being overweight, obese and diabetic, according to a new study out of the University of Alabama at Birmingham and University of Arizona. Obesity affects women and men of every ethnic group in the United States with strong gender and racial disparities.
June 2, 2016
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Bladder infection: Causes, treatments, and remedies
A bladder infection is a bacterial infection of the bladder. It is also sometimes known as a urinary tract infection because the urinary tract includes the bladder, urethra, ureters, and kidneys.
March 9, 2017
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Blood Banks Face Shortages, new Screening Rules
Rare complication of transfusions has led to beefed-up testing requirements
December 23, 2016
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Blood flow to the brain increased by 600% during evolution, research reveals
In a new research collaboration between the University of Witwatersrand and the University of Adelaide, previously held views on the evolutionary development of the human brain are being challenged. the findings of their studies, published today in the Royal Society Open Science, unseats previous theories that the progression of human intelligence is simply related to the increase in size of the brain.
August 31, 2016
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Blood Pressure-Lowering Diet May Help Treat Gout
DASH eating plan brings blood pressure down, and seems to relieve inflammatory joint problem
August 15, 2016
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Blood Test May Someday Diagnose Concussion
Small study suggests markers in the blood might spot when brain injury has occurred
November 11, 2016
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Blood-brain barrier on a chip sheds new light on 'silent killer'
The blood-brain barrier is a network of specialized cells that surrounds the arteries and veins within the brain. It forms a unique gateway that both provides brain cells with the nutrients they require and protects them from potentially harmful compounds.
December 6, 2016
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Blood-Monitoring Disposable Smart Patch Delivers Blood Thinners On-Demand
Thrombosis, the occlusion of vasculature by blood clots, is a precursor to debilitating conditions including stroke, pulmonary embolism, and heart attack. Blood thinners such as heparin or Coumadin are used to treat thrombosis, but necessitate ongoing blood tests for precise drug dosing.
November 30, 2016
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Body Acceptance Rises for Women
But study finds men a bit concerned about their muscle size
August 05, 2016
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Body dysmorphic disorder may be 'under-diagnosed" by cosmetic professionals, study suggests
Plastic surgeons and other cosmetic professionals are familiar with the challenges posed by patients with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) seeking cosmetic procedures, reports a survey study in the February issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).
February 7, 2017
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Bold steps needed to protect global standing of UK science, says Lords report
Bold steps are needed to ensure UK science has a prominent place in the global economy after Brexit, says a Lords report out today.
December 21, 2016
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Boosting mitochondria transport may facilitate neuronal regeneration
Researchers at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke have discovered that boosting the transport of mitochondria along neuronal axons enhances the ability of mouse nerve cells to repair themselves after injury. the study, "Facilitation of axon regeneration by enhancing mitochondrial transport and rescuing energy deficits," which has been published in the Journal of Cell Biology, suggests potential new strategies to stimulate the regrowth of human neurons damaged by injury or disease.
June 8, 2016
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Botulinum toxins may cause remote effects by moving between neurons
The botulinum toxins are among the deadliest substances on Earth, and two specific toxins – including the popular drug Botox – have multiple uses for treating many neuromuscular conditions, including frown lines, disabling muscle spasms and migraine headaches.
August 05, 2016
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Brain Disease Uncovered in Former Soccer Players
Autopsies show evidence of CTE, the degenerative condition linked to repetitive head trauma
February 15, 2017
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Brain hemorrhage: Causes, symptoms, and treatments
A brain hemorrhage refers to bleeding in the brain. this medical condition is also known as a brain bleed or an intracranial hemorrhage.
April 24, 2017
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Brain plasticity after injury: an interview with Dr Swathi Kiran
What is brain plasticity and why is it important following a brain injury?
November 3, 2016
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Brain rehabilitation via a mobile app? An interview with Keith Cooper
How has brain rehabilitation traditionally been delivered and when did Constant Therapy first begin to develop a mobile app to deliver therapy?
October 5, 2016
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Brain "relay'' also key to holding thoughts in the mind
Thalamus eyed as potential treatment target for schizophrenia's working memory deficits.
May 3, 2017
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Brain Relies on Two Timekeepers for Sleep
Study shows internal clock and hourglass may sometimes be at odds with each other
August 12, 2016
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Brain Scans May Shed Light on Bipolar Suicide Risk
Almost half of those with the disorder attempt suicide and up to 20 percent succeed
January 31, 2017
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Brain sets a unique learning rate for everything we do, by self-adjusting to the environment
Study refutes theory that behavior under uncertainty is optimal
April 19, 2017
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Brain study confirms gene mutation link to psychiatric disorders
Brain scans have revealed how a genetic mutation linked to major psychiatric disorders affects the structure, function and chemistry of the brain. the study offers further clues about how the mutation increases the risk of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depression.
August 15, 2016
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Brain tissue from a petri dish
Stem cell research
April 13, 2017
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Brain-stimulation method provides significant reductions in phantom limb pain
As many as 25,000 people a year worldwide lose limbs from land mine blasts, and a new study, published in the Journal of Pain, shows that transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) administered to the scalp can stimulate the brain and provide significant reductions in phantom limb pain.
August 10, 2016
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Brain-Training May Help Ease Ringing in the Ears
Study found computer-based program seemed to allow people to cope with tinnitus
January 19, 2017
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Brain's internal compass also navigates during imagination
When you try to find your way in a new place, your brain creates a spatial map that represents that environment. Neuroscientists now show that the brain's 'navigation system' is not only active during actual or virtual movement, but also when imagining view directions. this suggests that the brain's spatial navigation system might also be important for cognitive functions such as imagination and memory.
August 30, 2016
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Brain's 'GPS' plays broader role in memory and learning than previously thought
The part of the brain that creates mental maps of one's environment plays a much broader role in memory and learning than was previously thought, according to new research published this week in the journal Nature by researchers at Princeton University.
March 30, 2017
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Brief opioid exposure can cause increase in chronic pain
The dark side of painkillers - their dramatic increase in use and ability to trigger abuse, addiction and thousands of fatal overdoses annually in the United States is in the news virtually every day.
May 31, 2016
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Bumps on the skin: Pictures, causes, and treatments
There are many different causes of bumps that appear on the skin. While many of these underlying causes do not result in serious complications, some cancers are associated with bumps appearing on the skin.
March 27, 2017
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Buprenorphine implants could be effective option to treat adults with opioid dependence
While buprenorphine has long been used to treat adults with opioid dependence, its efficacy can be hindered by lack of adherence to daily, sublingual (beneath the tongue) doses of the medication.
July 19, 2016
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BUSM researcher highlights link between sleep conditions and cognitive impairment in older people
Daytime sleepiness is very common in the elderly with prevalence rates of up to 50 percent. Caused by sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), a disruption of normal breathing during sleep, these cause recurrent awakenings and subsequent excessive daytime sleepiness.
January 31, 2017
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BUSM researchers move one step closer to understanding brain changes linked to PTSD
Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) and the VA Boston Healthcare System are one step closer to understanding the specific nature of brain changes associated with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
January 23, 2017
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Buzzing the vagus nerve just right to fight inflammatory disease
Electrical vagus nerve stimulation can help fight inflammatory diseases like Crohn's or arthritis but can also contribute somewhat to inflammation. Engineers have tweaked the buzz to keep the good effects and minimize those less desirable. Their innovation could be adapted to existing medical devices with relative ease.
January 5, 2017
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Misc. - C

C elegans could be powerful model for understanding how nervous systems produce behaviors
The human brain, the most complex object in the universe, has 86 billion neurons with trillions of yet-unmapped connections. Understanding how it generates behavior is a problem that has beguiled humankind for millennia, and is critical for developing effective therapies for the psychiatric disorders that incur heavy costs on individuals and on society.
December 27, 2016
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Caffeine use may not improve alertness after three nights of restricted sleep
A new study found that after restricting sleep to 5 hours per night, caffeine use no longer improved alertness or performance after three nights.
June 14, 2016
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Calcium triggers virulence switch from acute to chronic lung infections
The bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a life-threatening pathogen in hospitals. About ten percent of all nosocomial infections, in particular pneumonia, are caused by this pathogen. Researchers from the University of Basel in Switzerland, have now discovered that calcium induces the switch from acute to chronic infection. In Nature Microbiology the researchers have also reported why antibiotics are less effective in fighting the pathogen in its chronic state.
October 22, 2016
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Caliber I.D. launches new class of modular confocal microscope that can scan large areas at lightning fast speeds
Caliber I.D. launches the RS-G4, a new class of modular confocal microscope that delivers confocal's expected high resolution and clean contrast while overcoming its limited scan areas.
October 5, 2016
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Caltech researchers discover brain region that judges intensity, ambiguity of facial expressions
Have you ever thought someone was angry at you, but it turned out you were just misreading their facial expression? Caltech researchers have now discovered that one specific region of the brain, called the amygdala, is involved in making these (sometimes inaccurate) judgments about ambiguous or intense emotions. Identifying the amygdala's role in social cognition suggests insights into the neurological mechanisms behind autism and anxiety.
April 25, 2017
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Can dealing with emotional exhaustion enhance happiness?
The process of dealing with emotional exhaustion can sometimes increase happiness. a new study examined when and how dealing with emotional exhaustion can enhance happiness in a work environment. the research was focused on the role of perceived supervisor support -- the workers' view of their manager's level of supportiveness, caring and appreciation for their efforts -- in stimulating ways to cope with exhaustion.
April 12, 2017
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Can essential oils help treat fibromyalgia?
Essential oils are concentrated aromatic liquids that are distilled from plants. they are believed to provide a number of health benefits and ease the symptoms of several medical conditions, including fibromyalgia.
May 8, 2017
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Can I get a tattoo if I have psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a medical condition that causes a person's skin cells to grow rapidly. this results in the buildup of excess skin cells known as "plaques" on the skin.
April 27, 2017
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Can Social Media Leave you Socially Isolated?
More time using apps and sites like Twitter, Instagram, Facebook linked to greater sense of isolation, study suggests
March 6, 2017
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Can Surgery Trigger Rare Muscle Disorder?
Still, the likelihood of developing postoperative Guillain-Barre syndrome remains slight, researchers say
November 23, 2016
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Can technology transform chronic disease management?
Implementing best practice care for patients with chronic diseases is one of the greatest challenges currently facing primary care providers. Although digital health technology is hailed for all its potential, could it improve the ability of primary care and internal medicine specialists to help these patients?
April 24, 2017
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Can type 2 Diabetes be reversed? Strategies, goals, and evidence
Type 2 Diabetes often arises with increased weight and obesity. Because of this, it is possible to reverse type 2 diabetes' effects through weight loss and lifestyle changes.
April 24, 2017
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'Cannibal drug' consumption in adolescence can increase vulnerability to cocaine use during adulthood
Consumption of the synthetic drug MDPV -a powerful psychostimulant known as 'cannibal drug'- in adolescence, can increase vulnerability of cocaine addiction during adulthood, according to a study carried out with laboratory animals and led by the researchers Elena Escubedo, from the Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences and the Institute of Biomedicine of the UB (IBUB) and Olga Valverde, head of the Neurobiology of Behaviour Research Group (GreNeC) of Pompeu Fabra University (UPF).
March 22, 2017
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Canadian researchers use gene therapy to treat patient with Fabry disease
A team of Canadian physicians and researchers is believed to be the first in the world to have used gene therapy to treat a patient with Fabry disease, a rare inherited enzyme deficiency that can damage major organs and shorten lifespan.
February 16, 2017
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Careful counselling from clinicians may help alleviate anxiety in wAMD patients
Highly effective current treatments for vision loss need to be allied with careful counselling to ensure patients maintain good psychological health as well as good vision, new research recommends.
April 11, 2017
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Cast Made of Hollow Tubes Hardens to Make Perfect Fit
Three students from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign are working on a new way to stabilize broken arms so as to avoid the downsides of traditional casts. Plaster and fiberglass casts that are used now don't let air in and out, making the skin below itchy and smelly, and sometimes causing serious infections. the solution that the students are working on involves wrapping the arm in a braid made of hollow silicone tubes, and then pumping something like an epoxy into the braided structure to solidify it into a hard cast.
October 14, 2016
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CATCH program identified as excellent example of evidence-based physical activity intervention
In a paper published today in a special physical activity series of the Lancet, the Coordinated Approach to Child Health (CATCH) program developed by researchers at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) was identified as an excellent example of an evidence-based physical activity intervention that has been successfully scaled up to affect population health.
July 28, 2016
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Causes of baldness, gray hair identified
A study of a rare genetic disease may have yielded a cure for hair graying and baldness, after researchers unintentionally discovered the mechanisms that give rise to the conditions.
May 9, 2017
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CD Laboratory at MedUni Vienna explores new therapeutic approaches to enhance peritoneal dialysis
One of the main functions of the kidneys is to filter metabolic products out of the blood. If the kidneys are no longer able to do this, the blood has to be artificially purified and drained of excess fluid. this is the purpose of dialysis. Around 10% of the current 5,000 or so dialysis patients in Austria use the flexible method of peritoneal dialysis, in which the peritoneal membrane is used as a filter. Peritoneal dialysis allows them to be mobile and independent.
June 24, 2016
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Cell biology: a molecular rivet for long-range force transmission
Researchers have described, for the first time, how plastin, an actin-bundling protein, acts as a molecular rivet, providing global connectivity to the cortex underlying the plasma membrane of embryonic cells to facilitate polarization and cell division.
May 9, 2017
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Cell biology: new molecular details about protein sorting in the cell
The targeted incorporation of proteins into the membrane is a vital process for cell maintenance; these membrane proteins ensure the proper functioning of the cell's metabolism, communication with its environment, and energy supply. Protein-sorting mechanisms ensure that membrane proteins are specifically recognized among thousands of different proteins -- and are sent to the membrane, where they're needed.
January 31, 2017
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Cell migration occurs by intermittent bursts of activity, researchers find
Cell migration is a central process in the development and maintenance of multicellular organisms. Researchers of Aalto University and their research partners have now discovered that this motion occurs by intermittent bursts of activity. It can be described by universal scaling laws similar to the ones observed in other driven systems outside of biology.
September 29, 2016
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Cells may need some reactive forms of oxygen to maintain health
Within our bodies, high levels of reactive forms of oxygen can damage proteins and contribute to diabetic complications and many other diseases. But some studies are showing that these reactive oxygen species (ROS) molecules sometimes can aid in maintaining health--findings now boosted by a surprising discovery from Joslin Diabetes Center researchers.
August 19, 2016
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Centrally assisted collaborative telecare model improves PTSD/depression symptoms in soldiers
Military members who visited a primary care clinic while suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder and depression reported fewer symptoms and better mental health functioning a year after enrolling in a treatment program that included specially trained care managers and telephone therapy options, according to a new study conducted by RTI International, RAND and the Department of Defense Deployment Health Clinical Center.
June 24, 2016
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CFS possesses objectively identifiable chemical signature in men and women, study reveals
Dauer is the German word for persistence or long-lived. It is a type of stasis in the development in some invertebrates that is prompted by harsh environmental conditions. the findings are published online in the August 29 issue of PNAS.
August 29, 2016
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Chagas disease confirmed as 'silent killer' in first large-scale US survey
A study of almost 5,000 Latin American-born residents of Los Angeles County found that 1.24% tested positive for Chagas disease, a parasitic infection that can cause life-threatening heart damage if not treated early. Chagas disease is one of the leading causes of heart failure in Latin America.
April 14, 2017
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Chan Zuckerberg Initiative invests $3B to cure all diseases
The charity led by Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and his wife, Priscilla Chan, throws its weight behind efforts to diagnose, prevent and cure disease.
September 21, 2016
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Checklist program reduced large-scale post-surgery deaths
A voluntary checklist-based program significantly reduced deaths following inpatient surgery in a collaborative group of 14 hospitals in South Carolina. a study shows that 3 years after implementing the program, there was a 22 percent drop in post-surgery deaths, while other hospitals in the state that did not participate in the program showed no reduction.
April 18, 2017
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Chemists develop one-step solution to make precursors for synthesis of drugs
A one-step solution to make nitrogen-laden molecular precursors for the preparation of drugs and other bioactive molecules has been discovered by researchers at Rice University, the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (UTSWMC) and Brigham Young University.
September 13, 2016
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Children and adults show differences in judgments about moral conflict, research finds
Is it better to struggle with moral conflict and ultimately choose to do the right thing or to do the right thing without feeling any turmoil in the first place? new research suggests that your answer may depend on how old you are.
October 5, 2016
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Children with mild eczema unlikely to benefit from antibiotics, study shows
Estimates suggest that 40 percent of eczema flares are treated with topical antibiotics, but findings from a study led by Cardiff University suggest there is no meaningful benefit from the use of either oral or topical antibiotics for milder clinically infected eczema in children.
March 14, 2017
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Cholera incidence in Africa increases during El Niño, study reveals
Cholera cases in East Africa increase by roughly 50,000 during El Niño, the cyclical weather occurrence that profoundly changes global weather patterns, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.
April 11, 2017
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CHOP researchers exploit gene discovery in severe epilepsy to identify precision treatment
An international team of researchers who discovered a new gene disorder that causes severe childhood epilepsy leveraged that finding to reduce seizures in two children. the collaborators' case report reflects the potential of precision medicine--applying basic science knowledge to individualize treatment to a patient's unique genetic profile.
September 20, 2016
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Chromatrap reports benefits of ChIP technology in ground breaking research
Chromatrap reports on 3 further customer papers published in different prestigious peer reviewed journals, which cite how its proprietary solid state Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) technology has enabled ground breaking research.
July 12, 2016
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Chromatrap reports benefits of using ChIP-seq kit for histone methylation applications
Chromatrap® reports on the advantages of using its Chromatin Immunoprecipitation Sequencing (ChIP-seq) assay kits for histone methylation applications.
September 16, 2016
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Chronic cough different than cough from cold, says allergist
There's been a lot of talk about politicians and coughs lately. and we've all seen public figures struggle with it. Sometimes the cough gets so bad the person can't speak. Sometimes it's a symptom of a bigger problem, such as an infection. These public figures no doubt have excellent medical care and the best medical advice, but they continue to have uncontrolled coughing episodes.
September 13, 2016
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Chronic exposure to childhood bullying may have lifelong health effects
Being bullied during childhood might have lifelong health effects related to chronic stress exposure--including an increased risk for heart disease and Diabetes in adulthood, according to a research review in the March/April issue of the Harvard Review of Psychiatry.
March 10, 2017
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Chronic marijuana use can interrupt the brain's natural reward processes
In a paper published in Human Brain Mapping, researchers demonstrated for the first time with functional magnetic resonance imaging that long-term marijuana users had more brain activity in the mesocorticolimbic-reward system when presented with cannabis cues than with natural reward cues.
June 8, 2016
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Chronic pain patients can reduce emotional response to pain through spinal cord stimulation
Researchers at the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center have shown that patients who have chronic pain can reduce their emotional response to the pain through spinal cord stimulation.
March 18, 2016
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Chronic short sleep shuts down programs involved in immune response, study shows
Many people report getting sick when they don't get enough sleep. a new study helps explain why.
January 27, 2017
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Chronic sleep restriction may impair performance in healthy, elite atheletes
A new study found that chronic sleep restriction negatively affects athletic performance.
June 14, 2016
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Clinical Research Consulting
contract research organization offering monitoring of clinical trials in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and Poland.
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Clinical trial assesses efficacy of experimental treatment in individuals with cervical spinal cord injury
Physicians at Rush University Medical Center became the first in Illinois to inject AST-OPC1 (oligodendrocyte progenitor cells), an experimental treatment, into the damaged cervical spine of a recently paralyzed man as part of a multicenter clinical trial.
September 14, 2016
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Clinical trial to test efficacy of new drug for chronic cough
The National Institute for Health Research has today announced its participation in a clinical trial to test a promising new treatment for chronic cough. If approved, this would be the first new cough drug in 50 years and offer hope to the millions of people living with chronic cough for whom few, if any, effective treatments exist.
June 14, 2016
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Clinical trial to test low-dose heparin treatment for patients with ruptured brain aneurysm
A Louisville patient is the first to be enrolled in a national clinical trial to test a new treatment for patients who have suffered a ruptured brain aneurysm. the trial, based at the University of Louisville under principal investigator Robert F. James, M.D., associate professor in the Department of Neurosurgery at UofL, will include eight other medical centers in the United States.
July 7, 2016
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Clemson researchers focus on improving overall safety of football helmet facemasks
A team of Clemson University researchers and an Upstate businessman believe they can help make football a little safer by creating a facemask that can help reduce the severity of head injuries by increasing overall helmet protection.
December 23, 2016
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Cluster headaches give intense pain but can be treated, says expert
Often called the suicide headache because of the excruciating intensity of the pain, cluster headaches are three times more likely to strike men than women.
November 18, 2016
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CoaguChek INRange Bluetooth Powered At-Home Coagulation Monitor Released in Europe
Roche is releasing in Europe its CoaguChek INRange wireless coagulation system that performs PT/INR tests for people on anticoagulants such as Vitamin K Antagonist therapy. the test can be performed within about a minute by the patients themselves, similar to how blood glucose levels are checked. this can help clinicians manage patients without requiring frequent visits to the lab, the results of which can take up to three days. Because Bluetooth connectivity is built into the CoaguChek INRange, patients can automatically share results with the medical staff back at the clinic overseeing their care.
June 2, 2016
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Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press publishes new book on key aspects of ciliary biology
Nearly every cell in the human body has one or more protrusive structures called cilia or flagella. These power cell movement and fluid flow, sense the extracellular environment, coordinate cell signaling, and establish left-right asymmetry during development. Mutations in genes that encode cilia can lead to disorders known as ciliopathies.
December 6, 2016
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College students take more time to recover from concussion, study shows
A new study, presented this week at the Association of Academic Physiatrists Annual Meeting in Las Vegas, Nevada, shows college students take significantly more time to recover from a concussion than the general national average of seven to 14 days.
February 6, 2017
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Combination of biologic and phototherapy treatment appears to be safe, effective in treating psoriasis
The review, entitled "Combining biologic and phototherapy treatments for psoriasis: safety, efficacy, and patient acceptability," was carried out by a group of researchers in the USA. they conducted an extensive PubMed search for studies that evaluated the safety and efficacy of the combination of biologic and narrowband ultraviolet B (NBUVB) phototherapy to treat moderate-to-severe psoriasis.
August 10, 2016
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Combination of NSAIDs and gastric protection can lead to inflammation in small intestine
Patients with inflammatory diseases are often prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. they are also often recommended to use a proton pump inhibitor to protect their stomach. In a joint study, clinical pharmacologist Markus Zeitlinger and gastroenterologist Werner Dolak from MedUni Vienna showed that this combination of medication can result in inflammation in the small intestine. However, if an antibiotic (rifaximin) is additionally given, the intestine remains protected.
April 11, 2017
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Common drug for allergies and asthma could prevent fibrosis, reduce need for liver transplants
A drug commonly used for the prevention of allergies and asthma someday could find new use in preventing liver disease and reducing the need for transplants, according to new research published in the October 2016 edition of the scientific journal Hepatology.
October 12, 2016
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Common drugs for treating back pain provide little benefit, research reveals
Commonly used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen, used to treat back pain provide little benefit, but cause side effects, according to new research from the George Institute for Global Health.
February 2, 2017
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Common Painkillers don't Ease back Pain: Study
Patients who took NSAIDs were also 2.5 times more likely to suffer gastrointestinal side effects
February 2, 2017
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Communication training for orthopedic surgery residents seeks to enhance interactions with older adults
A program to improve orthopedic surgery residents' communication skills with older adults is having a positive impact, according to a new study. the program at Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) seeks to enhance third-year residents' interactions with older adults by sensitizing the residents to their needs and dispelling negative misconceptions.
June 28, 2016
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Commonly-prescribed drug for treating weak bone condition linked to increased risk of 'micro-cracks'
A type of drug used to treat weak bones is associated with an increased risk of 'micro-cracks' in bone, according to new research.
March 1, 2017
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Company Delays Launch of Muscular Dystrophy Drug
The U.S. launch of a drug for a rare disorder called Duchenne muscular dystrophy will be paused due to concerns about its price, Marathon Pharmaceuticals told patient advocates this week.
February 14, 2017
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Comprehensive online resource provides grief support to many Canadian users
When Bonnie's husband of 41 years, Ray, died in 2013, she likened the experience to an earthquake. as his wife, she was at its epicentre and her life needed the most rebuilding. Their three children, friends and others grieved, but they experienced the tremors and were less intensely affected.
October 5, 2016
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Computational model of the brain shows what triggers Tourette 'tics'
Tourette syndrome is a neurological disease in which patients make a series of repetitive, involuntary movements and sounds that are commonly referred to as 'tics'. a new study uses a computational model to simulate the neurological basis for the illness, which could help researchers to design new therapies in the future.
March 31, 2017
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Computerized model illuminates need for standardized care in heart, lung transplantations
Using the results from a computerized mathematical model, Johns Hopkins researchers investigated whether they could improve heart and lung transplantation procedures by transferring patients from low-volume to high-volume transplant centers.
September 14, 2016
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Concussion Study Shows Player hits Most Damaging
Running longer before the contact happens also spells more trouble
July 18, 2016
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Concussion Symptoms' Return Normal During Recovery
It's not a setback, pediatric specialist says
August 05, 2016
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Connectome map more than doubles human cortex's known regions
Software automatically detects each area's "fingerprint" in scans -- NIH-funded study
July 20, 2016
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Conservation endocrinology sheds light on a changing world
The endocrine system is the set of glands that release hormones directly to the blood. Through the monitoring of endocrine responses, the field of conservation endocrinology can make contributions to conservation planning and the understanding of species' adaptations.
April 26, 2017
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Contact dermatitis or contact eczema?
Does dermatitis refer to the same condition as eczema and are contact dermatitis and contact eczema the same thing?
December 21, 2016
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Continuous Brain Stimulating Implant Helps Relieve Epileptic Seizures
In what may be a major development for some patients with epilepsy, researchers at Mayo Clinic have shown that continuous electrical stimulation of the brain's cortex can reduce the frequency of seizures, and in some cases their intensity and duration.
September 23, 2016
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Controlled drinking more difficult to achieve than total abstinence from alcohol, study shows
People who are seeking treatment for alcohol dependence and whose goal is to quit drinking entirely are more likely to achieve this goal if they are treated by a care provider who advocates total abstinence. Those who wish to learn to drink in moderation are not as successful, even when they are treated by a care provider who works with controlled consumption. These are the results of a study carried out at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. London Business School, Antai at Shanghai Jiao Tong University and Copenhagen Business School are amongst the holders.
September 14, 2016
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Convenience of buying medicine online does not outweigh risks, says expert
With the rise of on-demand delivery, prescription medicine joins the countless list of items that can be ordered online with the click of a button.
July 29, 2016
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Could artificial intelligence help to combat stress? An interview with Davide Morelli
Stress is actually a bit of a buzzword. the initial definition was "the reaction to changes", which is why you get stressed also when good things happen, hence the distinction between good stress, eustress, and bad stress, distress.
June 23, 2016
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CPAP therapy may help improve nighttime acid reflux symptoms in patients with OSA
A new study suggests that CPAP therapy may help improve the symptoms of nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.
October 3, 2016
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Create perfect bedtime routine in autumn with BetterYou transdermal magnesium, recommends sleep expert
Don't lose sleep over the clocks going back this October, instead prepare your bedtime routine with BetterYou transdermal magnesium says sleep expert.
September 15, 2016
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CRNAs urge patients to learn about risks, benefits of pain relief treatments
The opioid crisis is one of the largest challenges facing today's healthcare professionals and the patients for whom they care. for the National Patient Safety Foundation's Patient Safety Awareness Week, March 12-18, 2017, Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) across the country are urging surgical, obstetric, and chronic pain patients to join with their anesthesia professionals to learn about the risks and benefits of the pain relief options available to them, which may include opioid and non-opioid treatments.
March 8, 2017
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Crowdsourcing effort helps develop mathematical model to forecast scent of molecule
You can anticipate a color before you see it, based solely on the length of light waves. Music can be interpreted from notes on a page without being heard. not so with odor. the only way to tell if something will smell like roses or turpentine, sea breeze or gasoline, is to sniff it.
February 21, 2017
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CUMC researchers uncover new details of intracellular channel that controls skeletal muscle
Using high-resolution electron microscopy, Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) researchers have uncovered new details of the structure and function of an intracellular channel that controls the contraction of skeletal muscle. the findings, published today in Cell, could lead to new treatments for a variety of muscle disorders.
September 22, 2016
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Curasan reveal plan for orthopedic product campaign
Curasan AG, a leading specialist for medical products in the field of orthobiologics, has received the market clearance of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and thus the authorization to market its synthetic bone regeneration material CERASORB Ortho FOAM in the United States.
December 9, 2016
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Cushioned Shoe Inserts Won't Guard Against Injury
But custom-made foot orthotics might help, researchers report
December 13, 2016
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Misc. - D

Daffodils, Margaritas Among Surprise Skin Dangers
There are many hidden hazards that can cause itch or rash, dermatologists warn
March 3, 2017
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Dataiku and Bioserenity team up to develop wearable device for improving epilepsy diagnosis
Dataiku and Bioserenity, two European based companies, have partnered to create a wearable device which is aimed to improve the diagnosis of epilepsy. Dataiku, the maker of predictive analytics software, has created a data analysis application that has been combined with a wearable device developed by Bioserenity. the result monitors patients in real-time to help doctors effectively diagnose epilepsy.
September 2, 2016
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Daytime light exposure could help combat sleep disturbances linked to evening use of electronic devices
The use of smartphones and tablet computers during evening hours has previously been associated with sleep disturbances in humans. a new study from Uppsala University now shows that daytime light exposure may be a promising means to combat sleep disturbances associated with evening use of electronic devices.
August 11, 2016
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Deficiency in important enzyme leads to alcohol dependency
A research group under the leadership of Linkg University Professor Markus Heilig has identified an enzyme whose production is turned off in nerve cells of the frontal lobe when alcohol dependence develops. the deficiency in this enzyme leads to continued use of alcohol despite adverse consequences.
August 30, 2016
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DeKaye Consulting, Inc
specializing in hospital finance, accounts receivable, physician practice, medical records, managed care, and EDI systems management.
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Delaying school start time linked to variety of benefits for teen students
A new position statement from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) asserts that the school day should begin at 8:30 a.m. or later for middle school and high school students.
April 17, 2017
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Dendritic cells develop from specialized progenitors, research shows
Dendritic cells are gatekeepers of Immunity and are crucial for the detection and initiation of Immunity against pathogens and foreign substances. Up to now, dendritic cell subtypes were thought to develop from one common progenitor. Now, in a joint effort, researchers from A*STAR Singapore Immunology Network, LIMES-Institute and cluster of excellence ImmunoSensation from University of Bonn and the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases were able to show with single cell resolution that this important component of the human immune system develops from specialized progenitors.
May 5, 2017
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DeNovix pink spectrophotometer - fluorometer won by Ukraine National Acaedemy of Science
DeNovix Inc., a US based manufacturer of instrumentation for bioresearch, is proud to announce the winner of a Special Edition Pink DS-11 FX+ Spectrophotometer / Fluorometer. the winner, randomly chosen from thousands of eligible entries to the company's drawing, is Dr. Olena Livinska of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine.
April 17, 2017
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Deployed military soldiers three times more likely to suffer non-combat musculoskeletal injuries
Since September 11, 2001, an estimated 60,000 U.S. military service members have been injured in combat during the Afghanistan and Iraq wars. Nearly 45,000 (75 percent) of all combat injuries are caused by improvised explosive devices, also known as IEDs. Approximately two out of five service members with combat injuries (40 percent) have suffered fractures, traumatic amputations, and injuries to the spine.
June 2, 2016
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Desalination can increase prevalence of inadequate iodine intake
Hebrew University study suggests that desalination can dramatically increase the prevalence of inadequate iodine intake.
September 19, 2016
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Despite increasing global legalization of physician-assisted suicide, use remains rare
Despite increasing legalization of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (PAS) worldwide, the practice remains relatively rare and, when carried out, is primarily motivated by psychological factors such as loss of autonomy or enjoyment of life, rather than physical pain. a new comprehensive assessment of data from around the world shows that in areas where they are legal, only 0.3 to 4.6 percent of deaths result from euthanasia or PAS, with more than 70 percent of cases involving patients with cancer. the study also shows that the majority of patients requesting euthanasia or PAS are older, white and well-educated.
July 5, 2016
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Diabetes drug metformin could help reduce toxic acid levels linked to MSUD
Maple Syrup Urine Disease (MSUD) is a rare inherited metabolic disorder involving the dysfunction of an enzyme which breaks down three essential amino acids: leucine, isoleucine and valine. Left untreated, infants die from a toxic buildup of resulting keto-acids within weeks of birth.
July 6, 2016
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Discovery of early biomarkers paves way for new insight into Huntington's disease
Early warning signs of Huntington's disease have been uncovered in a sheep carrying the human HD mutation, leading the way for new insight into this devastating illness, a new study in Scientific Reports has found.
February 22, 2017
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Discovery of vital molecule could lead to better treatment of respiratory conditions
Respiratory conditions could be better targeted and treated, thanks to the discovery of the vital molecule which regulates breathing - according to research by the University of Warwick.
February 1, 2017
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Disney Research Software Turns Photos Into Digital Dental Impressions
Disney is much more than cartoons, toys, and amusement parks. the company runs a high tech research arm that often comes up with unusual and innovative devices and technologies that often have relevance to medical practice. the latest publicly announced project from Disney Research is a 3D reconstruction software that uses data gathered from photos or videos of people's teeth to create accurate virtual models of those teeth.
December 9, 2016
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Distracted? Slowing down, not a safe option
Drivers who slow down while using mobile phones have the potential to increase on-road conflicts, a new study warns. Distracted drivers reducing their speed might sound favorable in terms of safety, but it could also lead to other types of crash risk, say investigators.
April 11, 2017
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Disturbances in the body's carbon monoxide metabolism linked to circadian disruption
Chronobiologists from Charite - Universitatsmedizin Berlin have shown that the body's carbon monoxide metabolism is closely linked to the body's circadian (internal) clock. Carbon monoxide, a toxic gas found in exhaust fumes and cigarette smoke, is also an endogenous by-product of the degradation of heme, the hemoglobin cofactor responsible for giving red blood cells their color.
December 6, 2016
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Do 'Early Birds' Get the Healthier Worm?
Late-to-bed types appear to have poorer eating habits, study says
March 3, 2017
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Doctors Try Brain-Training for 'Phantom Limb Pain'
Robotic technology offers insight into the post-amputation phenomenon
October 27, 2016
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Dogs role in detecting disease shown to be supported by the public
An overwhelming majority of the public support the use of trained dogs in the detection of human diseases, a poll commissioned by Medical Detection Dogs has found.
October 11, 2016
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Domos HME Consulting Group
home medical equipment consulting: compliance audits; reimbursement; sales and marketing strategies; and accreditation preparation.
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Dopamine: Far more than just the 'happy hormone'
Dopamine is a so-called messenger substance or neurotransmitter that conveys signals between neurons. It not only controls mental and emotional responses but also motor reactions. Dopamine is particularly known as being the "happy hormone." It is responsible for our experiencing happines.
August 31, 2016
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Dorothea Dix: Redefining mental illness
During the 19th century, mental health disorders were not recognized as treatable conditions. they were perceived as a sign of madness, warranting imprisonment in merciless conditions. One woman set out to change such perceptions: Dorothea Lynde Dix.
May 5, 2017
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Double voiding: a guide to bladder-emptying techniques
Urinary frequency can mean that a person wakes up numerous times a night wanting to go to the restroom. Sometimes they may go only to feel they need to go again just minutes later. These are just some of the problems associated with urinary frequency.
April 3, 2017
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Dr Anjali Mahto explains how to prevent risk of mosquito bites
Nobody likes being bitten by mosquitos whether it's at home or abroad. Consultant Dermatologist & British Skin Foundation spokesperson, Dr Anjali Mahto explains how to deter the summer pests, what to do when bitten and why they are attracted to us in the first place.
June 2, 2016
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Drought May Beckon Bigger West Nile Outbreaks
Dry environment might alter how easily mosquito-borne virus is transmitted, researchers say
February 8, 2017
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Drug for boosting immune system shows promise as potential new treatment for lupus
A drug originally used to boost the immune system is showing promise as a potential new treatment for lupus, Monash University-led research published today shows. Lupus is an autoimmune disease, where the immune system attacks the body's own organs and tissues.
August 09, 2016
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Drug OD Deaths Have Nearly Tripled Since 1999: CDC
Whites, middle-aged adults hardest hit, new report finds
February 24, 2017
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Drug or alcohol problems among veterans may increase risk of suicide, study finds
Veterans who have drug or alcohol problems are more than twice as likely to die by suicide as their comrades, a new study finds. and women veterans with substance use disorders have an even higher rate of suicide -- more than five times that of their peers, the research shows.
March 16, 2017
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Drug shows promise for treating alcoholism
Study finds an anti-inflammatory medication appears to reduce cravings, improve mood
February 1, 2017
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Drug Stelara May Ease Crohn's Disease
Medication is potentially helpful for those who didn't find relief from other treatments, researchers say
November 17, 2016
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Drug to treat alcohol use disorder shows promise among drinkers with high stress
NIH-funded multi-site clinical trial suggests that smokers may also benefit.
September 29, 2016
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Drug-resistant genes spread through environment, not meat products
First study to track antibiotic resistance in beef production suggests researchers and policy-makers need to switch focus to combat drug-resistant bugs
March 8, 2016
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Duke Health-led researchers identify new information about signaling mechanism of cells
Duke Health-led researchers have discovered new information about the signaling mechanism of cells that could one day help guide development of more specific drug therapies.
August 04, 2016
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Duke researchers link specific differences in brain structure to multiple forms of mental disorder
A Duke University study is the first to link specific differences in brain structure to what is common across many types of mental illness.
April 11, 2017
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Duke researchers modify popular drug-delivery technology to evade immune responses
Biomedical engineers at Duke University have reconfigured a popular drug-delivery technology to evade immune responses that have halted some clinical trials.
December 1, 2016
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Duke scientists discover new small-molecule drugs to treat chronic pain
A research team at Duke University has discovered a potential new class of small-molecule drugs that simultaneously block two sought-after targets in the treatment of pain.
June 1, 2016
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DZNE scientists find new mechanism that allows damaged neurons to regenerate
Releasing molecular brake allowed damaged neurons to regenerate
October 7, 2016
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Misc. - E

E-LyteSport
Sports Nutrition for Serious Athletes. the ultimate sport drink!
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Early initiation of prophylaxis linked to lower rates of PE and DVT in patients with severe brain injuries
People who sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at high risk for developing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). PE is a leading cause of death in these patients. But blood-thinning medications started within 72 hours of hospital arrival have a significant protective effect against these conditions in patients with severe TBI, and do not increase risk of bleeding complications or death, according to study results published online as an "article in press" on the Journal of the American College of Surgeons website in advance of print publication.
July 21, 2016
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Early screening spots emergency workers at greater risk of mental illness
Study offers new direction for preventative interventions to increase mental resilience to stress and trauma
June 28, 2016
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Early-life stress may lead to functional dyspepsia in adulthood
Traumatic events early in life can increase levels of norepinephrine–the primary hormone responsible for preparing the body to react to stressful situations–in the gut, increasing the risk of developing chronic indigestion and anxiety during adulthood, a new study in American Journal of Physiology–Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology reports.
May 27, 2016
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East Earth Trade Winds
Suppliers of Chinese herbs and herbal products, books on Chinese medicine and philosopy, essential oils and much more!
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Eating meat may increase risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a serious condition and a growing concern in Western societies. a recent, large-scale study finds an increase in risk with the consumption of animal protein.
April 21, 2017
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Eculizumab drug provides new hope for kidney failure patients
Surgeons at the University of Illinois Hospital & Health Sciences System have – for the first time – used an orphan drug to prevent rejection of a kidney transplanted from a living donor with a mismatched blood type.
June 7, 2016
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Eczema and your Diet
Up to 6% of adults have atopic dermatitis, a chronic, severe form of eczema that causes skin to become dry, red, itchy, and cracked. If you have it, you're probably eager to find out if changing your diet might help.
June 24, 2016
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Eczema can increase patients' risk of developing several other health conditions
When a patient is diagnosed with eczema, the diagnosis of another medical condition may not be far behind.
July 28, 2016
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Eczema patients treated by drug-producing microbes found on their own skin
Certain friendly bacteria are rare on patients but can still kill Staph aureus.
February 24, 2017
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Eczema's Effects More Than Skin Deep
Itchy skin condition also linked to a number of other ills, skin specialist says
July 29, 2016
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Effect of palliative care-led meetings for families of patients with chronic critical illness
Among families of patients with chronic critical illness, the use of palliative care-led informational and emotional support meetings compared with usual care did not reduce anxiety or depression symptoms, according to a study.
July 5, 2016
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Einstein awarded more than $160 million NIH grant in federal fiscal year 2016
Investigators at Albert Einstein College of Medicine were awarded more than $160 million from the National Institutes of Health in federal fiscal year 2016. the grants provide critical support for major research projects in aging, intellectual and developmental disabilities, diabetes, cancer and infectious diseases. other key areas for which Einstein received federal support include developmental brain research, neuroscience, advanced cellular imaging, cardiac disease and initiatives to reduce health disparities.
December 28, 2016
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Elevated levels of brain protein linked to longer recovery period after concussion
Elevated levels of the brain protein tau following a sport-related concussion are associated with a longer recovery period and delayed return to play for athletes, according to a study published in the January 6, 2017 issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. the findings suggest that tau, which can be measured in the blood, may serve as a marker to help physicians determine an athlete's readiness to return to the game.
January 6, 2017
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Electrical Brain Stimulation May Treat Bulimia
Though preliminary, it found symptoms of eating disorder lessened in first 24 hours after treatment
January 25, 2017
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Electron microscopy reveals how vitamin a enters the cell
Using a new, lightning-fast camera paired with an electron microscope, scientists have captured images of one of the smallest proteins in our cells to be "seen" with a microscope.
August 25, 2016
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Empathy from the sick may be critical to halting disease outbreaks
A little empathy can go a long way toward ending infectious disease outbreaks. That's a conclusion from researchers who used a networked variation of game theory to study how individual behavior during an outbreak of influenza -- or other illness -- affects the progress of the disease, including how rapidly the outbreak dies out.
March 16, 2017
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Employees can increase alcohol consumption to risky levels at time of retirement, study shows
Every tenth employee increases their alcohol consumption to risky levels at the time of retirement from full-time employment. However, the increase seems to be temporary as risky drinking often decreases during the retirement. for most pensioners, alcohol consumption remains below the risk levels before and after retirement. the results of the new Finnish study were published in the esteemed Addiction journal.
March 31, 2017
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Endocrine Society members advocate science-based policies to address danger of EDCs
To protect human health, Endocrine Society members called on the European Commission to adopt science-based policies for regulating endocrine-disrupting chemicals in an opinion piece published today in the Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.
June 14, 2016
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Engineers develop a new noninvasive method to detect infections in prostheses
Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a new non-invasive method to detect infections in prostheses used for amputees, as well as for knee, hip and other joint replacements. the method, which is at the proof of concept stage, consists of a simple imaging technique and an innovative material to coat the prostheses.
December 14, 2016
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Enhanced activation of B cells may contribute to SLE severity in African Americans
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that affects multiple organs. SLE severity is highly variable, and this variability is known to be partially dependent on ancestral background. Notably, African Americans are at a higher risk of developing SLE and suffer from a more severe form of the disease compared with European Americans.
June 16, 2016
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Enzyme that cleaves beta carotene may control testosterone levels
An enzyme that converts the dietary carotenoid beta carotene into vitamin a in the body may also regulate testosterone levels and growth of the prostate, a new study found.
December 6, 2016
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Enzyme treatment may prevent or reduce liver damage caused by excess alcohol consumption
An intestinal enzyme previously shown to keep bacterial toxins from passing from the gastrointestinal system into the bloodstream may be able to prevent or reduce the liver damage caused by excess alcohol consumption.
April 25, 2017
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Enzyme treatment reduces alcohol-induced liver damage in mouse models
An intestinal enzyme previously shown to keep bacterial toxins from passing from the gastrointestinal system into the bloodstream may be able to prevent or reduce the liver damage caused by excess alcohol consumption, investigators report.
April 25, 2017
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Epigenetic changes promote development of fatty liver in mouse and human
Mice with a strong tendency to obesity already exhibit epigenetic changes at six weeks of age, inducing the liver to amplify its production of the enzyme DPP4 and release it into the circulation. Over the long term, this favors the development of a fatty liver. Such changes in DNA methylation are also detectable in humans with fatty liver and suggest a similar causal chain.
January 9, 2017
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Epilepsy drug discovered in fish model shows promise in small pediatric clinical trial
NIH-funded research suggests zebrafish models may be efficient resource for identifying drugs for clinical use.
February 9, 2017
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Epilepsy Foundation launches new campaign to raise awareness of SUDEP among people with epilepsy
Epilepsy.com Publishes new Expert Consensus Report Identifying Four Key Actions to Help Reduce Risk of Seizures
September 16, 2016
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Epilepsy patients more likely to experience increased risk of discrimination than general population
In a recent analysis, people with epilepsy were seven-fold more likely to have reported experiencing discrimination due to health problems than the general population. this risk was greater than other chronic health problems such as diabetes, asthma and migraines.
September 19, 2016
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Epilepsy Treatment: Finding the Right Medication
The goal in treating epilepsy is to control your seizures so you can focus on life again. Over the last two decades, the number of treatment options has grown. Today, your doctor can choose from more than 20 medicines.
June 30, 2016
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Eppendorf to exhibit wide range of solutions to address common laboratory challenges at Lab Innovations 2016
Eppendorf UK will showcase a range of solutions designed to address some of the most common challenges shared by scientists, and technical laboratory personnel at the upcoming Lab Innovations 2016 show, running from the 2nd - 3rd November, at the Birmingham NEC. with the latest state-of-the-art solutions from Eppendorf, researchers and scientists working within the life science industry can simplify, streamline, and potentially eliminate cumbersome lab work, whilst at the same time succeeding in generating reproducible and reliable results.
October 4, 2016
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Ethicon collaborates with Touch Surgery to deliver simulated surgical training for improving patient outcomes
Ethicon, Inc., part of the Johnson & Johnson Medical Devices Companies, announces a strategic collaboration with Touch Surgery to help improve patient outcomes by delivering simulated surgical training based on the safe and efficacious use of Ethicon products in a free mobile app that can reach medical professionals in even remote regions of the world.
August 26, 2016
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ETS provides key tips to be healthy during autumn and winter
Go for paper towels when drying hands to help keep the bugs at bay
October 27, 2016
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European Union may be catching up to the United States in nonmedical prescription drug abuse
There is a high rate of prescription pain reliever abuse in Europe, largely accounted by opioids, according to the first comparative study of prescription drug abuse in the European Union, which was conducted by researchers at RTI International and published in BMC Psychiatry.
August 05, 2016
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Ever-changing moods may be toxic to the brain of bipolar patients
The blood of bipolar patients is toxic to brain cells and affects the connectivity ability of neurons, a new study shows
May 31, 2016
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Evolution of nose shape was guided by climate
In a first-of-its-kind study, a team of researchers from Pennsylvania State University recently gained new insight into the shape of the human nose. the climate that our ancestors evolved in appears to play a role in the width of our noses.
March 17, 2017
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Evolution: the Movie, courtesy of a really big Petri dish
New technique lets researchers visibly trace evolving lineages of bacteria
September 13, 2016
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Exablate Neuro Focused Ultrasound System Effectively Treats Essential Tremor Without Surgery
The new England Journal of Medicine just published a study evaluating InSightec's Exablate Neuro focused ultrasound system for treatment of essential tremor. the system received FDA approval to market the device only last month and the study results make clear why. Essentially, transcranial focused ultrasound thalamotomy was effective in reducing hand tremor at three and stayed reduced compared to a control group a year following treatment.
August 25, 2016
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ExactVu Micro-Ultrasound System for Prostate Imaging and Biopsy Guidance Cleared in Europe
Exact Imaging, a Canadian firm, won the European CE Mark to introduce its ExactVu prostate imaging and biopsy guidance system to the European market. It is a micro-ultrasound system that provides a resolution down to 70 microns, allowing a physician to visualize the prostate in real time and in high detail. the ExactVu relies on a 29 MHz transducer that is placed directly against the prostate to identify suspect lesion that should be sampled in a biopsy and to help guide the biopsy to the target location.
November 30, 2016
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Excessive AhR signaling helps explain dioxin-induced abnormal behavioral alterations in mice
Dioxins are environmental pollutants that stay in the body for long periods of time because they can accumulate in fat tissue. they are mainly by-products of combustion and industrial processes. Long-term exposure to dioxins has been suspected to have a host of toxicities, causing health issues such as cancer and impairment of the immune system and the developing nervous system.
June 15, 2016
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Existing anti-inflammatory drugs may be effective in treating epilepsy
In epileptic patients, seizures lead to an increased level of inflammation-related proteins called chemokines in the brain, and systemic inflammation likely helps trigger and promote the recurrence of seizures, making inflammation a promising new target for anticonvulsant therapy. the latest evidence on one particular chemokine of interest, CCL2, and its potential role in human epilepsy are the focus of an article in DNA and Cell Biology, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.
July 6, 2016
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Exosome research and quality control at Cell Guidance Systems use the ZetaView
Cell Guidance Systems (CellGS) provides innovative life science research tools and services. Their goal is to identify valuable innovations from research groups around the world and develop products that address unmet needs, providing new tools that expand the possibilities of life science research.
July 12, 2016
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Experimental drug targets nucleus of allergen-sensitized cells
Study suggests blocking transcription factor to treat severe lung ailments
April 18, 2017
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Experimental PfSPZ malaria vaccine provides durable protection against multiple strains in NIH clinical trial
An investigational malaria vaccine has protected a small number of healthy U.S. adults from infection with a malaria strain different from that contained in the vaccine, according to a study published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, sponsored and co-conducted the Phase 1 clinical trial.
February 21, 2017
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Experimental technology monitors and maintains drug levels in the body
A new technology can monitor and maintain the level of drug in the bloodstream of animals. If it works in people, it could deliver the optimal dose of life-saving drugs and prevent harmful over- or underdosing.
May 10, 2017
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Expert hopes to dispel myths behind becoming living kidney donor
It is no secret that the United States --in particular, New York -- needs more people to register as living organ donors. According to the National Kidney Foundation, more than 100,000 people in the country are awaiting a kidney transplant.
March 10, 2017
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Experts Question Study Linking Cellphones, Cancer
Rodents exposed to phone radiation actually lived longer than unexposed animals, reviewers point out
May 27, 2016
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Experts recommend several measures to reduce firearm suicide rates in the U.S.
Researchers from Columbia University Medical Center and New York State Psychiatric Institute have found that legislation reducing access to firearms has lowered firearm suicide rates in other countries. this finding is based on evidence from around the world on the relationship between firearm ownership and firearm suicide rates.
July 29, 2016
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Experts update cystic fibrosis guidelines for better diagnosis and personalized treatment
An international research group of 32 experts from nine countries has updated the guidelines for diagnosing the genetic disease cystic fibrosis. the researchers expect that these guidelines will provide better direction for clinicians looking at patients with symptoms of the disease to make a correct diagnosis and recommend personalized treatment.
January 31, 2017
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Experts Warn of Dangerous new Synthetic Drugs
Opioid fentanyl and related street drugs highly lethal, addiction experts say
June 16, 2016
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External stimulation guides brain circuit's early development
A healthy brain has just the right ratio of cells that enhance signals (excitatory neurons) and cells that tone down signals (inhibitory neurons). These two sets of neurons start out looking exactly the same, so what determines their roles?
May 27, 2016
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Misc. - F

Facebook key to identifying thousands with inflammatory back pain
The results of a UK study showed that using Facebook to raise awareness about the symptoms of Inflammatory back Pain (IBP) and the need to seek medical help early may reduce the delay in diagnosis and treatment. the findings suggest that Facebook advertising may be a more effective way of identifying IBP patients earlier than other approaches, including newspaper adverts.
June 10, 2016
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Facebook Royalty Reveal Master Plan to 'Cure all Diseases'
Back in April, Mark Zuckerberg announced to the world that he is, in fact, God, and said he wanted to "[help] to cure all diseases by the end of this century." Today, accompanied by Priscilla Chan, his wife and co-pilot on the God plane, Mark announced a $3 billion plan to cure disease.
September 21, 2016
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Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg and Priscilla Chan pledge $3 billion to cure all diseases
The couple is donating $600 million for a new research facility in San Francisco.
September 21, 2016
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Facebook's next frontier: Brain-computer interfaces
Facebook's tech development team are currently working on a way for users to type with their minds, without the need for an invasive implant. Updating your status with thoughts alone may one day become a reality.
May 10, 2017
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Fatty liver: Diagnosis of advanced fibrosis from stool microbes shows promise
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease affects millions of people in the United States. the condition is often not detected until it is well advanced, and a definitive diagnosis requires an invasive biopsy of the liver. One subtype can lead to severe liver cirrhosis and cancer. Now, promising results from a preliminary study set the stage for a noninvasive test that only requires a stool sample. the test examines the makeup of gut microbes in the stool sample.
May 3, 2017
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FDA Approves Cholera Vaccine for U.S. Travelers
The first vaccine to protect American travelers from cholera has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
June 13, 2016
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FDA approves new drug to treat adults with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Siliq (brodalumab) to treat adults with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. Siliq is administered as an injection.
February 15, 2017
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FDA approves new ExAblate Neuro to treat patients with essential tremor
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved the first focused ultrasound device to treat essential tremor in patients who have not responded to medication. ExAblate Neuro uses magnetic resonance (MR) images taken during the procedure to deliver focused ultrasound to destroy brain tissue in a tiny area thought to be responsible for causing tremors.
July 11, 2016
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FDA approves new topical retinoid gel for OTC treatment of acne
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Differin Gel 0.1% (adapalene), a once-daily topical gel for the over-the-counter (OTC) treatment of acne. Differin Gel 0.1% is approved for use in people 12 years of age and older.
July 8, 2016
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FDA Approves new Treatment for Dust Mite Allergies
Odactra is a year-round treatment for reactions to the tiny bugs that share your home
February 23, 2017
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FDA approves new treatment for wide range of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Emflaza (deflazacort) tablets and oral suspension to treat patients age 5 years and older with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), a rare genetic disorder that causes progressive muscle deterioration and weakness. Emflaza is a corticosteroid that works by decreasing inflammation and reducing the activity of the immune system.
February 9, 2017
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FDA authorizes marketing of new Aera system to treat patients with chronic ETD symptoms
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today permitted marketing of a device that uses a small balloon to treat persistent Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD), a condition in which pressure, pain or clogged or muffled sensations occur in the ear.
September 16, 2016
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FDA OKs Injectable Psoriasis Drug for Tough Cases
But Siliq poses increased risk of suicidal behavior, agency warns
February 16, 2017
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FDA OKs Large Studies of Ecstasy to Treat PTSD
Large-scale Phase 3 clinical trials of the illegal party drug Ecstasy as a treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were approved Tuesday by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
November 30, 2016
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FDA OKs Non-Prescription Use of Acne Drug
Differin Gel 0.1% is first retinoid medication approved for over-the-counter use
July 8, 2016
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FDA: don't Give Kids Meds with Codeine, Tramadol
Agency strengthens warning labels on these medications to address dangers
April 20, 2017
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FDA's OK on trial opens possibility of prescription ecstasy in five years
Researchers get go-ahead after party drug turns lives around in small trials.
November 30, 2016
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Fear of stigma or sanction keeps many doctors from revealing mental health issues, study finds
Even as doctors across America encourage their patients to share concerns about depression, anxiety and other concerns, a new study suggests the doctors may be less likely to seek help for those same concerns about themselves.
September 22, 2016
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Fecal microbiota transplant may be effective treatment option for ulcerative colitis, research suggests
A single transplant of microbes contained in the stool of a healthy donor is a safe and effective way to increase diversity of good bacteria in the guts of patients with ulcerative colitis, according to new research from Weill Cornell Medicine and NewYork-Presbyterian. the findings suggest that fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) might be an effective treatment for the disease, which causes inflammation and ulcers in the digestive tract.
April 27, 2017
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Feds: Drug Company Delayed Cheaper Generics by Flooding the FDA with Paperwork
Given that a brand-name prescription drug stands to lose a significant chunk of its market share once a lower-price generic becomes available, you can understand why a drug company would want to do anything it can to delay the cheaper alternative, even if you disagree with their intentions.
February 7, 2017
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Fentanyl Overdose Deaths Double in a Year
The front line in the epidemic of drug overdoses in the U.S. has shifted from the prescription pad to the street, a new study shows.
December 20, 2016
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Few Seniors Go Online for Health-Care Needs
Hopes have been high that digital technology would improve seniors' health care, but a new study suggests that few older Americans are on board.
August 02, 2016
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Few simple tips to prevent, treat swimmer's ear
For many kids, spending hours in the water this summer can bring on a painful infection of the external ear canal called swimmer's ear.
June 13, 2016
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Fido or Fluffy can bring you a Health Boost
And here are tips to help choose the right pet for you
May 16, 2017
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Finding real rewards in a virtual world
Remembering where a goal is requires the same parts of the brain in virtual reality as it does in the real world, a new study demonstrates. the study showed that mice performed poorly on the virtual test if they lacked Shank2, a protein known to be associated with autism spectrum disorders and intellectual disabilities.
May 1, 2017
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Fingerprint-like pattern that evolves during development provides clues to mental health problems
Like a fingerprint, the connections of the human brain render us distinct from one another. In a study just published in Nature Neuroscience, researchers from the University of Oslo revealed that such a unique, fingerprint-like pattern evolves during development and is sensitive to mental health.
February 22, 2017
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Finnish researchers identify molecular mechanism that controls migration of early macrophages
Leukocytes which arise during the embryonic period regulate iron metabolism and the growth of the mammary gland in adults.
October 17, 2016
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Fiocruz to start phase II clinical trials of novel vaccine for schistosomiasis
The Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz) at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, will start the phase II clinical trials of a vaccine for schistosomiasis, called 'Sm14 Vaccine'. the initiative is one of the health research and development projects prioritized by the World Health Organization (WHO), aiming to ensure the access of populations from developing countries to public health tools based on cutting edge technologies.
August 26, 2016
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First genetic location found for anorexia nervosa
Eating disorders affect millions of people in the United States, and anorexia nervosa is considered to have the highest mortality rate of all psychiatric conditions. for the first time, new research identifies a genetic location that helps to shed more light on the causes of this illness.
May 12, 2017
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First interactive 3D video hologram displays live footage of internal organs
UK scientists are developing an interactive holographic video created from an MRI or CT scan that can display live footage of internal organs in front of a user where features can be rotated, enlarged, and isolated, delivering a breakthrough in medical imaging and education.
January 3, 2017
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First licensed vaccine could reduce burden in regions with high-levels of dengue infection
The first licensed vaccine for the potentially life-threatening dengue virus should only be used in moderate-to high impacted regions, new research has predicted.
November 30, 2016
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First mutations in human life discovered
Archaeological traces of embryonic development seen in adult cells
March 22, 2017
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First national survey reveals high burden of iodine deficiency among Israelis
62% of school-age children and 85% of pregnant women in Israel have low iodine intakes, according to the country's first national iodine survey. Government funding and legislation, and a government-regulated program of salt or food iodization, are essential to reducing the deficiency, which poses a high risk of impaired neurological development.
March 27, 2017
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First study to explore language and LSD since the 1960s: new study shows LSD's effects on language
The consumption of LSD, short for lysergic acid diethylamide, can produce altered states of consciousness. this can lead to a loss of boundaries between the self and the environment, as might occur in certain psychiatric illnesses. now a team of researchers studies how this psychedelic substance works in the brain.
August 18, 2016
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First-ever neuroscience conference to explore ultra-personal approach to brain health
For three days this week, Roanoke, Virginia, is the capital of the precision neuroscience world.
October 7, 2016
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First-in-human study shows positive results for new medicine that could reduce maternal deaths
The Monash University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences (MIPS) today announced positive results from a first-in-human study of a new, inhaled form of a medicine that could significantly reduce maternal deaths around the world. the results open the possibility of a streamlined pathway to registration, meaning that the medicine could be accessible to mothers much sooner than would otherwise be possible.
March 21, 2017
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Five of the best apps to train your brain
It is no secret that as we age, our brain function declines. However, studies have suggested that keeping mentally active - particularly when older - can help to maintain cognitive functioning. Brain training apps are considered a useful aid for mental stimulation, but which one is right for you? we present our pick of five of the best brain training apps around.
March 31, 2017
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Five of the best blogs for stress relief
Feeling stressed? Everyone faces stress from time to time. However, long-term stress can build up and have an adverse impact on health. Taking steps to reduce and cope with stress can prevent these effects. we look at five of the best blogs that help with stress management.
March 28, 2017
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Five ways to better prepare for planned or elective surgery
What's a tried-and-true way to prepare for surgery and anesthesia? by paying close attention to the healthcare professionals who will be delivering your care and providing them with essential information about your health status, history, and habits.
March 31, 2017
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Flame retardant exposure linked to income, BMI and household smoking
A class of flame retardants known as polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been phased out of production in the US out of concern for their potential neurotoxic effects, particularly in young children. But the compounds persist in older furniture, plastics and textiles, and in dust. now a new report examines the factors that help predict which children could be at a higher risk for exposure to these compounds.
December 21, 2016
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Flexible Stick-On Electrode Array Accurately Records Brain Activity for Epilepsy Surgery
Surgical treatment of epilepsy requires accurately identifying where in the brain aberrant electrical signals originate. So far this has been less than ideal and current electrocorticography is only able to point to fairly large volumes of the brain as the source of the unwanted signals. now a scientific collaboration has shown that a new device, called the NeuroGrid, is able to record brain activity from swathes of neurons and individual neurons at the same time.
November 14, 2016
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Flexible, Conductive, Pressure Sensing Electronic Skin
The American Chemical Society is profiling the work of scientists at Stanford who are developing "electronic skin," a material that's both flexible and stretchy while sensing pressure and transmitting electric signals. It may end up being used for prosthetic hands to give amputees the sense of touch.
June 28, 2016
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Fluctuation in intracellular calcium ion concentration impacts brain shape
The first step in shaping the brain is that the neural plate, a sheet-like cell layer, curves to form the neural tube. Assistant Professor Makoto Suzuki of the National Institute for Basic Biology, Professor Naoto Ueno, and their colleagues have shown that during the process of neural tube formation a transient increase in the concentration of calcium ions in cells causes these morphological changes and is essential for neural tube formation.
March 30, 2017
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Food intolerance expert Dr. Gill Hart warns parents over proposed Nestle milk allergy testing
This week Nestle has announced it will develop and market a milk allergy skin patch test for infants, in a bid to boost sales of formula to babies with allergies:
June 2, 2016
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Forget the Epipen–It's Time for An Epi-Pill
A Tablet that Dissolves Under the Tongue Could Replace Expensive Auto-Injectors
October 14, 2016
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Forget Tony Stark's Iron Man -- exosuits of the future will be spandex
It turns out there are better ways to enhance strength than heavy metal armor
January 25, 2017
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Fresh insights into immune cell could signal new approach to treating life-threatening lung condition
Fresh insights into a life-threatening lung condition triggered by blood poisoning could signal a new approach to treating the disease, researchers found.
November 3, 2016
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FSU study finds no evidence that brain games improve cognitive function
Be skeptical of ads declaring you can rev up your brain's performance by challenging it with products from the growing brain-training industry.
April 17, 2017
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Misc. - G

Gambling addicts have poor ability to assess and adapt to high risk situations, fMRI study finds
You've been losing all night, and now another bad hand. So why raise?
April 17, 2017
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Garrick Hyde Consulting
offers benchmarking and consulting services for hospitals and healthcare organizations, with an emphasis in department-level costs, productivity, and skill mix.
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GE Receives FDA Clearance for MAGiC Multi-Contrast MRI Technique
GE Healthcare has received FDA clearance for its revolutionary MAGiC (MAGnetic resonance image Compilation) multi-contrast MRI technique, which allows the user to generate multiple image contrasts in a single scan. with conventional MRI imaging generating these contrasts takes a separate scan lasting several minutes for each type of contrast.
September 29, 2016
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Gene hunters find rare inherited mutations linked to bipolar disorder
Using so-called next-generation genome sequencing, researchers have identified 84 potential inherited gene mutations that may contribute to the most severe forms of bipolar disorder. About 5.6 million Americans are estimated to have bipolar disorder, say the authors of a new report.
June 27, 2016
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Gene therapy may be viable approach for treating CF lung problems
Two new studies from the University of Iowa suggest that gene therapy may be a viable approach for treating or preventing lung disease caused by cystic fibrosis (CF).
September 20, 2016
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Genes and the environment equally affect language-related brain activity
Researchers showed that brain activity in the left frontal area is equally affected by environmental and genetic factors. they also demonstrated that verbal memory is related to language-related brain activity. the findings provide novel insights into how language is influenced by genes and the environment.
December 29, 2016
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Genetic variation may predispose certain Asian-Americans to food addiction
Rice anyone? how about a bowl of ramen noodles? Researchers have found that some Asian-Americans are more likely to hunger for carbohydrates and unhealthy foods than other Asian-Americans -- and the reason appears to be genetic.
June 8, 2016
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Genetics reveal mysteries of hard-to-treat bacterial infection in cystic fibrosis
New research on bacteria that cause major problems for those with cystic fibrosis reveals clues as to how it proliferates for so long in the lungs and offers new ideas for treatments to explore.
March 27, 2017
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Genital Herpes Vaccine Promising in Animal Trials
Two-pronged approach tested on lab monkeys, guinea pigs
January 19, 2017
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Genome engineering-based methods pave way for new treatment of patients with sickle cell disease
A team of physicians and laboratory scientists has taken a key step toward a cure for sickle cell disease, using CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing to fix the mutated gene responsible for the disease in stem cells from the blood of affected patients.
October 12, 2016
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Georgia State study: Social media, Internet can be reliable tools for forecasting disease outbreaks
When epidemiological data are scarce, social media and Internet reports can be reliable tools for forecasting infectious disease outbreaks, according to a study led by an expert in the School of Public Health at Georgia State University.
January 19, 2017
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German scientists design molecular paintbrush technique to control and monitor key intracellular processes
The plasma membrane serves as a major hub for signal cascades to control crucial cellular processes. But it is a fluid medium, which makes the signaling processes difficult to monitor. Now, German scientists have designed a molecular "paintbrush" technique to trigger, control, and also monitor signaling processes. as they write in the journal Angewandte Chemie, their modular system made of light-activatable molecular building blocks can, for example, induce patterned contraction inside living cells.
March 31, 2017
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Get Help for your Hemorrhoids
Five years ago, childbirth brought Loriel Adams of Tampa, FL, a bundle of joy in the form of a baby boy. But it also brought painful hemorrhoids that she's been dealing with ever since.
September 13, 2016
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GHIT Fund invests in phase 3 clinical trial for pediatric formulation of 'snail fever' drug
The Global Health Innovative Technology Fund (GHIT Fund), a unique Japanese public-private partnership formed to battle infectious diseases around the globe, today announced 11 new investments totaling US$23 million that could help deliver a range of new innovative therapies for a host of debilitating conditions.
March 31, 2017
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Global survey reveals 84% of psoriasis patients suffer discrimination, humiliation
Novartis today released new results from the largest global survey to date of people with psoriasis. Findings reveal 84% of people with moderate-to-severe psoriasis suffer discrimination and humiliation, with many being stared at in public (40%) as a result of their medical condition. In addition, the results from more than 8,300 participants show that people with psoriasis have very low treatment expectations of achieving clear skin.
June 29, 2016
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Good and Mad: the Healthy Way to be Angry
You walk in the door after work. Before you can kick off your shoes, you see it hanging there on the wall: a 60-inch TV your partner bought without talking to you first. you explode. a huge argument ensues. you part angry.
September 15, 2016
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Google Brain's neural-net AI dreams up its own encryption strategy
It's fun to write about developments in artificial intelligence like they're harbingers of an impending AIpocalypse. Jokes about our new robot overlords notwithstanding, computers are getting scary smart these days, and it's not always flattering to compare humans with AI. the machines can outperform humans in a lot of important ways: we routinely trust robot surgeons, diagnostic databases, and autopilot chauffeurs with our lives, just to name a few.
October 27, 2016
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Google teams with UK eye hospital on A.I.-based disease diagnosis
Google DeepMind will look deep into the eyes of UK eye hospital patients to provide early warning of sight loss
July 5, 2016
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Google teams with UK eye hospital on AI disease diagnosis
Google DeepMind will look deep into the eyes of UK eye hospital patients to provide early warning of sight loss
July 5, 2016
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Google's DeepMind AI to use 1 million NHS eye scans to spot diseases earlier
Privacy is unlikely to be an issue for this fully anonymised dataset.
July 5, 2016
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Griffith University to collaborate with Olymvax for new vaccine technology that could benefit millions
Griffith University will partner with a Chinese pharmaceutical, Olymvax Biopharmaceuticals Inc. for a new vaccine that could benefit millions.
August 02, 2016
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Ground-breaking research on the side effects of therapy
While many people who suffer from depression and anxiety are helped by seeing a psychologist, others don't get better or actually get worse. Psychological treatment can have negative side effects, like any medicine.
February 7, 2017
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'Groundbreaking' Research offers Dyslexia Clues
Brain scans revealed that those with the reading disorder showed less ability to 'adapt' to sensory information
December 21, 2016
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Groundbreaking research unravels structure of infectious prions that cause mad cow disease
Groundbreaking research from the University of Alberta has identified the structure of the infectious prion protein, the cause of "mad cow disease" or BSE, chronic wasting disease in deer and elk and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans, which has long remained a mystery.
September 8, 2016
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'Groundbreaking' technology enables quadriplegic man to move his limbs
Hundreds of thousands of Americans have a spinal cord injury, and many of those affected are paralyzed from the shoulders down. for these patients, neuroprosthetic technology may offer some hope. a new study showcases a man with quadriplegia who has managed to move his arms and hands using the new technology.
March 28, 2017
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Misc. - H

Hair analysis may help diagnose Cushing Syndrome, NIH researchers report
Small study suggests that high cortisol level in hair may foretell hard-to-diagnose disorder.
February 9, 2017
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Hallucinogens: Future of Mental Health Treatment?
The long, strange trip of research into the benefits of hallucinogenic drugs may be taking another turn.
January 13, 2017
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Hand-held EEG device can quickly assess brain bleeding in head injuries
In a clinical trial conducted among adults in 11 hospitals, researchers have shown that a hand-held EEG device approved in 2016 by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration that is commercially available can quickly and with 97 percent accuracy rule out whether a person with a head injury likely has brain bleeding and needs further evaluation and treatment.
April 5, 2017
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Happiness declining in U.S. due to 'social crisis'
Levels of happiness in the United States are falling, according to results from the World Happiness Report 2017, and it appears to be down to a "social crisis."
March 19, 2017
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Happy music helps recall positive memories
Happy memories spring to mind much faster than sad, scary or peaceful ones. Moreover, if you listen to happy or peaceful music, you recall positive memories, whereas if you listen to emotionally scary or sad music, you recall largely negative memories from your past.
February 28, 2017
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Harnessing Solar Energy to Power Synthetic Skin May Open new Prospects for Prosthetics
A research team from the University of Glasgow has developed a new way of harnessing solar energy to power 'synthetic skin'. this could result in the creation of advanced prosthetic limbs capable of bringing back the sense of touch to amputees.
March 24, 2017
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Harvard researchers develop new portable device that can quickly produce highly aligned nanofibers
Harvard researchers have developed a lightweight, portable nanofiber fabrication device that could one day be used to dress wounds on a battlefield or dress shoppers in customizable fabrics.
March 1, 2017
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HDAC inhibitors may help regulate alcoholism-induced anxiety
Epigenetics is the study of changes in organisms caused by modifying gene expression - by alcohol, for example - rather than alteration of the genetic code itself. Recent evidence suggests that alcohol can inhibit activity of an enzyme called histone deacetylase (HDAC) in the amygdala, a brain region that is crucial for storing memories and regulating fear, anxiety, and other emotions. this presentation will address histone modifications in the rodent amygdala during chronic alcohol exposure and withdrawal.
June 27, 2016
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Heads Up tackling education program helps reduce concussion rates among high school football athletes
Consistently using a tackling education program appears to help lessen youth football concussion severity and occurrence, say researchers presenting their work today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Specialty day in San Diego, CA.
March 19, 2017
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Health Risks Higher for LGBT Community
Researchers suggest stigma contributes to higher rates of drinking, smoking and 'psychological distress'
June 27, 2016
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Healthy adults with small inferior frontal cortex more likely to suffer from anxiety, study finds
Healthy college students who have a relatively small inferior frontal cortex - a brain region behind the temples that helps regulate thoughts and emotions - are more likely than others to suffer from anxiety, a new study finds. they also tend to view neutral or even positive events in a negative light, researchers report.
April 13, 2017
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Healthy Habits you Should Give Yourself Credit For
It's easy to feel overwhelmed by all the changes you want to make in the new year, from eating right to moving more. But if you take a step back and look at your day-to-day actions, you may realize you're already making a lot of healthy choices. While there's always room for improvement, if you can check off these basic habits, you're on the right road to a healthy body and mind.
January 9, 2017
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Heat shock regulator controlled by on/off switch and phosphorylation
Researchers have determined how the master transcriptional regulator of the heat shock response, known as heat shock factor 1 (HSF1), is controlled in yeast. Understanding how HSF1 works, how it is regulated, and how to fine tune it in a cell-type specific way could lead to therapies for cancer and neurodegenerative diseases.
November 14, 2016
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Heavy Drinking May Mean Hefty Health Tab Later
Study suggests alcohol might harm brain, body even if one stops abusing by age 30
November 2, 2016
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Hebrew University announces launch of new Center for conducting research on cannabinoids
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem has announced the launch of a Multidisciplinary Center on Cannabinoid Research. the new Center will serve as one of the world's leading institutes for conducting and coordinating research about cannabinoids, endocannabinoids and medical Cannabis. In addition, it will promote collaboration and disseminate information.
April 5, 2017
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Here is Apple's smart plan for digital health
Apple is going to be good for your health
September 26, 2016
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Heroin Epidemic Expands Its Grip on America
Use of the narcotic grew 5-fold in a decade, helped by scourge of prescription painkiller abuse
March 28, 2017
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Heroin use linked to epigenetic alterations in the brain
The past few years have seen an explosion of heroin abuse and deaths from opiate overdose. But little is known about the molecular underpinnings of heroin addiction. a new study in Biological Psychiatry found that heroin use is associated with excessive histone acetylation, an epigenetic process that regulates gene expression.
March 14, 2017
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High cortisol levels during morning sessions provide more benefits to psychotherapy patients
Patients make more progress toward overcoming anxiety, fears and phobias when their therapy sessions are scheduled in the morning, new research suggests.
October 5, 2016
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High folate intake may increase risk of peripheral neuropathy in older adults with common gene variant
Consuming too much folate (vitamin B9) is associated with increased risk for a nerve-damage disorder in older adults who have a common genetic variant. Although variable by race or ethnic background, an estimated one in six people in the U.S. carry two copies of a genetic variation in TCN2, a gene that codes for a vitamin B12 transport protein. for some of these individuals, the TCN2 variation (referred to as GG) can lead to conditions related to vitamin B12 deficiency even if they consume normal amounts of B12.
October 12, 2016
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High level use of opioids may affect survival of liver transplant recipients, study finds
An analysis of nearly 30,000 patients undergoing liver transplantation in the United States between 2008 and 2014 found elevated death and organ loss rates in the first 5 years after transplantation among recipients with the highest use of opioid pain medications while on the waiting list.
February 23, 2017
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High levels of zinc may lead to kidney stone formation
David Killilea, PhD, a staff scientist at Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute (CHORI) - the research arm of UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital Oakland - co-authored a study into the causes of kidney stones. the study was conducted by the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), in collaboration with the Buck Institute for Research on Aging in Marin County and CHORI. Published in the prestigious scientific journal PLOS ONE, the study revealed that high levels of zinc in the body may contribute to kidney stone formation.
June 28, 2016
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High-tech alternative to brain surgery safe, effective for treatment of essential tremor
A study published today in the prestigious new England Journal of Medicine offers the most in-depth assessment yet of the safety and effectiveness of a high-tech alternative to brain surgery to treat the uncontrollable shaking caused by the most common movement disorder. and the news is very good.
August 25, 2016
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Higher death rate among youth with first episode psychosis
NIH-funded study highlights need for increased early intervention programs.
April 6, 2017
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Higher-income students have an edge when it comes to working memory
Researchers have discovered important differences between lower and higher-income children in their ability to use working memory, a key brain function responsible for everything from remembering a phone number to doing math in your head. Using functional MRI to measure and map the brain activity of a group of middle-schoolers, the researchers physically documented that the lower-income students tested had less working memory capacity than their higher-income peers.
July 20, 2016
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Highly stressful situations for police officers linked to dysregulation of cortisol pattern
For most people, cortisol, the vital hormone that controls stress, increases when they wake up. it's the body's way of preparing us for the day.
February 6, 2017
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Hitchhiking of drugs on incorrect targets can cause adverse side effects
It probably isn't surprising to read that pharmaceutical drugs don't always do what they're supposed to. Adverse side effects are a well-known phenomenon and something many of us will have experienced when taking medicines.
August 26, 2016
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HMC signal could be used to detect diseases and to personalize medication
Common diseases like allergy, Diabetes and other immune diseases have increased dramatically in recent decades. this indicates that the environment may have a more important role than genes in explaining this increase.
June 24, 2016
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Holst Centre Introduces Next Generation Health Patch
Holst Centre introduced their next generation health patch during electronica, an international electronic trade show held Nov. 8-11 in Munich, Germany. Holst Centre is a research and development institution founded by the collaboration between imec and TNO.
November 18, 2016
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Home Care Association of Washington
non-profit association for licensed home health, hospice, and home care agencies. Includes consumer information.
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Horror movie scenes help researchers identify key neural pathway for processing fear
Researchers at the University of California, Irvine have identified a key neural pathway in humans that explains how the brain processes feelings of fear and anxiety, a finding that could help scientists unlock new ways to treat mental health disorders.
February 8, 2017
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How 9 Health Experts Stick to Their Resolutions
if you're gearing up for a new year -- and a "new you" -- in 2017, you're in good company. Even top health experts admit they want to take better care of their bodies and minds. Wondering how they stay on track? You're in luck. we asked nine experts, from doctors to dietitians, how they stay motivated to achieve their new Year's resolutions. Here are their top tips.
January 10, 2017
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How B cell metabolism is controlled: GSK3 acts as a metabolic checkpoint regulator in B cells
New research addresses the lack of knowledge about how B cell metabolism adapts to each of their various environments -- development in the bone marrow, proliferation and hypermutation in the lymph nodes and spleen and circulation in the blood. new findings show that the protein GSK3 acts as a metabolic sensor, or checkpoint, that promotes the survival of circulating B cells while limiting growth and proliferation of B cells in germinal centers.
January 23, 2017
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How Does Daylight Saving Time Affect your Health?
On March 12, most of us (unless you live in Arizona or Hawaii) will set our clocks ahead one hour. Losing an hour of sleep to gain an extra hour of sunlight may seem like a small change, but springing forward interrupts your circadian rhythm -- or your sleep-wake cycle.
March 8, 2017
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How does lack of sleep impair memory formation? Study sheds light
Sleep is known to play a key role in learning and memory formation, but what happens to these important brain functions when we fail to get enough sleep? Researchers from the University of Michigan provide some answers with their new study.
April 10, 2017
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How internal circadian clocks in neurons encode external daily rhythms of excitability
Researchers have identified a key mechanism linking the master molecular clock in the brain to changes in the external firing activity of those circadian clock neurons. It involves the GSK3 kinase enzyme, which is also the target of mood-stabilizing drugs used to treat bipolar disorder.
November 14, 2016
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How proteins reshape cell membranes
Small 'bubbles' frequently form on membranes of cells and are taken up into their interior. the process involves EHD proteins. Scientists have now shed light on how these proteins assemble on the surface of a cell and reshape its membrane.
February 24, 2017
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How Safe is your Tattoo Ink?
Before you get that dolphin tattooed on your ankle or "Mom" on your bicep, be warned: the ink used in tattoos may be harmful -- even years later.
August 26, 2016
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How stable manure protects against allergies
Improved hygiene has largely eliminated infectious diseases from everyday life. There is, however, a downside to this progress: the number of allergies is growing steadily. If the immune system is not kept busy by bacteria, viruses and worms, it sometimes overreacts to harmless things like pollen.
March 8, 2017
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How to improve the appearance of bags under your eyes
Bags under the eyes, known medically as infraorbital edema, are a concern for many people, especially as they age.
April 3, 2017
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How to improve your chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments
Chromatrap® has published a comprehensive Applications Compendium that includes hints and tips to improve your Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) experiments, increase the effectiveness of your ChIP-seq library preparation and brings together its latest application notes in one informative document.
October 27, 2016
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How to manage nocturia: Treating an overactive bladder at night
Simply put, nocturia is too much urination at night. the condition involves regularly waking up in the night to urinate.
April 10, 2017
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How to Stop Feeling Anxious Right Now
While it's normal to get nervous about an important event or life change, about 40 million Americans live with an anxiety disorder, which is more than the occasional worry or fear. Anxiety disorders can range from a generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), which is intense worrying that you can't control, to panic disorder -- sudden episodes of fear, along with heart palpitations, trembling, shaking, or sweating.
March 2, 2017
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How to treat an overactive bladder with natural remedies
Overactive bladder is a condition where the bladder is unable to hold urine normally.
April 24, 2017
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How tumor necrosis factor protects against infection
Tumor necrosis factor, a messenger substance in the immune system, plays an important role in triggering chronic inflammatory diseases. for this reason, TNF inhibitors are a standard form of treatment for patients with rheumatoid arthritis and certain inflammatory bowel diseases. However, TNF also protects against infection, which means that inhibiting it can cause latent infections to resurface. Researchers have now discovered a new mechanism via which TNF protects against intracellular pathogens that cause infection.
July 11, 2016
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How well do vaccines work? new technique offers greater insight
"Synthetic controls" give health researchers a better statistical tool.
February 8, 2017
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Human Brain Project receives 89 million euros from the European Commission
The European Commission and the Human Brain Project Coordinator, the ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, have signed the first Specific Grant Agreement, releasing EUR 89 million in funding retroactively from 1st April 2016 until the end of March 2018.
September 12, 2016
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Human Connectome Project marks its first phase
Brain connectivity gets personal, as an individual's scans predict behavior.
June 8, 2016
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Huntington's disease monkey model embodies full array of symptoms similar to human patients
Transgenic Huntington's disease monkeys display a full spectrum of symptoms resembling the human disease, ranging from motor problems and neurodegeneration to emotional dysregulation and immune system changes, scientists at Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University report.
July 21, 2016
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Hyaluronidase enzyme may be effective treatment option for spasticity caused by neurological injury
A naturally occurring enzyme called hyaluronidase may be an effective alternative treatment for spasticity, or muscle stiffness, a disabling condition in people who have had a stroke or other brain injury.
September 23, 2016
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Misc. - I

IDIBELL researchers reveal role of endoplasmic reticulum in cell death process due to starvation
Researchers from the Cell death group of the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), led by Dr. Cristina Muñoz-Pinedo, have characterized the cell death process due to starvation, in which the endoplasmic reticulum plays a leading role. Their work, chosen as the cover of the latest Molecular and Cellular Biology journal, was carried out within TRAIN-ERs, a European collaborative action that studies diseases associated with this cellular organelle.
May 3, 2017
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iKeyp for Safe At-Home Storage of Sensitive Medications
Thanks to poorly thought-out regulatory changes, Americans are going head over heels for prescription opioids, and so a chronic pain patient's drug cabinet is no longer safe from addicted family members. to help protect the stash, Solo Technology Holdings plans on releasing a smart electronic safe that can also assist in managing patient's daily drug regimen.
August 10, 2016
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ILAE's new epilepsy classification empowers clinicians and patients to make more informed treatment decisions
It has been nearly three decades since experts published a classification system related to epilepsy. Now, the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) provides an update to systems that includes many types of seizures not captured in the older version, allowing clinicians and patients to make more informed decisions concerning treatment. the three companion articles are published today in Epilepsia.
March 10, 2017
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Image-based modeling
A novel tool for realistic simulations of artificial bone cultures
December 29, 2016
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Imaging agent linked to risk of AKI may be less hazardous than previously thought
A new analysis indicates that radiocontrast, which is commonly used during selected imaging tests may be less hazardous than previously thought. the findings, which appear in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN), suggest that imaging studies that might help save or improve lives are being unnecessarily withheld from patients owing to exaggerated fears.
September 29, 2016
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Imaging beyond the diffraction limit with the HyVolution 2 and the Leica TCS SP8 STED ONE
With the Super-Resolution Technology HyVolution 2 and the Leica TCS SP8 STED ONE Nanoscope, Leica Microsystems expands its product portfolio for light microscopy having resolution beyond the diffraction limit.
November 3, 2016
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Imbalanced gut microbiome linked to systemic sclerosis, study suggests
Americans and Norwegians with systemic sclerosis had higher levels of bacteria that can cause inflammation and lower levels of bacteria that are believed to protect against inflammation compared with healthy people.
May 12, 2017
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iMDsoft launches new mobile e-obs solution for early detection of sepsis and AKI
iMDsoft® announced that they will be featuring new and advanced tools for detecting patient deterioration at Patient Safety Congress in Manchester, 5 - 6 July 2016. MetaVision SafeTrack™, their mobile electronic observation solution, offers advanced options for early identification of patients at risk for lethal conditions.
July 5, 2016
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Immune system defect makes Addison's patients prone to respiratory infections
Research led by University of Birmingham scientists has found that people suffering from the adrenal disorder known as Addison's disease suffer from an immune system defect which makes them prone to potentially deadly respiratory infections.
March 1, 2017
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Imperfect bite linked to poor postural and balance control
In recent years there has been increasing medical interest in correcting teeth that do not touch perfectly in order to prevent problems such as jaw pain, gaps between teeth and crowding. Now, a new study carried out by Spanish researchers has concluded that dental occlusion is also related to the control of posture and balance.
September 14, 2016
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Implant Effective at Combating Opioid Dependence
Doctors call it new resource for those addicted to prescription painkillers, heroin
July 19, 2016
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Important element of immune defense against fungal infections discovered
Fungal infections are a serious health risk. they can be harmful especially to patients whose immune system is compromised through illness or chemotherapy. Scientists have discovered an important mechanism in the body's defenses against fungi. the discovery explains, among other things, why people with certain genetic variations are more susceptible to fungal infections.
December 19, 2016
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Improper methylation of cilia protein linked to increased risk of neural tube defects
Research published online in the FASEB Journal shows that the improper methylation of a protein called "Septin2," which regulates the structure of cilia, was associated with an increased risk of having a neural tube defect (NTD) and confirms that cilia are important factors in determining susceptibility of NTDs.
May 11, 2017
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Improve Allergy Warnings on Food Products: Experts
Food allergy warning labels are confusing for consumers and need to be improved, experts say.
December 1, 2016
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Impulsive meth users more likely to have started taking drug at earlier age, study shows
Methamphetamine users who described themselves as impulsive were more likely to have started taking the drug at an earlier age, a study of more than 150 users showed.
October 27, 2016
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In 2017, I've turned basic mental health into a competitive game
Like apparently everyone on the planet, I find it hard to keep up with new Year's resolutions long-term. Psychology tells us that making idealistic plans for the future is easy, but in the present, we're still stuck with the conditions that helped build all the bad habits we're trying to overcome.
January 13, 2017
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Increased alcohol consumption linked to higher risk of rosacea in women
Women who are concerned about the health of their skin may want to think twice the next time they reach for a chardonnay or a Cosmo.
April 20, 2017
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Increasing specific brain fats could be potential strategy for preventing epileptic seizures
Increasing the concentration of specific fats in the brain could suppress epileptic seizures. this is evident from ground-breaking research carried out by the research groups of Professor Patrik Verstreken (VIB-KU Leuven) and Professor Wim Versees (VIB-Vrije Universiteit Brussel). the results of their close collaboration have been published in the leading trade journal Nature Structural & Molecular Biology.
September 23, 2016
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Increasing the minimum wage can improve health
Editorial recommends looking beyond the economic impact of being among the nation's lowest earners
July 12, 2016
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Independent panel of experts develop roadmap for preventing youth suicide
An independent panel convened by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has developed a 10-year roadmap for advancing research to prevent youth suicide. the panel listed 29 recommendations that address three critical issues: improving data systems, enhancing data collection and analysis methods, and strengthening the research and practice community.
October 5, 2016
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Infectious Disease Society of America
The IDSA Education and Research Foundation supports research and education activities that improve patient care and provide information about infectious diseases for the benefit of physicians, scientists, health care professionals and the public.
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Inhibition behavior may help predict binge drinking habits among young adults
While there are a number of studies on alcohol misuse, most of the research has been focused on the adult population. Alcohol is the most widely used drug among young adults between the ages of 18 to 25. Binge drinking -- almost a rite of passage -- peaks during the college years. So this begs the question, "Are there specific characteristics associated with high-level binge drinking habits in college students?"
June 30, 2016
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Injections to treat psoriasis: Types, benefits, and risks
Injections are an option for treating the skin condition known as psoriasis.
April 17, 2017
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Injuries more likely to occur in youth flag football than tackle football, study shows
University of Iowa Health Care researchers report that the results of a study of injury rates in youth football leagues did not show that flag football is safer than tackle football.
February 14, 2017
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Inosine treatment can help restore motor control after cortical injury
Brain tissue can die as the result of stroke, traumatic brain injury, or neurodegenerative disease. When the affected area includes the motor cortex, impairment of the fine motor control of the hand can result. In a new study published in Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, researchers found that inosine, a naturally occurring purine nucleoside that is released by cells in response to metabolic stress, can help to restore motor control after brain injury.
August 03, 2016
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Innovative organ donation program allows living donors to donate kidney in advance
Gift certificate, layaway plan or voucher. Call it what you want, but an innovative organ donation program initiated at UCLA has started to spread to other transplant programs across the United States.
July 11, 2016
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Innovative technology streamlines clinical trial management, improves patient experience
The University of Alabama at Birmingham recently integrated a clinical research management system that allows patient consent, data and documents from multiple sites to automatically flow from the the Enroll® e-Consenting tablet application by Mytrus into the Velos eResearch interface.
July 21, 2016
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Insights on optimal treatment of Paget's disease of bone
In a study of patients with Paget's disease of bone -- a common skeletal disorder that can lead to bone deformity, fractures, osteoarthritis, and bone pain -- long-term intensive bisphosphonate therapy conferred no clinical benefit over giving bisphosphonates only when patients felt bone pain.
February 8, 2017
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Integrating mental and physical healthcare leads to better clinical outcomes, lower costs
A major new study shows that delivering integrated mental and physical healthcare in team-based primary care settings at Intermountain Healthcare results in better clinical outcomes for patients, lower rates of healthcare utilization, and lower costs.
August 29, 2016
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International scientific teams find potential approach against parasites
Research teams from the National Institutes of Health and abroad have identified the first inhibitor of an enzyme long thought to be a potential drug target for fighting disease-causing parasites and bacteria. the teams, led by NIH's National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) and University of Tokyo scientists, sorted through more than 1 trillion small protein fragments called cyclic peptides to uncover two that could shut down the enzyme. the finding, reported April 3, 2017 in Nature Communications, could set the stage for the potential development of new types of antimicrobial drugs.
April 3, 2017
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International study suggests Nodding syndrome caused by response to parasitic protein
NIH-funded study also identifies potential new mechanism for some forms of epilepsy.
February 15, 2017
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Intervention Drug Rehab Association provides dual diagnosis programs to increase recovery rates
Addiction and mental illness are closely related. According to the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, nearly 8.4 million American adults have a mental illness as well as an addiction. However, these men and women are unlikely to receive treatment.
August 11, 2016
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Intestinal flora likely to have effect on person's response to drugs
Intestinal flora has multiple influences on human health, but researchers have revealed that it is also likely to have an effect on the body's response to drugs. Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan strongly suggests that changes in the intestinal flora, caused by antibacterial and antibiotic drugs or individual differences between people, may have an effect on a person's response to drugs including side effects.
August 12, 2016
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Intraductal papilloma: Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
An intraductal papilloma is a non-cancerous growth that occurs within the milk ducts of the breast. It can be a solitary growth (on its own), or multiple.
May 4, 2017
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Intraoperative methadone offers promise to reduce need for pain medications during recovery
"This is a new application for an old pain medication that offers hope for reducing the development of acute pain in the first few days after surgery, as well as chronic postoperative pain and the need for opioid medications following discharge from the hospital," said Glenn S. Murphy, M.D., lead study author and physician anesthesiologist at NorthShore University Health System in Evanston, Illinois.
April 24, 2017
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Investigational biomarker surpasses current gold standard test for identifying brain shunt infections
In a study of children with brain shunts at Children's of Alabama, a University of Alabama at Birmingham investigational biomarker outperformed the current "gold standard" test for detecting bacterial infections in the shunts.
August 30, 2016
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Investigational PfSPZ malaria vaccine demonstrates considerable protection in Malian adults for duration of malaria season
An investigational malaria vaccine given intravenously was well-tolerated and protected a significant proportion of healthy adults against infection with Plasmodium falciparum malaria – the deadliest form of the disease – for the duration of the malaria season, according to new findings published in the February 15th issue of the journal Lancet Infectious Diseases. the study participants live in Mali, Africa, where they are naturally exposed to the parasite.
February 16, 2017
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Iron deficiency: an interview with Dr Thierry Teil
How common is iron deficiency and who does it affect?
November 30, 2016
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Is all that Flossing Really Worth It?
Review of available data finds no good evidence for a benefit, despite dental groups' recommendations
August 02, 2016
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Is It Wise to Take a Steroid for a Sore Throat?
Study seeking antibiotic alternatives found that only one-third of patients improved within 48 hours
April 18, 2017
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Is our social media behavior still influenced by our culture? this is how Finns, Poles and Americans differ
Even though we think ourselves as global citizens, we still differ in terms of how we behave online and what motivates our behavior online. a new study in the field of international marketing reveals that the cultural values and practices are still very much influencing the way consumers use different social media platforms when engaging with their favorite companies.
May 9, 2017
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Is Surgery Always Necessary for Gallstones?
Study found some people with gallstone pancreatitis are OK years later even without gallbladder removal
April 7, 2017
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Is the dark really making me sad?
I ask if she's a winter person: "No, I am not," she replies stiffly. "I like the Sun.'
March 22, 2017
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ISCT announces reasons for opposing current version of REGROW Act on cell therapies
The International Society for Cellular Therapy (ISCT), the global society of clinicians, researchers, regulatory specialists, technologists, and industry partners dedicated to the translation of cellular therapy into safe and effective therapies to improve patients' lives, today announces its reasons for opposition to the current version of the REGROW Act - the US government's legislative efforts to promote faster patient access to effective new cellular therapies.
August 24, 2016
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Isolation of human NP cells may offer way to foster renal regeneration after chronic kidney failure
In a first-of-its-kind look at human kidney development, researchers at the Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles have isolated human nephron progenitor (NP) cells. Their results, published online in the journal Stem Cell Translational Medicine, will help scientists understand how these progenitor cells become renal cells in the developing fetus, and possibly offer a future way to foster renal regeneration after chronic kidney failure or acute injury.
September 12, 2016
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It's all in the math: new tool provides roadmap for cell development
Researchers have created a new tool, based on the principles of topology, to generate a roadmap of the many possible ways in which a stem cell may develop into specialized cells.
May 1, 2017
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It's Mosquito Season: the 411 on Repellents
It's not just about itchy bumps, either -- mosquito bites can make you sick, especially if you're traveling. Think Zika, chikungunya, West Nile, dengue, or even malaria or yellow fever if you're going to some parts of Africa.
May 27, 2016
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IU researchers identify suite of genes that play role in nerve sensitivity
Indiana University researchers have that found a suite of genes in both fruit flies and humans -- including one dubbed "smoke alarm" -- plays a role in nerve sensitivity. the study could help lead to new drug targets in pain management.
June 24, 2016
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Misc. - J

JAK inhibitors may be first effective treatment for people with alopecia areata
Seventy-five percent of patients with moderate to severe alopecia areata–an autoimmune disease that causes patchy, and less frequently, total hair loss–had significant hair regrowth after treatment with ruxolitinib, reported researchers from Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC). by the end of their treatment, average hair regrowth was 92 percent.
September 22, 2016
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JAMA - the Journal of the American Medical Association
To Promote the Science and Art of Medicine and the Betterment of the Public Health.
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Jaw Bone Osteogenesis Following Injection of Gel Containing Bone-Augmenting Agents
The degeneration of alveolar bone is a precursor to tooth loss and an ongoing issue for those who already wear dentures. Efforts to regenerate bone using agents such as recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) have been challenging, since high levels of such growth factors can trigger inflammation and tumorigenesis. Alternatively, a peptide named OP3-4 may inhibit bone degeneration and stimulate bone forming cell differentiation.
August 24, 2016
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Jaw pain: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Jaw and facial pain is a common problem affecting millions of people worldwide. It causes many treatment challenges in the healthcare community when it comes to diagnosis and treatment.
April 27, 2017
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Johns Hopkins researchers discover group of nerve cells in the skin responsible for 'active touch'
Working with genetically engineered mice -- and especially their whiskers -- Johns Hopkins researchers report they have identified a group of nerve cells in the skin responsible for what they call "active touch," a combination of motion and sensory feeling needed to navigate the external world. the discovery of this basic sensory mechanism, described online April 20 in the journal Neuron, advances the search for better "smart" prosthetics for people, ones that provide more natural sensory feedback to the brain during use.
April 21, 2017
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Job satisfaction can impact overall health in people in their early 40s
Job satisfaction in your late 20s and 30s has a link to overall health in your early 40s, according to a new nationwide study.
August 22, 2016
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Jobs with the Highest Suicide Rates
Farmers, fishermen and foresters have more than 5 times the average odds, CDC says
June 30, 2016
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Misc. - K

KAIST researchers fabricate ultrathin, transparent oxide TFTs for wearable display
With the advent of the Internet of Things era, strong demand has grown for wearable and transparent displays that can be applied to various fields such as augmented reality and skin-like thin flexible devices. However, previous flexible transparent displays have posed real challenges to overcome, which are, among others, poor transparency and low electrical performance.
July 29, 2016
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KARMA study confirms resistance to anti-malarial drugs confined to Southeast Asia
The first global mapping of artemisinin resistance (the KARMA study) has definitively confirmed that resistance to the main drug currently used in the treatment of Plasmodium falciparum malaria is for the moment confined to Southeast Asia and has not spread to sub-Saharan Africa. Led by researchers from both the Institut Pasteur in Paris and the Institut Pasteur in Cambodia, KARMA gathers a large consortium of institutions including 13 members of the Institut Pasteur International Network.
June 24, 2016
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Kidney Stone? Try a Roller Coaster Ride
Study supports stories from patients who passed the urinary obstruction while on a thrill ride
September 28, 2016
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KIT researchers use high-resolution microscopy to uncover how scavenger cells repair muscle fibers
Everybody knows the burning sensation in the legs when climbing down a steep slope for a long time. It is caused by microruptures in the cell membrane of our muscle fibers. These holes in the cell envelopes must be closed as soon as possible as otherwise muscle cells will die off.
September 21, 2016
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Misc. - L

Lack of appropriate clothing can affect overall well-being of people with mobility disabilities
There are many important events in a person's life, including weddings, graduations, school dances and job interviews. the clothing industry has long profited from these events and the special clothing they require. However, according to new research from the University of Missouri, approximately 30 million Americans living with mobility challenges and impairments lack the appropriate clothing required for social engagements, work and exercise.
December 5, 2016
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Lancaster researchers look for better ways to let go emotionally-charged digital possessions
Researchers are looking at better ways of helping grieving people let go of emotionally-charged digital content after the death of loved ones or the break-up of relationships.
August 25, 2016
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LARC benefits wider population of potential users than previously thought
Benefits of increased voluntary uptake of LARC may extend to wider populations than previously thought, according to a major study in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
September 21, 2016
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Large national effort shows promise in reducing both catheter use and UTI rates
Right now, about one in five hospital patients has a catheter collecting their urine - and putting them at risk of a painful and potentially dangerous urinary tract infection, or UTI.
June 2, 2016
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LATERA Absorbable Implant Supports Cartilages to Treat Nasal Obstructions
Spirox, a company based in Menlo Park, California, won FDA clearance for its LATERA nasal implant. it's designed to support the upper and lower lateral nasal cartilages in patients suffering from nasal valve collapse that causes obstructions and difficulty breathing. Eventually absorbed by the body after about 18 months, it's expected to restore the natural strength of the nasal cavity.
July 15, 2016
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LCSB researchers identify how the body influences differentiation of progenitor cells
Stem cells are unspecialised cells that can develop into any type of cell in the human body. So far, however, scientists only partially understand how the body controls the fate of these all-rounders, and what factors decide whether a stem cell will differentiate, for example, into a blood, liver or nerve cell.
March 15, 2017
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Leader of materials technology development at Lucideon publishes third book on medical polymers
Lucideon, the materials technology company, is pleased to announce that its Head of Medical Materials, Dr Xiang Zhang, has recently published his third book, Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers.
July 12, 2016
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Lending a hand: Student 3D prints functional, affordable prosthetic
A physics student adapted open source plans for a prosthetic hand to build a highly functional, affordable prosthetic, outlines a new report.
December 9, 2016
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Leading experts in iron deficiency to participate in 3rd European Iron Academy meeting
The 3rd European Iron Academy (EIA) took place on the 12th and 13th September 2016 in Berlin, Germany, and brought together over 450 clinicians with an interest in iron deficiency.
September 16, 2016
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Learning foreign languages can enhance the brain's ability to code information
Scientists from the Higher School of Economics (HSE) together with colleagues from the University of Helsinki have discovered that learning foreign languages enhances the our brain's elasticity and its ability to code information. the more foreign languages we learn, the more effectively our brain reacts and processes the data accumulated in the course of learning.
September 2, 2016
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Learning to downregulate amygdala activity could help gain control of emotional responses
Training the brain to treat itself is a promising therapy for traumatic stress. the training uses an auditory or visual signal that corresponds to the activity of a particular brain region, called neurofeedback, which can guide people to regulate their own brain activity.
September 12, 2016
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Less fear: how LSD affects the brain
LSD reduces activity in the region of the brain related to the handling of negative emotions like fear, research shows. These results could affect the treatment of mental illnesses such as depression or anxiety.
April 4, 2017
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Less is best when treating burn patients with blood transfusions
Reducing by half the typical amount of blood provided through transfusions to burn patients makes no difference in terms of patient outcomes, a new multi-center study led by UC Davis researchers shows.
April 26, 2017
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LGB adults experience higher rates of distress, impaired physical health than heterosexuals
In one of the largest, most representative health surveys conducted to date, lesbian, gay and bisexual adults reported substantially higher rates of severe psychological distress, heavy drinking and smoking, and impaired physical health than did heterosexuals.
June 28, 2016
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Light powers new chemistry for old enzymes
Enzymes are nature's tools for catalyzing life's essential reactions. Though unrivaled in their efficiency and selectivity, enzymes only carry out a narrow range of natural reactions, limiting their usefulness in modern organic synthesis.
December 21, 2016
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Light treatment can help increase anthocyanin production in turfgrasses
Anthocyanins, plant pigments known for their health-promoting properties, are in demand for medicinal and industrial uses. Anthocyanins have become sought-after natural products, but the small number of plants that naturally produce anthocyanins has limited their widespread use. Researchers at the Ohio State University say the results of their recent study (HortScience, September 2106) can help to increase the environmental and economic sustainability of anthocyanin extract production in turfgrasses such as rough bluegrass.
December 28, 2016
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Link between surgery and Guillain-Barre syndrome discovered
Autoimmune disease and cancer may be risk factors
November 23, 2016
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Link between weather, chronic pain is emerging through an innovative national smartphone research project
Preliminary findings from a mass participation study have indicated a link between weather conditions -- specifically rain and lack of sunshine -- and chronic pain.
September 7, 2016
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Liquid crystal technique could be new way to control drug delivery process
Liquid crystals are strange substances, both fish and fowl. they can flow like a liquid, but have the orderly molecular structure of a crystalline solid. and that internal structure can be changed by small cues from outside.
September 13, 2016
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Liver damage caused by low protein diet can be repaired, study finds
Damage caused to the liver by a low protein diet can be repaired, a new study just published in the prestigious journal 'Nutrition' has found.
March 27, 2017
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Liver pain: Symptoms and causes
Liver pain can be felt in the upper part of the abdomen, on the right hand side. It can be a sign of a serious disease, so medical attention may be necessary.
May 3, 2017
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Location of UCL tears can be key to predicting success of non-operative treatment in MLB pitchers
Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries in Major League Baseball (MLB) pitchers are high-impact due to player time lost and the resulting effect on teams and an athlete's career, making treatment decisions an even greater challenge for physicians.
July 7, 2016
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London Consulting
services in forensic anthropology, analysis of human remains from historic and archaeological sites, and biomedical writing and editing for general and technical audiences.
Provides a Service
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Loneliness can make a cold feel worse, say researchers
Having a cold is always an unpleasant experience, but, according to a study published by the American Psychological Association, feeling lonely can make cold symptoms seem even worse.
March 31, 2017
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Long-Term West Nile Deaths: Higher Than Thought?
Texas study estimates mortality rate from the mosquito-borne disease at 13 percent
November 14, 2016
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Losing tropical forest might raise risks of human skin ulcers, deformed bones
Bacteria causing Buruli disease prosper with certain landscape changes
December 6, 2016
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Lots of Red Meat May be Tied to Gut Disorder
Diverticulitis involves tears or blockages in colon and can be very painful
January 10, 2017
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Low oxygen reverses neurodegenerative disease in mice
When the cells' mitochondria do not work properly, the human body can develop a mitochondrial disease. new research paves the way for treating mitochondrial diseases that affect the brain, showing that oxygen deprivation has unexpected therapeutic benefits - at least in mice.
May 9, 2017
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LudusScope Turns Microbiology Into Real Games
At Stanford University microbiologists were worried that their field is not attracting young talent because there's not enough tools and games to play with real microbes. Hoping to overcome this, they developed a smartphone microscopy system, called LudusScope, that can be used to play games with real light sensitive eukaryotes.
October 14, 2016
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LUKE Arm, World's Most Advanced Prosthetic, Finally Being Prescribed to Wounded Warriors
Even though Princess Leia has succumbed to her illness, the LUKE Arm, named after one of her most loyal warriors, is beginning to be distributed to wounded warriors from the U.S. military. Developed by Dean Kamen's DEKA Integrated Solutions Corp. and manufactured by Mobius Bionics, with both companies based in Manchester, new Hampshire, the device is probably the most advanced arm prosthetic ever to be commercialized. Its development was sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
December 28, 2016
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Misc. - M

Machine learning accurately identifies suicidal behavior using person's spoken or written words
Using a person's spoken or written words, new computer tools can identify with great accuracy whether that person is suicidal, mentally ill but not suicidal, or neither.
November 7, 2016
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Machine learning to help physicians
Physicians have long used visual judgment of medical images to determine the course of cancer treatment. a new program package reveals changes in images and facilitates this task using deep learning.
November 14, 2016
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Magnesium may prevent bone fractures
New research - conducted by scientists from the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom and the University of Eastern Finland in Kuopio - suggests that low levels of magnesium may increase the risk of bone fractures and that, conversely, high levels may ward off this cause of disability.
April 13, 2017
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Magnetic resonance technology can improve fatty liver diagnosis
Taking tissue samples from the liver to diagnose fatty liver can be replaced in most cases by a painless magnetic resonance investigation. this is the conclusion of a new study from Linköping University in Sweden, published in the scientific journal Gastroenterology. the authors propose that the current value considered to be a normal amount of fat in the liver should be lowered.
April 5, 2017
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Making brain implants smaller could eliminate scarring, extend life of devices
Many diseases, including Parkinson's disease, can be treated with electrical stimulation from an electrode implanted in the brain. However, the electrodes can produce scarring, which diminishes their effectiveness and can necessitate additional surgeries to replace them.
May 16, 2017
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Making brain implants smaller could prolong their lifespan
Thin fibers could be used to deliver drugs or electrical stimulation, with less damage to the brain
May 16, 2017
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Malaria parasites use complement system to evade human immune response, study finds
The malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum hijacks an immune system process to invade red blood cells, according to a study led by researchers at Penn State College of Medicine. Understanding how malaria invades the cells could lead to a more effective vaccine.
May 26, 2016
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Marijuana and erectile dysfunction: what is the connection?
Erectile dysfunction refers to a man's inability to get and maintain an erection firm enough to have sex.
April 25, 2017
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Marijuana could help treat drug addiction, mental health, study suggests
Using marijuana could help some alcoholics and people addicted to opioids kick their habits, a new study suggests. the research also found some evidence that medical cannabis may help with symptoms of depression, PTSD and social anxiety. However, the review concluded that cannabis use might not be recommended for conditions such as bipolar disorder and psychosis.
November 16, 2016
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Marriage Could Boost Health for Same-Sex Couples
Survey found those who'd exchanged vows were better off physically and mentally than their single peers
April 18, 2017
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Married individuals have lower levels of stress hormone than unmarried, divorced people
Studies have suggested that married people are healthier than those who are single, divorced or widowed. a new Carnegie Mellon University study provides the first biological evidence to explain how marriage impacts health.
February 13, 2017
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Man Feels Sensations in His Paralyzed Hand Through a Robotic Prosthetic
Researchers from University of Pittsburgh and University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), successfully managed to bring back the feeling of sensation to a man severely paralyzed a decade earlier.
October 14, 2016
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Many in U.S. Say 'No' to Scented Rooms, Products
More than half would prefer fragrance-free hotels, workplaces
November 2, 2016
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Many parents support expansion of health education in schools, new survey reveals
Teaching kids about drugs, alcohol and sex appears to be less controversial than ever before with the majority of parents in a new poll saying schools should and do teach these subjects.
September 19, 2016
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Mark Zuckerberg is Funding a Facebook for Human Cells
The billionaire is the first major donor to back the idea of creating an atlas of all human cells.
October 30, 2016
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Mass treatment may help decrease transmission of Taenia solium infection in humans and pigs
The transmission of Taenia solium, a pork tapeworm species that infects humans and causes late-onset seizures and epilepsy, can be stopped on a population-wide level with mass treatments of both pigs and humans, researchers have shown.
June 23, 2016
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Mathematical model helps explain how the brain forms new memories without wiping out old ones
Columbia scientists have developed a new mathematical model that helps to explain how the human brain's biological complexity allows it to lay down new memories without wiping out old ones -- illustrating how the brain maintains the fidelity of memories for years, decades or even a lifetime. this model could help neuroscientists design more targeted studies of memory, and also spur advances in neuromorphic hardware -- powerful computing systems inspired by the human brain.
October 4, 2016
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Maverick Healthcare Consultants
Source of information on evaluating health provider quality and performance.
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Mayo Clinic article provides better understanding on potentially devastating liver disease
An article published today in the new England Journal of Medicine updates the medical community on a potentially devastating liver disease that afflicts approximately 29,000 Americans. Primary sclerosing cholangitis, or PSC, is a condition that damages the ducts that carry digestive bile from the liver to the small intestine. Many individuals affected by this disease eventually require a liver transplant for continued survival.
September 22, 2016
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Mayo Clinic offers new treatment for patients with long-term fecal incontinence
A clinical team on Mayo Clinic's Florida campus is the first to offer four patients with long-term fecal incontinence a new and potentially long-lasting treatment – a small band of interlinked magnetic titanium beads on a titanium string that successfully mimics the function of the anal sphincter.
June 8, 2016
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Mayo launches new High Altitude and Harsh Environments Medical Clinic
Mayo Clinic is seeing patients with concerns about traveling to high altitudes at the recently established High Altitude and Harsh Environments Medical Clinic.
November 18, 2016
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MCSports.com
Shop for the best selection of Fitness Equipment!
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MDI Biological Laboratory receives NIH grant for research on peripheral neuropathy
The MDI Biological Laboratory has announced that it has received a grant of $456,500 over two years from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for the study of peripheral neuropathy.
August 17, 2016
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Measles Complication: More Common Than Thought?
One more reason to get your child vaccinated against the disease, infection experts say
October 28, 2016
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Measuring BTMs could be practical way to identify patient's adherence to osteoporosis medications
Oral bisphosphonates are common first line treatments for osteoporosis. However, approximately half of patients who begin osteoporosis treatment do not follow their prescribed treatment and/or discontinue treatment within a year. Identifying low adherence to medication - a problem commonly seen with many chronic diseases - is a critical issue as it jeopardizes the efficacy of treatment, leaving osteoporosis patients unprotected against fractures.
January 30, 2017
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Medgadget Reviews the Sleepace Nox Sleep System
Last year, Shenzhen-based Sleepace let us test drive their RestOn smart sleep monitor to gauge the quality of our sleep. Aside from a few design quirks and a single major bug (which has since been fixed), we thought the accuracy, features, as well as personalized advice and action plans in the RestOn made it a cool device.
July 6, 2016
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Media coverage details snakebite victim circumstances better than quantitative data
The majority of snakebites are often perceived as being "illegitimate," meaning they're a result of intentional human contact such as handling a snake in captivity or attempting to kill or move a wild snake; however, little data exists regarding how snakebite victims come in contact with these venomous predators. a new study in Wilderness & Environmental Medicine analyzed media reports of snakebites in the United States. Investigators found that media coverage detailed victim circumstances better than current quantitative data, and that the majority of snakebites may actually be "legitimate," meaning they occur by surprise, without intentional contact, in a natural setting.
June 24, 2016
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Media-awareness campaign aims to reduce binge drinking among ethnic-minority emerging adults
Health-promotion and disease-prevention efforts can no longer use a one-size-fits-all approach. Efforts targeting emerging adult populations - encompassing late adolescence and early adulthood - must embrace and utilize multi-pronged, multi-media approaches in order to be successful. this presentation discusses a unique media-awareness campaign designed to reduce binge drinking, as well as associated HIV/HCV risk, among Hispanic/Latino emerging adults.
June 27, 2016
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Medications that increase effect of natural brain opioids may be better way to reduce anxiety
Published in Nature Communications by University of Sydney scholars, the findings suggest medications that boost the effect of natural brain opioids might be a better way to reduce anxiety than 'receptor-binding' opioid drugs like morphine, which have major side effects.
March 23, 2017
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Medical Alert Jewelry
can save your life, order one today.
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Medical Consulting Group
management and marketing services for ophthalmology, optometry and plastic surgery.
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Medical marijuana reduces use of prescription drugs, research finds
Medical marijuana is having a positive impact on the bottom line of Medicare's prescription drug benefit program in states that have legalized its use for medicinal purposes, according to University of Georgia researchers in a study published today in the July issue of Health Affairs.
July 8, 2016
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Medical School Admissions Consulting
offered by Judy Colwell, M.A., consultant and personal achievement coach.
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Medical students developing smart helmet to help diagnose concussions
A smart helmet that can help diagnose concussions in football players is being developed by medical students at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso (TTUHSC El Paso).
August 25, 2016
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'Medical Tattoos' Help Hide Surgical Scars
Pigments can restore more natural appearance that patients are happy with, study finds
September 23, 2016
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Medical Technology Consulting, LLC & Medical Imaging Links
provides technical marketing and product development services to medical imaging manufacturers.
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Medicrea Group to implement LIFETIME WARRANTY on patient-specific UNiD technology
The Medicrea Group,® (Alternext Paris: FR0004178572 -- ALMED) worldwide leader pioneering the development and manufacture of personalized analytical services and implant solutions for the treatment of complex spinal conditions, announced today that the Company will implement a LIFETIME WARRANTY on its patient-specific UNiD™ technology. the warranty will cover all UNiD™ Thoracolumbar Rods, UNiD™ Cervical Rods and all associated MEDICREA components implanted in the United States from November 1, 2016.
November 3, 2016
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Mediodorsal thalamus plays key role in new learning and decision making
Scientists have confirmed one of the brain areas responsible for rapid updating of information during learning - the sort of information we use to negotiate many changing situations in everyday life.
June 1, 2016
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MedUni Vienna scientists show that addictive cravings can be detected after death
A protein known as FosB in the reward centre of the brain alters in chronically ill people suffering from an addictive disorder (e.g. heroin addiction): it is genetically modified, split off and shortened. this modification under the stimulus of the drug results in the protein being more stable and therefore remaining longer in this part of the brain than in its original form - even as much as several weeks after withdrawal of the drug.
December 21, 2016
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Memory and language deeply linked via the hippocampus, new experiment shows
A new study shows that when you finish your spouse's sentences or answer a fill-in-the-blank question, you're engaging the brain's relay station for memories, the hippocampus. Until now, scientists largely neglected this area in relation to language.
September 21, 2016
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Men's Health Consulting
promotes better health in men by offering consultation for organizations and training for professionals and consumers.
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Mental Health Myths Abound in the U.S.
For instance, survey finds less than half can recognize anxiety
May 2, 2017
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Mental health researchers make promising breakthrough in early detection of psychosis
Mental health researchers have made a promising breakthrough in the early detection of the risk of psychosis, with the eventual hope that patients could be given appropriate treatments earlier to prevent psychotic episodes from occurring.
October 14, 2016
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Mental illness does not impact bariatric surgery outcomes, study finds
People with pre-existing mental health conditions had nearly identical results in weight loss after bariatric surgery as compared to those with no known mental health conditions. Published in Obesity, the scientific journal of the Obesity Society (TOS), this is the first large-scale study of its kind to examine the relationship of preoperative mental illness to weight loss and health care use after bariatric surgery.
April 25, 2017
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Mercury levels drop in Atlantic bluefin tuna
Pollution can seem like a vague, general problem, but sometimes it is specific and personal. People with asthma living in some major cities know to keep tabs on the ozone report in the weather forecast, for example. and frequent anglers should be keenly aware of how much of their catch they put on the dinner table because of mercury contamination in fish.
December 6, 2016
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Mesenteric adenitis: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Mesenteric lymphadenitis, also known as mesenteric adenitis, is an inflammation of the lymph nodes in the mesentery.
May 3, 2017
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Mettler Toledo describe how to eliminate impact of static on weighing results
Lab operators are often shocked to learn how subtle electrostatic charges can have a significant impact on weighing results. a new white paper from METTLER TOLEDO describes the damage static can cause and documents 13 ways to eliminate this force at the balance.
May 1, 2017
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MGH researchers develop magnetic coils for selective and reliable neural stimulation
Massachusetts General Hospital researchers have developed what appears to be a significant improvement in the technology behind brain implants used to activate neural circuits responsible for vision, hearing or movement.
December 9, 2016
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Mice implanted with human glia cells exhibit reduced symptoms of Huntington's disease
Researchers have successfully reduced the symptoms and slowed the progression of Huntington's disease in mice using healthy human brain cells. the findings, which were published today in the journal Nature Communications, could ultimately point to a new method to treat the disease.
June 7, 2016
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Mice study finds new approach to halt cycle of chronic inflammation in lupus
Molecules that scavenge debris from dying cells appear to halt the cycle of chronic inflammation in lupus, while also enhancing the body's ability to combat flu, according to Duke Health studies in mice.
August 16, 2016
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Mice study shows how WAVE1 protein regulates the brain's response to cocaine
Cocaine is one of the most addictive substances known to man, and for good reason: by acting on levels of the "feel-good" chemical dopamine, it produces a tremendous sensation of euphoria.
February 15, 2017
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Microbiomes more in flux in patients with inflammatory bowel disease
Scientists explore role of microbes, 'volatile dysbiosis' in Crohn's, related conditions
February 13, 2017
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Microscopic probes simplify process of measuring electrical signals in small animals
Microscopic probes developed at Rice University have simplified the process of measuring electrical activity in individual cells of small living animals. the technique allows a single animal like a worm to be tested again and again and could revolutionize data-gathering for disease characterization and drug interactions.
April 17, 2017
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'Microwave helmet' may cut time taken to evaluate head injuries
A portable device that covers the head and uses microwave technology to examine brain tissue in prehospital settings could cut the time it takes to evaluate brain injuries. So conclude researchers after evaluating their "microwave helmet" in a small trial.
March 10, 2017
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Mild sedative could reduce risk of post-operative delirium
A mild sedative could greatly reduce the risk of people experiencing delirium after an operation, according to new research.
October 14, 2016
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Military members with PTSD/depression can be treated successfully in primary care settings
Study shows new approach can improve outcomes over usual care
June 13, 2016
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'Mindfulness' Probably Won't Cure your back Pain
But one specialist still isn't ruling out this complementary therapy
April 25, 2017
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Miniature Sensor Measures Velocity of Blood Flow Below Skin
Kyocera Corporation out of Kyoto, Japan has announced the development of a tiny optical sensor for measuring blood flow within subcutaneous tissue. Readings from such a device may help assess how injured tissue is healing, produce evidence of dehydration, and detect altitude sickness. Many other applications may come to light as this kind of technology becomes widely available for use by the public.
December 21, 2016
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MIT researchers develop novel method for multiscale imaging of the brain tissue
MIT researchers have developed a new technique for imaging brain tissue at multiple scales, allowing them to peer at molecules within cells or take a wider view of the long-range connections between neurons.
July 27, 2016
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MIT researchers develop precise technique to measure dopamine in the brain
MIT researchers have devised a way to measure dopamine in the brain much more precisely than previously possible, which should allow scientists to gain insight into dopamine's roles in learning, memory, and emotion.
March 3, 2017
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MIT Scientists Unveil Radiation-free MRI Brain Imaging Tracer
Existing methods of spotting the presence of specific molecules in the brain requires using chemical or radioactive markers. These can have side effects for patients, at times be difficult to acquire and use, and they're limited in their spatial and temporal resolutions. now scientists at MIT have come up with an entirely new method of imaging molecules that uses targeted proteins and MRI to get a quality picture of activity inside the brain.
December 13, 2016
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MMJ Labs launches VibraCool Massaging Ice Therapy for joint and muscle pain relief
MMJ Labs LLC., industry leaders in non-invasive pain relief, have announced the launch of their newest product, VibraCool® Massaging Ice Therapy. VibraCool® incorporates Cool-Pulse™ technology, leveraging the physiologic pain relievers of high frequency vibration and ice in a product optimized for athletes and chronic joint pain sufferers.
November 23, 2016
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Mobile breathalyzers could help improve outcomes in intensive outpatient treatment for AUDs
Alcohol treatment has come a long way from enforced isolation in asylums, and technological advancements are particularly promising in terms of their capacity to improve treatment effectiveness. Promising research looks at the feasibility, implementation, validity and utilization of mobile momentary-assessment breathalyzers within the context of an intensive outpatient (IOP) treatment for alcohol-use disorders (AUDs).
June 27, 2016
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Mobile device management strategy in healthcare
Jamf's mission is very simple: we want to help organizations succeed with Apple devices. it's a very broad mission, Apple devices are getting used increasingly more in businesses, for example healthcare providers and in a variety of other industries, such as education. Our goal is to help them succeed with Apple devices to either empower their employees, empower their teachers or students, and help IT be more effective and efficient.
March 9, 2017
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Modifying huntingtin protein protects against behavioral symptoms in Huntington's model mice
There is new hope in the fight against Huntington's disease. Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes discovered that changing a specific part of the huntingtin protein prevented the loss of critical brain cells and protected against behavioral symptoms in a mouse model of the disease.
August 16, 2016
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'Molecular prosthetics' can replace missing proteins to treat disease
Researchers have demonstrated that a small molecule can transport iron in human cells and live animals when proteins that normally do the same job are missing, a condition that often causes severe anemia in patients. Such "molecular prosthetics" might treat a host of incurable diseases caused by protein deficiencies, such as anemias, cystic fibrosis or certain types of heart disease.
May 11, 2017
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Molecular study of skin proteins uncovers predisposition to eczema
New research shows for the first time that a lack of the key barrier protein filaggrin alone may be responsible for changes in skin proteins and pathways that make people susceptible to eczema. It builds on previous work that shows a lack of the protein is strongly tied to the development of eczema.
May 5, 2017
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Molecule discovery may lead to new drugs for brain and spinal cord injury
A new study reveals that a small molecule produced by a fungus may stimulate the regeneration of axons - the slender, "thread-like projections that carry electrical signals" between nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. the researchers believe that the discovery could lead to much needed new drugs that repair damage to the central nervous system.
March 9, 2017
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More alcohol-related injuries occur at home than at licensed premises, say researchers
Of all alcohol-related injuries in various public hospital emergency departments in Queensland, Australia, more occurred at home than at licensed premises.
October 13, 2016
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More flexible approach can improve efficiency of preclinical research, study shows
The translation of preclinical research findings into effective treatments continues to deliver unsatisfactory results. When experimental diagnostic and treatment approaches are applied in practice, many of them fail.
March 31, 2017
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More Research Cites Salt's Potential Health Risks
Every half-teaspoon or so raises risk of premature death by 12 percent, study suggests
October 3, 2016
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Mosquito Repellents -- what Works?
They're small, and they don't look terribly threatening, but don't be fooled. they pass along many diseases, often fatal ones.
June 29, 2016
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Most Opioid Users OK with Getting Antidote: Survey
More than a third said it improved their drug-taking behavior
September 13, 2016
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Mothers in therapy for substance use recover faster if children take part in treatment, study shows
Mothers in therapy for drug and alcohol use recover faster if their children take part in their treatment sessions, according to a first-of-its-kind study.
November 2, 2016
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Mount Sinai awarded $10 million grant to explore cellular, molecular mechanisms of GVHD
Researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have been awarded a $10 million from the National Cancer Institute to explore the cellular and molecular mechanisms of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), a common side effect that occurs after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT), and to develop novel therapeutic strategies for BMT patients with cancer that begin in the cells of blood-forming tissue or hematologic malignancies.
October 13, 2016
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MPFI researchers induce and visualize formation of new synapses in real time in live animals
Advancing our understanding of how proper connections are formed in the brain
August 11, 2016
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MRI for Drug Delivery and Imaging at Same Time
MRI machines allow doctors to look at hidden details inside our bodies, but soon they may be used to also deliver drugs in a highly targeted manner. Normally, a systemic medication traves along with blood's natural currents, finding itself in parts where it is not needed while delivering only a small amount of the drug to the target destination.
October 11, 2016
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MU researcher discovers new class of materials that may have widespread applications
Polyhedral boranes, or clusters of boron atoms bound to hydrogen atoms, are transforming the biomedical industry. These manmade materials have become the basis for the creation of cancer therapies, enhanced drug delivery and new contrast agents needed for radioimaging and diagnosis. Now, a researcher at the University of Missouri has discovered an entirely new class of materials based on boranes that might have widespread potential applications, including improved diagnostic tools for cancer and other diseases as well as low-cost solar energy cells.
January 25, 2017
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Multi-Modality Imaging Probe to Diagnose Cancer Inside Body, Help Avoid Biopsies
These days, identifying cancerous tissue within the body requires a biopsy and a review of the extracted sample in a pathology lab. a team of German scientists have been working toward a way of spotting tumors using an endoscopic approach that doesn't involve actually having to take samples. They've developed a multi-modality laser-based imaging probe that is capable of differentiating tissue types without requiring the use of a staining dye.
May 2, 2017
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Mumps Cases Surge In U.S.
Mumps is making a comeback.
April 17, 2017
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Music in the brain: the first imaging genetic study linking dopaminergic genes to music
Sounds, such as music and noise, are capable of reliably affecting individuals' moods and emotions, possibly by regulating brain dopamine, a neurotransmitter strongly involved in emotional behavior and mood regulation. However, the relationship of sound environments with mood and emotions is highly variable across individuals. a putative source of variability is genetic background, a study shows.
December 21, 2016
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Mutations in STN1 gene cause Coats plus syndrome
A team of Israeli researchers has discovered that mutations in STN1, a gene that helps maintain the ends of chromosomes, cause the rare, inherited disorder Coats plus syndrome. the study, "Mutations in STN1 cause Coats plus syndrome and are associated with genomic and telomere defects," will be published online ahead of issue July 18 in the Journal of Experimental Medicine.
July 18, 2016
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Myeloid-derived suppressor cells may serve as biomarkers for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, a partner in the German Center for Lung Research (DZL), have discovered that the number of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) is increased in the blood of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). the higher the number of MDSC, the more limited the lung function.
September 2, 2016
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Misc. - N

Nanoarray sniffs out and distinguishes multiple diseases
Before modern medical lab techniques became available, doctors diagnosed some diseases by smelling a patient's breath. Scientists have been working for years to develop analytical instruments that can mimic this sniff-and-diagnose ability.
December 21, 2016
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NASPGHAN clinical practice guidelines recommend screening test for NAFLD in obese children
A screening test for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)--a serious condition that may have lifelong health consequences--is recommended for all obese children aged nine to eleven years, according to clinical practice guidelines developed by the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (NASPGHAN) and published in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (JPGN).
December 1, 2016
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National Joint Registry study finds disparities in hip or knee joint replacements for ethnic minorities
Researchers have found that the number of both hip and knee replacement operations for Black and Asian ethnic minorities are lower than expected when compared to Whites.
March 22, 2017
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National mental-health survey finds widespread ignorance, stigma
Less than half of Americans can recognize anxiety. Most people don't know what to do about depression even when they spot it. and nearly 8 in 10 don't recognize prescription drug abuse as a treatable problem.
April 27, 2017
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Natural tendency to self-restrict time in bed can protect against chronic insomnia
Twenty to 50 percent of Americans suffer from acute insomnia each year, defined as difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, three or more nights per week, for between two weeks and three months. Roughly 10 percent of Americans experience chronic insomnia lasting longer than three months. the effects of chronic insomnia (and/or sleep loss) include impaired physical and mental performance, increased risk for mental health disorders (such as, depression and substance abuse), and increased risk for medical diseases, including hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
June 13, 2016
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Naturally occurring protein shows promise as biocontrol weapon against schistosomiasis
A naturally occurring protein has been discovered that shows promise as a biocontrol weapon against schistosomiasis, one of the world's most prevalent parasitic diseases, Oregon State University researchers reported today in a new study.
February 15, 2017
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Naturally-occurring protein controls shape and activity of white blood cells to combat sepsis
Boosting levels of a protein that controls the shape and activity of a crucial group of white blood cells improves survival and recovery chances during sepsis.
August 08, 2016
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Nearly 20% of children with celiac disease have persistent enteropathy despite gluten-free diet
Even after a year on a gluten-free diet, nearly 20 percent of children with celiac disease continue to have intestinal abnormalities (enteropathy) on repeat biopsies, reports a study in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, official journal of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition.
November 7, 2016
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Negative illness perceptions influence coping and health outcomes in CKD patients
University of Leicester researchers involved in study into chronic kidney disease
July 8, 2016
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Negative pressure wound therapy effectively heals deep perivascular groin infections
Shorter wound healing time, fewer dressing changes and the opportunity for earlier discharge from the hospital. These are some of the benefits of negative pressure wound therapy to treat wound infections in connection with vascular surgery at the groin.
October 14, 2016
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Nephrologists uncover link between first-time kidney stone formers and chronic kidney disease
Mayo Clinic nephrologists have uncovered a connection between first-time kidney stone formers and chronic kidney disease. In a paper published today in Mayo Clinic Proceedings, researchers announce a persistent decline in kidney functioning following an individual's first case of kidney stones.
November 2, 2016
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Neti Pot Beats Steam for Sinus Congestion Relief
Rinsing nasal passages with saline solution may improve symptoms, study says
July 18, 2016
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Neuro-prosthesis helps man with complete paralysis to regain hand and arm movements, study shows
A man who was paralysed from the shoulders down has been able to feed himself and drink as a result of a novel neuro-prosthesis which reconnects his brain with his muscles.
March 29, 2017
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Neurons modulate the growth of blood vessels
A team of researchers shake at the foundations of a dogma of cell biology. by detailed series of experiments, they proved that blood vessel growth is modulated by neurons and not, as assumed so far, through a control mechanism of the vessel cells among each other. the results are groundbreaking for research into and treatment of vascular diseases, tumors, and neurodegenerative diseases.
January 10, 2017
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Neurological problems can impair sexuality
Neurological disorders can impair sexuality on a much more massive scale than frequently assumed, leaving loss of desire, erection problems and infertility in their wake. Both men and women are affected. a person's self-esteem, love life and relationship with a significant other can all suffer. But as Prof David B. Voduek from the University of Ljubljana, Slovenia, pointed out at the Second Congress of the European Academy of Neurology (EAN) in Copenhagen, people do not have to simply acquiesce to this situation: "There are ways of helping affected individuals, provided neurologists actively address possible problems with the patient's intimate private life. Many patients have the impression that this aspect is given too little attention," the Chairman of the EAN Liaison Committee noted.
May 31, 2016
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Neurologists identify cause of immune-mediated neuropathies
Wurzburg neurologists have discovered an antibody that is involved in triggering certain forms of neuropathies. this discovery also allowed them to show a way to treat these diseases successfully.
August 03, 2016
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Neuropathic pain could be significantly reduced by targeting brain cells
Neuropathic pain - which affects more than 1 million Americans - could be reduced or even eliminated by targeting brain cells that are supposed to provide immunity but, in some instances, do the opposite, causing chronic pain that could last a lifetime.
August 08, 2016
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Neuroscience studies provide evidence of positive impact of social interaction
Animals prefer contact with other animals rather than drug consumption. this has been shown by neuroscience studies providing first-time evidence of the positive impact of social interaction and opening up new therapeutic avenues.
July 12, 2016
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Neuroscientists demonstrate revolutionary new way of mapping the brain at single-neuron resolution
Neuroscientists today publish in Neuron details of a revolutionary new way of mapping the brain at the resolution of individual neurons, which they have successfully demonstrated in the mouse brain.
August 19, 2016
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Neuroscientists elucidate how serotonin helps to deal with unfamiliar changing environment
Serotonin, one of the major chemical messengers serving neuronal communication, is usually associated with the direct regulation of affective states and mood in general. But growing evidence suggests that one of the core functions of this neurotransmitter may be to facilitate our adaptation to changes in the world around us - which, in turn, may indirectly impact mood.
March 16, 2017
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Neuroscientists investigate how our brain puts the world in order
The world around is complex and changing constantly. to put it in order, we devise categories into which we sort new concepts. to do this we apply different strategies. a team of researchers at the Ruhr University Bochum (RUB) led by Prof. Dr. Boris Suchan, department of neuropsychology, and Prof. Dr. Onur Gunturkun, department of biopsychology, wanted to find our which areas of the brain regulate these strategies.
July 20, 2016
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Neuroscientists show how nerve cells synchronize rhythmically to connect parts of the brain
Thinking, feeling, acting - our brain is the control center in the head that steers everything we do. a network of about 100 billion nerve cells linked together by around 100 trillion synapses provides the basis for these mechanisms. Neuroscientists at the German Primate Center (DPZ) - Leibniz Institute for Primate Research examined for the first time how this neural network is organized and how the flow of information between different brain areas is coordinated at the level of individual nerve cells.
August 25, 2016
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New algorithms may revolutionize drug discoveries, and our understanding of life
A new set of machine learning algorithms that can generate 3-D structures of tiny protein molecules may revolutionize the development of drug therapies for a range of diseases, from Alzheimer's to cancer.
February 7, 2017
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New and inexpensive technique could help meet global demands for malaria drug
A new and inexpensive technique for mass-producing the main ingredient in the most effective treatment for malaria, artemisinin, could help meet global demands for the drug, according to a study to be published in the journal eLife.
June 15, 2016
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New antibody design may pave way for treating diseases affecting the brain
Immunotherapy has proven to be effective against many serious diseases. But to treat diseases in the brain, the antibodies must first get past the obstacle of the blood-brain barrier. In a new study, a research group at Uppsala University describes their development of a new antibody design that increases brain uptake of antibodies almost 100-fold.
January 16, 2017
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New Apple ResearchKit app from Penn Medicine focuses on sarcoidosis patients
Penn Medicine today launched its first Apple ResearchKit app, focused on patients with sarcoidosis, an inflammatory condition that can affect the lungs, skin, eyes, heart, brain, and other organs. the effort marks Penn's first time using modules from Apple's ResearchKit framework, as part of the institution's focus on mobile health and innovative research strategies.
January 17, 2017
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New approach could help tackle behavior change challenges across the globe
A new approach to behavior change which has been shown to successfully change hygiene, nutrition and exercise-related behaviors is described in a paper published in Health Psychology Review.
September 13, 2016
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New Approach to Concussion Diagnosis
Ability to process sound provides clues about brain injury, researchers say
December 22, 2016
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New article examines why some individuals exhibit stress-resilient characteristics
Adapting to Stress: Understanding the Neurobiology of Resilience, an article recently published in Behavioral Medicine, examines the way our bodies, specifically our brains, become "stress-resilient." There is a significant variation in the way individuals react and respond to extreme stress and adversity–some individuals develop psychiatric conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder or major depressive disorder–others recover from stressful experiences without displaying significant symptoms of psychological ill-health, demonstrating stress-resilience.
September 2, 2016
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New article explores cost-effectiveness of initial diagnostic protocols for microscopic hematuria
Detecting red blood cells in the urine of asymptomatic patients who don't see blood when they urinate (asymptomatic microscopic hematuria) is common but it can signal cancer in the genitourinary system.
April 17, 2017
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New biomarkers may help in diagnosis and management of Crohn's disease
The diagnosis, understanding and management of Crohn's disease may have just received a helping hand from a joint ASU Biodesign Institute and Mayo Clinic study aimed at developing a better blood test for the disease.
March 9, 2017
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New biosensor could detect multiple disease biomarkers in small blood sample
Researchers at the University of York have developed a new sensor that is capable of detecting multiple proteins and enzymes in a small volume of blood, which could significantly speed up diagnostic healthcare processes.
September 14, 2016
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New brain map reveals landscape of the cerebral cortex
The age of exploration has long passed, but there is at least one area still largely uncharted: the human brain. Now, a detailed new map by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis lays out the landscape of the cerebral cortex - the outermost layer of the brain and the dominant structure involved in sensory perception and attention, as well as distinctly human functions such as language, tool use and abstract thinking.
July 21, 2016
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New Caltech study shows how chaperones protect ribosomal proteins
For proteins, this would be the equivalent of the red-carpet treatment: each protein belonging to the complex machinery of ribosomes -- components of the cell that produce proteins -- has its own chaperone to guide it to the right place at the right time and protect it from harm.
February 3, 2017
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New cause of brain defects in tuberous sclerosis complex
A new molecular pathway that inhibits the myelination of neurons in the brains of patients with the rare genetic disorder tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) has been discovered by researchers. the study suggests new ways to treat some of the neurological symptoms associated with TSC, including autism and epilepsy.
February 9, 2017
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New CBIT therapy can help lessen frequency of tics
When Dr. Laura Duda goes into an elementary school classroom, she can usually spot one or two children who have a tic - a rapid, involuntary movement or sound such as sniffing, blinking their eyes or scrunching their faces.
July 21, 2016
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New compound could kill parasites of three neglected diseases
Scientists have identified a compound that can kill the parasites responsible for three neglected diseases: Chagas disease, leishmaniasis and sleeping sickness. These diseases affect millions of people in Latin America, Asia and Africa, but there are few effective treatments available.
August 08, 2016
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New computational approach could enable more patients with epilepsy to benefit from surgery
A computational approach developed at Boston Children's Hospital, described in the journal Neurosurgery, published online May 2, 2017, could enable more patients with epilepsy to benefit from surgery when medications do not help. the approach streamlines the seizure monitoring process required for surgical planning, making surgery a more feasible and less risky option for patients.
May 2, 2017
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New computational model provides a tool for improving the production of valuable drugs
An extensive study involving partners from five continents has resulted in a model describing the metabolism of Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO). this model can be used to improve and accelerate the production of biotherapeutics, cancer drugs, and vaccines.
December 1, 2016
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New Cooler Keeps Organs at Right Temperature Prior to Transplantation
University of Wisconsin is well know for its work on organ preservation. After all, the ViaSpan cold storage solution for pancreas, liver, and kidneys, was developed in the late 1980s by Folkert Belzer and James Southard at the University of Wisconsin. this technology is being used clinically to this day.
November 14, 2016
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New Device Harnesses Heartbeats to Power Medical Implants
A team of researchers working in China and the U.S. has developed an electric generator that attaches to the heart to power an implantable cardiac monitor. the implantable triboelectric nanogenerator (iTENG) harnesses the actual physical movement of the heart to produce a current that is then fed into a small computer that controls the monitor. a receiving coil positioned externally of the body captures the data emitted by the cardiac monitor, resulting in a totally self-sustained system that does not need any outside power sources.
June 8, 2016
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New device may enable painless, effective diagnosis of Helicobacter in exhaled air
In the future, several illnesses can be quickly and painlessly diagnosed by the optical analysis of isotopes contained in exhaled air. VTT developed its first prototype for this purpose. with the device, it is possible to determine painlessly and with absolute certainty during the appointment whether the patient's stomach troubles are caused by Helicobacter. the certainty of the device is based on its ability to measure not only carbon13(13C) but also oxygen18(18O) in exhaled air.
June 16, 2016
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New diagnostic blood test may offer hope for transplant recipients through analysis of cfDNA
When cells die, whether through apoptosis or necrosis, the DNA and other molecules found in those cells don't just disappear. they wind up in the blood stream, where degraded bits and pieces can be extracted.
July 8, 2016
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New diagnostic model may become cheaper and easier alternative to screen for NAFLD
Researchers have developed a diagnostic model that is highly predictive of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Referred to as the Framingham Steatosis Index (FSI), this novel model may become a cheaper and easier alternative to screen for liver fat, the major feature of this condition.
July 13, 2016
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New discovery could be a major advance for neurological diseases
Findings will have far-reaching implications for the understanding of memory
February 13, 2017
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New discovery could lead to effective treatment methods for cystitis
Every year, millions of people are treated for cystitis, but despite its prevalence, the disease is still a scientific mystery. now a research team from University of Southern Denmark has succeeded in identifying how the bacteria responsible for the disease cause the disease to develop. this is a cause for optimism that more effective treatment methods can be developed.
August 30, 2016
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New discovery could potentially lead to treatments for Crohn's disease
Scientists at the University of British Columbia have made a discovery that could potentially lead to treatments for a debilitating complication of Crohn's disease.
September 2, 2016
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New disease gene linked to shortened telomeres appears to raise risk of pulmonary fibrosis-emphysema
Johns Hopkins researchers say they have identified a new disease gene that, when mutated, appears to increase the risk in a small number of people of developing emphysema and a lung-scarring condition known as pulmonary fibrosis.
August 10, 2016
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New Drug Eases Huntington's Disease Symptoms
Experimental med seems to have fewer side effects than current treatment, researcher says
July 7, 2016
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New drug holds potential for treating advanced mastocytosis
Most people have never heard of mastocytosis. it's a rare, sometimes deadly, immune disorder. now new research may help those with advanced mastocytosis and possibly many more people, too. "This is the first drug that's shown to be effective in this very rare disease," says Tracy George, MD, at the University of new Mexico Comprehensive Cancer Center.
September 6, 2016
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New drug ixekizumab helps clear severe psoriasis symptoms
About 80 percent of patients with moderate to severe psoriasis saw their disease completely or almost completely cleared with a new drug called ixekizumab, according to three large, long-term clinical trials led by Northwestern Medicine.
June 10, 2016
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New drug target could help prevent opioid tolerance and addiction
Researchers have identified a brain mechanism that could be a drug target to help prevent tolerance and addiction to opioid pain medication, such as morphine, according to a study by Georgia State University and Emory University.
August 23, 2016
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New Electrode Implants Wrap Around Nerves
Draper, an engineering company based in Cambridge, MA, has developed an electrode implant that may drastically improve how amputees control and feel through their prosthetic devices. Unlike other electrode arrays, Draper's device is designed to have the electrodes wrap around the nerves and not simply be placed against them. this should allow for a much more targeted and nuanced electrical stimulation that would in turn lead to greater dexterity and tactile awareness.
September 22, 2016
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New electronic tattoo can measure activity of muscle and nerve cells
A new temporary "electronic tattoo" developed by Tel Aviv University that can measure the activity of muscle and nerve cells researchers is poised to revolutionize medicine, rehabilitation, and even business and marketing research.
July 12, 2016
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New Exoskeleton Exclusively for Disabled Kids
The Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) has unveiled an exoskeleton designed specifically for children suffering from spinal muscular atrophy. It weighs about 26 pounds (12 Kg), maybe more than the child wearing it, and lets kids walk who may otherwise be completely unable to on their own.
June 10, 2016
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New FcMBL-based pathogen-detecting assay could rapidly detect systemic infections
To date, there are no methods that can quickly and accurately detect pathogens in blood to allow the diagnosis of systemic bloodstream infections that can lead to life-threatening sepsis. the standard of care for detecting such blood-borne infections is blood culture, but this takes days to complete, only identifies pathogens in less than 30% of patients with fulminant infections, and it is not able to detect toxic fragments of dead pathogens that also drive the exaggerated inflammatory reactions leading to sepsis.
June 15, 2016
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New FDA draft guidelines place tighter restrictions on surgical practices using tissue-based regenerative therapies
While the operating room is often the stage where innovations in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine are realized, as surgeons use grafted tissues, novel biomaterials, and new approaches to perform breast, chest and abdominal wall, and pelvic floor reconstruction, new FDA draft guidelines would place even tighter restrictions on surgical practice and may limit the development of new therapies.
June 2, 2016
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New findings linking abnormalities in circadian rhythms to neurochemical to changes in specific neurotransmitters
Scientists have published results of the first study of its kind to link abnormalities in circadian rhythms to changes in specific neurotransmitters in people with bipolar disorder. the study was conducted using postmortem brains in which 15 brains were used from healthy controls, 15 with bipolar disorder, and 12 with schizophrenia.
May 31, 2016
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New fluorescence microscopy approach improves image resolution by merging three views into one
Researchers have developed a new fluorescence microscopy approach that significantly improves image resolution by acquiring three views of a sample at the same time. Their new method is particularly useful for watching the dynamics of biological processes, which can provide insights into how healthy cells work and what goes wrong when diseases occur.
August 11, 2016
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New FSG article explains key terms linked to bioinks and bioprinting
Future Science Group (FSG) today announced the publication of a new article in Future Science OA looking to identify and define key terms associated with bioinks and bioprinting.
July 25, 2016
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New gene therapeutic approach could save people suffering from muscle wasting disease
A discovery by Washington State University scientist Dan Rodgers and collaborator Paul Gregorevic could save millions of people suffering from muscle wasting disease.
July 27, 2016
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New global Human Cell Atlas initiative could revolutionise diagnosis and treatment
An ambitious global initiative to create a Human Cell Atlas - a description of every cell in the human body as a reference map to accelerate progress in biomedical science - is being discussed at an International meeting in London this week. Ultimately, the Human Cell Atlas would revolutionise how doctors and researchers understand, diagnose and treat disease.
October 14, 2016
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New guidelines provide recommendations for prevention and management of surgical site infections
A Loyola Medicine surgeon is first author of new guidelines for the prevention, detection and management of surgical site infections, which affect as many as 300,000 patients per year in the United States.
January 19, 2017
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New HemaApp uses smartphone camera to screen for anemia
In the developing world, anemia -- a blood condition exacerbated by malnutrition or parasitic disease -- is a staggeringly common health problem that often goes undiagnosed.
September 7, 2016
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'New human rights' proposed to fend off thought theft and brain control. Hello, 1984!
During the last century, science managed to make gigantic leaps in understanding how the human brain functions. Unfortunately, the majority of the most significant experiments and researches were carried out on Nazi captives, within the dark halls of concentration camps. Cutting through people's brains and exposing them to highly inhumane stimulations showed us a lot about how we think, memorize, perceive, etc.
April 27, 2017
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New imaging method helps observe activation of neural circuits in the brain
Watching millions of neurons in the brain interacting with each other is the ultimate dream of neuroscientists! a new imaging method now makes it possible to observe the activation of large neural circuits, currently up to the size of a small-animal brain, in real time and three dimensions.
October 14, 2016
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New immunization approach may one day wipe out pneumonia, meningitis
A new vaccine allows pneumonia-causing bacteria to colonize inside the body, springing into action only if the bacteria pose a threat.
June 8, 2016
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New insights into epidermal cells could explain how skin maintains barrier when shedding
The discovery of the shape and binding capability of epidermal cells could explain how skin maintains a barrier even when it is shedding.
November 30, 2016
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New insights into muscular dystrophy point to potential treatment avenues
Certain stem cells in our bodies have the potential to turn into either fat or muscle. Experiments in mice suggest prospective drugs that manipulate these cells' fate could make it possible to relieve many of the symptoms of muscular dystrophy.
June 1, 2016
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New insights on how fatigue impacts performance
Due to its common usage, the word fatigue has so many meanings that it is essentially meaningless. we propose fatigue be considered a symptom that indicates a decline in work capacity due to actual and perceived reductions in performance capabilities. the level of fatigue reported by an individual person indicates the size of the reduction indicates how much their work capacity has been lowered.
December 2, 2016
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New IU study finds neutral attitudes toward bisexual men and women
While positive attitudes toward gay men and lesbians have increased over recent decades, a new study led by researchers at IU's Center for Sexual Health Promotion shows attitudes toward bisexual men and women are relatively neutral, if not ambivalent.
October 30, 2016
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New light-based technology facilitates deeper look into human body
New light-based technologies that facilitate a look inside the human body using light -- and without cutting into the tissue -- promise to enable both compact, wearable devices for point-of-care diagnostics as well as powerful new systems that provide even more information and from even deeper under the skin.
June 23, 2016
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New light-sensing molecule discovered in the fruit fly brain
The discovery could help inform future research into degenerative retinal disorders.
May 10, 2017
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New lung-targeted gene therapy shows promise in improving treatment for emphysema
Researchers have developed a new strategy using lung-targeted gene therapy that may lead to improved treatments for inherited diseases including emphysema.
July 6, 2016
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New mathematical model provides 'disease causation index'
Patients with complex diseases have a higher risk of developing another. Multi-morbidity represents a huge problem in everyday clinical practice, because it makes it more difficult to provide successful treatment. by analysing data from all over Austria, scientists have managed to develop a mathematical model that can be used to distinguish whether a disease has a genetic or environmental cause.
December 27, 2016
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New mathematical models show critical tipping point for swelling of brain cells
When brain cells don't get enough energy, caused by a stroke or trauma, they can start swelling rapidly. new mathematical models of this mechanism, developed by Koen Dijkstra of the University of Twente in the Netherlands, show a critical tipping point: at lower energy levels, there is no way back.
March 23, 2017
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New medication shows promise against liver fibrosis in animal studies
A new drug developed by scientists at the National Institutes of Health limits the progression of liver fibrosis in mice, a hopeful advance against a condition for which there is no current treatment and that often leads to serious liver disease in people with chronic alcoholism and other common diseases.
July 27, 2016
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New method using electrical conductivity could be effective in measuring blood present in dry blood spots
Researchers from the University of Texas at Arlington have demonstrated that electrical conductivity can be an effective means to precisely measure the amount of blood present in dry blood spot analysis, providing a new alternative to the current preferred approach of measuring sodium levels.
July 19, 2016
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New mice study identifies trick to enhance memories
Imagine if playing a new video game or riding a rollercoaster could help you prepare for an exam or remember other critical information.
September 7, 2016
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New minimally invasive approach to diagnose hyperparathyroidism
Almost all of us have four parathyroid glands, located next to the thyroid gland in the neck. they are an organ only the size of a grain of rice, but critical for controlling our body's calcium levels. Unfortunately, hyperparathyroidism - when an excess of parathyroid hormone is produced - goes undiagnosed or diagnosed late.
October 22, 2016
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New model of Williams syndrome may shed light on neurobiology of the human social brain
In a study spanning molecular genetics, stem cells and the sciences of both brain and behavior, researchers at University of California San Diego, with colleagues at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies and elsewhere, have created a neurodevelopmental model of a rare genetic disorder that may provide new insights into the underlying neurobiology of the human social brain.
August 11, 2016
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New Modular Wheelchair Design with Pneumatic Height Adjustment
Phil Eaglesham, a Corporal in the UK's Royal Marine Commandos, caught Q fever while serving in Afghanistan and lost his ability to walk due to the disease. He partnered with the Medical Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre to overcome some of the downsides of existing wheelchairs and create a new useful mobility device.
January 3, 2017
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New molecular mechanism may explain pain relieving drug's diverse benefits
Aspirin's ability to reduce the risk of both cardiovascular disease and colon cancer has been a welcome, yet puzzling, attribute of the pain reliever that has been a mainstay in medicine cabinets for more than 100 years.
September 7, 2016
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New multicomponent reactions to develop active compounds against sleeping sickness
Multicomponent reactions are protocols that ease the chemical synthesis of new compounds, and are particularly important to gain molecules with biological activity as therapeutic agents against several pathogens. the high-impact chemical journal Angewandte Chemie International Edition presents a scientific work on multicomponent reactions of great interest to obtain new active compounds against parasites causing trypanosomiasis.
July 13, 2016
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New mutation predisposes patients under osteoporosis treatment to atypical femur fractures, study finds
A team of researchers of the University of Barcelona and the Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute (IMIM) have discovered a new mutation that has an impact on the bone so that it is vulnerable to the bisphosphonate, a drug used to treat osteoporosis.
May 4, 2017
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New NIAAA strategic plan aims to advance alcohol research across a broad spectrum of areas
As scientific advances continue to expand our understanding of how alcohol affects human health and point to new ways to address alcohol-related harm, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) has released its 2017-2021 strategic plan for research.
May 15, 2017
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New NJR report highlights that patient factors can have major impact on revision of hip replacements
Younger joint replacement patients, who are likely to be more active, may put more strain on their implants and increase the risk of revision, a new report published today (Tuesday 13 September 2016) has said.
September 13, 2016
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New non-drug approach may help manage pain in individuals receiving addiction treatment
It's a Catch-22 with potentially deadly consequences: People trying to overcome addiction can't get treatment for their pain, because the most powerful pain medicines also carry an addiction risk.
July 27, 2016
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New nonsurgical approach shows promise in treating adolescent athletes with VCD
A new study shows that a novel, nonsurgical approach to treating vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) can help 3 out of 4 adolescent athletes, who did not respond to conventional therapy, breathe better during training and competition. Vocal cord dysfunction (also known as exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction) is a common condition characterized by the throat inexplicably closing during rigorous exercise. It can dramatically increase breathing difficulty, diminish performance and often causes panic in those who experience it.
October 30, 2016
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New optical nanosensor enables spatiotemporal mapping of the brain with improved accuracy
Neuronal activity results in the release of ionized potassium into extracellular space. Under active physiological and pathological conditions, elevated levels of potassium need to be quickly regulated to enable subsequent activity. this involves diffusion of potassium across extracellular space as well as re-uptake by neurons and astrocytes.
February 23, 2017
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New paper provides insights into impact of music therapy on anxiety of surgical patients
A new paper published in the September 2016 issue of the AORN Journal provides insights into the impact of implementing a music therapy program for surgical patients.
September 13, 2016
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New partnership funds research studies that aim to improve quality of palliative care for people with MND
Marie Curie and the Motor Neurone Disease (MND) Association have today announced the funding of three new research studies that aim to improve the quality of palliative and end of life care received by people with MND.
March 23, 2017
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New partnership to provide clinicians with latest guidance on treating endocrine disorders
The Endocrine Society and Medscape announced today a new partnership that brings together the Society's expertise and Medscape's innovative, peer-to-peer digital platforms and award-winning content to provide clinicians with the latest guidance and most relevant insights on diagnosing and treating diabetes, obesity, osteoporosis, infertility, and other endocrine disorders.
March 31, 2017
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New pathway towards treatments for inflammatory diseases
A molecule thought to play a key role in some inflammatory diseases can be switched off by two widely used medicines, new research has shown. Scientists have identified a new biochemical pathway that can be controlled using metformin - a medicine used by diabetics to control blood sugar levels - and salicylate - the main ingredient in aspirin.
November 9, 2016
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New possibilities in malaria drug development
Bringing three powerful chemical groups together offers new possibilities in drug development.
March 8, 2016
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New program at ACR conference to provide practical strategies to increase value of radiology practices
Radiology practice team members will obtain quality improvement strategies to enhance patient safety and practice quality infrastructure at the American College of Radiology (ACR) Annual Conference on Quality and Safety. the conference, which will be held Sept. 16-17 in Boston, will also encourage greater operational synergy within teams.
July 12, 2016
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New program may help overcome barriers to identifying live kidney donors
A new program may help overcome common barriers to finding living kidney donors. the program will be highlighted at ASN Kidney Week 2016 November 15-20 at McCormick Place in Chicago, IL.
November 17, 2016
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New Psoriasis Drug Works Longer Term, Too
Moderate-to-severe skin disease improved with Taltz over 60 weeks, study finds
June 8, 2016
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New Radioactive Tracer Lights Up Brain's Connections to Study Disorders
Various brain disorders change the physical nature of synapses in the brain, but this fact has been useless in clinical practice because evaluating these changes could only be done once the patient passes away. now researchers at Yale University have developed a technique, published on in journal Science Translational Medicine, that relies on PET (positron emission tomography) and a novel tracer to image billions of synapses at the same time.
July 21, 2016
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New report explores safety of inks used for tattoos and permanent makeup
Tattoos are becoming ever more popular. In the EU, the number of people with tattoos has increased from 5% in 2003 to 12% in 2016 (60 million people in the EU-28), with at least half of them having more than one tattoo. a new JRC report explores the safety and regulation of the inks used for tattoos and permanent makeup.
August 19, 2016
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New research could lead to improved therapies for global parasitic disease
Recently published research from Iowa State University biomedical scientists details new methods for studying a parasitic nematode that sickens millions worldwide, a development that could lead to improved therapies.
May 9, 2017
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New research defines impact of cannabis on health
A report published this week consolidated all evidence published since 1999 regarding the therapeutic benefits and health risks associated with cannabis and cannabis-derived products, such as marijuana.Marijuana plant
January 13, 2017
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New research finds link between misbehavior on and off field for NFL players
New research conducted at UT Dallas found NFL players who drew the most penalties also had more criminal arrests than their teammates.
January 10, 2017
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New research finds optimum time to study for college students
A new cognitive research study used two new approaches to determine ranges of start times that optimize functioning for undergraduate students. Based on a sample of first and second year university students, the University of Nevada, Reno and the Open University in the United Kingdom used a survey-based, empirical model and a neuroscience-based, theoretical model to analyse the learning patterns of each student to determine optimum times when cognitive performance can be expected to be at its peak.
April 12, 2017
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New research identifies flaws in LM-method for Lyme disease
A new microscopy technique (LM-method) developed to detect Lyme disease is unable to distinguish infected patients from healthy controls, yielding false-positive results that could lead doctors to over-diagnose a patient, according to new research published in the journal Infectious Diseases.
June 30, 2016
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New research identifies mechanism that may lead to treatment of fibrosis in scleroderma
The prognosis for patients diagnosed with scleroderma - an autoimmune disease characterized by fibrosis of the skin - is not typically a rosy one. with limited treatment options available, those suffering from the disorder can face disabling hardening and tightening of their skin. Scleroderma can also affect the blood vessels, lungs and other internal organs.
October 30, 2016
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New research in mice provides better understanding of how HD begins and develops
Mice transplanted with cells grown from a patient suffering from Huntington's disease (HD) develop the clinical features and brain pathology of that patient, suggests a study published in the latest issue of Acta Neuropathologica by CHA University in Korea, in collaboration with researchers at Universite Laval in Quebec City, Canada.
June 1, 2016
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New research reveals functioning of brain's cleaning up mechanisms in neurodegenerative diseases
A piece of research led by the Achucarro Basque Center for Neuroscience, the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), and the Ikerbasque Foundation has revealed how the brain's cleaning up mechanisms function in neurodegenerative diseases.
June 1, 2016
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New research reveals link between fluid volume and temperature during hard work in hot weather
New research from the University of Montana demonstrates a unique relationship between fluid volume and fluid temperature during arduous work in the heat. the study, published in Wilderness & Environmental Medicine, indicated that an ice slurry/water mixture was as effective as ambient water even when consumed in half the quantity. Investigators also emphasized the importance of rest.
October 19, 2016
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New research reveals link between sickle cell trait and increased risk of developing kidney failure
New research indicates that being born with one copy of the sickle gene puts an individual at elevated risk for developing kidney failure requiring dialysis. the findings, which appear in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN), may have important public policy implications for genetic counseling for individuals with sickle cell trait (SCT).
March 10, 2017
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New research seeks to find most effective medication for preventing life-threatening clot
Every year in the United States, thousands of high-risk fracture patients who have been admitted to trauma centers will suffer life-threatening blood clots related to the fracture. In rare cases these clots can even travel to the lungs, where they can cause sudden death.
September 16, 2016
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New research sheds light on inner mechanisms underlying learning and memory
New research published online in the FASEB Journal sheds important light on the inner workings of learning and memory. Specifically, scientists show that a plasma membrane protein, called Efr3, regulates brain-derived neurotrophic factor-tropomyosin-related kinase B signaling pathway (BNDF-TrkB) and affects the generation of new neurons in the hippocampus of adult brains. In turn, this generation of new neurons plays a significant role in learning and memory.
May 11, 2017
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New research shows higher risk of mortality in hotter, poorer neighbourhoods during extreme heat events
New research from the University of British Columbia shows a higher risk of mortality during extreme heat events in neighbourhoods that tend to get hotter and where people tend to be poorer.
June 28, 2016
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New research shows how cholesterol medicine has beneficial effect on immune defence system
The cholesterol medicine simvastatin, which is one of the most commonly used pharmaceuticals in the world, also has a beneficial effect on the immune defence system with regard to diseases such as type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis. Danish researchers have now explored why this is so, and their findings may result in improved treatment.
July 7, 2016
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New research shows how to prevent prions from growing into deadly diseases
Prion diseases are scary, incurable and fatal. they first gained notoriety when cows became infected by prion proteins and, in turn, infected people. Fervor surrounding mad cow disease resulted in the U.S. banning imports of beef from the European Union for 15 years.
March 21, 2017
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New research uncovers vital role of DHHC9 enzyme in brain circuit development
Research by Dr. Shernaz Bamji, from the University of British Columbia, uncovers the mechanism of action of an enzyme called DHHC9 in the normal development and function of neural networks in the brain. Mutations in DHHC9 have been identified in certain patients suffering from X-linked Intellectual Disability, however the specific role of DHHC9 was not known. Dr. Bamji's work shows this enzyme plays a vital role in promoting the growth and branching of the ends of neurons and also in maintaining the balance between excitatory and inhibitory signals being formed onto neurons (called excitatory and inhibitory synapses, respectively).
May 31, 2016
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New review finds link between exposure to alcohol marketing and youth drinking behavior
A new analysis of 12 long-term studies published since 2008 from across the globe finds that young people under the legal drinking age who are more exposed to alcohol marketing appear more likely to start drinking early and also to engage in binge drinking.
January 10, 2017
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New risk factors for anxiety disorders
Several newly discovered variants of a gene increase the risk of developing anxiety disorders. a research team aims to derive new therapies from this finding which are better tailored to the individual patients.
February 24, 2017
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New sensor technology could speed up blood test analysis
A new sensor has been developed that is capable of detecting multiple proteins and enzymes in a small volume of blood, which could significantly speed up diagnostic healthcare processes.
September 14, 2016
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New sensors can detect single protein molecules
Modified carbon nanotubes could be used to track protein production by individual cells
January 24, 2017
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New Spine Stimulation Device Provides Pain Relief
High-frequency therapy helps block pain signals better than low-frequency treatments, study finds
November 9, 2016
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New studies uncover socioeconomic disparities linked to health of lupus patients
Two new studies have uncovered socioeconomic disparities related to the health of patients with lupus. a study in Arthritis & Rheumatology found a link between poverty and worse disease-associated medical complications over time, and a study in Arthritis Care & Research discovered that the frequency of adverse pregnancy outcomes in Black and Hispanic patients with lupus is higher than that in White women with the disease.
May 8, 2017
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New study explains brain mechanisms linked to lack of sensitivity to music
Researchers from the Cognition and Cerebral Plasticity group of the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute and the University of Barcelona (IDIBELL-UB), in collaboration with researchers from the University of McGill (Montreal), have published a new study in which brain mechanisms associated to the lack of sensitivity to music are explained.
November 17, 2016
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New study explores circadian timekeeping to create genetic knock-out rescue mice
A new study from the laboratory of Hiroki Ueda at the RIKEN Quantitative Biology Center investigates circadian timekeeping with a novel approach to creating genetic knock-out rescue mice. Published in Molecular Cell, the study shows how this technique was used to quickly create numerous mouse lines, each with different mutations in a circadian regulator called CRY1. Studying each mutation and the effects on behavior showed that specific changes to the protein affected the duration of the circadian period.
December 22, 2016
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New study finds link between PTSD and metabolic syndrome, cortical thickness
Metabolic syndrome, a cluster of cardiometabolic conditions, may be a biological mechanism linking posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to structural brain abnormalities, according to a new study in Biological Psychiatry. the findings highlight the need to develop effective interventions for PTSD to treat not only the symptoms associated with the disorder, but also potential ensuing metabolic and neurodegenerative consequences, which may be suggestive of premature aging.
August 31, 2016
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New study finds link between memory mechanisms and resistance to epilepsy
A new study undertaken jointly by researchers from the Sagol Department of Neurobiology at the University of Haifa and European researchers, published in the journal Cerebral Cortex, exposes a new biological mechanism that, on the one hand, damages a very specific type of memory, but at the same time provides resistance to epilepsy. Research student Elham Taha from the laboratory of Prof. Kobi Rosenblum, who undertook the research, explains: "In both healthy and sick brains, the relationship between the activities of the nerve cells that cause the transfer of information and activities delaying the transmission of information is extremely important.
November 24, 2016
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New study finds opioid dependence affects perception of cute images of babies
A new pilot study has found that opioid dependence - which includes dependence on drugs such as heroin - affects how 'cute' we perceive images of children to be. as cuteness can trigger caregiving motivation, this result indicates that the opioid system may have significant effects on our ability to care for others.
September 19, 2016
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New study may help develop effective medication for severe pain
The nerve cells that transmit pain signals in the body are called nociceptors. When activated they release pro-inflammatory neuropeptides. In order to recognise harmful external influences, nociceptors are equipped with a wide range of receptors. the capsaicin receptor channel, for example, reacts strongly to the spicy substance in chili peppers.
June 30, 2016
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New study provides reassuring information about safety of osteoporosis drug
A new study provides reassuring information about the short-term and long-term safety of denosumab, a monoclonal antibody that is used to treat postmenopausal osteoporosis.
March 17, 2017
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New study raises serious safety concerns in clinical use of caspase inhibitors for liver injury
Many acute and chronic liver diseases, including alcoholic hepatitis, result from apoptotic (programmed) cell death mediated by the enzyme caspase. Caspase inhibitors have therapeutic potential to treat and prevent apoptosis-mediated liver injury, and some are currently in clinical trials.
October 20, 2016
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New study reveals endocrine biological function of brown adipose tissue
Brown adipose tissue -main organ generating heat in the body- is also an endocrine organ that secretes signaling factors that activate the fat and carbohydrates metabolism.
September 28, 2016
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New study reveals significance of critical periods in early-life learning on brain development
A new study on infantile memory formation in rats points to the importance of critical periods in early-life learning on functional development of the brain. the research, conducted by scientists at New York University's Center for Neural Science, reveals the significance of learning experiences over the first two to four years of human life; this is when memories are believed to be quickly forgotten–a phenomenon known as infantile amnesia.
July 19, 2016
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New study sheds light on impact of unknown genetic mutations in cystic fibrosis patients
When it comes to cystic fibrosis (CF), more than 2,000 different genetic mutations have been reported. However, only 200 of them have been categorized - leaving a genetic soup of 1,800 others for scientists and genetic counselors to figure out.
June 8, 2016
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New study shows how developing brain learns to recognize and react to subtle sensory signals
A new study describes a key mechanism in the brain that allows animals to recognize and react when subtle sensory signals that might not seem important on their own occur simultaneously. Such "multisensory integration" (MSI) is a vital skill for young brains to develop, said the authors of the paper in , because it shapes how effectively animals can make sense of their surroundings.
March 23, 2017
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New study suggests increased levels of hypocretin in the brain may play role in cocaine addiction
A new study from scientists at the Scripps Research Institute (TSRI), funded by the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) and National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), suggests that increased levels of a molecule in the brain, called hypocretin, may contribute to cocaine addiction.
August 10, 2016
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New study to explore link between sleep and chronic pain
Washington State University will lead a study to understand the relationship between sleep and chronic pain, part of a nationwide effort to address the rising abuse of opioid pain relievers and expand the arsenal of non-drug treatment options.
December 5, 2016
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New study to explore ways of helping chronic pain patients get back to work
Researchers from the University of Warwick's Medical School are leading a novel study to explore ways of helping people with chronic pain back to work.
November 16, 2016
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New survey reveals more than half of patients prescribed opioids have leftover pills
In the midst of an epidemic of prescription painkiller addiction and overdose deaths, a new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health survey suggests that more than half of patients prescribed opioids have leftover pills -- and many save them to use later.
June 14, 2016
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New survey shows one-third of students experience high levels of psychological distress
More than one in three - an estimated 328,000 -- Ontario students in grades seven to 12 report moderate-to-serious psychological distress, according to new survey results from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH). Girls are twice as likely as boys to experience psychological distress.
July 21, 2016
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New technique can help detect brain regions that trigger seizures in people with epilepsy
Scientists at the University of Exeter have developed a pioneering new technique that could revolutionise the surgical treatment of epilepsy.
July 7, 2016
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New technique could help reduce chances of drug failure during later stages of clinical trials
An approach that could reduce the chances of drugs failing during the later stages of clinical trials has been demonstrated by a collaboration between the University of Cambridge and pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline (GSK).
June 2, 2016
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New technique for identifying illicit drugs can provide high sensitivity and rapid results
For the identification of illicit drugs in forensic toxicological casework, analysis can be delayed and potentially compromised due to lengthy sample preparation. However a new technique has been developed that can provide high sensitivity and fast results.
November 16, 2016
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New technique improves accuracy, reduces costs of real-time assessment of kidney function
A new technique developed by researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Lab promises to improve accuracy and lower costs of real-time assessment of kidney function, reports an article published this week by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics, in the Journal of Biomedical Optics.
May 5, 2017
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New technology can instantly provide in-field characterization of unknown liquids
A new company will commercialize sensing technology invented at Harvard University that can perform instant, in-field characterization of the chemical make-up and material properties of unknown liquids.
August 04, 2016
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New technology could help deliver treatments for brain injuries
A new study led by scientists at the Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) describes a technology that could lead to new therapeutics for traumatic brain injuries. the discovery, published today in Nature Communications, provides a means of homing drugs or nanoparticles to injured areas of the brain.
June 29, 2016
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New technology may help scientists better understand circadian rhythm in individual cells
An interdisciplinary team of researchers at the University of Georgia has developed a new technology that may help scientists better understand how an individual cell synchronizes its biological clock with other cells.
November 3, 2016
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New technology platform propels the use of 'organs-on-chips'
A novel technology platform has been developed that enables the continuous and automated monitoring of so-called 'organs-on-chips' -- tiny devices that incorporate living cells to mimic the biology of bona fide human organs.
March 8, 2017
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New test could lead to early diagnosis and effective treatment of mild traumatic brain injury
A new test using peripheral vision reaction time could lead to earlier diagnosis and more effective treatment of mild traumatic brain injury, often referred to as a concussion, according to Peter J. Bergold, PhD, professor of physiology and pharmacology at SUNY Downstate Medical Center and corresponding author of a study newly published online by the Journal of Neurotrauma.
February 16, 2017
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New test reveals the truth about how much urine is in swimming pools
Scientists have designed a new way of testing the amount of urine present in swimming pools, according to a Canadian study.
February 23, 2017
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New therapy for osteoporosis provides protection against bone fractures in postmenopausal women
A recent analysis of results from a randomized controlled clinical trial indicates that abaloparatide-SC, a novel therapy for osteoporosis, provides consistent protection against bone fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis regardless of their baseline bone density, age, and previous history of fracture.
September 19, 2016
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New therapy may reduce stroke risk in severe sickle cell disease patients
Eleven-year-old Martin Mwita, of Omaha, has made more than 300 visits to health care facilities since he was a baby. Because of sickle cell disease, he's suffered three strokes and countless other health episodes.
May 26, 2016
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New therapy to treat spinal cord injuries shows improvements in motor function
A new therapy to treat spinal cord injuries in people who have lost all motor and sensory function below the injury site shows additional motor function improvement at 6-months and 9-months following treatment with 10 million AST-OPC1. the positive efficacy results from an ongoing research study were announced on Jan. 24 in a conference held by Asterias Biotherapeutics, Inc., the biotechnology company that manufactures AST-OPC1.
January 24, 2017
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New tool accurately predicts risk of chronic disease
Chronic illness affects millions of people in the United States every year and accounts for a large proportion of the total number of deaths. new research proposes a clinical tool that can be used to accurately predict the risk of chronic disease.
March 17, 2017
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New treatment offers hope for kidney failure and transplant patients with rare disorder
A novel treatment offers kidney failure and kidney transplant patients with a rare disorder new hope. the treatment allows targeted elimination of plasma cell clones producing abnormal proteins that deposits in the kidneys and leads to kidney failure, according to new research.
May 3, 2017
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New treatment option could provide effective therapy for patients with dermatologic conditions
Alopecia areata, atopic dermatitis and vitiligo are highly visible dermatologic conditions that can have a negative effect on patients' quality of life and overall health. An emerging treatment option, however, could provide effective therapy for patients with these conditions.
March 3, 2017
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New Ukidama nanoparticle structure revealed
Sometimes it is the tiny things in the world that can make an incredible difference. One of these things is the nanoparticle. Nanoparticles may be small, but they have a variety of important applications in areas such as, medicine, manufacturing, and energy. a team of researchers from Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) recently discovered a unique copper-silver nanoparticle structure that has a core of one element surrounded by a "cage" of the other element
June 13, 2016
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New urine test could potentially reduce fatigue-related mistakes
Doctors, pilots, air traffic controllers and bus drivers have at least one thing in common – if they're exhausted at work, they could be putting lives at risk. But the development of a new urine test, reported in the ACS journal Analytical Chemistry, could help monitor just how weary they are. the results could potentially reduce fatigue-related mistakes by allowing workers to recognize when they should take a break.
November 30, 2016
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New virtual reality simulator may help researchers learn more about ATV-related crashes
A new virtual reality simulator will help University of Iowa researchers study how and why people lose control while driving all-terrain vehicles.
June 23, 2016
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New Way to Detect Brain Injury in NFL Players?
The goal: to spot early signs of concussion-related head trauma
November 28, 2016
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Newspaper stories paint unfair portrait by linking mental illness and violence
Nearly four in 10 news stories about mental illness analyzed by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researchers connect mental illness with violent behavior toward others, even though less than five percent of violence in the United States is directly related to mental illness.
June 7, 2016
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Next-generation nanoparticle nasal spray for drug delivery to the brain
Delivering life-saving drugs directly to the brain in a safe and effective way is a challenge for medical providers. One key reason: the blood-brain barrier, which protects the brain from tissue-specific drug delivery. Methods such as an injection or a pill aren't as precise or immediate as doctors might prefer, and ensuring delivery right to the brain often requires invasive, risky techniques.
April 12, 2017
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Night time sleep problems increase risk of suicidal thoughts and attempts
The link between sleep problems and suicidal thoughts and behaviours is made starkly clear in new research from the University of Manchester, published in the BMJ Open.
August 24, 2016
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NIH announces 2017-2018 Medical Research Scholars Program Class
The National Institutes of Health has selected 42 talented and diverse students, representing 35 U.S.-accredited universities, for the sixth class of its Medical Research Scholars Program (MRSP). the MRSP received a record number of applications during the 2017-2018 application cycle. the 42 selected participants consist of 39 medical, two dental, and one veterinary student; 48 percent are female and eight individuals are from underrepresented minority groups. There are five second year, 35 third, and two fourth year students in the class; six of the 42 have had previous NIH research experience. the accepted scholars begin their MRSP fellowship in July/August of this year.
May 10, 2017
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NIH announces winners of public-private undergraduate biomedical engineering design competition
Teams designed devices targeting health care problems and underserved communities.
August 23, 2016
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NIH begins study of vaccine to protect against mosquito-borne diseases
Experimental vaccine targets mosquito saliva.
February 21, 2017
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NIH Common Fund announces 2016 High-Risk, High-Reward Research awards
NIH to fund 88 awards on high-impact biomedical research.
October 4, 2016
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NIH contributes to global effort to prevent and manage lung diseases
NIH-funded trial will measure health benefits of clean cookstoves.
October 19, 2016
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NIH designates $42.7 million for food allergy research consortium
Consortium will continue seeking food allergy treatment strategies over next seven years.
March 31, 2017
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NIH initiates pilot grant program for innovative neurological research
Pilot award strategy designed to enhance funding stability to researchers.
January 26, 2017
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NIH led researchers develop software that could facilitate drug development
A team of researchers led by a National Institutes of Health investigator, Teresa Przytycka, Ph.D., has developed a new software tool called AptaTRACE that could be an important advance for drug developers and other scientists who want to identify molecules that bind with high precision to targets of interest.
July 29, 2016
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NIH names Dr. Joshua Gordon director of the National Institute of Mental Health
National Institutes of Health Director Francis S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D., announced today the selection of Joshua A. Gordon, M.D., Ph.D., as director of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Dr. Gordon is expected to join NIH in September.
July 28, 2016
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NIH researchers identify novel role for Hsp60 protein in tissue regeneration and wound healing
National Institutes of Health researchers have identified a novel role for a gene known as heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60), finding that it is critical in tissue regeneration and wound healing. the study found that topical treatment of an Hsp60-containing gel dramatically accelerates wound closure in a diabetic mouse model.
October 27, 2016
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NIH researchers trace origin of blood-brain barrier 'sentry cells'
Finding in zebrafish may contribute to understanding cognitive decline of aging.
April 11, 2017
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NIH researchers unveil new wound-healing role for protein-folding gene in mice
National Institutes of Health researchers have identified a novel role for a gene known as heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60), finding that it is critical in tissue regeneration and wound healing. the study found that topical treatment of an Hsp60-containing gel dramatically accelerates wound closure in a diabetic mouse model.
October 27, 2016
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NIH statement on World Malaria day -- April 25, 2017
Statement of B. Fenton Hall, M.D., Ph.D., and Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.
April 25, 2017
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NIH study determines key differences between allergic and non-allergic dust mite proteins
Finding may lead to better therapies for individuals with dust mite allergies.
October 19, 2016
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NIH to recognize 12 champions of environmental health research
Awards are part of the NIEHS 50th anniversary celebration.
October 7, 2016
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NIH-sponsored expert panel issues clinical guidelines to prevent peanut allergy
Recommendations focus on introducing peanut-containing foods to infants.
January 5, 2017
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NIST study details challenges faced by people with mobility impairments during emergency evacuation
An announcement comes over the office public address system: "A fire has been reported in the building. this is not a drill. Please move to the nearest stairwell and exit the building."
August 26, 2016
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Nitrogen doped bimodal cellular structure activated carbon produced
Phenol-urea-formaldehyde (PUF) organic foam were used as precusors for the new monolithic nitrogen-containing microporous cellular activated carbons production. Carbonization and CO2 activation were used to prepare this novel monolithic nitrogen-containing activated carbon foam with both interconnected macroporous and micro/meso- porosity structures from the developed PUF organic foam.
December 29, 2016
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No added benefit proven for pulmonary arterial hypertension drug, IQWiG finds
Selexipag is approved for long-term treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension in adults with moderate to severe symptoms. the drug can be used either as combination therapy with other blood-pressure lowering drugs or as monotherapy in patients who are not candidates for these therapies
October 7, 2016
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No benefit in treating mildly low thyroid function in pregnancy, NIH network study finds
There appears to be no benefit to treating mildly low thyroid function during pregnancy, according to a study by a National Institutes of Health research network.
March 1, 2017
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Nocturia is the top cause of sleep disturbance
'On World Sleep day sleep experts encourage people to understand the value of healthy and solid sleep. In particular, if they need to go to the toilet more than once in the night they have nocturia, a condition which affects one in three adults over the age of 30 and two thirds of adults over the age of 65.'.
March 17, 2017
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Non-Destructive Nanowire Technology Could Quicken Development of Drugs to Treat Neurological Diseases
Nanowires capable of recording the electrical activity of neurons in fine detail have been developed by a research team led by engineers at the University of California San Diego. this new nanowire technology could be a futuristic platform to screen drugs for neurological diseases and could enable scientists to properly understand how single cells communicate in large neuronal networks.
April 12, 2017
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Non-destructive screening method enables quick, safe identification of pharmaceutical tablet properties
Information on significant properties of pharmaceutical tablets, such as their mechanical strength and dissolution, can now be obtained without resorting to the conventional, time-consuming and destructive testing methods, according to a new study completed at the University of Eastern Finland. a new structural descriptive parameter based on terahertz (THz) time-domain techniques allow for a non-invasive detection of pharmaceutical tablet parameters, constituting a research breakthrough in the field of pharmacy.
January 10, 2017
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Non-fit messaging use may help patients better understand options, reduce biases
When it comes to helping patients make the best choices for themselves, sometimes you have to challenge their usual way of dealing with the world, according to new research published by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology.
June 24, 2016
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Non-invasive technique for examining fatty tissues could revolutionize medicinal drug testing
That's the hope of Associate Professor Noriyuki Yanaka and researchers at Hiroshima University who have developed a non-invasive way to assess the anti-inflammatory properties of fortified health foods and medications.
January 31, 2017
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Non-invasive technology from EarlySense allows people to accurately monitor their sleep at home
EarlySense, the market leader in contact-free continuous monitoring solutions, announced today new research that confirms high accuracy of its home consumer sensor when compared to polysomnography (PSG), the testing process used in clinics around the world to detect sleeping disorders. the peer-reviewed study, published in the December issue of the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, found 92.5% agreement between LIVE by EarlySense and the PSG system.
January 16, 2017
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Non-professional forums on the internet for suicidal people can facilitate psychological improvement
Numerous offerings are available on the Internet for suicidal people desperately seeking advice. These can be divided into professional offerings run by crisis centres and those operated by non-professionals. Even the latter can help to improve the subjective situation, so long as they are so-called "anti-suicide forums".
November 11, 2016
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Nonserious side effects may lead to antiplatelet discontinuation
Most adverse events that lead patients to discontinue antiplatelet drugs are not rated as serious by clinical trial criteria, shows analysis of the PEGASUS-TIMI 54 trial.
June 16, 2016
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Nova Southeastern University hosts international conference organized by IACFS/ME
Chronic fatigue syndrome, sometimes referred to as myalgic encephalomyelitis, a mysterious, debilitating and misunderstood disease that affects an estimated 1 million Americans, will be the focus of an international conference on October 27-30, 2016. the biennial meeting targeting researchers, clinicians, patients and others impacted by CFS/ME, will be held at the Westin Fort Lauderdale Beach Resort in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.
October 20, 2016
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Novartis presents new findings from global psoriasis survey at EADV Congress
Novartis presented new findings from the largest global survey to date of people with psoriasis, showing many do not achieve the treatment goal of clear skin or even believe it is a realistic goal. People with the disease also report that they face discrimination, humiliation, and mental illness, according to the research presented at the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (EADV) Congress.
October 5, 2016
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Novel 3-D "Smart" Sutures for Wireless Collection of Biological Data
The field of smart wearable systems has just gotten a boost thanks to researchers from Tufts University. a team of engineers has developed a novel 3-dimensional thread-based diagnostic platform that, when sutured into tissue, collects a range of real-time diagnostic data wirelessly, including pH, glucose levels, temperature, stress, strain, and pressure.
July 18, 2016
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Novel biomarkers may offer solution for detecting autologous blood transfusion in athletes
Increasing oxygen delivery to muscles can help athletes perform better and give them the edge needed to win elite competitions. One of the best ways to increase oxygen supply is through blood manipulation, undergoing a blood transfusion that provides extra red blood cells and boosts oxygen levels.
July 19, 2016
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Novel drug delivery system may offer new hope for patients with rare fatal genetic disorder
Researchers at Oregon State University and other institutions have discovered a type of drug delivery system that may offer new hope for patients with a rare, ultimately fatal genetic disorder - and make what might become a terrible choice a little easier.
August 30, 2016
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Novel Femur Window Chamber Model for Long-Term Optical Access to Bone Marrow Compartment
The biological complexity of bone marrow is driven by the diverse array of hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic cells that orchestrate intricate biological activities, such as immune and tumor regulation, as well as hematopoiesis. Observing and tracking the complex cellular interactions and activities within the bone marrow niche are limited by currently available techniques, such as blood counts and histology, which use a "snapshot" of static evidence to infer such dynamics in vivo.
August 09, 2016
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Novel inhibitory brain receptor reduces seizure-like activity in pubertal mice
More than half of children with epilepsy outgrow their seizures, yet the mechanism underlying this remission is unknown.
August 26, 2016
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Novel risk genes for bipolar disorder
Researchers conducted a genome-wide association study of bipolar disorder (BD), and identified novel risk genes. One of these genes (FADS) is related to lipid metabolism (e.g., omega3/6 polyunsaturated fatty acids); therefore, they concluded that lipid abnormality may be involved in BD pathophysiology. Elucidating an independent association between these two phenotypes provides a foundation for new therapeutic strategies.
January 26, 2017
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Novel study method identifies 15 genomic regions associated with depression
Data from consumer genomic analysis company identifies sites of potential risk genes
August 1, 2016
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NYIT researcher aims to study link between wound healing problems and methamphetamine use
A chance observation in a Southern California fast food restaurant led Luis Martinez, Ph.D., to wonder about the connections behind wound healing problems and methamphetamine use.
August 19, 2016
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NYU Lutheran offers many treatment options for kidney stone sufferers
Frederick A. Gulmi, MD, chief of urology at NYU Lutheran, cautions anyone who has never had a bout with kidney stones.
August 24, 2016
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NYU scientists find that emotional brain states can persist for long periods of time
Emotional experiences can induce physiological and internal brain states that persist for long periods of time after the emotional events have ended, a team of New York University scientists has found. this study, which appears in the journal Nature Neuroscience, also shows that this emotional "hangover" influences how we attend to and remember future experiences.
December 27, 2016
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Misc. - O

Obesity Rates Rising Among Women: CDC
Though a major health concern, little has changed, expert says
June 7, 2016
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Obstructive sleep apnea can increase risk for PE recurrence
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a major risk for patients suffering from venous thromboembolism (VTE) and can often be fatal. While advanced age, lack of exercise, and obesity all contribute to PE, it has been hypothesized that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may also promote the formation of blood clots. Because VTE is a chronic condition with reoccurring episodes of PE, researchers wanted to examine how OSA affected the rate of repeat PE occurrence.
December 6, 2016
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OCA transplantation can be effective treatment option for active patients with knee cartilage injuries
For athletes and highly active patients who sustain cartilage injuries to their knee, an osteochondral allograft transplantation can be a successful treatment option, according to research presented today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's (AOSSM) Annual Meeting in Colorado Springs, CO. the study showed these patients were consistently able to return to sport or recreational activities after the surgery, though frequently at a lower activity level.
July 11, 2016
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Ocaliva drug gets FDA approval for primary biliary cholangitis treatment
On Friday, May 27, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted accelerated approval for Ocaliva (obeticholic acid) for the treatment of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) in combination with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in adults with an inadequate response to UDCA, or as a single therapy in adults unable to tolerate UDCA.
June 1, 2016
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Octobot: a Completely Soft and Flexible Robot May One day Invade Our Bodies
Harvard University researchers built what they describe as the world's first completely soft robot. the device looks like an octopus and is appropriately named Octobot. Though it resembles a toy, the core technology within it may one day be used for medical applications such as minimally invasive surgery and imaging of the GI tract.
August 25, 2016
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Older patients feel voiceless in decision-making process for dialysis, study finds
Starting dialysis treatment for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) should be a shared decision made by an informed patient based on discussions with a physician and family members. However, many older dialysis patients say they feel voiceless in the decision-making process and are unaware of more conservative management approaches that could help them avoid initiating a treatment that reduces their quality of life, according to a study led by Tufts University researchers.
August 31, 2016
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One in three Australians report health problems from fragranced consumer products
Many people report health problems -- ranging from migraine headaches to asthma attacks -- when exposed to common fragranced consumer products such as air fresheners, cleaning products, laundry supplies, and personal care products.
March 6, 2017
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Online group therapy can be as effective as face-to-face treatment for bulimia nervosa
Eight years ago, researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill launched a new kind of clinical trial to compare the effectiveness of online therapy - delivered through group chat sessions - to face-to-face group therapy for the treatment of bulimia nervosa, an eating disorder marked by recurrent episodes of binge eating (or eating an unusually large amount of food and feeling out of control) coupled with purging behaviors such as vomiting, laxative abuse, or excessive exercise.
November 30, 2016
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Online relapse prevention tool offers 'cheap accessible option' for people with bipolar disorder
An online relapse prevention tool for Bipolar Disorder offers a "cheap accessible option" for people seeking support following treatment, say researchers.
April 28, 2017
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Open-source research mechanism could lead to discovery of new, cheap medicines for malaria
Malaria is one of the leading causes of mortality in developing countries -- last year killing more than 400,000 people. Researchers worldwide have found the solution for drug discovery could lie in open, "crowd-sourced" science.
September 16, 2016
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Operational mechanism of Acid-sensing Ion Channel plays pivotal role in transmitting pain signals
Professor Byung-Chang Suh's research team from the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences succeeded in identifying a new operational mechanism principle of the 'Acid-sensing Ion Channel,' which recognizes internal pain in an organism.
September 13, 2016
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Opioid Abusers Missing Out on Anti-Addiction Drug
Painkillers are easier to prescribe than the drug that battles dependence on them, addiction specialist says
July 20, 2016
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Opioid naive individuals at low risk of developing persistent opioid use after surgery, research shows
Researchers from the University Health Network's Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES) have determined that patients who have not had an opioid prescription within a year prior to their procedure are at low risk of developing persistent opioid use after major surgery.
August 11, 2016
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Opioid users treated in compulsory drug detention centre more likely to relapse, study shows
People with chronic opioid use disorders are more likely to relapse and do so sooner if they are treated in a compulsory drug detention centre rather than a voluntary drug treatment centre using methadone maintenance therapy, according to the first study comparing the outcome of both approaches published in the Lancet Global Health.
December 9, 2016
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Opioid-Related Deaths Might be Underestimated: CDC
Death certificates from drug-linked infections may not label painkillers as possible cause
April 25, 2017
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Optical sensor can precisely measure ultra-small magnetic fields from the human body
Quantum physics: the human body is controlled by electrical impulses in, for example, the brain, the heart and nervous system. These electrical signals create tiny magnetic fields, which doctors could use to diagnose various diseases, for example diseases of the brain or heart problems in young foetuses. Researchers from the Niels Bohr Institute have now succeeded in developing a method for extremely precise measurements of such ultra-small magnetic fields with an optical magnetic field sensor.
July 15, 2016
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Oral allergy syndrome: Foods, symptoms, and treatments
Oral allergy syndrome is an allergic reaction that specifically affects the mouth, lips, tongue, and throat. It is related to allergic rhinitis, otherwise known as hay fever.
March 23, 2017
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OSA patients face elevated risk of perioperative complications
Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) face an elevated risk of perioperative complications; the risk is even higher if the diagnosis has not been made before surgery. this is so for many OSA patients.
July 28, 2016
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Osteoporosis: ACP update treatment guidelines for preventing bone fractures
To reduce the risk of hip and vertebral fractures in women with osteoporosis, physicians should treat them with the bisphosphonates risedronate, alendronate, or zoledronic acid, or alternatively with the biologic agent denosumab.
May 9, 2017
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Outdated medical imaging technology places patients at potential risk for safety
The age of the installed base of medical imaging equipment is continuing to decline dramatically, placing patients at avoidable risk. to draw attention to this deterioration in equipment and the potentially serious consequences, COCIR is launching a new infographic at the 3rd edition of the EuroSafe Imaging presence at the European Congress of Radiology (ECR).
March 19, 2017
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Overactive bladder: Signs and symptoms
The bladder is the organ that collects urine from the kidneys and expels it when it is full. Ideally, a person can control their bladder, when they choose to urinate, and the amount of times they urinate during the day. When a person has an overactive bladder, they cannot always control these functions.
March 30, 2017
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Overactive bladder: Symptoms, myths, and misconceptions
Overactive bladder is a common condition marked by symptoms relating to the frequency and urgency of urination.
April 6, 2017
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Oxford Instruments announces the Launch of the SampleProtect Measurement System for Sensitive Samples used in Spectroscopy Experiments
Oxford Instruments is pleased to announce the launch of the unique SampleProtect measurement system. It is ideal for ESD protection and is optimised for opto-electrical measurement experiments, ensuring sensitive samples are protected throughout the whole experiment. It also minimises the time taken to obtain first experimental results.
November 15, 2016
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Oxytocin hormone plays role in facilitating perception of emotions
Studies have demonstrated that oxytocin (which acts as an hormone and also as a neurotransmitter in the brain) plays a role in facilitating the perception of emotions in other people's facial expressions. An international study conducted by Sebastian Korb (researcher in the SISSA's Neurosciences area) and colleagues has tested the idea that this phenomenon is related to facial mimicry.
June 14, 2016
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Oxytocin levels affect synchronization in leader/follower relationship
When standing in a crowd at a concert, clapping hands along with the music on stage, it may be that people with higher levels of oxytocin are better synchronised with the beat of the music than those with lower levels of oxytocin.
December 9, 2016
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Oxytocin system may be key target for developing medications to treat opioid addiction
A new review of published research indicates that the oxytocin system--a key player in social reward and stress regulation--is profoundly affected by opioid use. Therefore, it may be an important target for developing medications to treat opioid addiction and to prevent relapse.
April 5, 2017
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Misc. - P

Painkiller Misuse in U.S. Doubled in Decade
Over 4 percent of adults reported nonmedical use of drugs like OxyContin in 2012-2013
June 24, 2016
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Painkillers for Teen Athletes Won't Spur Addiction
Sports may actually provide protective effect against opioid abuse
July 25, 2016
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Painkillers might not work if you are sleep deprived, study suggests
New research uncovers unexpected links between sleep deprivation and pain sensitivity. the findings may have significant implications for pain management therapies.
May 8, 2017
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Panel develops plan for preventing youth suicide
An independent panel convened by the National Institutes of Health has developed a 10-year roadmap for advancing research to prevent youth suicide. the panel listed 29 recommendations that address three critical issues: improving data systems, enhancing data collection and analysis methods, and strengthening the research and practice community.
October 4, 2016
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Parents face difficulty in choosing right allergy medication for their kids
Tulips, songbirds and itchy little eyes -- all are sure signs of spring.
April 17, 2017
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Patent analysis reveals that saffron bioactives can be used to treat multiple disorders
Increased stress levels, sleep disorders and obesity have become hallmarks of present lifestyle. These conditions are often correlated with serious health problems such as cancer, diabetes, cerebral ischemia, stroke, etc. Due to huge costs of current medical treatments for managing such problems along with undesired side effects, people are looking for natural remedies.
March 27, 2017
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Patient complaint process impacts psychological wellbeing of doctors, study finds
Complaints against doctors can impact on their psychological wellbeing, according to a new study from Imperial College London.
July 6, 2016
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Patients Often Prescribed, Share Extra Painkillers
Two new U.S. studies shed light on opioid epidemic
June 13, 2016
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Patients Often Reject Drug-Only Psych Treatment
Compliance more likely when doctors prescribe talk therapy, study finds
March 6, 2017
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Patients with cLBP more likely to use illicit drugs, study reports
People living with chronic low back pain (cLBP) are more likely to use illicit drugs -- including marijuana, cocaine, heroin, and methamphetamine -- compared to those without back pain, reports a study in Spine, published by Wolters Kluwer.
July 21, 2016
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Patients with family history of bipolar disorder more likely to engage in violence, study finds
A large population worldwide is affected by bipolar disorder and the heritability stands at around 80%.
February 3, 2017
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Patients with pulmonary embolism experience long term limitations to physical stamina
A multi-centre clinical study, led by Dr. Susan Kahn at the Jewish General Hospital (JGH), determined that nearly half of the patients who suffer a pulmonary embolism (PE) -- a blood clot in the lung -- experience long term limitations to their capacity for physical activity and that this had a negative impact on their quality of life.
March 21, 2017
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PCT screening could be promising tool to help shorten hospital stays, reduce costs for sepsis patients
New retrospective study in CHEST found procalcitonin testing at admission reduced the length of stay and total cost of care
January 10, 2017
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Peanut allergy prevention strategy is nutritionally safe, NIH-funded study shows
Early-life peanut consumption does not affect duration of breastfeeding or children's growth and nutrition.
June 9, 2016
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Penile Implant for Erectile Dysfunction Erects Itself When Heated
Researchers at University of Wisconsin-Madison recently reported on a new penile implant designed to help men with erectile dysfunction. the device relies on nitinol, a memory alloy composed of nickel and titanium that was developed at the now defunct Naval Ordnance Laboratory. the metal responds to temperature changes by changing its shape, and the implant takes a compact bent shape when at body temperature while erecting into an impressively straight shape once it is warmed up slightly.
January 17, 2017
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Penn researchers unravel missing steps involved in movement of cellular cargo
Every time a hormone is released from a cell, every time a neurotransmitter leaps across a synapse to relay a message from one neuron to another, the cell must undergo exocytosis. this is the process responsible for transporting cellular contents via lipid-encapsulated vesicles to the cell surface membrane and then incorporating or secreting them through membrane fusion.
January 24, 2017
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Penn researchers use drug-pricing model to estimate average joint weight of marijuana
"It seems like an odd question but major policy questions depend on the answer," said Greg Ridgeway, an associate professor of criminology and statistics at the University of Pennsylvania.
July 12, 2016
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Penn scientists develop combined medical and surgical care plan for managing Crohn's disease
The first published combined medical and surgical care plan for managing septic perianal Crohn's disease, a serious complication that occurs in around 40 percent of Crohn's disease patients, has been developed by researchers at Penn State College of Medicine. the plan and its results took more than a decade to develop and are based on patient outcomes.
August 23, 2016
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Penn State dermatologist clarifies common myths about psoriasis
Psoriasis is a much-misunderstood disease, often kept under wraps by sufferers who want to hide their skin lesions. this week, Dr. Sara Ferguson, a dermatologist at Penn State Medical Group in State College, separates fact from myth about psoriasis and the various treatment options.
August 26, 2016
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Penn State scientists develop citrate-based fluorescent sensor for diagnosis of cystic fibrosis
Penn State biomaterials scientists have developed a new, inexpensive method for detecting salt concentrations in sweat or other bodily fluids. the fluorescent sensor, derived from citric acid molecules, is highly sensitive and highly selective for chloride, the key diagnostic marker in cystic fibrosis.
October 7, 2016
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Penn study sheds light on role of essential compound in maintaining optimal muscle function
Maintaining proper levels of an essential helper molecule is crucial for optimal muscle function, according to a study led by Joseph Baur, PhD, an assistant professor of Physiology in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. some athletes are already taking supplements to increase synthesis of this compound, called NAD, with the hopes of reversing the natural decay associated with aging of the mitochondria, the cell's powerhouses.
August 10, 2016
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Penn study shows synchronized refill program enhances medication adherence
Programs aimed at helping patients adhere to prescription medication regimens have become an area of interest for researchers as nearly half of patients do not take medications as prescribed. In a new study, researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and Humana Inc. show that a refill synchronization program - in which patients were able to receive all refills at the same time - increased medication adherence by more than 10 percent in some patient subgroups.
August 09, 2016
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PennTech® brand from SP Scientific get new, dedicated website
SP Scientific announces the launch of a new dedicated website for its PennTech® brand of advanced aseptic processing equipment for the pharmaceutical and biotech industries.
January 3, 2017
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People sensitive to sexual disgust more likely to make duty-based moral judgments, study suggests
Every person has both utilitarian (consequentialist) and Kantian (duty- or rule-based) moral intuitions, which are activated in different situations in different ways. the field of Moral Psychology studies these types of intuitions and the psychological factors behind them. the emotion of disgust has been found to influence the formation of moral judgments.
April 13, 2017
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People with bipolar disorder more than twice as likely to have suffered childhood adversity
People with bipolar disorder are more than twice as likely to have suffered childhood adversity. Bipolar disorder is characterized by extreme depressive and manic states which impair quality of life and increase suicide risk. An urgent need in this field is better understanding of risk factors that can be used to improve detection and treatment.
October 12, 2016
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People with burnout symptoms react faster to negative sounds of voice, study reveals
Approximately every fourth working aged Finn experiences symptoms of burnout that include exhaustion, cynicism and reduced professional efficacy and often also difficulties in concentration and memory.
April 10, 2017
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People with epilepsy face increased risks of discrimination and other negative life events
In a recent analysis, people with epilepsy were seven-fold more likely to have reported experiencing discrimination due to health problems than the general population. this risk was greater than other chronic health problems such as diabetes, asthma and migraines.
September 19, 2016
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People with family history of alcoholism more likely to hold onto painful memory of hangovers
People with a family history of alcoholism are already known to be at a greater risk of developing a drinking problem, but new research led by Psychologist Dr Richard Stephens at Keele University has found they are also more likely to hold onto the painful memory of hangovers.
March 19, 2017
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People with IED have connectivity deficits in SLF region of the brain
People with intermittent explosive disorder (IED), or impulsive aggression, have a weakened connection between regions of the brain associated with sensory input, language processing and social interaction.
July 7, 2016
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People with PTSD appear to suffer from disrupted context processing, say researchers
For decades, neuroscientists and physicians have tried to get to the bottom of the age-old mystery of post-traumatic stress disorder, to explain why only some people are vulnerable and why they experience so many symptoms and so much disability.
October 7, 2016
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Peptide acts as mediator for learning
In order to adapt to changes in the environment, the brain produces new nerve cells even at adult age. These young neurons are crucial for memory formation and learning. Scientists have now discovered that a small peptide plays the role of a mediator in this process. In response to an external stimulus such as a varied environment, the mediator peptide boosts the proliferation of neural stem cells and neural progenitor cells.
April 7, 2017
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PERK protein could be target for development of new drugs for progressive supranuclear palsy
The brain disease "progressive supranuclear palsy" is currently incurable and its symptoms can only be eased to a very limited degree. PSP impairs eye movements, locomotion, balance control, and speech. Scientists at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases and the Technical University of Munich have now discovered a molecular mechanism that may help in the search for effective treatments. Their study focusses on a protein called PERK. a team of researchers led by Prof. GHnger reports on this in the journal EMBO Molecular Medicine.
February 6, 2017
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Personalized medicine will employ computer algorithms
Scientists have developed a software program enabling them to quickly compare sets of DNA of microorganisms living in different environments. the researchers have already suggested exactly how the new program could be applied in practice. Using the algorithm to compare the microflora of a healthy person with the microflora of a patient, specialists would be able to detect previously unknown pathogens and their strains, which can aid the development of personalized medicine.
June 15, 2016
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PET/CT imaging technique may provide way to break perpetual cycle of alcohol abuse
Alcoholism is a devastating disorder that too often leads to a perpetual cycle of abuse. An emerging molecular imaging technique may provide a way to break that cycle. It could signal patients' heightened risk and lead to targeted drug treatments that reduce the compulsion to drink, say researchers presenting at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging.
June 14, 2016
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Pets Invaluable to Those with Mental Conditions
6 out of 10 patients put furry or feathered friends at the top of their support list, study finds
December 9, 2016
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Pharmacists with expanded role in patient oversight reduce hospital readmission rates, study shows
Pharmacists given an expanded role in patient oversight can reduce the likelihood of high-risk patients returning to the hospital, according to a new study that underscores a potential cost-saving solution for a growing physician shortage.
March 16, 2017
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Philips introduces DreamMapper app and website in the UK for people living with sleep apnoea
Royal Philips has today announced the UK launch of the DreamMapper app and website, designed to assist people living with sleep apnoea to improve treatment adherence by providing tools and real time tracking and analysis of their positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy. DreamMapper works as part of the Philips Dream Family portfolio which includes DreamStation, a sleep therapy system, and DreamWear, a minimal contact nasal mask.
June 30, 2016
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Philips unveils new products for healthy lifestyle at IFA 2016
At this year's Internationale Funkausstellung (IFA) in Berlin, Germany, Royal Philips today announced a range of new products that empower consumers to stay healthy, live well and enjoy life.
September 2, 2016
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Photovoice interventions could lead to complete recovery of sexual assault survivors
One out of every six American women has experienced a sexual assault or an attempted sexual assault or rape in her lifetime, according to the National Institute of Justice and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. While more than half of female survivors of rape report symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), previous research has found that not all survivors respond to traditional treatments for PTSD, causing their symptoms to resurface over time.
November 22, 2016
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Physical Therapy Equals Surgery for Carpal Tunnel
Conservative approach should be the first option, researcher says
March 24, 2017
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Physician explains how poor or low-quality sleep hinders common resolutions
Making new Year's resolutions is easy. Keeping them – beyond a couple of weeks, at least – is tough.
January 20, 2017
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Pig-human hybrid brings us closer to barnyard organ factories
It's a big, ethically murky step, but pig-human organs are still far away.
January 27, 2017
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Pill Expands In Stomach to Stay for Weeks Delivering Medication
Many drugs require precise ingestion regimens that optimize the effect of the medication, but getting patients to follow the schedule is often easier said than done. Additionally, some drugs may work better if only they could be delivered continuously in small doses, over a period of days or weeks.
November 17, 2016
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Pillbox for Windows 10 helps you remember your medication
Pillbox is a Windows 10 app designed to be a simple and user-friendly alarm application that reminds you to take daily medication.
March 28, 2017
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Pitt researchers shed more light on neurobiology of reading
Reading is a relatively modern and uniquely human skill. for this reason, visual word recognition has been a puzzle for neuroscientists because the neural systems responsible for reading could not have evolved for this purpose.
July 21, 2016
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Pittcon conference registration opens for 2017
The Registration Committee today announced that conferee registration is now open for Pittcon 2017, the world's premier annual conference and exposition for laboratory science. the event will be held March 5-9, 2017, at the West Hall of McCormick Place, Chicago, IL.
October 4, 2016
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Pittcon to co-program at JASIS international symposium
Pittcon is pleased to once again co-program at JASIS, one of the largest Asian exhibitions for analytical and scientific instruments. this year's symposium, organized by Dr. Fu-Tyan Lin, the Pittcon 2017 program chairman, will be "New Approaches in Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy for Biomolecular Applications."
September 2, 2016
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Plant sugar source can drive malaria transmission by modulating mosquito-Plasmodium interactions
Female mosquitoes are well known blood-feeders, but they also consume sugar sources such as nectar, fruits and tree sap. a study published on August 4th in PLOS Pathogens suggests that the plant-based part of their diet affects malaria transmission by influencing the host-pathogen interaction between Anopheles mosquitoes and Plasmodium parasites.
August 05, 2016
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Plant-based drug for hemophilia shows promise in animal models
People with hemophilia require regular infusions of clotting factor to prevent them from experiencing uncontrolled bleeding. But a significant fraction develop antibodies against the clotting factor, essentially experiencing an allergic reaction to the very treatment that can prolong their lives.
February 13, 2017
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Plastic surgeon from new Jersey shares lesser-known details about tummy tuck surgery
A tummy tuck can dramatically improve a person's body contours, flattening and firming the belly, tightening muscles, and eliminating sagging skin, but for those of us who are not plastic surgeons, what goes into creating great tummy tuck results has largely remained a mystery–until now. In a new interview series, new Jersey board certified plastic surgeon Dr. Paul M. Parker shares some lesser-known details about tummy tuck surgery and recovery, which he encourages anyone considering the procedure to read before making a decision about surgery.
August 25, 2016
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Plastics compound, BPS, often substituted for BPA, alters mouse moms' behavior and brain regions
Impaired behavior in pregnant and lactating mice
December 22, 2016
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Policies restricting opioid prescriptions could harm pain patients, suggests review
A recent review and analysis suggests that some policies restricting opioid prescriptions to curb overdose deaths could be harming those who need them the most: pain patients.
July 13, 2016
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Poor and less-educated older Americans more likely to suffer from chronic pain, research shows
Poorer and less-educated older Americans are more like to suffer from chronic pain than those with greater wealth and more education, but the disparity between the two groups is much greater than previously thought, climbing as high as 370 percent in some categories, according to new research by a University at Buffalo medical sociologist.
February 8, 2017
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Positive change in sleep linked to better physical and mental wellbeing, study shows
Improving your sleep quality is as beneficial to health and happiness as winning the lottery, according to research by the University of Warwick.
March 16, 2017
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Positive environment can reverse trauma-related behavioral alterations in mice
Traumatic experiences in childhood increase the risk of developing behavioral and psychiatric disorders later in life. It is also known that the consequences of a trauma can likewise be observed in the children of people affected even if those children have themselves not experienced any trauma. However, childhood trauma in some conditions can also help individuals deal better with difficult situations later in life.
June 24, 2016
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Pot Derivative May Curb Tough-to-Treat Epilepsy
Cannabidiol lowered frequency, severity of seizures in trials, but without a 'high'
December 6, 2016
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Pot Smokers May Face Greater Risk of Alcohol Abuse
Marijuana users also less likely to quit drinking, researchers say
March 8, 2016
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Potential drug could become first effective treatment option for Prader-Willi syndrome
Duke Health researchers have identified a drug-like small molecule that, in animal experiments, appears to be an effective treatment for a genetic disorder called Prader-Willi syndrome.
December 27, 2016
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Potential new treatment for cocaine addiction
A promising new drug treatment for cocaine addiction has been discovered by researchers. the experimental therapy, which involves administering a drug currently used in cancer therapy trials, treats cocaine addiction by inhibiting memories responsible for cravings.
August 31, 2016
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Potential new treatment for cystic fibrosis uncovered
Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease that affects tens of thousands of people in the United States and worldwide. There is currently no cure for the condition, but new research proposes a novel therapeutic approach that may soon stop the disease from progressing.
April 10, 2017
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Potential non-invasive screening biomarker for SSc-PAH
Serum asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) may be an effective non-invasive screening biomarker for systemic sclerosis-related pulmonary arterial hypertension (SSc-PAH), study findings indicate.
June 16, 2016
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Powerful MRI Machine Reveals Brain Remembers how to Control Missing Limbs
In a potentially important finding for the future of prosthetics, scientists at Oxford University showed that people who had their hands amputated even decades ago still maintain the representation of those hands in their brains. Scientists have long suspected that areas of the brain that end up not being used eventually forget how to do the things they previously knew.
September 6, 2016
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Pre-surgery information can help predict cognitive decline after postoperative delirium, study finds
Evidence suggests that experiencing delirium after surgery can lead to long-term cognitive decline in older adults. However, not everyone who experiences delirium will suffer this fate. After a recent study, researchers at Hebrew SeniorLife's Institute for Aging Research and Brigham and Women's Channing Division of Network Medicine (both Harvard Medical School affiliates) have discovered that we can predict cognitive decline after postoperative delirium using pre-surgery information from patients, particularly information on pre-surgery cognitive function.
March 15, 2017
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Pre-treatment with antihistamines may suppress gastrointestinal symptoms of food allergy
Simultaneous pre-treatment with antihistamines that block both the H1 and H4 antihistamine receptors suppressed the gastrointestinal symptoms of food allergy in mice, according to researchers at National Jewish Health. the findings, published online in the journal Allergy, provide new insight into the development of food allergy and suggest potential therapies for prevention and treatment of food allergy.
May 26, 2016
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Predicting disease outbreaks using environmental changes
A model that predicts outbreaks of zoonotic diseases -- those originating in livestock or wildlife such as Ebola and Zika -- based on changes in climate, population growth and land use has been developed by a team of researchers.
June 13, 2016
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Prenatal butylparaben exposure causes various endocrine disrupting effects in rats
Research suggests that butylparaben - which is used in cosmetics and skin care products such as sunscreen - have more endocrine disrupting effects than previously thought. In a study from the National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, researchers have observed endocrine disrupting effects on the development of the reproductive system in rats that are exposed to the compound prenatally.
July 7, 2016
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Prescription sleep aids may stimulate suicidal thoughts or actions
Prescription sleep aids appear to carry a rare risk of suicide, most typically when they cause the unexpected response of stimulating rather than quietening patients, researchers say.
October 4, 2016
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Princeton-Intel collaboration builds new software to decode brain scans
Early this year, about 30 neuroscientists and computer programmers got together to improve their ability to read the human mind.
February 24, 2017
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Prices of Generic Heart Failure Drugs Vary Widely
Patients can spend from $12 to $400 a month to fill common prescriptions, study reveals
November 15, 2016
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Prior Scientific details extensive range of products for neuroscience, electrophysiological applications in new brochure
Prior Scientific, a leader in advanced high precision microscopy products, details its extensive range of automated systems, motorised stages and accessories for neuroscience and electrophysiological applications in a new brochure.
June 29, 2016
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Probing the brain in high resolution with graphene based neural probes
Graphene-based transistors enable a flexible neural probe with excellent signal-to-noise ratio. Such probes are useful for examining neural activity for understanding diseases, as well as in neuroprosthetics for control of artificial limbs.
March 27, 2017
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Probiotic could help alleviate hay fever symptoms
Itchy eyes, runny nose, and sneezing; allergy season is just around the corner. According to a new study, however, symptoms of hay fever could be reduced with a simple probiotic.
March 2, 2017
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Proctalgia fugax and anal pain: Causes and treatments
Proctalgia fugax refers to the sudden onset of severe pain in the rectum area, which can last from seconds to minutes. the pain is sporadic and can be without warning.
May 2, 2017
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Professional baseball players struggle to return to play after biceps tenodesis, research shows
Professional baseball players struggle to return to a high level of play after biceps tenodesis (BP) surgery, according to research presented today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's (AOSSM) Specialty day in San Diego. the study examined how players with SLAP tears responded to biceps tenodesis.
March 19, 2017
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Programs to prevent prescription drug misuse may be underused, study reveals
Misuse of prescription pain medications remains a major public health problem -- but programs to prevent it may be underused, according to a study in the July issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
June 29, 2016
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Programs to Spot Painkiller Abuse Work
Study found monitoring program in Maine was only used by 56 percent of pharmacists
June 28, 2016
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Progress Report on a Novel Approach to Brain Computer Interfaces, Neural Dust
It has been a while since the concept of neural dust was first proposed by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley. Since then, the engineers have published multiple papers on the device. In fact, they have just reported data on device validation and neural activity recorded from the peripheral nervous system of rats.
August 04, 2016
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Promising new therapeutic target could lead to better prognosis of spinal muscular atrophy
According to studies, approximately one out of every 40 individuals in the United States is a carrier of the gene responsible for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), a neurodegenerative disease that causes muscles to weaken over time.
July 25, 2016
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Prospective biobank studies with genetic data can help improve drug development, reduce costs
With drug development costs topping $1.2bn (£850 million) to get a single treatment to the point it can be sold and used in the clinic, could genetic analysis save hundreds of millions of dollars?
June 15, 2016
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Psoriasis in pictures: Different types and symptoms
Psoriasis is one of the most common autoimmune diseases. It causes changes in the skin and can trigger psoriatic arthritis.
April 4, 2017
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Psoriasis on the face: Symptoms, causes, and treatments
Psoriasis is a skin condition that causes cells to develop rapidly on the skin. this growth can create thick, scaly patches that may be itchy and uncomfortable.
April 28, 2017
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Psoriasis scars: Treatment and prevention
Psoriasis is a skin disease that can cause scaly red and silvery patches to form on many areas of the body. These areas include around the joints, trunk, and scalp.
April 14, 2017
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Psoriasis versus dandruff: how to tell the difference
Dandruff and psoriasis of the scalp can look very similar. Both skin conditions produce flakes of skin, but there are some differences.
April 12, 2017
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Psoriasis versus seborrheic dermatitis: how to tell the difference
Psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis can look similar. some people may have both of these skin conditions, but the two disorders have some key differences.
April 12, 2017
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Psychiatrist explains how the brain blocks memory to help get through traumatic event
Everyone has done something they probably want to forget–falling face first on the stage at your high school graduation or asking a woman how far along she is only to find out she isn't even pregnant. Wanting to squash these not-so-great memories is human nature, but is it possible to intentionally forget a traumatic experience?
December 9, 2016
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PTSD Goes Beyond the Battlefield
The sight of a street lamp floods Sal Schittino's mind with anxiety. "A light post makes my heart race," he says, "especially at night or on a side street."
July 15, 2016
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PTSD 'should be viewed as a systemic disorder'
A new study finds that adults with post-traumatic stress disorder are much more likely to experience sleep disorders, gastrointestinal problems, cardiovascular diseases, and numerous other health conditions. as such, researchers say that post-traumatic stress disorder should be considered a systemic disorder, as opposed to just a psychological condition.
April 3, 2017
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Pupil dilation patterns of speakers and listeners synchronize during shared attention, study finds
A new Dartmouth study finds that listeners are most likely to tune in when a speaker delivers the most emotional peaks of his/her narrative, as revealed by synchronous pupil dilation patterns of speakers and listeners due to shared attention.
April 11, 2017
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Quest Diagnostics analysis shows workforce drug use in U.S. reaches 10-year high
Annual Drug Testing Index reveals fifth straight year of increases in detection rate of amphetamine and heroin; marijuana positivity increases 47 percent since 2013 in oral fluid testing
September 16, 2016
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Quickly determine dissolved particle concentration in solution
The K-7400S Semi-Micro Osmometer from KNAUER allows fast and easy analysis of aqueous liquids. Using the proven technology of freezing point depression, the device determines the total concentration of all dissolved particles of a solution. this makes it suitable especially for quality control in the industrial sector and for the use in research laboratories.
April 12, 2017
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Misc. - R

Radical avoidance of plastics in the home: General environmental exposure limits beneficial effects
The well-known documentary "Plastic Planet" by Werner Boote starkly illustrates the dangers of plastic and synthetics for human beings and also shows how ubiquitous plastic is. Motivated by this multiple award-winning film, a family of five from Styria completely avoided plastics in their home environment for several months.
July 13, 2016
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Raising the curtain on cerebral malaria's deadly agents
NIH scientists film inside mouse brains to uncover biology behind the disease.
December 6, 2016
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Ramp-up tones could be effective alerting method to reduce stress on firefighters
An article published in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene that examines long-term health effects suffered by emergency responders indicates that "ramp-up" alert tones can help reduce stress on firefighters.
October 5, 2016
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Rapid adaptation of Aspergillus fungus presents doctors with a dilemma
The fungus Aspergillus fumigatus is capable of rapid genetic adaptation in both natural environments and in humans according to a study. this presents doctors with a dilemma: prescribe medication that may increase drug resistance or not providing treatment and increase the likelihood of the fungus settling in the lungs?
September 26, 2016
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Rare Disease day at NIH event features advances in rare diseases research
Rare diseases affect an estimated 25 million Americans. on Feb. 27, 2017, the National Institutes of Health will host Rare Disease day at NIH to raise awareness about rare diseases, the people they affect, and research collaborations that are making a difference.
February 22, 2017
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Rare genetic variations linked to severe porphyria
An international research team has linked rare variations in a cell membrane protein to the wide variation in symptom severity that is a hallmark of porphyria, a rare disorder that often affects the skin, liver and nervous system. St. Jude Children's Research Hospital helped to lead the research, which appears today in the journal Nature Communications and suggests possible new treatment strategies.
August 10, 2016
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Rates of nonmedical prescription opioid use and opioid use disorder double in 10 years
Almost 10 million U.S. adults report misusing prescription opioids in 2012-2013.
June 22, 2016
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Regular drug use may hamper moral decision making
Regular cocaine and methamphetamine users can have difficulty choosing between right and wrong, perhaps because the specific parts of their brains used for moral processing and evaluating emotions are damaged by their prolonged drug habits.
July 13, 2016
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Rehabilitation programme for heart disease could help bowel cancer patients
Could rehabilitation programmes for heart disease patients be used to help people recovering from bowel cancer get back on their feet? That's the question cancer care experts at the University of Stirling have been exploring.
September 28, 2016
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Rejuvenating the brain's disposal system
A characteristic feature of Alzheimer's disease is the presence of so called amyloid plaques in the patient's brain -- aggregates of misfolded proteins that clump together and damage nerve cells. Researchers have now discovered a strategy to help the brain remove amyloid plaques.
December 21, 2016
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Remote Controlled Microbots for Medical Uses Inside Body
Researchers at Ecole polytechnique federale de Lausanne (EPFL) and Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich have developed a technique for building "mobile micromachines" inspired by origami that can be controlled and powered remotely using magnets. the goal is to eventually use the technology to create diagnostic and therapeutic devices that can travel through the body and perform specific actions, reaching areas and doing tasks that are difficult with existing techniques.
July 25, 2016
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Renishaw applauds University Hospital of Wales on first robotic-assisted neurosurgery for epilepsy
Renishaw is pleased to congratulate the University Hospital of Wales on a successful first robotic assisted stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) neurosurgery procedure. this landmark procedure, which identified the source for epileptic seizures, coincided with BioWales, an annual conference, which celebrates Wales'' position as a global pioneer in the life science sector.
April 13, 2017
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Repetition of other parts of speech can influence magnitude of syntactic priming effect
According to Glasgow and HSE/Northumbria researchers, repetition of non-verbs as well as verbs can boost the effect of syntactic priming, i.e. the likelihood of people reproducing the structure of the utterance they have just heard.
April 17, 2017
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Research finding opens door to new treatment options for inflammatory rheumatism
Enthesitis, inflammation of tendons where they attach to the bone, is a common medical problem which underlies various forms of inflammatory rheumatism. Although around 1% of the population is affected, the mechanisms driving this type of inflammatory condition is poorly understood. Research by Professor Dirk Elewaut (VIB-UGent/UZ Gent), in collaboration with Professor Geert van Loo (VIB-UGent) at VIB's inflammation research center (IRC), is now changing this. the researchers have demonstrated that macrophages, a particular type of white blood cell, play a key role. the findings reveal a mechanism which could lead to new treatments for certain types of inflammatory rheumatism.
August 23, 2016
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Research finding opens new avenues to tailor drug development with Upsalite
For the first time, researchers have revealed the nanostructure of the mesoporous magnesium carbonate Upsalite® and pore size control was achieved without organic templates or swelling agents. by controlling the pore structure of the material the amorphous phase stabilisation exerted on poorly soluble drug compounds can be tuned and the drug delivery rate can be tailored.
August 11, 2016
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Research findings could lead to effective repair therapies for peripheral nerve damage
Research published today, 30th January 2017 online in the Journal of Cell Biology, has for the first time identified how a bodily protein allows nerves of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) to repair following injury.
January 30, 2017
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Research findings could lead to new ways of preventing or treating organ transplant rejection
An international team led by researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine found that targeting certain donor cells lowered the risk of organ rejection in mice that underwent kidney and heart transplants.
August 24, 2016
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Research findings elucidate how neurons process, represent touch in rat and the human brain
When reaching into a pocket or purse, it is easy to use the sense of touch to distinguish keys from loose change. Our brains seamlessly integrate the tactile, sensory cues from our fingers with hand movements to perceive the different objects.
August 02, 2016
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Research findings hold promise for new therapies using proliferating cells to treat patients with FECD
Researchers from Massachusetts Eye and Ear have, for the first time, identified rapidly proliferating cells (known as "neural crest-derived progenitor cells") in the corneal endothelium of specimens from normal corneas and from corneas with Fuchs' Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy (FECD), a condition in which the cells responsible for keeping the cornea clear die prematurely – often leading to blindness. the findings, published today in the American Journal of Pathology, hold promise for new therapies to be developed using the proliferating cells to return normal clearing abilities to the cornea in patients with FECD.
September 14, 2016
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Research findings offer detailed insight into mechanics of learning
Scientists at the University of Texas at Austin can now map what happens neurologically when new information influences a person to change his or her mind, a finding that offers more insight into the mechanics of learning.
November 2, 2016
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Research findings offer more insight into complexity and robustness of the brain
The brain is well capable of coping with the erratic way individual brain cells transmit information. this robustness is quite useful because variation in signal transmission doesn't merely concern noise, but also contains valuable information. this is the finding of research conducted by neuroscientists from the University of Amsterdam. Their results are published in the current issue of Cell Reports.
August 19, 2016
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Research findings open door to new class of analgesics for treating neuropathic pain
New research published online in the FASEB Journal suggests that a novel therapeutic target called LPCAT2 may prove effective against pain that is not receptive to the current treatments. this study has also revealed the existence of a platelet alleviating factor (PAF) pain loop, suggesting a possible role for PAF-receptor antagonists.
March 28, 2017
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Research findings point to potential new targeted therapy for SMA
For the first time, scientists found that in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), the affected nerve cells that control muscle movement, or motor neurons, have defects in their mitochondria, which generate energy used by the cell. Impaired mitochondrial function and structure in motor neurons were discovered before symptoms occurred, suggesting a role in disease development.
September 15, 2016
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Research findings pave way to effective strategies for treatment of visceral leishmaniasis
A study shows that stimulating the production of interleukin-17A (IL-17A), one of the cytokines released by cells of the immune system, can be an effective strategy for the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis, considered one of the six most important parasitic diseases affecting humans.
August 25, 2016
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Research finds no link between mouth and anus with embryonic blastopore
Animals often form either the mouth or the anus from an opening that appears in the early embryo, which is called the blastopore.
December 20, 2016
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Research finds no 'weekend admission effect' for patients with hip fracture in the NHS
New research has found NHS patients admitted to hospital at the weekend with a hip fracture are at no greater risk of death compared to weekdays. In fact, the risk of death during the hospital stay was lower at the weekend than in the week. Only a delay to surgery; undergoing surgery on a Sunday, when provision for operations in many hospitals is less, being discharged from hospital on a Sunday; or out of hours were associated with an increased risk of death at 30 days.
March 27, 2017
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Research highlights interaction between biological clock and sleep loss at regional brain level
Ever wondered what happens inside your brain when you stay awake for a day, a night and another day, before you finally go to sleep? In a new study published today in the journal Science, a team of researchers from the University of Liege and the University of Surrey have scanned the brains of 33 participants across such a 2-day sleep deprivation period and following recovery sleep.
August 11, 2016
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Research lays groundwork to develop realistic 'biomimetic neuroprosthetics''
By applying a novel computer algorithm to mimic how the brain learns, a team of researchers -- with the aid of the Comet supercomputer based at the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at UC San Diego and the Center's Neuroscience Gateway -- has identified and replicated neural circuitry that resembles the way an unimpaired brain controls limb movement.
May 11, 2017
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Research Points to 'Smoking Gun' for PPI Risks
Recent research has tied certain kinds of acid-blocking heartburn drugs called proton pump inhibitors, or PPIs, to a host of scary health problems, including higher risks for dementia, kidney disease, and heart attacks.
June 8, 2016
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Research provides insights for why some epilepsy patients continue to experience postoperative seizures
New research from the University of Liverpool, published in the journal Brain, has highlighted the potential reasons why many patients with severe epilepsy still continue to experience seizures even after surgery.
November 17, 2016
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Research provides new insights into how the brain protects consolidation of new memories
Throughout our waking lives we are exposed to a continuous stream of stimuli and experiences. some of these experiences trigger the strengthening of connections between neurons in the brain, and begin the process of forming memories.
December 6, 2016
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Research redefines role of Spop protein during bone development
Loss of a key protein leads to defects in skeletal development including reduced bone density and a shortening of the fingers and toes -- a condition known as brachydactyly. the discovery was made by researchers at Penn State University who knocked out the Speckle-type POZ Protein (Spop) in the mouse and characterized the impact on bone development.
December 9, 2016
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Research sheds light on key genes essential to pathogenesis of Helicobacter pylori
Professor Frederic Veyrier's most recent research, in collaboration with the team of Professor Hilde De Reuse at the Institut Pasteur, has shed light on key genes essential to the pathogenesis of Helicobacter pylori bacterium, which causes gastric infections. Like other microorganisms, this pathogen underwent genetic modifications through the course of evolution that enabled it to adapt to its environment.
December 21, 2016
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Research sheds new light on reasons behind recurrent aphthous stomatitis
A burning pain sensation - and treatments that do not work. this is what daily life is like for many of those who suffer from recurrent aphthous stomatitis. Research from the Sahlgrenska Academy now sheds new light on the reasons behind this condition found in the mouth.
March 28, 2017
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Research shows clear link between heart and the brain of LQTS patients
Researchers at the University of Rochester Medical Center recently discovered a genetic link between Long QT Syndrome (LQTS), a rare cardiac rhythm disease, and an increased risk for seizures. the study also found that people with LQTS who experience seizures are at greater risk of sudden cardiac death.
July 29, 2016
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Research shows pNaKtide can attenuate development of NAFLD and atherosclerosis
Building on their recent research focusing on a peptide, pNaKtide, designed to block the oxidant amplifying function of the cellular sodium-potassium pump, researchers at Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine have successfully demonstrated that pNaKtide, can attenuate the development of experimental nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and atherosclerosis.
March 15, 2017
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Research suggests gonad as vital player in evolutionary process
A pair of studies led by Indiana University researchers provide new evidence that when it comes to evolution, the testes may play a key role.
June 16, 2016
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Research suggests new type of congenital muscular dystrophy
A newly discovered mutation in the INPP5K gene, which leads to short stature, muscle weakness, intellectual disability, and cataracts, suggests a new type of congenital muscular dystrophy.
February 10, 2017
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Research using pig knees may improve treatment of joint injuries in young people
Researchers from North Carolina State University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have published research on how the knees of pigs compare to human knees at various stages of maturity -- a finding that will advance research by this group and others on injury treatment in young people.
May 15, 2017
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Research: Surgical approaches may not offer added benefit to patients with tennis elbow
Surgical approaches to treating tennis elbow may not offer additional benefit to patients, as discussed in research presented at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's (AOSSM) Specialty day in San Diego. the study, a randomized, double-blinded clinical trial, explored patient responses to a common surgery aimed at repairing a damaged elbow, compared to a placebo procedure.
March 19, 2017
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Researcher traces origins of double-trauma amnesia cure belief
Quick, when Fred Flintstone had a bowling ball fall on his head that made him forget who he was, what was the way to fix him again?
June 15, 2016
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Researchers bring idea for transparent skull implant closer to reality
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside are bringing their idea for a 'Window to the Brain' transparent skull implant closer to reality through the findings of two studies that are forthcoming in the journals Lasers in Surgery and Medicine and Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine.
July 12, 2016
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Researchers compare how neuronal activity differs in conscious and anesthetized mice
Establishing how the brain produces consciousness is one of the most challenging research questions in the field of neuroscience. In an effort to get closer to an answer, a team led by Dr. Mazahir T. Hasan, a researcher with Charite's NeuroCure Cluster of Excellence, joined forces with colleagues from the Max Planck Institute for Medical Research in Heidelberg.
November 11, 2016
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Researchers create a roadmap of bipolar disorder and how it affects the brain
Global study reveals thinning of gray matter in brain regions responsible for inhibition, emotion
May 2, 2017
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Researchers create first animal model of rare disease linked to problem of adrenal glands
The name of the gene is Armc5, for Armadillo repeat containing 5. Until now, its function was unknown. After 10 years of research, a team at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM) has succeeded in deleting this gene in experimental mice and discovered that its loss gives rise to a heretofore unidentified syndrome. this syndrome is provisionally called Armadillo Syndrome.
February 7, 2017
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Researchers describe ultrasensitive detection of protein linked to multiple autoimmune diseases
Researchers in France have developed a new method that will allow doctors to detect minute amounts of a protein called interferon- in patient samples. the technique, which is described in the study "Detection of interferon- protein reveals differential levels and cellular sources in disease" published April 18 in the Journal of Experimental Medicine ("Detection of interferon alpha protein reveals differential levels and cellular sources in disease"), will aid the diagnosis and treatment of numerous autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and dermatomyositis.
April 18, 2017
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Researchers develop efficient computational method to create new drugs
Researchers of the University of Barcelona have developed a more efficient computational method to identify new drugs. the study, published in the scientific journal Nature Chemistry, proposes a new way of facing the discovery of molecules with biological activity.
December 1, 2016
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Researchers develop new approach for visualizing oxygen in tissue
Learning how to look inside a body without having to cut it open is still an important part of medical research. One of the great challenges in imaging remains the visualization of oxygen in tissue. a team led by Prof. Vasilis Ntziachristos, Chair for Biological Imaging at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and Director of the Institute for Biological and Medical Imaging at the Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen , has developed a new approach to this task.
July 28, 2016
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Researchers develop new approach to manufacturing mechanical metamaterials
Ill-fitting joint sockets, contact dermatitis and sebaceous cysts are just a few of the problems plaguing prosthetic patients. they are all a result of the pressure that their prosthetic devices place on the soft tissue of their bodies.
July 29, 2016
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Researchers develop new blood test that can accurately diagnose concussions
Scientists from Children's Health Research Institute, a program of Lawson Health Research Institute, and Western University have developed a new blood test that identifies with greater than 90 per cent certainty whether or not an adolescent athlete has suffered a concussion.
November 7, 2016
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Researchers develop new computation method for better estimation of indoor carbon dioxide
Measurements of indoor carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations are used to evaluate indoor air quality, which is strongly linked to the levels of contaminants, such as gases and particles, circulating about with CO2. this information also can be used to control ventilation, which helps clean the air, and reduce the need for heating and cooling, which saves energy.
April 28, 2017
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Researchers develop new method to combat VR sickness
Columbia Engineering Professor Steven K. Feiner and Ajoy Fernandes MS'16 have developed a method of combating virtual reality (VR) sickness that can be applied to consumer head-worn VR displays, such as the Oculus Rift, HTC Vive, Sony PlayStation VR, and Google Cardboard. Their approach dynamically, yet subtly, changes the user's field of view (FOV) in response to visually perceived motion, as the user virtually traverses an environment while remaining physically stationary.
June 15, 2016
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Researchers develop new method to quickly diagnose kidney damage
Researchers from Aarhus University have developed a method for diagnosing kidney damage that is both quick and precise. Once the first patients are placed in the scanner, it will not take more than 45 minutes to make a diagnosis.
February 9, 2017
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Researchers develop new technique to help GPs better diagnose UTI in children
Urinary tract infections in young children can lead to kidney damage, but are notoriously difficult to diagnose in primary care because symptoms can often be vague and unclear.
July 12, 2016
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Researchers develop new technology to capture images of the brain
In a partnership melding neuroscience and electrical engineering, researchers from UNC-Chapel Hill and NC State University have developed a new technology that will allow neuroscientists to capture images of the brain almost 10 times larger than previously possible - helping them better understand the behavior of neurons in the brain.
June 28, 2016
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Researchers develop new way to test strength of immune response
The immune system orchestrates large and small scale attacks on innumerous targets: viruses, bacteria, cancer, but it also misfires causing allergy or autoimmune reactions. Compounding the problem, not every immune reaction is equal - sometimes a necessary reaction is not strong enough or at times it's too strong.
October 27, 2016
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Researchers develop optimized sensors to study biochemical underpinnings of learning and memory
Learning and memory are crucial aspects of everyday life. When we learn, our neurons use chemical and molecular signals to change their shapes and strengthen connections between neurons, a process known as synaptic plasticity. In Ryohei Yasuda's lab at Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience (MPFI), scientists are working to understand how these molecules send messages throughout the neuron.
March 9, 2017
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Researchers develop sensor-equipped gloves to accurately measure muscle stiffness
Everyone experiences stiff muscles from time to time, whether after a rigorous workout, in cold weather, or after falling asleep in an unusual position. People with cerebral palsy, stroke and multiple sclerosis, however, live with stiff muscles every single day, making everyday tasks such as extending an arm extremely difficult and painful for them. and since there isn't a foolproof way to objectively rate muscle stiffness, these patients often receive doses of medication that are too low or too high.
April 20, 2017
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Researchers develop wearable patch to monitor person's blood-alcohol levels in sweat
Overconsumption of alcohol can lead to errors in judgment, causing, for example, some people to get behind the wheel when they are impaired. to help imbibers easily and quickly know when they've had enough, scientists have developed a flexible, wearable patch that can detect a person's blood-alcohol level from his or her sweat.
August 03, 2016
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Researchers devise new way of creating common anti-malarial medication
Researchers at Cardiff University have devised a new way of creating a drug commonly used as the first line of defence against malaria around the world.
March 15, 2017
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Researchers discover 'Developmental Split-Brain syndrome' caused by biallelic mutations in DCC gene
In a study published in Nature Genetics, Dr Saumya Jamuar, co-founder of Global Gene Corp and a visiting scientist at Harvard Medical School, under the supervision of Prof Christopher Walsh and A/Prof Timothy Yu of Harvard Medical School, reports on a new disease entity that they discovered in their quest to map novel human disorders related to brain development.
March 3, 2017
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Researchers discover how fat soluble vitamins may offer viable solution for treating cystic fibrosis
Researchers from Queen's University Belfast have discovered why antibiotics for treating people with cystic fibrosis are becoming less effective and how fat soluble vitamins might offer a viable solution.
March 27, 2017
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Researchers discover new culture method that unlocks natural fighter function of immune T cells
Mayo Clinic and University of Washington researchers have discovered a new culture method that unlocks the natural fighter function of immune T cells when they are passing through the bloodstream. this allows T cell armies to be raised directly from blood that naturally recognize and target proteins that are present on most human cancers.
February 14, 2017
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Researchers discover new pathway that opens door to treat non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Researchers from the University of South Carolina, Duke University, University of Alabama at Birmingham, and Metabolon Inc. Research Triangle Park have discovered a new pathway in the liver that opens the door to treat non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, a condition that affects up to 25 percent of the population and may lead to cirrhosis and eventually liver cancer or failure, and likely other liver diseases.
December 9, 2016
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Researchers discover new therapeutic target for controlling fatal allergic reactions
Researchers in France have identified a molecular motor that controls the release of inflammatory factors that cause severe and fatal allergic reactions.
October 22, 2016
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Researchers discover network of neural regions involved in spread of seizures
A flurry of coordinated activity in a brain-spanning network of neurons may sound like the formation of a brilliant new idea, but it is actually the description of a seizure. Understanding why and how this synchronization spreads would be a critical tool in treating severe epilepsy.
September 13, 2016
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Researchers discover novel pathway for immune recovery following bone-marrow transplantation
New research has shown how a cell surface molecule, Lymphotoxin β receptor, controls entry of T-cells into the thymus; and as such presents an opportunity to understanding why cancer patients who undergo bone-marrow transplant are slow to recover their immune system.
August 25, 2016
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Researchers discover promising target for treatment of leishmaniasis
Each year, about 2 million people contract leishmaniasis, a parasitic disease transmitted by the bite of a sand fly. the cutaneous form of the disease results in disfiguring skin ulcers that may take months or years to heal and in rare cases can become metastatic, causing major tissue damage.
February 24, 2017
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Researchers elucidate molecular mechanisms underlying negative effects of early-life stress
Scientists have long known that chronic exposure to psychosocial stress early in life can lead to an increased vulnerability later in life to diseases linked to immune dysfunction and chronic inflammation, including arthritis, asthma, cancer, diabetes, heart disease and even mental illness. But the molecular mechanisms underlying the negative effects of early exposure to stress are unknown.
October 22, 2016
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Researchers engineer new thyroid cells
May lead to new therapies for thyroid disorders
February 2, 2017
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Researchers examine effect of GluD2 receptor on parallel fibre regeneration
Nerves in the central nervous system of adult mammals do not usually regenerate when injured. the granule cell, a nerve cell located in the cerebellum, is different. When its fibres, called parallel fibres, are cut, rapid regeneration ensues and junctions with other neurons called "synapses" are rebuilt. the precise mechanism for this was unclear.
June 30, 2016
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Researchers explain novel approach for analyzing diverse immune responses
The response to infection is highly variable from one individual to another. the Milieu Interieur consortium, coordinated by Prof. Matthew Albert (Immunobiology of dendritic cells Unit, Institut Pasteur / Inserm) and Dr Lluis Quintana-Murci (Human Evolutionary Genetics Unit, Institut Pasteur / CNRS) seek to establish the parameters that characterize the immune system of healthy individuals and its natural variability.
September 16, 2016
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Researchers explore essential cell behavior with crystal sensor
A team of scientists has developed a new tool to monitor under a microscope how cells attach to an adjacent substrate. Studying adhesion events can help researchers understand how tissues grow, how diseases spread, and how stem cells differentiate into more specific cell types.
January 31, 2017
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Researchers find antibody to be effective against radiation-induced fibrosis
Radiation therapy is part of the treatment regimen for about two thirds of cancer patients today. Radiotherapy is well tolerated in most cases, but it can also lead to damage in healthy tissues that are also irradiated. One debilitating side effect is radiation-induced fibrosis. Fibrosis is a process of scarring by which healthy tissue is replaced by less elastic connective tissue, which leads to hardening and functional impairments.
March 31, 2017
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Researchers find common brain abnormalities shared across multiple emotional disorders
Researchers have long known that emotional disorders have a lot in common. Many often occur together, like depression and social anxiety disorder. Treatments also tend to work across multiple disorders, suggesting shared underlying elements. But perhaps the most common shared characteristic is that almost all emotional disorders involve persistent negative thinking.
September 28, 2016
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Researchers find effective cure for social anxiety disorders
Social phobia is the most common anxiety disorder of our time. But the current treatment regimen for patients with this diagnosis has not proven very effective. now a team of Norwegian and British researchers believe they have found a cure for social anxiety disorders.
December 21, 2016
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Researchers find key risk factors for physical decline among survivors of ARDS
A new study by a team of Johns Hopkins researchers found that most survivors of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) decline physically in the five years after hospital discharge, and those at higher levels of risk of decline are older and had greater medical problems prior to hospitalization for ARDS.
October 3, 2016
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Researchers find link between dopamine neurotransmitter system and facial recognition
In a recent study, researchers at Center for BrainHealth, working in collaboration with colleagues in Sweden, have revealed a link between the dopamine neurotransmitter system in the brain and an individual's ability to recognize faces.
October 3, 2016
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Researchers find switch that helps restore damaged axons
Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have found a switch that redirects helper cells in the peripheral nervous system into "repair" mode, a form that restores damaged axons.
September 16, 2016
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Researchers find way to use ultrasound for monitoring fluid levels in the lung
A team of engineering and medical researchers has found a way to use ultrasound to monitor fluid levels in the lung, offering a noninvasive way to track progress in treating pulmonary edema - fluid in the lungs - which often occurs in patients with congestive heart failure. the approach, which has been demonstrated in rats, also holds promise for diagnosing scarring, or fibrosis, in the lung.
March 21, 2017
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Researchers identify altered activity in distinct areas of the brain during hypnosis sessions
Your eyelids are getting heavy, your arms are going limp and you feel like you're floating through space. the power of hypnosis to alter your mind and body like this is all thanks to changes in a few specific areas of the brain, researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have discovered.
July 28, 2016
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Researchers identify brain circuits that help people cope with stress
Research supported by the National Institutes of Health has identified brain patterns in humans that appear to underlie "resilient coping," the healthy emotional and behavioral responses to stress that help some people handle stressful situations better than others. People encounter stressful situations and stimuli everywhere, every day, and studies have shown that long-term stress can contribute to a broad array of health problems.
July 19, 2016
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Researchers identify gene-based treatment that works against fungus
Fungal infections pose a major threat to hospital patients and have proven difficult to combat, but scientists have unlocked evidence that could lead to more effective treatment.
July 18, 2016
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Researchers identify factors associated with stopping treatment for opioid dependence
Individuals with opioid use disorder who are treated with buprenorphine, a commonly prescribed drug to treat addiction, are more likely to disengage from treatment programs if they are black or Hispanic, unemployed, or have hepatitis C according to a study.
January 5, 2017
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Researchers identify how sensory nerve receptors work together to transmit itch signals
Researchers have found how sensory nerve cells work together to transmit itch signals from the skin to the spinal cord, where neurons then carry those signals to the brain. Their discovery may help scientists find more effective ways to make itching stop.
July 20, 2016
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Researchers identify mechanism to recover aging of Progeria patients
DGIST's research team has identified a mechanism that can recover the aging of patients with Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS). DGIST announced that the Chair Professor Park SangChul of new Biology (Head of Well-Aging Research Center) and the research team led by Professor Lee YoungSam has discovered a drug that can improve the aging of HGPS patients and identified the mechanism of aging recovery by using the drug.
April 4, 2017
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Researchers identify promising new drug treatment for cocaine addiction
A team of researchers led by Cardiff University has discovered a promising new drug treatment for cocaine addiction.
August 31, 2016
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Researchers identify underlying cause of obsessive-compulsive disorder
An overactive molecular signal pathway in the brain region of the amygdala can lead to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). a research team from Würzburg has established this connection.
March 16, 2017
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Researchers now developing digital support device to help CF sufferers monitor treatment
People with cystic fibrosis (CF) need help to ensure they are getting correct nutrition and the right amount of enzymes. they also need constant reminders. Researchers are now developing a digital support device to promote autonomy, but are finding that this is no easy task.
September 28, 2016
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Researchers observe language learning skills through brain imaging
Learning a new language is a difficult task. It requires skills for memorizing new words, learning how to put those words together in a grammatical way, and integrating them with existing linguistic knowledge. In a new study from researchers at the Donders Institute and Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, these skills were observed through brain imaging as native speakers of Dutch learned an artificial miniature language 'Alienese'.
June 30, 2016
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Researchers partially restore lost function of isolated cystic fibrosis lung cells
In experiments with isolated cystic fibrosis lung cells, University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers and colleagues from two other institutions have partially restored the lost function of those cells.
May 26, 2016
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Researchers propose zebrafish as model to predict effects of EDCs
Water is vital for our survival. However, water quality is always a concern for public health authorities as it may contain diverse environmental pollutants, including endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs).
November 18, 2016
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Researchers provide new insight into the brain mechanisms underlying dyslexia
Researchers have provided new insight into the brain mechanisms underlying a condition that causes reading and writing difficulties.
January 24, 2017
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Researchers receive $800,000 grant to reconnect neural communication between parts of the brain
Researchers from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus and the University of Colorado Boulder have won a $800,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to try and reconnect neural communication between parts of the brain where it has been severed.
August 18, 2016
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Researchers receive grant to improve quality of donor limb, tissue for transplant
A Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine faculty member has received $998,500 from the U.S. Department of Defense to develop a new approach to improve the quality and quantity of limbs and tissues obtained from brain dead organ donors. Benefits also could be extended to the more standard transplanted organs (e.g. kidneys, hearts, and lungs).
June 27, 2016
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Researchers report latest findings on harmful effects of alcohol
Researchers from around the country who are studying alcohol's negative effects on the body discussed their latest findings during a meeting at Loyola University Chicago's Health Sciences campus.
November 17, 2016
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Researchers reveal molecular mechanism of autophagy initiation
Researchers revealed that Atg13 links autophagy initiation factors to each other using a string-like conformation, thereby promoting the association of diverse elements of the autophagy initiation machinery, initiating autophagosome formation through the recruitment of Atg9 vesicles and phosphorylation of various Atg factors.
July 12, 2016
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Researchers sequence genome of parasitic worm that causes river blindness
Scientists have sequenced the genome of the parasitic worm responsible for causing onchocerciasis--an eye and skin infection more commonly known as river blindness. Through their work, researchers have gained insight into the workings of the parasite and identified proteins that potentially could be targeted with existing drugs or provide areas for developing new treatments and a preventive vaccine.
November 21, 2016
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Researchers shed new light on roots of dystonia
Researchers at VIB-KU Leuven have managed to get a clearer view on the roots of dystonia, a neurological disorder that causes involuntary twisting movements. Led by Rose Goodchild (VIB-KU Leuven) and supported by the Foundation for Dystonia Research, the VIB scientists unraveled the mechanism by which DYT1 dystonia - the disease's most common hereditary form - causes cellular defects. the findings shed new light on this poorly understood condition - and may, ultimately, lead to new medical approaches to overcome it.
August 09, 2016
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Researchers show how cellular stress regulates production of hemoglobin
Our ability to breathe oxygen is critical to our survival. this process is mediated by the hemoglobin in our blood, which carries oxygen. Since air contains less oxygen on high mountains, the body is under pressure to make hemoglobin rapidly -- a stressful time. But what role does cellular stress play in the production of hemoglobin?
April 4, 2017
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Researchers Target Insecticide-Resistant Bedbugs
New fungal-based pesticide might knock out insects that survive current chemicals
March 31, 2017
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Researchers test new approach to treat metabolic diseases without organ transplant
With a shortage of donor organs, Mayo Clinic is exploring therapeutic strategies for patients with debilitating liver diseases. Researchers are testing a new approach to correct metabolic disorders without a whole organ transplant.
July 27, 2016
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Researchers uncover major clue to how mucus becomes abnormal in CF airways
People with cystic fibrosis (CF) suffer repeated lung infections because their airway mucus is too thick and sticky to keep bacteria, viruses, and other pathogens from causing chronic infection.
March 23, 2017
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Researchers uncover new potential target for treating spinal muscular atrophy
Though spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) in its most severe form remains incurable and fatal in early childhood, researchers are sustaining a multipronged counterattack for patients and their families. the first treatment for the disease gained U.S. market approval in December. now a new discovery led by Brown University scientists deepens the basic understanding of how the genetic mutation that causes SMA appears to undermine the communication between motor neurons and the muscles they control.
May 2, 2017
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Researchers uncover new preventative way to battle against Ascaris roundworm infection
Scientists working out of Trinity College Dublin, Maynooth University, and Queen Mary University of London have unearthed a potential new preventative option to combat Ascaris roundworm infection. Ascaris lumbricoides is an intestinal parasite that results in severe health consequences, including growth retardation and impaired cognitive development. the infection, which affects an estimated one billion people worldwide, is particularly common in Third World countries and is estimated to be responsible for 60,000 deaths per annum.
August 08, 2016
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Researchers uncover role for Wars2 gene in angiogenesis process
In a study conducted by Duke-NUS Medical School (Duke-NUS) and the National Heart Centre Singapore (NHCS), researchers discovered a new gene that controls blood vessel formation.
July 8, 2016
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Researchers uncover two factors that play crucial role in chronic autoimmune disorders
Researchers from Schepens Eye Research Institute of Massachusetts Eye and Ear have uncovered two factors responsible for the chronic, lifelong nature of autoimmune disorders, which tend to "flare up" intermittently in affected patients. These two factors are cell-signaling proteins called cytokines–specifically Interleukin-7 and -15 (IL-7 and IL-15)–that are secreted by cells of the immune system and help modulate memory Th17 cells, a subset of T cells which are known to contribute to autoimmune disorders. Until now, it was unclear how Th17 cells maintained memory; the study results show that IL-7 and IL-15 signal the Th17 cells to chronically reside in the body. These findings, published online in the Journal of Autoimmunity, may lead to the development of new therapies to address a variety of chronic autoimmune disorders.
January 4, 2017
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Researchers unravel how drug interacts with ribosome to halt protein production
The discovery of a chemical compound that halts the production of a small set of proteins while leaving general protein production untouched suggests a new drug search strategy: Find compounds that target undesired proteins before they are even made.
March 23, 2017
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Researchers use FRET to make activation of AMPA receptors optically visible
Our brain is a high-performance computer. One of the key players in this complex system is the AMPA-type glutamate receptor. It ensures that neurotransmission proceeds at a breakneck pace from cell to cell. Researchers from the Leibniz Institute for Molecular Pharmacology (FMP) in Berlin have now succeeded, by fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), to watch activated receptors at work.
July 6, 2016
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Researchers using internet to find study participants may hamper recruitment of minority, poor people
Recruiting minorities and poor people to participate in medical research always has been challenging, and that may not change as researchers turn to the internet to find study participants and engage with them online, new research suggests.
July 29, 2016
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Resolution to train public, professional responders in bleeding control techniques receives overwhelming support
Yesterday the American Medical Association's (AMA) House of Delegates (HoD) approved a resolution introduced by the American College of Surgeons (ACS) and other medical societies to train more professional first responders (i.e., police and firefighters) and civilians as immediate responders in the essential techniques of bleeding control and to place bleeding control kits (containing tourniquets, pressure bandages, hemostatic dressings, and gloves) with first responders.
June 16, 2016
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Retirement period may widen socio-economic inequalities in stress and health, study suggests
A new paper published in the Journal of Gerontology suggests that the period around retirement may widen socio-economic inequalities in stress and health.
May 5, 2017
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Review examines link between insomnia and alcohol dependence
Individuals with alcohol dependence often have sleep-related disorders such as insomnia, circadian-rhythm sleep disorders, breathing-related sleep disorders, movement disorders, and parasomnias such as sleep-related eating disorder, sleepwalking, nightmares, sleep paralysis, and REM sleep behavior disorder.
October 5, 2016
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Review highlights progress made in addressing chronic pandemic of neglected tropical diseases
The Lancet published a review of the progress made in addressing, as lead author David Molyneux calls it, the chronic pandemic of neglected tropical diseases.
September 15, 2016
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Review provides new understanding of cytokine mediated effects on inflammatory disorders
Researchers studying chronic inflammation that can lead to the development of lung diseases such as asthma, pulmonary fibrosis, and cancer, are focusing on the role cytokines play in regulating the behavior of fibroblast cells and the extracellular matrix. the most recent evidence on cytokine regulation of inflammatory disease in the lung is presented in a comprehensive review article published in Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research (JICR) from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.
March 24, 2017
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Revised wheelchair can effortlessly tackle stairs
The Balgrist campus is bustling with activity. After ten months and countless technical changes, the revised wheelchair from the Scewo team is ready for its first test drive. with one eye on the regulations and another on the wheelchair, Pascal Buholzer accompanies Scewo driver Josep Ballester through the obstacle course. While the wheelchair effortlessly tackles the stairs, its manoeuvrability when opening doors and its stability on uneven ground leave something to be desired.
August 19, 2016
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Revolutionary surgery improves airway and jaw position in children with Treacher Collins syndrome
A revolutionary surgery developed by Dr. Richard Hopper, surgical director of Seattle Children's Craniofacial Center, called subcranial rotation distraction, is changing the lives of children who are tracheostomy dependent. Seattle Children's Craniofacial Center is the first in the world to use subcranial rotation distraction to improve the airway and jaw position in children with Treacher Collins syndrome, a rare genetic condition that affects the development of a baby's facial skeleton, skin and face muscles before birth.
July 27, 2016
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Rhythm of breathing influences emotional judgments and memory recall
Northwestern Medicine scientists have discovered for the first time that the rhythm of breathing creates electrical activity in the human brain that enhances emotional judgments and memory recall.
December 6, 2016
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Rice University scientists uncover new clues to cause of Huntington's disease
Rice University scientists have uncovered new details about how a repeating nucleotide sequence in the gene for a mutant protein may trigger Huntington's and other neurological diseases.
November 11, 2016
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RIKEN joins with Grace Science Foundation to gain better understanding of NGLY1 deficiency
RIKEN has entered into a collaboration with the Grace Science Foundation to conduct research on NGLY1 deficiency, a rare genetic disorder that was discovered in 2012 by American doctors. NGLY1 deficiency, which is thought to be caused by a deficiency in N-glycanase-1, an enzyme encoded by the gene NGLY1, is characterized by a variety of symptoms, including global developmental delay, movement disorder, seizures, and ocular abnormalities. It is an extremely rare disorder, with less than 50 known cases in the world today.
June 15, 2016
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Risk group system may help better predict long-term consequences from whiplash trauma
Possible long-term consequences from a whiplash trauma can be effectively predicted if the injured persons are subdivided into different risk groups shortly after the car accident. this is shown by a Danish study that was presented at the Congress of the European Academy of Neurology in Copenhagen.
June 1, 2016
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Risk of suicide among OCD patients much higher than previously thought
Patients with OCD are 10 times more likely to commit suicide, contrary to what was previously thought. In a new study from Karolinska Institutet published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, is also shown that the main predictor of suicide in OCD patients is a previous suicide attempt, which offers opportunities for prevention.
July 19, 2016
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Robotic Crawling Assistant for Kids at Risk of Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral palsy can be detrimental to the physical development of a child, but the earlier therapy is initiated the better are its results. the trick is to identify young children at risk of CP and to provide them with a therapy that helps with long term development. to that end, researchers at University of Oklahoma created a device that helps infants crawl around the floor while their brain activity is being monitored.
August 02, 2016
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Rockefeller scientists develop new technique that captures detailed snapshot of brain activity
When it comes to measuring brain activity, scientists have tools that can take a precise look at a small slice of the brain (less than one cubic millimeter), or a blurred look at a larger area. Now, researchers at Rockefeller University have described a new technique that combines the best of both worlds--it captures a detailed snapshot of global activity in the mouse brain.
May 27, 2016
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Routine Genital Herpes Testing not Recommended
Early diagnosis won't change course of the STD, which is incurable, advisory panel says
December 20, 2016
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RSNA 2016: SyntheticMR launches REMyDI for easy quantification of myelin volume in the brain
SyntheticMR AB introduces REMyDI, automatic quantification of myelin volume in the brain. Easy quantification of myelin allows clinicians to follow myelination in the developing brain and monitor myelin degeneration in patients with demyelinating and neurodegenerative disorders. REMyDI is a unique feature of the SyMRI® post-processing software from SyntheticMR.
November 30, 2016
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RUB researchers identify new rare muscle disorder
A new rare muscle disorder has been identified by researchers at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB). this hereditary disease is caused by a defect in the BICD2 gene that manifests itself in altered cellular transport processes in skeletal muscle cells. Patients suffer from muscle weakness in the legs, an unsteady gait and permanent risk of stumbling.
March 22, 2017
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Russian physicists propose unique method to avoid implants rejection
A group of Russian physicists, with the contribution from their Swiss colleagues, developed a way to use the therapeutic effect of heating or cooling the tissues due to the magnetocaloric effect.
August 05, 2016
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Rutgers' new drug candidate may help fight malaria
Malaria killed about 440,000 people - mostly young children - last year, but a new drug candidate discovered at Rutgers may help fight the long-dreaded disease.
March 8, 2016
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Rutgers opens first-episode psychosis outpatient clinic for young adults
Psychotic illness affects approximately 100,000 young people nationwide, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. But until recently, new Jersey had no clinics to help teens or young adults within their first two years of exhibiting symptoms when intervention is likely to be most effective.
March 10, 2017
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Safer Heads Prevail with new HS Football Rule
When full-contact practices were limited, blows to the head dropped, study found
July 27, 2016
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Salk researchers develop new method to create unlimited numbers of precursor kidney cells
Salk Institute scientists have discovered the holy grail of endless youthfulness--at least when it comes to one type of human kidney precursor cell. Previous attempts to maintain cultures of the so-called nephron progenitor cells often failed, as the cells died or gradually lost their developmental potential rather than staying in a more medically useful precursor state.
August 25, 2016
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Samsung updates S Health with a dose of friendly competition
Samsung is giving its S Health app a minor overhaul, switching up the layout and making it easier for users to compare fitness levels with friends. There's also a new service named Ask Experts that lets users start Q&As with local healthcare professionals to ask questions about their workouts. it's currently only available in South Korea but will "expand to other countries in the near future."
August 22, 2016
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Sarepta Therapeutics wins accelerated approval from FDA for Duchenne muscular dystrophy drug
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Exondys 51 (eteplirsen) injection, the first drug approved to treat patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Exondys 51 is specifically indicated for patients who have a confirmed mutation of the dystrophin gene amenable to exon 51 skipping, which affects about 13 percent of the population with DMD.
September 19, 2016
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Scans: Brain Region Misfires in Depressed People
lessContrary to previous thinking, the habenula is active during unpleasant experiences
May 31, 2016
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Scarring can have negative impact on patients' quality of life
Whether it's from sudden trauma, scheduled surgery or serious acne, scarring can have a profound impact on patients.
July 28, 2016
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Scientific review cautions against unnecessary use of antioxidant supplements
The lay press and thousands of nutritional products warn of oxygen radicals or oxidative stress and suggest taking so-called antioxidants to prevent or cure disease. Professor Pietro Ghezzi at the Brighton and Sussex Medical School and Professor Harald Schmidt at the University of Maastricht have analyzed the evidence behind this. the result is a clear warning: do not take these supplements unless a clear deficiency is diagnosed by a healthcare professional.
July 21, 2016
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Scientists achieve closest view of working nerve synapses using custom-built microscope
The brain hosts an extraordinarily complex network of interconnected nerve cells that are constantly exchanging electrical and chemical signals at speeds difficult to comprehend. Now, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis report they have been able to achieve -- with a custom-built microscope -- the closest view yet of living nerve synapses.
March 24, 2017
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Scientists Activate Brain of Patient Coming Out of Coma
At the University of California, Los Angeles clinical researchers have successfully used focused ultrasound to "jump-start" the brain of a man coming out of a coma. the 25-year-old patient was barely conscious once he woke up from the coma, but soon after the initiation of treatment his condition improved measurably.
August 25, 2016
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Scientists activate neurons in the mouse brain by injecting virus containing light-sensitive proteins
Neurons that fire together really do wire together, says a new study in Science, suggesting that the three-pound computer in our heads may be more malleable than we think.
August 11, 2016
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Scientists apply generative neural network to create new pharmaceutical medicines
Scientists from Mail.Ru Group, Insilico Medicine and MIPT have for the first time applied a generative neural network to create new pharmaceutical medicines with the desired characteristics. by using Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) developed and trained to "invent" new molecular structures, there may soon be a dramatic reduction in the time and cost of searching for substances with potential medicinal properties.
February 9, 2017
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Scientists Built Blood-Brain Barrier On-a-Chip to Help develop Neuro Drugs, Understand Brain Diseases
At Vanderbilt University researchers have developed a mimic of the blood-brain barrier in the form of a microfluidic device. to show a proof-of-concept of this "organ-on-chip" technology, the team studied how inflammation affects the blood-brain barrier continuously for an extended period of time, while previous approaches have only provided discrete snapshots of the process.
December 23, 2016
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Scientists capture atomic level snapshots of how key enzyme modifies signaling proteins
Scientists have captured atomic level snapshots showing how one key enzyme modifies a protein involved in turning genes on or off inside cells. Understanding this process-which is particularly important when cells are first taking on specialized identities such as nerve cells, muscle, skin, and so on-helps explain how complex organisms can arise from a finite number of genes.
July 19, 2016
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Scientists create new fluorescent protein to monitor the cell cycle
Cellular mitosis is the basis of all higher life. When you need new cells, they can be created through a process called mitosis, whereby a cell makes a copy of itself. this process is highly regulated within the body, but sometimes those mechanisms fail and cells can grow out of control. we call that cancer.
November 9, 2016
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Scientists create new scale to measure beliefs about sleep and pain in long-term pain patients
'I won't be able to cope with my pain if I don't sleep well' - research from the University of Warwick reveals that the way chronic pain patients think about pain and sleep leads to insomnia and poor management of pain.
September 21, 2016
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Scientists create organs-on-chips for large-scale drug screening
Microtissue technology seen as improvement for drug compound discovery
February 8, 2017
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Scientists create synthetic cellular communications system that can respond to pain relief signals
Scientists from Manchester and Bristol have successfully created a synthetic cellular communications system - which has successfully recognised signals involved in pain relief.
March 7, 2017
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Scientists demonstrate synapses between specific neuron types form clusters
The cerebral cortex resembles a vast switchboard. Countless lines carrying information about the environment, for example from the sensory organs, converge in the cerebral cortex. In order to direct the flow of data into meaningful pathways, the individual pyramidal cells of the cerebral cortex act like miniature switchboard operators. Each cell receives information from several thousand lines.
July 21, 2016
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Scientists develop better material to regenerate bone tissue cells in shorter time
A new study has revealed a technology how to cover biodegradable implants with a human skeleton similar mineral.
December 20, 2016
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Scientists develop biocompatible, highly stretchable optical fibers for long-term diagnostics
Researchers from MIT and Harvard Medical School have developed a biocompatible and highly stretchable optical fiber made from hydrogel -- an elastic, rubbery material composed mostly of water. the fiber, which is as bendable as a rope of licorice, may one day be implanted in the body to deliver therapeutic pulses of light or light up at the first sign of disease.
October 17, 2016
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Scientists develop new optical fiber-based probe for brain temperature measurements
The brain is the most temperature-sensitive organ in the body. Even small deviations in brain temperature are capable of producing profound effects--including behavioral changes, cell toxicity, and neuronal cell death. the problem faced by researchers and clinicians is how to measure and understand these changes in the brain and how they are influenced by complex biochemical and physiological pathways that may be altered by disease, brain injury or drug abuse.
July 20, 2016
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Scientists develop new powerful ceramic-based laser scalpel for surgical operations
Scientists from MIPT and their colleagues have developed a novel compact and powerful ceramic-based laser - it will be used as a minimally traumatic and inexpensive laser scalpel for surgical operations, and also for cutting and engraving composite materials.
July 20, 2016
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Scientists develop new strategy to stop uncontrollable poison ivy itch
Scientists at Duke Health and Zhejiang Chinese Medical University have developed a strategy to stop the uncontrollable itch caused by urushiol, the oily sap common to poison ivy, poison sumac, poison oak and even mango trees.
November 7, 2016
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Scientists develop novel method to widen usage of blood in biomarker discovery and analysis
Scientists at Karolinska Institutet in collaboration with Estonian Competence Centre on Health Technologies have developed a new gene expression analysis method to widen the usage of blood in biomarker discovery and analysis. Their paper is published in the journal Scientific Reports.
August 16, 2016
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Scientists develop smart drug that safely removes fat from liver and blood vessels
Scientists from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen have developed a 'smart' drug that safely clears the liver of fat and prevents blood vessels from clogging up. Similar to a trojan horse, the drug enters the liver with a trick: It uses a pancreatic hormone as a vehicle to transport a thyroid hormone to the liver while keeping it away from other organs. Once delivered, it improves both the cholesterol and the lipid metabolism while avoiding typical side effects of thyroid hormones.
October 13, 2016
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Scientists Discover More Clues to Stuttering
MRI shows involvement of brain areas controlling speech, attention and emotion
December 5, 2016
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Scientists discover new biological defense system against pathogenic microorganisms
For the first time in the world, a group of researchers discovered a human immune receptor, which detects the invasion of pathogenic microorganisms. they thereby succeeded in identifying a so far unknown host defense mechanism. These results will contribute to future developments in the treatment and prevention of infectious diseases.
July 13, 2016
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Scientists discover new method to assess senescence across biomedicine
Scientists have discovered a new way to look for ageing cells across a wide range of biological materials; the new method will boost understanding of cellular development and ageing as well as the causes of diverse diseases.
October 5, 2016
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Scientists discover new role for autophagosomes in neurodegenerative diseases
Autophagosomes are at the center of attention, at least since the Nobel Prize for Medicine was awarded for research on autophagy in 2016. the much talked about autophagosomes are small membrane vesicles in charge of waste disposal to promote recycling of its components.
April 11, 2017
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Scientists discover new, unexpected features of collagen
Scientists at the National Institutes of Health are reporting new, unexpected details about the fundamental structure of collagen, the most abundant protein in the human body. In lab experiments, they demonstrated that collagen, once viewed as inert, forms structures that regulate how certain enzymes break down and remodel body tissue.
July 13, 2016
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Scientists discover sensor that may regulate tension in blood vessels
Physical forces like blood pressure and the shear stress of flowing blood are important parameters for the tension of blood vessels. Scientists have been looking for a measurement sensor for many years that enables the translation of mechanical stimuli into a molecular response, which then regulates the tension in blood vessels.
November 10, 2016
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Scientists discover way to visualize function of bone-resorbing cells in living mice
Researchers of Osaka University have discovered a way to visualize sites where bone-resorbing cells (osteoclasts) were in the process of resorbing bone in living mice. this real-time visualization of changes in osteoclast localization and activity allowed the successful measurement of bone resorption intensity. Since this enables simple and quick access to information on the activity of osteoclasts, this discovery will contribute to the early diagnosis of affected areas and the development of new therapeutic drugs.
August 17, 2016
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Scientists discover X-chromosome-inherited type of osteogenesis imperfecta
Researchers from the University of Zurich and University Children's Hospital Zurich have discovered the first X-chromosome-inherited type of the congenital disease osteogenesis imperfecta, also known as brittle-bone disease. the new discovery improves the genetic diagnosis of the disease and paves the way to possible improved treatment options for patients.
July 6, 2016
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Scientists examine how common beverages affect people's hydration levels
Scientists at the universities of Stirling, Loughborough and Bangor are calling for the creation of a beverage hydration index to help people understand how different drinks can keep you hydrated.
June 2, 2016
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Scientists fabricate smart second skin to protect soldiers from biological and chemical threats
In work that aims to protect soldiers from biological and chemical threats, a team of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists has created a material that is highly breathable yet protective from biological agents.
August 03, 2016
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Scientists find brain area responsible for learning from immediate experience
Mediodorsal thalamus allows us to incorporate new information in decision-making
May 31, 2016
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Scientists find new functions of ANG protein that plays key role in regulation of blood cell formation
Tufts Medical Center and Tufts University scientists have found exciting, new functions of the protein angiogenin (ANG) that play a significant role in the regulation of blood cell formation, important in bone marrow transplantation and recovery from radiation-induced bone marrow failure. Since current bone marrow transplantations have significant limitations, these discoveries may lead to important therapeutic interventions to help improve the effectiveness of these treatments.
August 11, 2016
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Scientists find new target that may lead to future treatments for Kennedy's disease
If a disease affects motoneurons, cells that control voluntary muscle activity, researchers should focus their efforts on motoneurons to find potential treatments, right?
August 31, 2016
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Scientists find new way to clear urinary tract infections
The process cells use to secrete chemicals also appears to be the way to clear urinary tract infections, or UTIs, according to a study by researchers from Duke Health and Duke-National University of Singapore Medical School.
July 20, 2016
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Scientists identify epigenetic alterations involved in autoinflammatory diseases
Researchers from the Chromatin and Disease group of the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute, led by Dr. Esteban Ballestar, have identified for the first time epigenetic alterations in autoinflammatory diseases, particularly in cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes.
July 8, 2016
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Scientists Identify new Organ in Body
Scientists say they've identified a new organ in the body -- a swath of tissue dubbed the mesentery that connects the intestine to the abdomen and holds everything in place.
January 4, 2017
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Scientists identify potential drug for pre-treating cells that swell after mild traumatic brain injury
A team of biomedical engineering researchers at the University of Arkansas have identified a cause of fluid swelling of the brain, or cellular edema, that occurs during a concussion.
November 22, 2016
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Scientists identify potential link between eating Marmite and brain function
Scientists at the University of York have discovered a potential link between eating Marmite and activity in the brain, through the apparent increase of a chemical messenger associated with healthy brain function.
April 5, 2017
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Scientists identify potential therapeutic solutions to combat age-related fibrosis
The wear and tear of life takes a cumulative toll on our bodies. Our organs gradually stiffen through fibrosis, which is a process that deposits tough collagen in our body tissue. Fibrosis happens little by little, each time we experience illness or injury. Eventually, this causes our health to decline.
January 30, 2017
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Scientists illuminate the neurons of social attraction
The ancient impulse to procreate is necessary for survival and must be hardwired into our brains. now scientists have discovered an important clue about the neurons involved in that wiring. with a whiff of the opposite sex, certain hormone-sensitive neurons trigger pro-social behavior in mice and could play roles in anxiety, depression, and other mood-related conditions in humans
January 30, 2017
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Scientists learn more about how motors maneuver our cells' roadways
Much like motors power our cars, they also ensure that proteins get to the right place in our cells, and a wide variety of diseases - from cancer to heart problems - can result when they don't.
December 6, 2016
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Scientists Make Smaller, Flexible, and Effective Brain Probe with Gold and Graphene
Researchers from Korea have developed highly flexible neural electrodes with the ability to reduce tissue damage but still transmit clear brain signals.
April 20, 2017
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Scientists propose neuroscience framework for diagnosing addictions
Scientists at the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health, propose using an assessment tool to diagnose addictive disorders that considers addiction-related behaviors, brain imaging, and genetic data. According to a new review article, the Addictions Neuroclinical Assessment (ANA) would facilitate future understanding of the origin of addiction at a biological level, and could ultimately lead to more effective individualized treatments for addictions. the review appears online in the journal Biological Psychiatry.
October 27, 2016
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Scientists reveal molecular elements that bridge anxiety and metabolism
Metabolic and anxiety-related disorders both pose a significant healthcare burden, and are in the spotlight of contemporary research and therapeutic efforts. Although intuitively we assume that these two phenomena overlap, the link has not been proven scientifically.
October 5, 2016
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Scientists reveal key details of the body's immune response to fungal infections
Every year, fungal infections threaten thousands of patients -- from those with depressed immune systems to others who have had surgeries or devices such as catheters implanted. Moreover, some anti-fungal medications are beginning to lose their power.
November 17, 2016
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Scientists shed new light on how common painkiller causes liver damage
Scientists have shed new light on how the common painkiller paracetamol causes liver damage.
January 31, 2017
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Scientists speed up muscle repair
Research could fight dystrophy, they say
October 5, 2016
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Scientists uncover Achilles' heel in unique kind of immune memory cells
The capacity for memory isn't exclusive to the brain. the immune system, with its sprawling network of diverse cell types, can recall the pathogens it meets, helping it to swiftly neutralize those intruders upon future encounters.
March 10, 2017
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Scientists undertake major biomedical research initiative to escalate problem of sepsis
A multidisciplinary team of scientists -- including two UC Santa Barbara faculty members -- is poised to undertake a major biomedical research initiative focused on the escalating problem of sepsis, the body's abnormal response to severe infections.
July 20, 2016
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Scientists unlock genetic code controlling limb regeneration
Many lower organisms retain the miraculous ability to regenerate form and function of almost any tissue after injury. Humans share many of our genes with these organisms, but our capacity for regeneration is limited. Scientists at the MDI Biological Laboratory in Bar Harbor, Maine, are studying the genetics of these organisms to find out how regenerative mechanisms might be activated in humans.
August 05, 2016
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Scientists unravel how the body manages to keep blood flow in the brain so tightly controlled
The puzzle of how the brain regulates blood flow to prevent it from being flooded and then starved every time the heart beats has been solved with the help of engineering.
May 2, 2017
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Scientists Use 3D Printers to Recreate Kidney's Proximal Tubules
At Harvard's Wyss Institute researchers used a 3D printer to essentially recreate the proximal tubules found within kidneys, potentially opening up the possibility of printing complex structures that can be used to replace diseased tissues and organs.
October 13, 2016
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Scientists use light to control the logic networks of a cell
New technique illuminates role of previously inaccessible proteins involved in health, disease
January 5, 2017
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Scientists use novel brainstem model to determine how the brain controls breathing
Scientists from Karolinska Institutet, Sweden, have discovered how the brain controls our breathing in response to changing oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the blood.
July 5, 2016
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Scientists use novel theranostics technique for early thromboembolism diagnosis and treatment
Researchers from the University of Arkansas for Medical Science (USA), in collaboration with University Hospital Frankfurt and University Hospital Dresden, under the supervision of Prof. Vladimir Zharov and with the participation of Alexander Melerzanov, the dean of Department of Biological and Medical Physics (MIPT), conducted experiments on mice to detect blood clotting using photoacoustic flow-cytometry.
September 21, 2016
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Scrails Made from Ceramic May Replace Metal and Polymer Bone Screws
Metal titanium screws are commonly used to treat bone fractures, but they often have to be removed once the bone heals due to potential side effects. Researchers from the Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials, university hospitals of Giessen-Marburg and Bonn, and the University of Bremen have designed ceramic screw nails to stay implanted permanently, avoiding the trouble, anguish, and costs associated with follow-up surgeries.
October 28, 2016
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Screen all Adults for Sleep Apnea? Jury Still Out
Not enough data to advise for or against such screening, U.S. experts in prevention and medicine say
January 24, 2017
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SCS therapy can be key to reducing use of opioids in patients battling chronic pain, study finds
New research has found spinal cord stimulation (SCS) therapy can be key to reducing or stabilizing the use of opioids in patients battling chronic pain. In a new study, researchers examined opioid usage data from more than 5,400 patients both prior to and after receiving an SCS system implant. In an SCS system, an implanted device similar to a pacemaker delivers low levels of electrical energy to nerve fibers, interrupting pain signals as they travel to the brain to reduce the sensation of pain.
January 20, 2017
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Searing temperatures can be inherently dangerous to vulnerable children, older adults
The searing, record-setting temperatures in the West and Southwest United States flared a warning that extreme heat could be commonplace across much of the country this summer.
June 23, 2016
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Seasonal allergies may alter the brain, study shows
Hay fever may do more than give you a stuffy nose and itchy eyes, seasonal allergies may change the brain, says a study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience.
August 08, 2016
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Seeing genes inside living cells
For Mazhar Adli, the little glowing dots dancing about on the computer screen are nothing less than the fulfillment of a dream. Those fluorescent dots, moving in real time, are set to illuminate our understanding of the human genome, cancer and other genetic diseases in a way never before possible.
April 14, 2017
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Sense of smell is a unique product of genes and experience
New research suggests that an individual's unique sense of smell is the result of genes interacting with experience. a study of genetically similar mice shows that while genes may decide the types of odor-detecting cells that an animal has in its nose, its life history influences the numbers of different cell types, giving each animal a unique perception of smell.
April 26, 2017
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Setting the gold standard: Chemistry professor is first to use light to make gold crystal nanoparticles
A researchers has figured out how gold can be used in crystals grown by light to create nanoparticles, a discovery that has major implications for industry and cancer treatment and could improve the function of pharmaceuticals, medical equipment and solar panels.
July 8, 2016
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Sexually Transmitted Diseases Hit All-Time High
More prevention efforts needed, agency STD specialists say
October 19, 2016
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Shared lifestyle and environment may contribute to risk of common diseases in families, study shows
Family history of disease may be as much the result of shared lifestyle and surroundings as inherited genes, research has shown.
July 21, 2016
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Sheffield researchers use JPK's NanoWizard AFM systems to study soft matter, biological systems at molecular scale
JPK Instruments, a world-leading manufacturer of nanoanalytic instrumentation for research in life sciences and soft matter, works closely with users at the University of Sheffield where their NanoWizard® AFM systems are being used to further understand soft matter and biological systems at the molecular scale in the Hobbs SPM Group in the Department of Physics.
March 9, 2017
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Short Pulsed Electric Fields for Prevention of Burn Scars
Although the proliferation of collagen-producing cells following burn injury is the body's natural response to trauma, the excessive collagen production leads to the formation of permanent, painful scars. Burn scars secondary to collagen cell proliferation cause intense and ongoing physical and psychological suffering to burn patients who survive the initial destruction of skin and tissue
August 11, 2016
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Short-term use of opioids implicated in protracted pain, new study finds
Painkillers such as morphine, oxycodone and methadone could actually prolong and increase pain even after only a few days' use, according to research conducted on rats by scientists at the University of Colorado Boulder in the US.
May 31, 2016
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Shortage of low blood pressure drug for patients with septic shock linked to elevated risk of death
Patients with septic shock admitted to hospitals affected by the 2011 shortage of the drug norepinephrine had a higher risk of in-hospital death, according to a study published online by JAMA. the study is being released to coincide with its presentation at the 37th International Symposium on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine.
March 21, 2017
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Silly Putty with Serious Sensing Capabilities
Researches from Trinity College Dublin, Ireland and the University of Sao Paolo, Brazil have converted a silicone polymer, better known by Crayola's trademarked name Silly Putty, into an incredibly sensitive strain sensor. it's so sensitive that a piece of putty pressed against the carotid artery can detect not only the heart rate, but the blood pressure of a person. It can be made hundreds of times more sensitive than a traditional strain sensor, something the researchers demonstrated by detecting the footsteps of spiders walking over it.
December 9, 2016
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Simple intervention reduces suicidal behavior among active-duty service members, study finds
Suicidal behavior among active-duty service members can be reduced for up to six months with a relatively simple intervention that gives them concrete steps to follow during an emotional crisis, according to a new study from the University of Utah's National Center for Veterans Studies.
January 31, 2017
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Simple model can help predict complication risks after surgery for CSM
A simple model consisting of four risk factors can help surgeons to predict the risk of complications after surgery for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM)–a common condition causing compression of the spinal cord in the neck, reports a study in the July issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons, published by Wolters Kluwer.
June 22, 2016
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Simple redesign of medication packages can help decrease patient errors and accidental overdoses
Medication errors are a common patient safety issue in the United States, with 1.5 million adverse drug events reported annually, often occurring in a home or other outpatient setting. Past research has indicated that inadequate or confusing labeling on packages of over-the-counter (OTC) medications is a likely contributor to many unintentional overdoses, particularly among the elderly population.
December 9, 2016
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Simulator Reenacts Drama Inside Mouth to Help Improve Toothbrushes and Toothpaste
All those pretty ads on TV showing how new toothbrushes sweep away build-up and bacteria from teeth have quite a bit of science behind them. Improvements in the brush shape, the bristles, and the toothpaste require a great deal of experimentation to see which are more effective at removing unwanted material.
March 8, 2016
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Single high-intensity SBRT dose can be effective in treating early stage NSCLC patients
Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is a specialized and highly targeted method of delivering radiotherapy, or radiation therapy, to treat cancer. this approach, used to treat many solid-tumor cancers, including lung, liver and kidney cancers, can mean greater convenience and quality of life for patients because it involves fewer individual treatments and can help to spare healthy tissue.
September 28, 2016
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Six fixes for anterior pelvic tilt
Anterior pelvic tilt is a change in posture that happens when the front of the pelvis rotates forward, and the back of the pelvis rises.
May 11, 2017
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Six home remedies for hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids are a common condition among adults that can cause a great deal of pain and discomfort if left untreated.
April 25, 2017
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Six tips to incorporate movement into everyday life
Commuters and desk sitters have probably heard the news that sitting is not good for our health.
August 12, 2016
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Sixteen aplastic anemia patients free of disease after bone marrow transplant and chemo
All patients off immunosuppressive drugs more than a year after transplant in small clinical trial
February 7, 2017
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Skimp on Sleep and you Just May Wind Up Sick
Study of twins showed when someone is sleep-deprived, immune system weakens
February 9, 2017
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Skin diseases: List of common conditions and symptoms
There are hundreds of skin conditions that affect humans. the most common skin conditions can have some symptoms that are similar, so it is important to understand the differences between them.
March 28, 2017
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Skin Patch May Help with Peanut Allergy
Delivering small amounts of peanut protein boosted tolerance for about half of young patients in study
October 28, 2016
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Sleep Apnea May Boost Risk for Post-Op Problems
Certain patients should be checked for the disorder before having surgery, researchers say
October 17, 2016
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Sleep disorders: 3D video monitoring with intelligent software as new analysis option
The usual method of recording periodic leg movements in sleep for people with sleep disorders is to use electromyography (EMG), an electrophysiological method used in neurological diagnosis that measures muscle activity.
November 16, 2016
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Sleep disturbances, long sleep duration linked to inflammatory illnesses
A new meta-analysis in Biological Psychiatry reports that sleep disturbances and long sleep duration are associated with increases in markers of inflammation.
July 6, 2016
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Sleep specialist stresses importance of good sleeping habits, routines as cornerstones of good sleep
Work-related stress makes many of us lose sleep, and catching up on lost sleep is high on the agenda as the summer holidays approach. Poor sleep can't be turned into good overnight, but it pays off to try, as good sleeping habits keep us going on holiday and at work.
July 12, 2016
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Sleepiness and fatigue linked to brain atrophy in cognitively normal elderly
Excessive daytime sleepiness and fatigue symptoms may be clinical markers of accelerated brain aging
June 14, 2016
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Small device detects initial signal of epileptic attack and provides effective relief
Researchers at Linkg University have developed in collaboration with French colleagues a small device that both detects the initial signal of an epileptic attack and doses a substance that effectively stops it. all this takes place where the signal arises - in an area of size 20ղ0 m known as a "neural pixel".
August 23, 2016
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Smart light used by researchers to track human behavior
Using the power of the light around us, researchers have significantly improved their innovative light-sensing system that tracks a person's behavior continuously and unobtrusively in real time.
June 15, 2016
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Smart sutures can monitor wounds as they heal
The high-tech threads can detect your body's temperature, pH and glucose levels.
July 20, 2016
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Smartphones have potential to transform data collection in rural areas, study shows
The use of smartphones enhances self-reporting of weather incidents, school attendance, illness, and other aspects of daily life in rural areas, a team of researchers has found. Its pilot study indicates that such technologies have the potential to transform data collection in these regions, providing near-real-time windows into the development of markets, the spread of diseases, and the diffusion of ideas and innovations.
November 10, 2016
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Snapchat from your face, get health advice from Apple (CNET Update)
The next evolution of wearable tech involves sunglasses with video cameras and watches with a doctor's diagnoses. CNET Update explores Snapchat Spectacles and Apple's reported plans for HealthKit.
September 26, 2016
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Sneezing elicits blinking response to protect the body from germs, says allergist
The changing weather brings about many things: holiday excitement, a different wardrobe and–perhaps most annoyingly–cold and flu season. Those around you have likely been sneezing more frequently, which may have prompted you to ponder, perhaps while applying mascara or driving in bumper-to-bumper traffic, if it is possible to sneeze with your eyes open.
December 9, 2016
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SnooZeal Prevents Snoring by Training Tongue During Daytime
Snoozeal Inc. is a company out of Seattle, Washington that won the European CE Mark for its snoring prevention device. the SnooZeal product consists of a mouth piece that places electrodes above and below the tongue, a control unit that connects to the mouthpiece, a remote control, and a smartphone app. It works by electrically stimulating the tongue to give it a workout and keep it from completely relaxing and collapsing during the night.
November 28, 2016
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Solar-powered graphene skin opens new possibilities for prosthetics
A new way of harnessing the sun's rays to power 'synthetic skin' could help to create advanced prosthetic limbs capable of returning the sense of touch to amputees.
March 23, 2017
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Sostdc1 gene may play vital role in fracture healing process
New identification of a gene involved in the fracture healing process could lead to the development of new therapeutic treatments for difficult-to-heal injuries.
June 2, 2016
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South Asian women could be at greater risk of developing osteoporosis in later life, study finds
Pre-menopausal South Asian women could be more at risk of developing osteoporosis in later life than white Caucasian women, a new study in the Journal Bone reports.
March 21, 2017
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Specific commercial red algae could help combat food allergies
Seaweed has long been a staple food in many Asian countries and has recently caught on as a snack food in America as a healthful alternative to chips. the edible algae that fall in the category of seaweed are low-calorie and packed with nutrients. In addition, now scientists have found that a type of commercial red algae could help counteract food allergies.
June 2, 2016
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Specific molecular features control uptake of biguanides into mitochondria to inhibit respiration
The biguanides are a family of drugs with diverse clinical applications. Metformin, a widely used anti-hyperglycemic biguanide, suppresses mitochondrial respiration by inhibiting respiratory complex I. Phenformin, a related anti-hyperglycemic biguanide, also inhibits respiration, but proguanil, which is widely used for the prevention of malaria, does not.
August 12, 2016
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Spectroscopy and computer help RUB scientists gain new insights into workings of protein switches
Using a combination of infrared spectroscopy and computer simulation, researchers at Ruhr-Universit㲠Bochum (RUB) have gained new insights into the workings of protein switches. with high temporal and spatial resolution, they verified that a magnesium atom contributes significantly to switching the so-called G-proteins on and off.
January 16, 2017
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Spirometry: what to expect with the lung function test
Pulmonary function tests measure how well the lungs are working. a spirometry is a pulmonary function test that measures how much air a person breathes out, and how quickly.
May 3, 2017
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Sprained Ankle May Have Longer-Term Health Effects
Study finds link between adult injury, more heart and lung problems later
June 23, 2016
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SSRI treatment improves cognitive and social functioning in young children with fragile X
Treatment with sertraline may provide nominal but important improvements in cognition and social participation in very young children with fragile X syndrome, the most common genetic cause of intellectual disability and the leading single-gene cause of autism, a study by researchers with the UC Davis MIND Institute has found.
August 26, 2016
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St. Jude's Infinity Deep Brain Stimulation System Launched in Europe
St. Jude Medical is launching in Europe its Infinity Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) System and directional DBS lead for treatment of Parkinson's, tremor, and dystonia. the system was designed to allow for a more targeted approach that can lead to better results for patients.
June 16, 2016
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Stanford scientists model how rising temperatures may influence mosquito behavior and disease risk
As temperatures rise with climate change, mosquito season extends past the summer months in many parts of the world. the question has been how this lengthened season influences the risk of being infected with mosquito-born diseases such as dengue, chikungunya, and Zika.
May 3, 2017
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Stay Social When you Have UC
Everyone needs people they can count on. That's especially true when you have a long-term condition such as ulcerative colitis (UC). your "squad" of friends, family, and loved ones can make your day.
November 15, 2016
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Stem cells may be responsible for vascular calcification in patients with kidney disease
Scientists have implicated a type of stem cell in the calcification of blood vessels that is common in patients with chronic kidney disease. the research will guide future studies into ways to block minerals from building up inside blood vessels and exacerbating atherosclerosis, the hardening of the arteries.
September 8, 2016
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Stranger's organ donation instigates six-way kidney swap
A stranger began a chain of events that eventually saved the lives of six people in desperate need of new kidneys. Her organ donation triggered a six-way kidney swap at Houston Methodist Hospital in July, the second largest of its kind performed at one institution in Texas.
August 02, 2016
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Stanford researchers discover new biological markers to measure progression of Huntington's disease
Researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine have identified several new biological markers to measure the progression of the inherited neurodegenerative disorder Huntington's disease (HD). Their findings, which will be published online November 7 ahead of issue in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, could benefit clinical trials that test new treatments for the disease.
November 7, 2016
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Statistical analysis reveals possible scientific misconduct in some bone health studies
A new study suggests probable scientific misconduct in at least some of 33 bone health trials published in various medical journals. the study used statistical methods to detect scientific misconduct or research fraud and calls into question the validity of a body of research work led mainly by one researcher in Japan.
November 10, 2016
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Stentrode Minimally Invasive Brain-Machine Interface: Interview with Dr. Thomas Oxley, Neurologist at Royal Melbourne Hospital
Australian researchers at the Royal Melbourne Hospital and the University of Melbourne have developed an electrode that can record brain activity from the motor cortex, without the need for invasive brain surgery. the electrode, called a stentrode, is implanted into a blood vessel in the brain using minimally invasive surgical techniques.
February 7, 2017
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Stress hormone has major effect on perception and perceptual learning
Stress is part of our everyday lives - while some thrive on it, it makes others sick. But what does stress do to our senses?
January 11, 2017
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Stool microbes predict advanced liver disease
Proof-of-concept study suggests a noninvasive test for specific microbial population patterns could be used to detect advanced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
May 2, 2017
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Structural deficits may explain mood-independent cognitive difficulties in bipolar disorder
Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a new study reports a link between reduced functional activation and reduced cortical thickness in the brains of patients with bipolar disorder.
November 1, 2016
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Stryker's Novel Soft Tissue Anchor Uses Ultrasound for Fixation
Stryker, the big name in orthopedic tools, is introducing a very unusual soft tissue anchor that relies on using ultrasound to liquefy its tip to penetrate into nearby cancellous bone.
July 18, 2016
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Students given 100 times too much caffeine in experiment
Commentary: a UK university is heavily fined after an experiment involving caffeine went very, very wrong. a phone was at the heart of it.
January 25, 2017
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Students Make Martin Shkreli's Drug for $2 a Pill
A team of Australian high school students recreated the drug Daraprim for just $2 a pill in order to prove how cheap it is to make.
December 2, 2016
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Studies examine effectiveness of nasal sprays in reducing frequency, duration of HHT-related epistaxis
Two studies appearing in the September 6 issue of JAMA examine the effectiveness of nasal sprays to reduce the frequency and duration of nosebleeds caused by hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), an inherited condition characterized by abnormal blood vessels which are delicate and prone to bleeding.
September 6, 2016
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Studies find environment plays major role in shaping immune system
Like fingerprints, immune systems vary from person to person. and although we all inherit a unique set of genes that help us respond to infections, recent studies have found that our history and environment–like where and with whom we live–are responsible for 60% to 80% of the differences between individual immune systems, while genetics account for the rest.
September 29, 2016
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Study characterizes benefits of over-the-counter sleep aid
New research shows that an over-the-counter sleep aid helps people suffering from occasional sleep difficulties fall asleep in less than 20 minutes, on average, and improves their reported quality of sleep. the study is the first-of-its-kind to characterize the sleep benefits of diphenhydramine HCI (DPH), marketed for decades as a sleep-aid.
June 15, 2016
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Study confirms that cocaine makes users more willing to partake in risky sex
Cocaine use has long been tied anecdotally to higher-than-usual rates of impulsive behavior, including risky sex, but the tie-in has been difficult to study with any scientifically controlled rigor.
February 2, 2017
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Study demonstrates role of leukocyte activation receptor CD69 in development of psoriasis
Scientists at the Centro de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares Carlos III (CNIC) have defined the key role of an immune-system receptor in the development of psoriasis, suggesting that it could serve as a therapeutic target for the control of this disease. the study was carried out by Dr. Danay Cibriଠand directed by Dr. Francisco Sୣhez-Madrid, who heads the Intercellular Communication group at the CNIC.
July 5, 2016
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Study establishes copper's role in fat metabolism
A new study is further burnishing copper's reputation as an essential nutrient for human physiology. a research team led by a scientist at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and at the University of California, Berkeley, has found that copper plays a key role in metabolizing fat.
June 7, 2016
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Study examines how 'nested interruptions' experienced by ICU nurses can affect patients' well-being
Intensive care units (ICUs) are one of the most challenging and complex environments in today's health-care system. ICU nurses, who perform various tasks critical to ensuring the safety of patients under their care, are frequently interrupted throughout the workday, sometimes as often as 15 times per hour.
February 23, 2017
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Study explores antimicrobial and antiinflammatory activities of bovine colostrum
Colostrum is a thick, sticky, yellowish mammary secretion that all mammals provide to their newborns during the first 24-48 hours after delivery. Human newborns receive colostrum from their mothers during the first few hours after birth, and this 'Elixir of Life' not only provides naturally produced nutrients and antibodies in a highly concentrated low volume form but also creates the foundation of lifelong immunity.
October 7, 2016
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Study explores consequences of poor shoe choice on health of elderly individuals
As people get older, they experience changes in their foot morphology. If they do not change their shoe size along with these transformations, older people - most of whom choose the wrong shoes - suffer, among other things, anxiety, apathy, loss of balance and falls, according to a study by the University of a Coruña.
March 1, 2017
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Study explores ethnic differences in physical activity among kidney transplant patients
University of Leicester research explores ethnic differences in physical activity.
July 28, 2016
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Study explores how LSD can affect speech and language
The consumption of LSD, short for lysergic acid diethylamide, can produce altered states of consciousness. this can lead to a loss of boundaries between the self and the environment, as might occur in certain psychiatric illnesses. David Nutt, professor of Neuropsychopharmacology at Imperial College, leads a team of researchers who study how this psychedelic substance works in the brain.
August 18, 2016
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Study findings could pave way for better drugs to fight against parasitic infections
Immune cells, called macrophages, may rely on a compound to signal an attack to beat back attacks from parasitic worms, according to an international team of researchers, including Zissis C. Chroneos, associate professor of pediatrics, and microbiology and immunology at Penn State College of Medicine.
May 12, 2017
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Study findings provide insights into pharmacophobia
In the current issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics the attitudes of patients toward medication are analyzed, with special reference to pharmacophobia.
April 27, 2017
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Study finds 1 in 5 pediatric celiac disease patients on gluten-free diet sustain persistent intestinal damage
In surprising findings, researchers from MassGeneral Hospital for Children (MGHfC) and Boston Children's Hospital (BCH) have discovered that nearly one in five children with celiac disease sustained persistent intestinal damage, despite strict adherence to a gluten-free diet. the findings are consistent with recent research in adults, which showed that more than 33 percent of adult patients on a gluten-free diet have persistent intestinal damage, despite a reduction of symptoms or the results of blood tests.
November 30, 2016
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Study finds biological basis for gastrointestinal symptoms in people with non-celiac wheat sensitivity
A new study may explain why people who do not have celiac disease or wheat allergy nevertheless experience a variety of gastrointestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms after ingesting wheat and related cereals. the findings suggest that these individuals have a weakened intestinal barrier, which leads to a body-wide inflammatory immune response.
July 26, 2016
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Study finds chances for recovery of women with anorexia or bulimia nervosa
A study from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators finds that, contrary to what is often believed, around two thirds of women with anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa will eventually recover from their eating disorders. Recovery from bulimia tends to happen more quickly, but while less than a third of participants with anorexia were determined to have recovered an average of nine years after entering the study, almost 63 percent were recovered an average of 22 years later.
December 21, 2016
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Study finds decrease in Google searches for chickenpox after vaccination implementation
Countries that implement government-mandated vaccinations for chickenpox see a sharp drop in the number of Google searches for the common childhood disease afterward, demonstrating that immunization significantly reduces seasonal outbreaks.
May 31, 2016
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Study finds decreased cysteine/cystine ratio could serve as accurate redox biomarker for epilepsy
Approximately 2.9 million people in the United States suffer from epilepsy, according to the CDC. for patients living with this diagnosis and their doctors it is often difficult to predict the onset or progression of chronic seizures. Thanks to a newly published study from the University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at the Anschutz Medical Campus, that may be changing.
October 5, 2016
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Study finds dramatic increase in nonmedical use of prescription opioids in the U.S.
Nonmedical use of prescription opioids more than doubled among adults in the United States from 2001-2002 to 2012-2013, based on a study from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health. Nearly 10 million Americans, or 4.1 percent of the adult population, used opioid medications in 2012-2013 a class of drugs that includes OxyContin and Vicodin, without a prescription or not as prescribed (in greater amounts, more often, or longer than prescribed) in the past year. this is up from 1.8 percent of the adult population in 2001-2002.
June 23, 2016
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Study finds effective interventions to prevent alcohol use among American Indian and rural youth
Community-based and individual-level prevention strategies are effective ways to reduce alcohol use among American Indian and other youth living in rural communities, according to a new study supported by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health. the National Institute on Drug Abuse also provided support for the study.
March 1, 2017
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Study finds football players may suffer from heat-related illness during first two weeks of practice
As the college football season heats up, a new University of Georgia study finds players are more likely to suffer from heat-related illness during the first two weeks of practice, especially those in the Southeast.
August 29, 2016
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Study finds great variations in view of withdrawing futile treatment for terminally ill patients
The views among physicians and the general public when it comes to deciding whether to withhold or withdraw treatment of terminally ill patients differ greatly. However, in a hypothetical case study at Ume㟕niversity in Sweden of a clearly hopeless medical case, great unanimity among physicians' and the public's assessments could be seen with regards to cancelling treatment or offering relief at the final stages of life.
January 20, 2017
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Study finds greater risk of suicide following initial episode of self-harm
New findings suggest that American adults who survive deliberate self-harm are at increased risk of suicide in the first year after such an event, indicating a need to direct clinical interventions in the critical 12 months following such episodes.
March 21, 2017
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Study finds high rate of misuse of seizure and pain drug
With increasing public attention to overdose deaths and misuse of prescription medications in the United States, researchers today presented the results of a new study looking at abuse and misuse of gabapentin, a medication used to treat seizures and relieve nerve pain often associated with shingles.
August 03, 2016
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Study finds higher suicide rate among people with epilepsy than general population
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issues first report on epilepsy and suicide
July 12, 2016
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Study finds impaired secretion of stress hormone in healthy Indigenous young adults
James Cook University scientists have made a disturbing finding about some young Indigenous people's biological reaction to stress, but one that could help close the health gap for indigenous people.
February 2, 2017
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Study finds ketogenic diet as 'feasible' option for people with super-refractory status epilepticus
In a small phase I and II clinical trial, Johns Hopkins researchers and colleagues elsewhere found that the high-fat, low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet was a safe and effective treatment option for the majority of adults experiencing a relatively rare, often fatal and always severe form of epilepsy marked by prolonged seizures that require medically induced comas to prevent them from further damaging the body and the brain.
February 27, 2017
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Study finds low utilization rates of life-saving medications for high-risk PE patients
A typical intervention for PE patients includes anticoagulants in an effort to prevent migration of the blood clot, but the higher-risk PE population - about 30 percent of all PE patients - are potential candidates for catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) and systemic thrombolysis (ST), both of which employ "clot-busting" medications known as tissue plasminogen activator (tPA).
March 19, 2017
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Study finds new drug treatment to be safe and well-tolerated in pediatric patients with anxiety
A pilot study of guanfacine, a controlled-release alpha2-agonist, in children and adolescents with general, separation-related, and social anxiety disorder showed the drug to be safe and well-tolerated and provided preliminary evidence of its potential effectiveness. the study supports further clinical testing of the drug in pediatric patients with anxiety
March 1, 2017
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Study finds no link between infant's ASD risk and influenza infection during pregnancy
A study of more than 196,000 children found no association between a mother having an influenza infection anytime during pregnancy and an increased risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in children, according to a new study published online by JAMA Pediatrics.
November 28, 2016
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Study finds no major difference in effectiveness of two classes of drugs in peritoneal dialysis patients
With cardiovascular disease being the No. 1 cause of death in end-stage kidney disease patients on peritoneal dialysis, a new study examined two classes of medications commonly prescribed to prevent cardiovascular events in these patients and found no significant difference in outcomes.
August 09, 2016
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Study finds one in three former ICU patients shows symptoms of depression
Almost one in three people discharged from hospital intensive care units has clinically important and persistent symptoms of depression, a so-called meta-analysis of reports on more than 4,000 patients suggests.
August 15, 2016
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Study finds positive health outcomes among married LGBT couples
Same-sex marriage has been the law of the land for nearly two years -- and in some states for even longer -- but researchers can already detect positive health outcomes among couples who have tied the knot, a University of Washington study finds.
April 13, 2017
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Study finds positive link between perceptual difficulty and insular cortex activity
The findings, reported in the journal Neuroscience, shed light on how the insular cortex is involved in processing sensory information to perceive the environment and drive behaviors, which has been a mystery. Researchers examined anterior insulae activity for four perceptual decision-making tasks of varying difficulty and found a strong positive correlation between perceptual difficulty and insular cortex activity.
May 27, 2016
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Study finds racial-ethnic disparities in emergency department opioid prescription for pain-related conditions
Dr. Astha Singhal, Assistant Professor in the Department of Health Policy and Health Services Research at Boston University Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine (GSDM), published a study that found a racial disparity in opioid prescriptions for emergency department visits for non-definitive pain-related conditions.
August 09, 2016
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Study finds thalamic DBS to be safe, effective treatment for young adults with Tourette syndrome
A surgical technique that sends electrical impulses to a specific area of the brain reduces the "tics," or involuntary movements and vocal outbursts, experienced by young adults with severe cases of Tourette syndrome, according to a new study led by investigators from NYU Langone Medical Center.
April 7, 2017
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Study finds that IV steroids decrease amount of pain medication needed for nerve blocks
Nerve blocks using local anesthetics, or numbing medicines similar to Novocain, are routinely performed by anesthesiologists to provide pain relief for patients undergoing surgery. Although techniques exist to provide several days of pain relief, they usually require special skills plus additional time and resources, and aren't always possible.
March 15, 2017
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Study finds that TPC2 protein regulates melanin production
A year and a half ago, researchers at Brown University found a molecular gas pedal for melanin production. now they've found a brake. for scientists, the finding deepens not only the basic understanding of how eyes, skin and hair gain color, but also what perhaps can be done in disorders, such as albinism, when that doesn't happen.
May 27, 2016
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Study finds worsening outcomes in service members five years after mild blast-induced concussion
NIH-funded research suggests need for new treatment strategies to help veterans recover.
May 10, 2017
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Study highlights importance of treating mental-health problems to reduce community violence
New research from North Carolina State University, RTI International, Arizona State University and Duke University Medical Center finds a host of factors that are associated with subsequent risk of adults with mental illness becoming victims or perpetrators of violence. the work highlights the importance of interventions to treat mental-health problems in order to reduce community violence and instances of mental-health crises.
December 22, 2016
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Study highlights need to control doping problem in amateur sports
A study led by the University of Granada (UGR) has shown that doping is not only a problem exclusive to professional sports, but also occurs in amateur sports.
March 1, 2017
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Study highlights role of BCL11A gene in intellectual disability syndrome
Scientists at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics have found a gene responsible for an intellectual disability disorder and proven how it works.
July 21, 2016
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Study highlights upward trend in alcohol-related injuries occurring at home
Of all alcohol-related injuries in various public hospital emergency departments in Queensland, Australia, more occurred at home than at licensed premises.
September 12, 2016
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Study identifies factors linked to disengagement from treatment for opioid use disorder
Individuals with opioid use disorder who are treated with buprenorphine, a commonly prescribed drug to treat addiction, are more likely to disengage from treatment programs if they are black or Hispanic, unemployed, or have hepatitis C according to a study published online in the Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment.
January 5, 2017
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Study identifies key mediator in learning process
The ability of the brain to respond and adapt to changes is scientifically called brain plasticity. this ability is the basis of all learning processes. new neurons, which can still be generated in the adult brain in specific areas, are instrumental in this process.
April 7, 2017
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Study identifies new mechanism of how inhibitory brain cells develop
Scientists have discovered that networks of inhibitory brain cells or neurons develop through a mechanism opposite to the one followed by excitatory networks. Excitatory neurons sculpt and refine maps of the external world throughout development and experience, while inhibitory neurons form maps that become broader with maturation. this discovery adds a new piece to the puzzle of how the brain organizes and processes information.
December 27, 2016
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Study investigates differences between heavy and light drinkers
Heavy drinkers develop behavioral tolerance to alcohol over time on some fine motor tasks, but not on more complex tasks, according to a study led by a Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System researcher. While heavy drinkers showed less impairment than light drinkers on a rote fine motor test over time, they did not perform better on a test involving more short-term memory, motor speed, and more complex cognitive processing.
April 14, 2017
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Study of U.S. Navy healthcare personnel finds higher PTSD risk among women than men
A study of U.S. Navy healthcare personnel has shown that when comparing the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among women and men who had similar deployment experiences, and especially combat experience, the risk of PTSD was significantly higher among women.
February 23, 2017
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Study offers array of new insights into nature of Plasmodium vivax
A team of scientists has uncovered the global, evolving, and historic make-up of Plasmodium vivax, one of the five species of malaria that infect humans. the research, which links the spread of the parasite back to colonial seafaring, among other phenomena, underscores the challenges health experts face in controlling the parasite.
June 28, 2016
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Study provides deeper understanding of how cells' crowded surfaces induce complex protein behavior
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have brought physics and biology together to further understand how cells' crowded surfaces induce complex protein behavior.
September 16, 2016
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Study provides missing link for sex-dependent effects of mild brain blast injury
The brains of men and women are wired differently, and when it comes to traumatic brain injuries (TBI), women are more likely to develop subsequent neuropsychiatric disorders, like anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. Until now, it's been unclear why that is, but a new study by researchers at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU) provides that missing link - a potentially disrupted pathway in the brain.
April 4, 2017
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Study provides new insights into development of skin-depigmenting disease vitiligo
Researchers at the University of Bonn and the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat of Munich have decoded a new mechanism of how the immune system can specifically attack pigmented cells of the skin. It was previously believed that so-called natural killer cells did not have an immunological memory for the body's own tissues. However, the scientists have now been able to show that these special immune cells can indeed "remember" pigmented cells when they come into more frequent contact with a specific contact allergen.
June 8, 2016
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Study provides new insights into molecular basis of CaSR-related human diseases
A study led by researchers at Georgia State University provides new insights into the molecular basis of human diseases resulting from mutations in the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR), a protein found in cell membranes.
June 1, 2016
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Study provides new ways to avert annual heat-related deaths
By the 2080s, as many as 3,331 people could die every year from exposure to heat during the summer months in New York City. the high estimate by Columbia University scientists is based on a new model--the first to account for variability in future population size, greenhouse gas trajectories, and the extent to which residents adapt to heat through interventions like air conditioning and public cooling centers.
June 23, 2016
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Study provides vital clues into biology of gambling addiction
Gambling addiction activates the same brain pathways as drug and alcohol cravings, suggests new research.
January 3, 2017
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Study quantifies burden of clinically impactful ADRs in general adult population
In a study of 1000 adult patients with unplanned admission to a tertiary hospital in Singapore, the prevalence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) at the time of admission was 12.4 percent, and the prevalence of ADRs causing admission to the hospital was 8.1 percent.
September 19, 2016
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Study reports significant under-use of topical INS therapy for chronic rhinosinusitis patients
Chronic rhinosinusitis (a condition in which the cavities around nasal passages [sinuses] become inflamed and swollen, which interferes with drainage and causes mucus buildup) is a common and expensive-to-treat disease, which is primarily managed with prolonged medical therapies. Topical intranasal steroid (INS) therapy has been shown to be highly effective at improving CRS-specific symptoms and quality of life.
August 25, 2016
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Study reveals brain mechanism involved in switching between habitual behavior and decision-making
Not all habits are bad. some are even necessary. it's a good thing, for example, that we can find our way home on "autopilot" or wash our hands without having to ponder every step. But inability to switch from acting habitually to acting in a deliberate way can underlie addiction and obsessive compulsive disorders.
May 27, 2016
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Study reveals mechanism for illness-induced sleepiness in humans and animals
It's well known that humans and other animals are fatigued and sleepy when sick, but it's a microscopic roundworm that's providing an explanation of how that occurs, according to a study from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. a study published this week in eLife reveals the mechanism for this sleepiness.
January 19, 2017
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Study reveals mechanism that regulates fluid intake in the body to prevent fatal water intoxication
A multi-institute study led by Monash University has revealed for the first time the mechanism that regulates fluid intake in the human body and stops us from over-drinking, which can cause potentially fatal water intoxication. the study challenges the popular idea that we should drink eight glasses of water a day for health.
October 7, 2016
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Study reveals new way to improve stability of common protein drugs
Gaining access to important biopharmaceuticals needed to treat illnesses and autoimmune diseases is one of the biggest obstacles developing countries face. Costs can be astronomical where these medications are needed most, and when doctors are able to acquire those medications they face another challenge - time. Drugs are perishable and some require refrigeration, which can be difficult to provide in the world's poorest regions.
December 2, 2016
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Study reveals problems encountered when trying to avoid plastic exposure
The well-known documentary "Plastic Planet" by Werner Boote starkly illustrates the dangers of plastic and synthetics for human beings and also shows how ubiquitous plastic is. Motivated by this multiple award-winning film, a family of five from Styria completely avoided plastics in their home environment for several months
July 13, 2016
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Study reveals surprising diversity in single neuronal transcriptomes of the brain
A team of scientists at the Scripps Research Institute , University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego) and Illumina, Inc., has completed the first large-scale assessment of single neuronal "transcriptomes." Their research reveals a surprising diversity in the molecules that human brain cells use in transcribing genetic information from DNA to RNA and producing proteins.
June 24, 2016
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Study reveals swearing provides tolerance toward pain and makes individuals stronger
The study conducted by Dr Richard Stephens, from Keele University, and David Spierer and Emmanuel Katehis, from Long Island University Brooklyn, reveals that swearing aloud makes individuals stronger.
May 5, 2017
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Study Sees Link Between Porn and Sexual Dysfunction
It could be creating unrealistic expectations for young, inexperienced men, researcher says
May 12, 2017
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Study sheds new light on biological mechanisms that drive flashbulb memory
Most people remember where they were when the twin towers collapsed in New York ... new research reveals why that may be the case.
September 8, 2016
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Study sheds new light on how medical diagnostics can be enhanced by obtaining several opinions
Methods of collective intelligence can result in considerably more accurate medical diagnoses, but only under certain conditions. a study headed by researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development has shed new light on how medical diagnostics can be boosted by obtaining several independent judgements. the researchers also found that the group composition is decisive for the quality of the diagnosis.
August 11, 2016
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Study sheds new light on poor sleep conditions during Antarctic summer
The continuous daylight conditions of summer in Antarctica are known to interfere with physiological functions such as sleep patterns and the release of melatonin, a hormone associated with circadian rhythms and sleep. Now, a study offers new information about why people in this region sleep poorly, and suggests that social behavior may also play a role.
March 10, 2017
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Study shows appendicitis patients can be safely discharged on same day of surgery
Patients with acute appendicitis who undergo laparoscopic appendectomy (surgical remove of the appendix) do not experience higher rates of postoperative complications or costly readmissions when sent home on the same day of their operations compared with patients hospitalized overnight, according to study results published online as an "article in press" on the Journal of the American College of Surgeons website ahead of print publication.
November 15, 2016
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Study shows effect of spiritual retreats on neurotransmitter systems in the brain
More Americans than ever are turning to spiritual, meditative and religious retreats as a way to reset their daily life and enhance wellbeing. Now, researchers at the Marcus Institute of Integrative Health at Thomas Jefferson University show there are changes in the dopamine and serotonin systems in the brains of retreat participants.
March 23, 2017
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Study shows efficacy of biologics for mucosal healing in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis
Although anti-inflammatory treatments are quite effective at reducing symptoms in patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, the mucosal lining of the intestine often remains ulcerated, and many patients still ultimately require surgery. Because of this, the goal of treatment is shifting towards mucosal healing rather than just symptom relief.
March 22, 2017
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Study shows how socially contagious itching is hardwired in the brain
Some behaviors -- yawning and scratching, for example -- are socially contagious, meaning if one person does it, others are likely to follow suit. Now, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that socially contagious itching is hardwired in the brain.
March 10, 2017
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Study shows how spinal deformity affects success of total hip replacement
People with spinal deformity also requiring a total hip replacement are at greater risk for dislocation or follow-up revision surgery, suggesting that these higher-risk patients may benefit from a more personalized approach to their surgeries to reduce the risk of poorer outcomes.
March 17, 2017
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Study shows increase in hospital admissions for mental disorders during periods of heatwaves
A mental hospital-based study in Hanoi, Vietnam looked at if there is a relationship between heat exposure and mental health problems. the results showed significant increase in hospital admissions for mental illnesses during periods of heatwaves, especially during longer periods of heat exposure. this is according to a doctoral thesis from Umeå University.
March 21, 2017
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Study shows link between psychiatric symptoms and substance use among high school students
Researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health with collaborators at the Federal University of Sao Paulo studied the relationship between psychiatric symptoms and patterns of substance use among high school students in Brazil and found that respondents with clinically significant scores on a behavioral screening questionnaire were more likely to use alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana in the past month compared to those without symptoms.
August 02, 2016
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Study shows link between susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia and exertional heat stroke
New research published online in the FASEB Journal may ultimately help athletes and trainers better understand who may be more at risk for heat stroke. In the report, scientists use animals to show that there is a link between the susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia (MH) and exertional heat stroke.
May 11, 2017
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Study shows marathon participation causes temporary injury to kidneys
Researchers at Yale University have found that marathon runners can suffer Acute Kidney Injury (AKI), due to the physical tension they experience while running the race. Although AKI is a temporary injury that heals within a span of two days after the race, questions arise about the long-term impacts of this exhausting task.
March 30, 2017
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Study shows possibility to achieve immunological antibody memory with mucosal vaccination
If a vaccine is to protect the intestines and other mucous membranes in the body, it also needs to be given through the mucosa, for example as a nasal spray or a liquid that is drunk. the mucosa forms a unique immunological antibody memory that does not occur if the vaccine is given by injection.
September 14, 2016
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Study shows retinoic acid could prevent postsurgical lymphedema
A study conducted at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California (USC) showed that 9-cis retinoic acid (alitretinoin) could significantly prevent postsurgical lymphedema. Furthermore, the experiments were conducted with updated, easily reproducible mouse models that more accurately simulated lymphedema development in humans.
September 16, 2016
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Study shows thinning of gray matter in the brains of patients with bipolar disorder
A new study has found brain abnormalities in people with bipolar disorder.
May 2, 2017
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Study takes first step towards identifying best practices for Mohs micrographic surgery
In an analysis of Medicare billing data submitted by more than 2,300 United States physicians, researchers have calculated the average number of surgical slices, or cuts, made during Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS), a procedure that progressively removes thin layers of cancerous skin tissue in a way that minimizes damage to healthy skin and the risks of leaving cancerous tissue behind.
April 28, 2017
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Study uncovers racial, working class discrimination in private mental health care market
A new study suggests that psychotherapists discriminate against prospective patients who are black or working class.
June 2, 2016
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Study underscores need to protect workers against heat-related injury and illness
During warm months when daily temperatures become hotter, industries must increasingly take preventive measures to protect their workers against heat-related injury and illness. to determine what protections should be used, they may follow guidelines from bodies of knowledgeable experts.
July 20, 2016
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Study: Brain injury can increase impulsivity problems in rats
New research from the University of British Columbia confirms for the first time that even mild brain injury can result in impulse control problems in rats.
May 8, 2017
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Study: Logwood combustion emits substantial amount of secondary organic aerosols
Aerosol emissions from logwood combustion increase significantly when the emission ages in ambient air. a significant increase occurs already within three hours of aging, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland. the emission increase was caused by the formation of secondary organic aerosols (SOA) in which gaseous organic compounds, released during the combustion, oxidise and condense on aerosol particles. this observation is very important, because current emission inventories do not take SOA emissions into consideration at all.
March 30, 2017
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Stuttering linked to reductions in blood flow in the brain area that controls speech production
A study led by researchers at Children's Hospital Los Angeles demonstrates what lead investigator Bradley Peterson, MD, calls "a critical mass of evidence" of a common underlying lifelong vulnerability in both children and adults who stutter. they discovered that regional cerebral blood flow is reduced in the Broca's area - the region in the frontal lobe of the brain linked to speech production - in persons who stutter. More severe stuttering is associated with even greater reductions in blood flow to this region.
January 4, 2017
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Sub-second system seizures
Professor Neil Johnson, a physicist at the University of Miami College of Arts and Sciences, is interested in complex networks. He studies how fast-moving packets of information spread and interact in large networks like stock markets and the human brain, and what makes the overall system then behave in ways that are unexpected.
March 8, 2017
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Success in second language learning linked to genetic and brain measures
A new study shows that the final grades that college students received in a second-language class were predicted by a combination of genetic and brain factors.
June 13, 2016
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Success in the 3-D bioprinting of cartilage
A team of researchers has managed to generate cartilage tissue by printing stem cells using a 3-D-bioprinter. the fact that the stem cells survived being printed in this manner is a success in itself. In addition, the research team was able to influence the cells to multiply and differentiate to form chondrocytes (cartilage cells) in the printed structure.
April 28, 2017
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Successful insomnia treatment may not require complicated neurofeedback, study shows
A new study published in Brain indicates that successful treatment for insomnia may not actually require complicated neurofeedback (direct training of brain functions). Rather, it appears patients who simply believe they're getting neurofeedback training appear to get the same benefits.
February 22, 2017
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Sun protection can benefit both health and appearance
As the winter temperatures begin to thaw, many may be dreaming of a sun-drenched spring and summer, and some may be hoping to show off a tan. While these individuals may believe tanning makes them more beautiful, this habit can actually damage their skin in the long run.
March 3, 2017
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Sunflower seeds contaminated by toxic molds pose increased health risks
Michigan State University researchers have shown that sunflower seeds are frequently contaminated with a toxin produced by molds and pose an increased health risk in many low-income countries worldwide.
April 21, 2017
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Sunscreen may cause vitamin D deficiency, says study
Sunscreen is considered key when it comes to protecting against skin damage. a new study, however, suggests that there may be a significant drawback to using sunscreen: it could lead to vitamin D deficiency.
May 3, 2017
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Surgery after first-time shoulder dislocation reduces recurrent injury risk in young athletes
Shoulder instability is most common in the young, athletic population, bringing a focus to how these injuries are best treated. Research presented today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting in Colorado Springs, CO, demonstrated that surgery after a first-time shoulder dislocation lowered the re-injury risks and need for follow-up surgery when compared to those who were initially treated non-operatively and experienced a repeat dislocation prior to surgery.
July 7, 2016
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Surgery for Sleep Apnea
When you have obstructive sleep apnea, parts of your airway get blocked while you snooze. your doctor can recommend several different treatments to help you breathe -- a device called CPAP (short for continuous positive airway pressure), a nerve stimulator, mouthpieces, or special pillows.
June 29, 2016
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Surgical approach may eliminate pseudoparalysis in patients with irreparable rotator cuff tears
Research presented at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's (AOSSM) Specialty day in San Diego shows arthroscopic superior capsule reconstruction (SCR), a surgical approach to treat irreparable rotator cuff tears, may eliminate pseudoparalysis and significantly improve shoulder function.
March 19, 2017
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Survey reveals prevalence of concussions in water polo players
A first-of-its-kind survey has confirmed what some water polo players - especially goalies - have long suspected: Concussions seem to be prevalent in the sport.
June 27, 2016
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Swansea University experts assess contribution of ultra-rare genetic variation in common epilepsies
Despite progress in understanding the genetics of rare childhood epilepsies, the common adult forms of epilepsy have proven less amenable to traditional gene-discovery analyses.
March 13, 2017
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Swedish researchers prove that 3D bioprinted human cartilage cells can be implanted
Swedish researchers at Chalmers University of Technology and Sahlgrenska Academy have successfully induced human cartilage cells to live and grow in an animal model, using 3D bioprinting. the results will move development closer to a potential future in which it will be possible to help patients by giving them new body parts through 3D bioprinting.
March 23, 2017
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Sweetener found in urine lets slip how much we pee into pools: up to 75L
It's definitely gross, possibly harmful, but still far from deadly.
March 1, 2017
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Swodeam Consulting Inc.
clinial consulting and education in orthopedic manual therapy.
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SyMRI approach provides myelin maps in scan times of only 5 minutes
It has been a long-standing dream in MRI to move from visualizing tissue contrast differences to directly imaging patient tissue properties. Recent developments within quantitative MRI have provided substantial steps forward in measuring the basic physical properties such as T1 and T2 relaxation times or proton density.
May 2, 2017
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Synergy Consulting Group Limited
specialists in pharmaceutical, medical, scientific, and medical diagnostic recruitment.
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Misc. - T

Taking miniature organs from lab to clinic
Scientists have developed a gel for growing miniaturized body organs that can be used in clinical diagnostics and drug development. Organoids are miniature organs that can be grown in the lab from a person's stem cells. they can be used to model diseases, and in the future could be used to test drugs or even replace damaged tissue in patients.
November 16, 2016
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Talking therapy strengthens connections in the brains of people with psychosis, study shows
A new study from King's College London and South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust has shown for the first time that cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) strengthens specific connections in the brains of people with psychosis, and that these stronger connections are associated with long-term reduction in symptoms and recovery eight years later.
January 17, 2017
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Tarantula venom points scientists to a new mechanical pain receptor
There exist people whose job it is to milk the venom of spiders, centipedes, and scorpions, and then do calcium imaging on cultured neurons they've dipped in that venom, all to find new ways in which the venom is awful.
June 8, 2016
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Tarantula venom points scientists to a new way to cause–and maybe cure–pain
Two toxins from venom target an ion channel that had not been previously linked to pain.
June 7, 2016
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Targeted approach may improve recovery after concussion, experts say
Prescribed rest–both physical and mental–is the standard treatment for concussion. But a growing body of evidence suggests that a more active, targeted approach might provide better outcomes for some patients, reports a special article in the December issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS).
November 30, 2016
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Technology by Mettler Toledo continues to replace time-consuming legacy methods
When a manufacturer of sprayed concrete technologies needed to reduce quality control (QC) drying time for one of its specialized products, METTLER TOLEDO helped it get its time-per-test down from four hours to just 15 minutes.
April 4, 2017
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Teen Suicide Thoughts Double in a Decade
New U.S. study coincides with concern around issue after Netflix releases '13 Reasons Why'
May 4, 2017
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Teenagers who access mental health services see significant improvements, study shows
Young people with mental health problems who have contact with mental health services are significantly less likely to suffer from clinical depression later in their adolescence than those with equivalent difficulties who do not receive treatment, according to new research.
January 19, 2017
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TELA Bio's OviTex RBSs implanted in 100 hernia repair procedures since FDA clearance in June 2016
TELA Bio, Inc., a surgical reconstruction company leading the development and commercialization of Reinforced BioScaffolds (RBSs) for soft tissue repair, today announced the company's OviTex™ RBSs have been implanted in more than 100 hernia repair procedures since receiving U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) 510(k) clearance in June 2016.
November 3, 2016
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Telephone-based disease surveillance system can forecast dengue fever outbreaks
A team of scientists has developed a system that can forecast the outbreak of dengue fever by simply analyzing the calling behavior of citizens to a public-health hotline. this telephone-based disease surveillance system can forecast two to three weeks ahead of time, and with intra-city granularity, the outbreak of dengue fever, a mosquito-borne virus that infects up to 400,000 people each year.
July 8, 2016
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Ten health benefits of sex
Type "sexual health" into a search engine, and it is likely that you will be bombarded with pages of articles covering anything and everything, from sexual norms and advice on relationships, birth control, and pregnancy, to information about STDs and how to avoid them. what is less often discussed, however, is the abundant physical and psychological health benefits of sex. we have put together a list of the top health benefits of sex, as backed up by science.
April 13, 2017
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Ten home remedies for bronchitis
Bronchitis is a condition where the lining of the bronchial tubes in the lungs becomes inflamed.
March 17, 2017
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Tendon transfer for quadriplegics greatly underused, article reveals
A surgery for quadriplegics called tendon transfer can significantly improve hand and elbow function, but the procedure is greatly underused, according to an article in the journal Hand Clinics by Loyola Medicine hand surgeon Michael S. Bednar, MD, FAAOS.
August 24, 2016
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Testing lung health online: an interview with Professor Stephen Holgate
How many people are thought to be living with lung disease and why are many people unaware of their poor lung health?
July 27, 2016
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Texas A&M specialist explains what people need to know about mumps
Mumps may seem like a contagion relegated to history books, but like many other diseases of the past now preventable with a vaccine, mumps has been making a resurgence. Cases are at 10-year high and are especially common on college campuses across the country. now the Dallas area is seeing the largest outbreak in Texas in years. Cristie Columbus, MD, vice dean of the Texas A&M College of Medicine's Dallas campus and an infectious disease specialist, explains what people need to know about the mumps.
December 20, 2016
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Text Messaging with Smartphones Triggers a new Type of Brain Rhythm
Sending text messages on a smartphone can change the rhythm of brain waves, according to a new study. People communicate increasingly via text messaging, though little is known on the neurological effects of smartphone use.
June 27, 2016
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Textual communication using smartphones can change rhythm of brain waves
Sending text messages on a smartphone can change the rhythm of brain waves, according to a new study published in Epilepsy & Behavior.
June 27, 2016
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The DEA just cut opioid production by 25 percent for next year
The agency cites falling demand, as well as the opioid epidemic
October 4, 2016
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The Heart Hospital Baylor Plano achieves major milestone with 1,000th robotic surgery
Surgeons on the medical staff at the Heart Hospital Baylor Plano achieved a major milestone when they performed that hospital's 1,000th robotic surgery March 31, nearly six years after initiating the program in November 2011.
April 7, 2017
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The inventor of Siri says one day AI will be used to upload and access our memories
Tom Gruber says AI memory enhancement is inevitable.
April 25, 2017
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The Leka smart toy is a robot for children with developmental disabilities
To help them learn and communicate
January 4, 2017
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The Link Between Sleep Apnea and your Dentist
Struggling with snoring and sleeplessness? Call your dentist. Snoring and sleep disturbances are often signs of obstructive sleep apnea, and your oral health could be to blame.
July 18, 2016
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The mysterious powers of spider silks
Study brings 'Spider-Man' tech a step closer to biomedical applications
May 1, 2017
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The neuroscience of humor investigated
A study published in Frontiers in Neuroscience takes a look inside the brains of professional comedians and compares them with less humorous humans. they attempt to home in on the seat of creative humor and ask what it can tell us about creativity.
March 1, 2017
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The reasoning behind Apple's acquisition of Beddit
This could be Apple's reasoning for buying the sleep tracking company.
May 10, 2017
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The Role of Modern Technology to Treat Mental Health Conditions
Exponential Medicine 2016 was held last month in San Diego, California and videos from many of the presentations at the conference are now available. we just started watching the talks that most interest us and this one by Arshya Vahabzadeh M.D. about the potential for modern technology to influence mental health is fascinating and inspiring.
November 17, 2016
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The Truth About Gas
Though the words "burp" and "fart" make most kids giggle, adults usually get shy when they get gassy and pretend that it never happened. But sometimes, it's hard to ignore.
November 1, 2016
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These Medicines Often Send Americans to ERs
CDC cites blood thinners, antibiotics, Diabetes drugs for nearly half of adverse drug-related events
November 22, 2016
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